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Note: The papers of George Benson Kuykendall are in the Manuscript Collection of Washington State University Library in Pullman (8,000 items).

Part 2 of 3, containing Chapters 21 - 29

to Part 1 of 3, Chapters 1 - 20

to Part 3 0f 3, Chapters 30 - 48

Call Number: CS71.K98

Title: History of the Kuykendall Family Since Its Settlement in Dutch New York in 1646

Author: George Benson Kuykendall

This book contains the genealogy and history of the Kuykendall family of Dutch New York.

Bibliographic Information: Kuykendall, George Benson. The Kuykendall Family.

Kilham Stationery & Printing CO. Portland, Oregon. 1919.

Copyrighted 1919

History of


Since its Settlement in

Dutch New York

in 1646


As Found in Early Dutch Church Records

State and Government Documents


Sketches of Colonial Times, Old Log Cabin Days,

Indian Wars, Pioneer Hardships, Social Customs, Dress and

Mode of Living of the Early Forefathers










Whose kindness, solicitude, watchcare and guiding hand, during the tender years of childhood and youth, whose fatherly counsels during young manhood, directed my purposes and kept me from straying. The memory of his nobility of character, his unswerving rectitude of principle and purpose, his devotion to right and splendid example, have been the guiding star of my life.

As time has sped by, as the world, times and men have changed, his character and life have towered, as a great lighthouse, above the mists of the years, and illumined the voyage of my life. To him, to whom I owe the most of all I have ever been, or ever accomplished, of worth to myself or the world, I inscribe this volume,

In grateful rememberance.



Introductory Considerations. Object of this work--General indifference to family history--Kuykendall history covers a long time and wide area--Author's recollections of the past--Usual dryness of genealogy--Connecting up events in family history with contemporary events.


Story of Search After History and Genealogy of Kuykendall Family. More than genealogical facts given--Author's knowledge of the family history--Family traditions--Sending searching party to Virginia--Difficulty in getting data--Holland Society of New York--Findings of its genealogist. Mr. Versteeg--Mr. Nearpass and "Church Life"--Mr. Stickney and Mr. Van Sickle--Ancient Kuykendall Deed--Sale of first ancestor's home at Fort Orange, N. Y.


Origin of the Name Kuykendall. Its meaning and derivation--The name is Dutch--Traditions in regard to name--Mr. Van Laer's suggestions--Roosevelt and Kuykendall names formed similarly--Given names in the Dutch records.


Changes in the Name Kuykendall and How They Came. Different forms found in the old records--How some of the descendants explain the changes--Autographic signatures of some of the early Kuykendalls--Conclusions drawn from the manner of spelling the name.


Fort Orange New York, When Kuykendall Ancestor Came. Rensselaer's settlements--Description of Fort Orange at that time--Location of first ancestor's home--The old church, the bell and pulpit, at Fort Orange.


Dutch Reformed Church Records. What are they--Their value to Kuykendall family--Manner of keeping them--Minisink, Deerpark, and Walpack records.


Other Notes Connected With Early Kuykendalls. The first Dutch church of New York--Pre-American Kuykendall's home was in Gelderland, Holland--Marriage of Luur Jacobsen Van Kuykendaal--His children--The Tietsoort family--Marriage of Jacob Kuykendall.


Children of Luur Jacobsen Van Kuykendaal. Record of their baptism, as found in New York Dutch Records. Comment on his family record--Facts concerning his children's lives--Jacob Kuykendall's family record--Jacob with surveying party on Susquchanna--Further history--Reminiscences of George Labar.


The Family of Jacob Kuykendall. Minisink Island and the country around--Dutch ox carts--Wolves, panthers, and wildcats--Old home of Ks charming yet--Johannes Kuykendall marries Elizabeth Brink--Old cabin of John K--Millrace and masonry--Excerpts from Journal of House of Burgesses--Old deeds and records--Family record of Johannes Kuykendall, The Four Brothers in Indiana--Around old Vincennes, Indiana.


The Four Brothers, Continued From Last Chapter. Peter (5), eldest of Four Brothers--What we know of him and descendants--Daniel (5) of the Four Brothers--His descendants.


Descendants of Henry Kuykendall (5), Youngest of Four Brothers. Marriage--Settlement--Mill building and other activities--Family record--Henry's sons George, John, and activities--James Wesley, son of Henry--Biographic sketch.


Descendants of Jacob Kuykendall, Continued. Jacobus (3), (James), son of Jacob--His children's baptismal record--Benjamin (3), son of Jacob--His public activities--Connection with early Virginia courts--Benjamin's death--Will and mention of children's names.


Nathaniel Kuykendall 1st and Descendants. Nathaniel's life in Virginia--His family record--Nathaniel's descendants--Dr. Jacob Kuykendall of Vincennes, Indiana--Other Nathaniel descendants--Some of later generations--Biographic sketches--Captain Isaac Kuykendall and descendants.


Cornelius Van Kuykendaal, Family Record and Comments. Short recapitulation--Cornelius' family baptismal record--Analysis and comments thereon--Leur, son of Cornelius, marries Lena Consalisduk--The name Manuel--The Gunsaulus family--Descendants of Cornelius.


Mattheus and Arie Van Kuykendaal. Birth and marriage of Matthew--Arie--His connection with the Quick family--Thomas Quick, Sr.--His murder by the Indians--Baptismal record of Arie Kuykendall's children--His daughter marries Roelof Brink--The Brink family--Recapitulation and remarks.


Pieter Van Kuykendaal and Descendants. The family record--Marriage to Femmetje Decker--The Decker family--Early times at the old Kuykendall home--Moses Coykendall and descendants--Samuel Decker Coykendall, capitalist and philanthropist--Other descendants of Pieter--Recent prominent Coykendalls.


Pieter Kuykendal Descendants, Continued. Those who lived about Sussex, New Jersey--Others about Port Jervis, N. Y.--The Wilhelmus branch--About the Mamakating regions--Burial place of Wilhelmus Kuykendall and wife--Pieter's descendants in Cayuga county New York--Old deed for slave--Further Pieter Kuykendal family data.


Correspondence from Kuykendall Descendants. Regions where the first Kuykendalls lived--Letters from Western Virginia Kuykendall descendants--From John A. Kuykendall--From his daughters--Some Illinois and Indiana correspondence.


Southwestern Kuykendalls and Correspondence. Remarks preceding letters--Kuykendalls in early Carolina history--Excerpts from North Carolina Colonial Records--Activities of N. C. Kuykendalls near Rock Hill and Yorkville, South Carolina--Letters from Texas, Kentucky, Mississippi, and other states--Correspondence of Judge W. L. Kuykendall, and son, John M.--Biographic sketches.


Southwestern Correspondence, Second Series. Letters from Tennessee--and Texas descendants--Kentucky and other correspondence--Early Kentucky settlers--Trials and hardships--Moses Kuykendall and descendants--Summary and comments.


Descendants of Kuykendalls who Settled in Southern Indiana and Illinois. General considerations--Grouping of letters--Vienna and Carmi, Illinois, Kuykendalls--White River, Indiana, early settlers.


Texas Kuykendalls--Captain Abner Kuykendall first of family in Texas--Early pioneer struggles--Excerpts from early Texas history--Death of Captain Abner Kuykendall--Judge William Kuykendall of Tilden, Texas--His narration of family history--Benjamin Straysner Kuykendall, sketches and incidents by himself and others.


Kikendalls and Kirkendalls. Most Kikendalls trace back to New Jersey--Kikendall letters from Michigan--Washington state--Kentucky--Illinois--and other states. Change of name from Kikendall to Kirkendall--Letters showing ancestry of the two branches--Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, Kirkendall branch and others--West Virgina and Iowa Kirkendalls and Curkendalls and others.


Cuykendalls and Correspondence. Martynus Cuykendall--His autograph signature--Cuykendalls who settled near Owasco, New York--Letters from Cuykendalls in various parts of the country.


Coykendalls and Correspondence. The spelling Coykendall a more recent form--All Coykendalls are from the Pieter Branch--Michigan and New York Coykendall correspondence--Mrs. Dr. Pott's family record--Letter of M. A. Coykendall--Family history and sketch--Letter of John F. Coykendall and other correspondence.


Some Early Pennsylvania Kuykendalls. Sketches of early Allegheny and Beaver county settlers--Henry Kuykendall in Baptist Church records--Ira, James, and Christian Neff Kuykendall.


Kuykendalls in the Revolutionary War. Scantiness of Revolutionary soldier history--Difficulty of finding data--Revolutionary War Pension records obtained by author--Names and history of Kuykendall pensioners.


Early Migrations and Settlements of the Family. No nawspapers to tell of their moves--Early settlements all near the old home--Much moving after the Revolutionary war--Moved in caravans or in boats on the rivers--Crossing the Plains--Starting on the journey--Crossing Missouri--Prairie dog country, rattlesnakes, owls and Indians--A terrible thunder storm and rain--Alkali water and thirst--Night visits of coyotes--Beautiful mirages but deceptive--An experience with service berries--Crossing Snake river at Salmon Falls--"Cussing" as an aid in wading a river--Grotesque and hard ways of travelling--Down the Columbia in a barge--Death of little girl--Oregon at last.


Genealogy of the Kuykendall Family in the Order of Generations.


The Rifle, Axe and Log Cabin. The axe hewed the way for civilization--The fall hunt--Yaugh houses, or bunting houses--The pioneer log cabin--The fireplace--Furniture and equipment--Dogs of the early settlers, their helpfulness to the pioneer.


Mode of Living and Home Life of our Ancestors. Women's work--Spinning, weaving, making clothes--Men's work clearing farms--Passing of the walnut tree--How our fathers obtained their shoes--Domestic wares--Cooking--Soap making--Maple sugar making--Pastimes and social amenities--Dress--Keeping time, time pieces--How our fathers made fires and lights--Corn, its uses and ways of making meal--Hominy block--Handmills or Querns--Tub mills--Makeshifts and substitutes.


Schools, Teachers and Education in Early Times. First schools of our Dutch forefathers--School discipline--Punishments and the instruments used for this purpose--Old time school books--Rusty cups and iron combs--Goose quill pens.


Churches, Sabbath and Religious Meetings. The Early Dutch Reformed Church--Carrying guns to church--Early day singing--Sunday a day for rest and amusement--Lorenzo Dow waking people up.


Marriage Customs and the Old Time Weddings. Forms of betrothal--Weddings great events--An old time wedding--Assembling of bride's friends--Company of the bridegroom--Run for the bottle--The wedding--Wedding dinner--The dance that came afterwards--Fiddles and fiddlers.


Sickness, Medicines and Medical Treatment. Housewives were the doctors--Herbs, barks, and roots--Spring medicine--Mustard plasters--Worms, symptoms and remedies--Rheumatism and cures--Bleeding--How it was done.


Indian Warfare, Forts and Indian Atrocities. Stockade--Forts of the early settlers--Night flight to the forts--Boy fort soldiers--Life in the forts--Capture of white women and girls--Hard times and hunger--Going armed to farm work--Indian attack on early Virginia planters--When our fathers dreaded fine weather--Artifices and cruelties of Indians--A Kuykendall Enoch Arden.


Pests, Outlaws and Tories. Many small insect scourges--Malaria--Milk sickness--Its work swift and fatal--Frontier renegades--Their miserable work among Indians--Tories--Their treatment by our forefathers--Branding with a hot spade--Tarring and feathering incidents.


The Old Mine Road and the Early Kuykendall Home. Mine road historic--Romance and mystery connected with it--Old copper mines--Tunnels--Myths and traditions--The old road connected with thrilling historic events.


Forms of Servitude, Peculiar Customs, Witches and Old Time Superstitions. "Binding children out"--The Redemptioner--Slavery and the Kuykendalls--Witches--Signs, omens and superstitions--Testing witches--Washington Irving's Legends told by our ancestors--Amulets and charms.


Kuykendall Descendants in the War with Germany.


More Light in Obscure Places in the History of the Kirkendalls. Correspondence of W. L. Kirkendale of Detroit, Mich.--Joseph Sargent Kirkendall--His family record--George Kirkendall, Shipping Master--Mrs. Jessie Polmeteer's letter--Tombstones of David Kirkendall and wife--Letter of Mrs. Proctor, Burlington, Ontario--Mrs. Daisy William's letter--Family record of David Kirkendall--Children of Samuel Kirkendall and Euphemia Lowry--William Kirkendall and Nancy Hess' family--Joseph S. Kirkendall of Carsonville, Mich.--Data from L. R. Kirkendall, Corning, N. Y.


Additional Data Received too Late to Come in at the Proper Place. Statement of Henry J. Coykendall, Syracuse, N. Y.--Miss Harriet C. Johnson--Letter from Hiram Coykendall, Detroit, Mich.--McCage Kuykendall, letter--Family of Alfred Harden Kuykendall and Sarah L. Fort--Moses and Martha Andrews Kuykendall--McCage Kuykendall's family--Family of Garland and Belle Grattis Kuykendall--Lee and Oma Garret Kuykendall's family--Thomas and Maree Smith Kuykendall--Isaac N. Kuykendall's letter--Data from, Miss Mollie Cobb--J. M. Kuykendall, Cherokee, Tex.--Matthew Johnson Kuykendall--Wylie M. Kuykendall--Leander Kuykendall's family history.


Interesting and Curious Book Accounts and Documents, in Colonial and Ante Colonial Times. Ledger account of 1756, and 1757--Tinker's bill--Funeral expenses--Old tavern licenses--Price of bed with clean sheats--Cost of damning his royal highness--Doubling up, to cut cost of sleeping--Old time survey markings--Ancient deed of Walpack Church lot--Quotations from Minisink Valley Church records.


Genealogical Notes, Kuykendall and Stark Families. Rev. J. W. Kuykendall, biography--Early traits, education, "Boy preacher" at 18--Labors in Southern Oregon--Breakdown in health--Locates in San Jose, Calif.--His death--Rev. T. L. Jones' letter--Captain Isaac Kuykendall's family--J. Stewart Kuykendall--His public activities--Edgar Davis Kuykendall--College days--Studied law--Located in Greensboro, N. C.--Civil and military record--Capt. Isaac Kuykendall's daughters.


Did More Than One Kuykendall Ancestor Come Over From Europe? Early Dutch New York documents--Powers of attorney--Accounts of Carsten and Urbanus Luursen--Church baptismal records.


Attempts to Trace the European History of the Kuykendall Family. Reference to "Willy Kukenthal" at Harvard College--Kuekenthal family history, back to 16th century--Ancestry of Maternal side of Kuykendall family--Tack family--Westphael ancestors of Jacob, Cornelius and Matthew Kuykendall's wives--Why we have no better knowledge of our ancestors.


Miscellaneous Portraits and Notes. Further sketch of Dr. William Kuykendall--Public activities as physician, in hospital, school legislation--Nathaniel Kuykendall, Gainesville, Tex.--Family sketch--Judge A. B. Kirkendall--His portrait--Family of Andrew Briggs Kuykendall--Group picture--Samuel D. Coykendall--Family record--Mrs. Harriet R. Frisbie's war work activities--Mrs. Mary K. Weaver, portrait--Charles Allen Kirkendall's portrait--Mrs. Nannie Kuykendall Collins.


Autographs of Some of the Early Kuykendalls, Comments and Other Topics. Sundry notes and observations--Kirkendalls and Klingensmiths--H. J. Kirkendall's statement--Further account of Judge W. L. Kuykendall of Saratoga, Wyom.--His son, John M. Kuykendall--J. B. Kuykendall, Vienna, Ill.--Kuykendall family historical association--Its object, suggested plan--How to carry on--Conclusion.

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A large part of the Kuykendall descendants now living, who are from sixty-five to seventy-five years old, and who know the given names of their great grandfathers and date of birth, should be able without very great difficulty to trace their family line, so as to connect with some ancestor whose name was found on the registers of the Reformed Dutch Churches. There are, however, a good many exceptions to this rule, for the reason that there may be some whose later ancestors were not baptized, or the record of their baptism was lost.

Sometimes we are not able to easily identify an ancestor, even when we see his name on the register, for the reason that children sometimes were not baptized until they were from two to five years old. If the actual date of birth of an ancestor is known, and his baptism is found on the register a year to three years later, we are left in doubt whether we have found the ancestor sought.

This would be made more difficult if the name happened to be a very common one in the family, and baptisms of other persons of same name should be found at about the same time. Sometimes it is difficult to tell which of two or three Peters, Jacobs or Matthews or other names is the one we are searching for.

Sometimes we find something in the record itself to help us over the difficulty, as shown by examples given.

The great grandfathers of nearly all persons of sixty to seventy years of age, were born about from 1735 to 1765. During this period, particularly in the first part of this period, nearly all the Kuykendall descendants were living in the Minisink region, or not far from there, and were members and adherents of the Dutch Reformed Church and had their children baptized in the churches within their reach. These baptisms were recorded in the church registers, and the records mostly remain.

As has been shown before, the manner in which they were recorded gave data greatly assisting in the identification of the individual and his family for generations afterwards. The name of the father, the maiden name of the mother and the names of the sponsors and witnesses that entered into the baptismal record, placed the identity of the person baptized, and the branch of the family to which he belonged beyond question, in most instances.

Those Kuykendall descendants who are able to trace the fathers of their line back to one whose baptism is found in the old Dutch church registers, have their lines completed, for the registers contain data to finish out the line back to our first ancestor of this country.

There are, however, a good many of the Kuykendalls of sixty to seventy years of age, whose farthest back forefathers of which

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they have any memory or tradition, were born in Virginia or North Carolina, during the period from 1743 to 1776 or a little later.

In all such cases there would be no public record of births found, owing to the extremely pioneer condition of the country and the turbulent, changing state of society. On this account, and the Indian outbreaks and frontier wars, scant records of any kind are to be found.

A large part of the military reports and civil papers of the times, relating to public affairs, have been lost or destroyed. Those whose forefathers lived amid such conditions, now find it exceedingly difficult to go back of the time of the Revolutionary war or a little before that. The fact is, a great majority of the descendants of our early ancestors, by whatever name or variation of name they were called, seem to have lost all memory of the fact that their forefathers were baptized, and registry made of their baptisms in the Reformed Church records. It never occurred to them to think of the old church records as an aid in tracing their ancestry. This is as true of nearly all other families of Dutch, Huguenot or other extraction, as of the Kuykendalls. Our people generally had come to the conclusion that it would be impossible to ever trace the family lineage. Until quite recently there were few of the family who had any hope or expectation of ever knowing anything definite of their origin.

We shall now present letters from some of those Kuykendalls whose membership is quite large and widely scattered over the country, but who have not been able to trace their lineage definitely. Many of these are prominent people in the country where they live, are educated and have high positions in society.

A large number of these are much more nearly related to each other than they have suspected, in fact some are quite closely related that did not know the existence or whereabouts of the others.

It is very interesting as well as a great aid to one trying to trace his ancestry, to discover unexpectedly a relationship between his own family and some other branch. The discovery of even this much, narrows the field of investigation and the difficulty and labor is so much diminished. Where there are a large number of families that cannot trace their lineage, and do not know where they belong genealogically, it is obvious that any classification of them must be conditional and subject to revision when further additions have been made to our knowledge of them. After their genealogy has been definitely traced, no division of them into groups by states or localities can be helpful, especially in states like Indiana, Illinois or Texas, for instance, which contain descendants from nearly every branch of the family.

In presenting the letters in this volume it was the design to group them together in such way as to show the relationships between the families of the writers and the branches to which they belong, and where there is a similiarity of family traditions, to show that also. In this way it was hoped that correspondence and investigation

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might come about that would still further clear up the family genealogy.

The first letter to be presented represents a family that has been active in business, politics and affairs generally in sections where they have lived.

The following is an epitome of a letter from Mr. J. B. Kuykendall, of Vienna, Illinois:

"As to authentic history of the early Kuykendalls, I shall not be able to give you much. Some time previous to the war of 1776 there were three Kuykendall brothers came from Holland and settled in North Carolina. One of these was a major in the Colonial army. My great grandfather was one of these three, who emigrated to Kentucky after the war, and my grandfather came from Kentucky to Illinois in 1815. He had two brothers, James and Harrison, and one sister. There were several families of Kuykendalls in White county, Illinois, which I have never met; my father met them, and said they were relatives. Father was a member of Congress during 1865-6, and while in Washington City met a number of the Kuykendalls from New York and Pennsylvania. Some of them sprang from the descendants of the three Hollanders of North Carolina. The same year that my father left Kentucky I think his brother settled in Arkansas. My grandfather had a brother

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by the name of Matthew, who went to Arkansas about the same time grandfather came to Illinois. I know that there were quite a lot of Kuykendalls in Arkansas that sprang from my great uncle, also a number in Texas. My father had no data of the family, except of his own, and we are the only Kuykendalls in this county. I have no data to show the time of the birth of my grandfather, Joseph Kuykendall. My father, Andrew J., was born March 3, 1815, and I was born January 9, 1842. My children are Andrew Jackson Kuykendall, born July 27, 1873. Frank S., born July 27, 1881. Guy S., born February 25, 1884. Carrie, born January 23, 1887.'

A. J. Kuykendall was also in the 31st Regiment, Illinois Volunteer Infantry, having enlisted September 8, 1861, and resigned May 1, 1862. Mr. J. B. Kuykendall was adjutant in the same regiment, enlisting February 24, 1863, and resigned June 8, 1864. Mr. J. J. Kuykendall, of Cairo, Illinois, is a near relative of the Kuykendalls at Vienna. Mr. J. B.

Kuykendall married Miss Eliza Gorham, at Carbondale, Ill., August 6, 1863. He was then a member of the 31st Illinois Infantry. After he quit the service, he returned to Vienna, Ill., which has been his home ever since. His wife died on January, 18, 1914, after a lingering illness. They had lived together happily over fifty years, always laboring for the welfare of the community in which they lived. They prospered in business and accumulated a competency for all their needs in life. Mrs. Kuykendall was a consistent member of the Methodist Episcopal Church. She was a kind and charitable neighbor, unostentatious in her benevolence.

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Mr. Kuykendall has been a prominent business man for years, having been connected with farming, milling and banking. He was for years president of the Drover's State Bank of Vienna, Ill. One of his sons, Andrew J. Kuykendall, is a prominent lawyer of their home town and county. Andrew Jackson Kuykendall, Sr., father of Mr. J. B., was for many years a leading citizen of that part of Illinois, prominent in politics. He was representative of his district in Southern Illinois, being in the State legislature from 1842 to 1846, and in the state senate every term from the fourteenth session to the twenty-second, again in the 31st, 32nd and 34th. He was elected representative to Congress from Southern Illinois, for the 39th session, a term of two years.

Mr. E. G. Kuykendall, a veterinary of Carmi, Illinois, wrote:

"I have often thought I would like to know the origin and history of the Kuykendall family. I cannot answer all the questions you ask, but will try to answer what I can from facts I have been able to learn. Had I known of your efforts a year or two sooner, no doubt I could have learned more, for several of our oldest relatives have passed away, among them my grandmother, aged 93, who could probably have given some information. My great grandfather, Peter, came to this country from near Bowling Green, Kentucky, in 1807 or 1808. He came to Kentucky from farther east, supposedly from Virginia. He stayed here a few years and went to Northern Missouri. His two sons, James and Noah, stayed here, and later James moved to Southeast Indiana, where some of his descendants still live, one or two in New Harmony. Noah lived here, I think, all his life, and had eight sons. Of these, Henry, Peter, Alfred, Daniel, Samuel and James stayed here, and Franklin went to Mulberry, Kansas, and Aaron went to Iowa. Of these, W. L. Kuykendall of Saratoga, Wyoming, is supposed to be a descendant of Franklin, and John A., of Salt Lake City, of Aaron."

As to the supposition that W. L. Kuykendall is a descendant of Franklin, the correspondence of Judge W. L. K. will show its incorrectness.

The following letter written by D. S. Kuykendall, of the "Immigration Service" of the U. S. Department of Commerce and Labor, of Southern California, shows that he is related to the writer of the above.

"The following is a list of the Kuykendalls known to be related to me, viz: Stuart H. Kuykendall, my brother, Carmi, Ill., a court reporter. Charles D.

Kuykendall, my uncle, a farmer at Grayville, Ill. Henry, Bert and Lawrence Kuykendall, second cousins, occupation unknown, live at Crossville, Ill.

George Kuykendall, second cousin, farmer at Carmi. Mrs. William Randolph, an aunt, Grayville, Ill. Mary Dobbs, aunt, Olney, Ill. Frank Kuykendall, Liberty, Ill., farmer. Many of these have children, some of whom are grown. I met at Galveston, Texas, M. A. Coykendall. He is also an inspector in the immigration service. My grandfather's name was Daniel, and one of the uncles named above; he probably has the record kept by my grandfather, who was able to trace the family history way back."

There was during the winter of 1912-13 an old veteran of the Union Army, John Kuykendall, at the Soldiers' Home, Los Angeles, Cal., who formerly lived in Illinois. He wrote as follows:

"There were two Kuykendalls settled in White county, Illinois, in an early day; their names were Noah and Peter. Peter was my grandfather;

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my father's name was James. He had eight boys and two girls. The boys' names were Benjamin, Andrew, William, Leonard, Noah, Jesse, Peter and John (myself).

My brother Noah's sons lived in Indiana, at New Harmony; John is at Poseyville, Indiana, and brother Ben's son lives in Dubuque, Iowa. My grandfather's brother Noah had I think, six sons, Alfred, Daniel, Peter, Samuel, Frank and Henry-Alfred had only one boy, who owns the old homestead and a thousand acres of land besides. His name is George and his address is Carmi, Illinois. Write to him. I went into the army from Edwards county, Illinois, August 14, 1862, was corporal in Company H, 87th Regiment, Illinois Volunteers. Was born in White county, Illinois, October 10, 1839. I have eight children, five girls and three boys: Estella, Emma, Birtella, Grace, Daisy.

The boys, Paul Mc., and John W., live in Tucumcari, Mexico. All are married but Paul."

There are a lot of Kuykendalls whose ancestors came into White county, Illinois, in the first decade of the nineteenth century, and since then they have scattered over a wide area of country, some having reached the Pacific Coast states. These people settled on both sides of White river at Grayville and across in the section of country made into Posey county, about New Harmony, Poseyville, and neighboring villages. Carmi, the county seat of White county, is yet the location of a considerable sized settlement of Kuykendalls.

These people with all their kown relatives have been classified by me as the "Carmi Branch."

By consulting a map of the country surrounding Carmi, in the White county, White river regions, it will be seen that Carmi is only about ten miles from the Wabash river, and that the White river empties into the Wabash only about twenty miles distant by straight line. The Ohio is the line between Kentucky and Indiana, and between the lower part of Illinois and Kentucky. In early times it was very common for the emigrants from Kentucky to go down the Ohio in barges or pirogues and to land at such points as suited their destination.

It appears very likely that a good many of these Kuykendalls in the southern part of Indiana and Ohio took the water lines of travel. Many of the emigrants from Virginia and Kentucky went down the Ohio; those who embarked above where Louisville now is, had to make a portage at "The Falls of the Ohio," now Louisville, Ky. Once below, they could go down the Ohio, to the mouth of the Wabash and then go up the Wabash tributaries. White river and East White river are the main branches. Emigration found it much more convenient to travel this way, after the Indians had been subdued by Wayne and Harrison. It was easier to float down the rivers than to go through the vast forests of Kentucky and Indiana. No doubt many of the Kuykendalls who first went to Missouri, Arkansas, Southern Illinois and Indiana went the water route. At Cairo they came out into the mighty Mississippi, and then could proceed downward to any point where they might want to land.

My grandfather and uncles used to relate how people in early days used to send their produce down the Ohio and Mississippi rivers. Quite a number of the descendants of those Kuykendalls

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that first went into the White river country are now living in Kansas and Oklahoma, and regions west and south. Along about forty-five years ago (1872) the patriarch of this branch went into Osage county, Kansas, and located. Some time back Mr. LEE KUYKENDALL, of Osage City, Kansas, wrote me:

"I think my ancestors two or three generations ago came from Germany. They landed along the eastern coast somewhere, because they first settled in Pennsylvania. They came from there to Illinois (southern part) to White county, and I think settled around a town called Grayville, while some settled across the river in Indiana. My father, coming from there when but a child, could remember but little of his relatives there, his father was the youngest of the family. I think you could find out about that part of the family by writing to George Kuykendall, who lives at Carmi, White county, Illinois.

My father's father, my grandfather's name was FRANKLIN KUYKENDALL; his wife's name was MARY JANE ELLIOTT. They came from Kansas to Illinois in 1872 with their children. They are both dead now, but his second wife, Mary Jane Williams Kuykendall, is still living in Lyndon, Kansas. I give the family record as nearly as I can:

FRANKLIN KUYKENDALL, my father, was born October 17, 1834, died August 16, 1905. I, LEE KUYKENDALL, son of Franklin, was born May 18, 1857, and married Amelia Benton. Our children's names are as below:

(???) MRS. RALPH MILLER, born August 27, 1883; they have children: Esther Margaret, born May 24, 1910; Floyd Edward, born October 20, 1913; Charles Hermon, born October, 1917.

(???) MRS. ARTHUR MILLER, born May 27, 1885; children: Irene, born January, 1912; Chester Lee, born December 6, 1911; Ada Ruth, born January 23, 1916.

They live at Wichita, Kansas.

RAY KUYKENDALL, born April 25, 1887, married Alta Swan; one child, Edward Lee, born January 27, 1917.

RUTH, born April 26, 1892.

ESTHER, born August 7, 1897.

SARAH, daughter of Franklin Kuykendall, was born October 4, 1858, married William Ramsey. Their children were: Charles, born September, 1881, live at Trail, Oklahoma; George, born April 30, 1886, lives at Bakersfield, California; Grover C., born January 22, 1891, Osage City.

JAMES KUYKENDALL, son of Franklin Kuykendall, was born March 27, 1861, married Mary Jenkins. Children: Elsie, born January 14, 1889; Susie, born January 20, 1891, married Richard E. Brown, one son, Winston James, born October 10, 1917; Myrtle, born November 30, 1892; Claude, born March 30, 1897, married Isabel Morton, June 2, 1918.

ANGELINE KUYKENDALL, daughter of Franklin, was born April 12, 1865, married George Hurle. Children: Clyde Hurl, born August 22, 1890, married Marjorie Rughlie; Madge, born February 5, 1892, married Lawrence Davies; Maude, born December 19, 1894, married Thomas Davies; Clarice was born May 30, 1897.

GEORGE KUYKENDALL, son of Franklin, was born April 2, 1863, married Alice Cowdry. Children: Ethyl Kuykendall, born May 28, 1889; Hazel, born July 19, 1891, married Vernon Lister, lives at Collinsville, Oklahoma; Vernon, born October 21, 1895, is in army training camp at Fort Riley, went July 22, 1917; Lola, born May 1, 1897, married Grant Adkins; Olive, born August 16, 1900; Maude, born August 11, 1905; Stella, born March 11, 1902.

MAYME KUYKENDALL, daughter of Franklin Kuykendall, was born May 12, 1870, married Henry McGuire. Their children were:

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Percy, born May, 1894, in the army; Cecil, Elvis, Keith, Ellen, all live at Trail, Oklahoma.

FRED KUYKENDALL, son of Franklin, was born June 23, 1872, married Lottie Newport, one daughter, Bessie, born September 22, 1900.

EDGAR KUYKENDALL, son of Franklin, was born May 16, 1868, married Kate (???), no children.

CHARLES, son of Franklin K., was born October 29, 1878, married Blanche Meeker, two children, John, born December 1, 1911; Dora, born July 22, 1916.

FLORENCE, daughter of Franklin K., was born June 25, 1881, married Uriah Newport, both died leaving one child, Mabel Newport, born June 19, 1901, adopted by Mrs. Joseph Jenkins.

BELLE KUYKENDALL, daughter of Franklin, was born August 30, 1875, married Joseph Jenkins, two children; Dortha, born March 15, 1907; Fred, born January 3, 1914.

Mrs. Mayme McGuire, Fred Kuykendall, Edgar and Charles Kuykendall, Mrs.

Florence Newport, Mrs. Belle Jenkins, children of Franklin Kuykendall, all live at Osage City, Kansas. There is an nucle of Lee Kuykendall somewhere in Nebraska.

W. B. KUYKENDALL, Ridgeway, Illinois, is of the same branch, as will be seen by his letter which follows:

"I am one of the family raised about Mt. Vernon, Ind. I am the son of Jesse Kuykendall, all my father's brothers and sisters are dead. My father died at Mount Vernon, Ill. Noah died at New Harmony, Indiana, and John died in Iowa, and Peter I do not know about. I have one brother in San Francisco, Cal., and a sister at Omaha, Ill.

There is another lot of Kuykendalls that settled in the same part of the country as those who wrote the foregoing letters. Among these are Louis F.

Kuykendall of Dahlgren, Ill., and James H. Kuykendall of Cornland, same state.

They came either from Kentucky or Tennessee, but have no further information as to their earlier history.

James Kuykendall, of Cornland, wrote:

"My father's name was Abel, born in Tennessee, near Nashville; his father's name was James, born in Germany. I have only a brother and a sister living now, in Dahlgren, Ill. My sister Sophia married William Garrison and they also live at Dahlgren, Ill."

There are a great many of this same group scattered over Illinois and other parts of the west. These families are all surely rather closely related to those at Carmi and Grayville.

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The state of Texas probably has in it people representing more branches of the Kuykendall family than any state of the Union.

The descendants of Captain Abner Kuykendall and his three brothers, Peter, Joseph and Robert, comprise a majority of those bearing the Kuykendall name in that state.

Peter Kuykendall did not remain in Texas, but returned to Arkansas and died there thirty years later. Joseph, though married twice, left no descendants.

The people of "Austin's Colony" went into Texas knowing that they would be surrounded with enemies and would almost surely have to fight the natives.

They were as brave and resourceful a band of pioneers as ever faced the dangers of the wilderness and savagery. It must not be inferred however that they were going into the Mexican territory as interlopers and without rights there.

In 1821, Moses Austin obtained from the Mexican government the right to plant a colony in Texas. Soon after obtaining this right he died and his son, Stephen, undertook the project, and after looking over the country decided to locate the colony in the lower Brazos and Trinity valleys.

The Kuykendalls and Stephen Austin became fast friends soon after meeting, and their mutual confidence lasted through their lives. When they went into the Texas country, they well understood the character of the people with whom they should have to deal, and with whom they would be surrounded. They took the precaution to secure legal rights in the country but probably thought the land should rightfully belong to those who would cultivate it and occupy it, rather than to roving wandering bands of people who settled permanently nowhere.

Whatever their views, they soon found their rights were disputed and they had to fight, and many of the pioneer settlers of Texas "bit the dust" before the country was fully occupied, and among them were several Kuykendalls.

Captain Abner Kuykendall and brothers took into Texas a few hogs, cattle and horses, from which to start in at stock raising. They desired peace, but had come prepared for defending their rights and had no thought of being driven out, and they stayed.

The first of the family went into Texas just about a hundred years ago, but since then there has been a great emigration of families of the name from the Carolinas, Tennessee, Kentucky, and the further down southern states, also from many other states west and northwest.

In early days of Texas, the inhabitants were sparse, but the people knew each other for many miles around. The Kuykendalls became generally known because of their activities in defense of

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the settlements against the warlike proclivities of the Indians, and in all projects for the betterment of the community.

In the Texas Quarterly, Vol. VI, page 248, we read of Captain Robert Kuykendall leading a party of Austin's Colonists against the Indians, in 1822, and of his taking the oath of allegiance and being chosen Captain of a military company, in December of that year. Of the four Kuykendall brother's in Austin's colony, there were two, Abner and Robert, were for many years captains of the militia, and several of their sons were also captains in the various wars of Texas, and were frequently called upon to take positions of responsibility and danger.

L. E. Daniell, in "Personal Recollections of the Texas State Government," pages 557-8 mentions that Abner Kuykendall came to Texas in 1821, settled near San Felipe, was the father of William Kuykendall, grandfather of William Kuykendall of Tildon, Texas, who was born May 13, 1839 (mother, Eliza M.

Crothers Byrne), William K Jr. member of Texas legislature 1892, had 8 children: Ada E., Thomas R., C. W., Kate B., Annette S., Allie and Albert Sydney.

Thrall's "Pictorial History of Texas" says:

"Abner Kuykendall, son-in-law of William Gates, came to Texas to the Brazos river in 1822. He brought several head of cattle and a few hogs. In Colonial times he was captain of several expeditions against the Indians. In 1834 he was killed at San Felipe by a man named Clayton, who was convicted and hanged for murder."

Noah Southwick's "Evolutions of a State, or Recollections of Texas Days," page 77, speaks of "Old Joe Kuykendall, who lived on the river below San Felipe, as one of the original "Three Hundred."

"The old man was rather inclined to take life easy, a disposition which the superabundant energy of his thrifty helpmeet, Annie, together with his implicit reliance on her ability to manage the affairs of the house Kuykendall, gave him abundant opportunity to indulge."

From Colonel John Henry Brown's "History of Texas," Vol. 1, pp. 156-158.

"It was this affair that prompted Captain Brown to lead a second expedition into the section of the country, in which at the mouth of the San Saba, he accidentally fell into company with Captain Abner Kuykendall, in command of a hundred men, and two companies, under Captain Oliver Jones and Bartlett Sims, organized in Austin's Colony."

Then follows a full account of an expedition against a lot of robbing and stock stealing Indians. Further on he says "Kuykendall determined, if possible, by a night march, to make a daylight attack the next morning." Owing to rough ground and cedar brakes the coming of daylight found them, much to their regret, several miles short of their destination. Hoping still to surprise the Indians the next morning, they camped, concealed in a dark cedar brake, all day, but a party of the hostiles happened to catch sight of some of Kuykendall's scouts, and rushed off to give the alarm to their fellow Indians in camp. The Captain's company struck out in pursuit and reached the Indians just as they were

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fleeing to the hills. An attack was made, but most of the redskins had gotten away, but they left a lot of horses, buffalo robes and various kinds of Indian goods and supplies. Only one Indian was killed.

The policy of the settlers was to be friendly with the Indians, if they would be friendly, but in case they raided the settlements, swift punishment was visited upon them. In 1829 they attacked and robbed a traveller and ran off many horses. As soon as this robbery came to the attention of Colonel Stephen Austin, he at once issued an order to Capt. Abner Kuykendall, August 23, 1829, in which he said:

"A party of volunteers are ready at Beason's to follow the robbers and a number will go from here. It is their wish and mine, that you can take command, and I hope that you will undertake the expedition, if your health will permit. I hereby authorize you in the name of the Government and of the civil authorities, whom I have consulted, to take command of the said party of volunteers, and to pursue and kill said robbers, whether they be Indians or whites, and to recover the stolen horses, and do such other acts as in your judgment are necessary, equitable and proper, to punish the robbers and afford security to our exposed settlements, by making a striking example, which may have the effect to prevent the repetition of similar outrages by lawless bands who are moving through these unsettled lands." * * * You will keep a journal of your proceedings and report same to me on your return.

Town of Austin, Aug. 23, 1829. Stephen F. Austin, Col. of Ma.

This order was received by Captain Kuykendall, the evening of the same day it was written, and in obedience thereto, with his two sons, William and Barzillai, he left the ensuing morning for the Colorado, where he arrived the same day, and was joined by eight men, most of whom were old frontiersmen.

Fierce Fight in the Old Cabin

"Now we counted eleven," says Kuykendall, whose narration we follow, "and we resolved to pursue the Indians without losing further time to increase our force. We forded the Colorado at the crossing of the Bahia road, and proceeded 8 or 9 miles up the river, where we discovered people moving about an old cabin. Hazlitt and another man were dispatched on foot toward the cabin to ascertain the character of its visitors. The rest of us sat in our saddles concealed by a point of woods. In order to approach near the house, Hazlitt and his companions had to pass through a corn field. They had not proceeded far in the field, when an Indian shot an arrow at Hazlitt and raised a war whoop and fled to the cabin. Hazlitt shot him in the back. The instant we heard the alarm we galloped forward and saw five Indians running on foot, up the river, trying to reach a thicket on its bank, two or three hundred yards above the cabin. Spurring our horses to their best speed, we intercepted them a short distance below the thicket.

They were compelled to fight in the open prairie or leap down the precipitate bank of the river. They chose the latter alternative. Norman Woods shot one as he was in the act of leaping off the bluff. The remaining force threw away their arrows and plunged into the Colorado. As they swam to the opposite shore, we plied them with three or four rounds of rifle balls and sank two midway in the river. The remaining two reached the shore with mortal wounds, from which we could see

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distinctly blood flowing. One of them uttered a few words in a loud voice, and almost immediately our ears were assailed with terrific yells from the thicket above us, accompanied by a flight of arrows and the discharge of firearms." The report goes on to say that after this the Indians ran and were pursued, and completely routed and beaten, and "after collecting the arms of the defeated Indians, consisting of bows and arrows and one or two shotguns, we went to the field to look for the body of the Indian shot by Hazlitt. We did not find him, but picked up his belt, which had been shot in two by two rifle balls."

From Border Wars of Texas (by Matt Bradley, 1912).

Following this brilliant sortie Captain Kuykendall received the following order from Colonel Stephen Austin:

"You will muster your company and endeavor to raise volunteers to go against the Indians. If you cannot get volunteers enough to make one-fourth the number comprising your company, you will raise them by draft. You will rendezvous at this place with at least one-fourth of the number of the men comprising your company, on the 12th of September next, armed and equipped as the law directs, with provisions for forty days."

The company of one hundred men was filled as quickly as possible and organized under Captain Abner Kuykendall. His report on the expedition is a very interesting document. It would please the reader if there were space to present it in full. The description of a night march, while they were following up the Indians, is graphic and exhibits descriptive talents of a high order.

The following letter from J. R. Fenn, of Houston, Tex., to James T. De Fields, of Farmersville, Texas, in regard to the death of Captain Abner Kuykendall, explains itself:

"Yours of the fifth received and contents noted. In reply will say that Captain Abner Kuykendall was killed in 1834 at San Felipe by a man named Clayton, who was hung for the crime, his being the second of the only two legal executions for murder in Austin's Colony. Kuykendall was stabbed in the neck with a knife, which he broke off, and he died of lockjaw. Clayton was a Mississippian. He was raised by an aunt living near Natchez. He killed a cousin in Mississippi in 1832 or 1833 and ran away to Texas. His aunt heard of his last trouble and came to San Felipe in 1834, but when she found how he had killed Kuykendall she returned home without seeing him. Mrs. Clayton stayed at my father's home while here. I knew Joe Kuykendall, a brother, was a prisoner with him in 1836 and knew him many years after, until his death in Fort Bend County. He came to Texas in 1822, etc."

Bradley goes on to say the wife of Abner Kuykendall was a daughter of Owen Shannon, and a sister of Jacob Shannon.

Captain J. Hampton Kuykendall wrote "Recollections of the Campaign of San Jacinto." He had been a representative from one of the lower counties, in the "Congress of Texas," in 1840, and he became the successor of Colonel Dancey, editor of "The Monument," but his health failed and he found it necessary to resign his editorship. In his Recollections speaking of the campaign of San Jacinto, he says:

"I was in Mexico when hostilities commenced between her and Texas. I arrived home (twenty miles above San Felipe) between the 15th and 20th of February, 1836, a few days previous to which time my neighbors had organized themselves into a company, having elected Robert McNutt captain, Gibson Kuykendall and John Burleson lieutenants, etc." (Gibson Kuykendall and Burleson were cousins.)

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Quarterly of State Texas Historical Association, Vol. IV., pp. 291-306, for 1900-1901.

In the same publication, on the previously mentioned pages we find quoted, "Reminiscences of Mrs. Dilne Harris," in regard to the battle of San Jacinto, etc. In one place she says:

"Leaving the San Jacinto battle ground, we camped that night on the prairie, and could hear the howl and bark of the wolves as they devoured the dead. We met Mr. Kuykendall and family from Fort Bend, now Richmond. Their hardships had been harder than ours. They had stayed at home and had no idea that the Mexican army was near. One day the Negro ferryman was called, in English, and he carried the boat across; on the other side he found the Mexicans, who took possession of the boat and embarked as many soldiers as the boat could carry.

While they were crossing, some one said it was Captain Wiley Martin's company.

They knew he was above near San Felipe, and men and women and children ran down to the river bank to meet their friends, but just as the boat landed the Negro ferryman called out 'MEXICANS!' There were three or four families of the Kuykendalls and they ran for the river bottom. Mrs. Abe Kuykendall had a babe in her arms. She ran a short distance and then thought about her little girl, and went back, and she saw her husband take the child from the nurse, and afterwards said she was then the happiest woman in the world."

For a time there was a terrible excitement, women and children ran in every direction. Some by accident became separated from their children and friends.

A lot of them had to lie out all night in the cane brake, without food or shelter. One young woman became separated from her husband, who had their little baby, and found neither of them for a day or two. Mrs. Abe Kuykendall took care of the little baby that had been left by its mother.

A number of the Kuykendalls who went to Texas with Austin's Colony had decided literary tastes, and we find their writings still extant. J. H. Kuykendall was the son of Captain Abner. In the Texas State Historical Society's Quarterly, Vol. VII, there are a series of "Reminiscences of Early Texans," among them are the "Recollections of Captain Gibson Kuykendall, born in Kentucky, ann. 1802."

We have here revealed, undoubtedly, the earlier home of this branch of the Kuykendall family. They could not have lived very long in Kentucky prior to the birth of Captain Gibson Kuykendall ann. 1802.

Whether this family came from North Carolina to Tennessee and Kentucky or whether they came from Virginia direct cannot be determined with our present knowledge. There were a few Kuykendalls in Kentucky during the Revolutionary war. The early history of pioneer Kentucky families is far from complete.

Matthew, son of the first American born ancestor, went to North Carolina about the same time as Daniel Boone, or possibly a little earlier. The Kuykendalls of Austin's Colony probably were the descendants of this first Matthew Kuykendall. Some of the Kuykendalls and Boones were in the Dunmore's war of 1754, and as they lived near each other at the time of the Revolutionary war,

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it is not at all improbable that they were well acquainted with each other.

Judge William L. Kuykendall, late of Saratoga, Wyoming, wrote me that his great grandfather was living near Kings Mountain, when the great battle occurred there during the Revolutionary war; his great grandfather was killed in that battle, and shortly afterwards the Tories burned and destroyed the home, and his grandfather, then a child, was cared for by a neighbor who took him to Kentucky with Boone. See account elsewhere.

If we had the full story of the early Kuykendalls we should be astonished to find how intimately they were connected with the well known participants in the Revolutionary and others wars, as well as with the great historic events accompanying the settlement and making of the early colonial and state history of the southwest.

We have been giving attention more particularly to that part of the family who went into Texas with the colony of Stephen F. Austin and their descendants, but there are many others in that state that represent other branches who migrated to that region from various parts of the country.

A letter will now be presented from Judge William Kuykendall of Tilden, Texas, whose beautiful, well formed and plain writing is a pleasure to read:

"With regard to the genealogy of the Kuykendall family in America I desire to say in advance that I am unable to give you as complete a history of my own immediate family as you may desire, but cheerfully submit below such data as I possess. The interrogatories propounded by you, as far as I am able to answer them, will receive my attention in the body of this communication.

I have often regretted that I did not, during my father's life-time make more diligent inquiry with regard to the family genealogy. At his death, which occurred on the 27th of February, 1862, much information pertaining to the family history was buried with him. However, I can give a tolerably connected account of the family, or my branch of it, after they arrived in Texas, but know but little of the history prior to that event.

My grandfather, Captain Abner Kuykendall, and family came to Texas from Arkansas in October, 1821, and settled at or near San Felipe in Austin County.

I infer from the fact that my father was born in Kentucky that be removed from that state to Arkansas, but at what date I am unable to say. It is probable that my grandfather was born in Virginia and migrated to Kentucky. This inference is strengthened by the fact that many of the early settlers of the latter state were from the Old Dominion, as Virginia was so aptly called.

These statements I submit as reasonable surmises, without authentication, to be accepted in that light. He commanded the militia of Austin's Colony and later served as county commissioner. With grandfather there came, besides his own family, three brothers, viz: Peter, Joseph and Robert, and one brother-in- law, Amos Gates. Both Peter and Amos Gates returned to Arkansas, the former dying there sometime between the years 1861 and 1865. Don't know whether he left any progeny or not. Joseph though twice married left no descendants. He died at his home near Richmond, Fort Bend County, Texas, in 1866 or 1867, I am not sure of the date. He was the only one of my grand uncles that I ever met.

Robert left three sons, Thomas, Gill and Benjamin. I am not advised as to the date of his death.

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Grandfather had six sons, Barzillai, Gibson, William (my father), Jonathan Hampton, Samuel and Hank, (the latter were twins), and two daughters. Gibson, who commanded a company in the Texan army, in the revolution of 1836, left four sons, Barzillai (now in his 83rd year, and a neighbor of mine), Joseph, William and John, the latter demised. These all married and left families.

Jonathan Hampton never married. He was a member of the House of Representatives of the second Texas Congress. He was a lifelong student of various accomplishments, was an accomplished scholar and translator. He died in Refugio county, in 1878. Samuel left a numerous family, but I am not in possession of the necessary information to give names. He died in Washington during the Civil War, date of his death not known. Hank was a member of the unfortunate Mier expedition to Mexico, was wounded in battle and died of his wounds. He never married.

Now as to my own family. I have had two brothers, Thomas Hampton and Talbot Chambers, both deceased, and sisters Jane E., Eliza, Levantha and Mary Ella.

Thomas left four sons, Thomas, Amos, Travis, and Arnold (latter deceased, never married), and four daughters, Jane, Cora, May and Clara, Thomas, Amos and Travis are married and have families. Talbot Chambers left one son, William Lucas, who was never married. Jane, now deceased, left a large family.

Eliza never married. Levantha married John T. Morgan, now dead, and left four sons and four daughters. Mary Ella married Albert Teal and has living four sons and two daughters.

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I was born on the 13th day of May, 1839, in Austin County, Texas, was married to Kate S. Byrne, of Lamar, Refugio County, Texas, on the 31st day of December, 1868. My wife died on the second day of January, 1905.

Eight children were born to us, to-wit: Ada Eliza, born January 8th, 1878; Thomas Richard, born December 20th, 1871; Charles W., born May 27th, 1874; Catherine Byrne, borne October 21st, 1876; Annette S., born August 27, 1879; William, born April 8, 1882; Mary Allie, born December 19, 1884; Albert Sydney, born February 5, 1888. Ada E. was married to Judge A. L. Delworth, 1888. Catherine B. was married to A. M. Delworth, 1895. Both have families.

Thomas R. is married, but has no children. William was married in 1910, has an infant son. Charles W., Sydney and Mary Allie were still single when this was written. It has always been a tradition of the family that our ancestors were from Holland.

I am quite positive that my grandfather and his brothers and their families were the first of the name who settled in this state. Prior to the settleemnt of Austin's Colony, American settlers were prohibited from settling within the confines of this state. There were no others of the name except members of Austin's first 300 families. There may have been others who came to the state before the declaration of Texas Independence, but I never heard of but one, and don't know whether he was related to my branch of the family or not. How I heard of this one was when I was a Confederate soldier returning to my command in 1864, after having been absent on a furlough. I stayed over night with an old Texan farmer, residing on Trinity river, in East Texas. Upon learning my name, and being well acquainted with my grandfather's family, he narrated the following incident.

Upon Santa Anna's invastion of the state in 1836, the families of the Colonies fled before the invading army. At the time there were freshets in all the streams of the state, in consequence of unusually heavy rains. The bottoms were submerged. Adam Kuykendall was walking through the overflowed bottom, when an alligator attacked him. He was never seen afterwards. Keep me in touch with your progress."

Judge Kuykendall has had a long, useful and eventful life. In his younger days the part of the country in which he lived was a comparative wilderness and offered but few opportunities for higher education. His last school days were spent at the Ingleside Institute, near Corpus Christi, where he took a course in English branches and in higher mathematics, and later added to his education by extensive reading, covering a wide field of literature, so that he became better informed and better educated, than many who have gone through college, but have had less application and close observation. Soon after the completion of his education, he enlisted in the Confederated army, and served until the close of the war. On reaching home, after the war, he found his home had been devasted by the vicissitudes of war, and he had to begin life over again. This he set about with energy and determination, and began stock raising, and was enthusiastic in his efforts to raise a finer grade of stock and improve the standard of the breeds in the country. He succeeded, and by his example stimulated others in the business, and incited them to follow his example.

In the meantime he was elected county judge, and served so efficiently that he was reelected repeatedly, until finally he refused to longer be a candidate for the position. He has never been an

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aspirant after office. He was married in Lamar, Refugio county, Texas, December 31, 1868. His wife died January 2, 1905. Their children were enumerated in the judge's letter that has preceded. His eldest son, Thomas R., has been for years the cashier of Sanderson State Bank, Sanderson, Texas. The judge comes of a family that has given Texas many prominent and useful citizens, who

have fought Indians, Mexicans and bandits, and have helped to organize courts, make laws and who have been legislators, educators, editors, writers, farmers and business men.

During the correspondence entailed in collecting data in regard to the Kuykendall family, a number of letters were received from a gentleman, a former Texan, who now lives in Carlsbad, New Mexico, that because of their natural, easy style, and true

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descriptions of pioneer life in Texas were very interesting to me. I had read about a peculiar mortar, with sweep pole, used by the whites and Indians, in carly colonial days, for making coarse meal for bread, and wrote to ask Mr.

Benj. Straysner Kuykendall if he had seen anything of the kind. He wrote to me, in one of his letters, saying:

"Your idea of the old mortar and sweep pole is quite correct. I have heard my mother describe how the Chocktaw Indians used them in West Tennessee. I don't remember of hearing her or father say anything about the old hand mills with stone grinders, though I have heard them speak of what were called steel mills, in which the burrs were made of steel. They had two handles, and the mill was fastened to a tree or post. We used them when I was a boy. I have turned one of them for hours grinding meal. We boys had to 'chop' the corn first, by separating and loosening the burrs, so as to crack the corn, and then after the corn had run through, tighten the mill up to make meal. We also made what we called 'lye hominy,' by putting shelled corn into a pot and then sifting wood ashes into it, then adding water and boiling

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it until the eyes and skin would wash off, then washing it thoroughly and cooking it soft, season, and mash with a hand pestle.

Speaking of his early life, he said:

"When I was a boy of twelve years old, I was a 'hand' anywhere I was needed in the field, after stock, or at the spinning wheel or loom, or at the wash tub.

I learned to be fond of night hunting for wild turkeys, and 'still hunting' for deer, and was fond of riding wild bucking horses. I learned to play the fiddle and dance, which was a very common pastime about Christmas and during the winter season. I was the black sheep of the family and the bell sheep of the settlement, in everything for fun and pastime, except gambling and drinking. These I never did, though they were very common. Brown county was full of men that had committed crimes in other counties and had run away from them. These men were often desperate when drinking, were ready for a fuss and were very quarrelsome, and often killed some one of themselves or some settler, or the settler had to kill them in self-defense. I worked with these men, lived with them, cooked, ate and played and joked with them, yet never had any trouble with them up to 1878. I worked cattle and horses, rode bronchos, scouted after Indians, roped wild mustang horses, and killed and skinned buffalo. In 1879 I married Miss Mary Ellen McCulloch, and began to raise horses, later shipped horses to Louisiana. In 1888 my wife died, and in 1890 I married Miss Lorna Jane Coffey. In 1892 I moved to New Mexico, where I engaged in farming, gardening and goat raising, and making and canning sorghum. You will see I have been 'Jack of all trades.' In 1874 I joined the Methodist church, sold my fiddle, and quit dancing and began to read the Bible, which was hard at first, owing to my neglected education, yet I stayed with it until I learned to read very well."

In another communication he gave an account of the early day amusements, in which dancing held a foremost place.

"Everybody danced, old and young; fiddlers were plentiful, we often had two fiddlers, but there was no money for them, everything was free. Men and boys danced with pistols at their belts and spurs on, if they so chose, some one held their pistols and spurs while they danced until the set was out, and then they put them on again. No difference was made between people on account of clothing; rich and poor were all alike, the hired man and the employer associated and worked together and ate at the same table, all were as if of one family, and strangers were made welcome, and helped in time of need. It was not often we had preaching, and then it was usually in some settler's dwelling, or out in an arbor. Men and boys and even the preacher carried guns, and set them down in the corner, or wore pistols in their belts. Yet people were happy and enjoyed life. They had no railroads and few mills or stores. We often had to go a hundred miles with an ox team to mill. We never thought of buying bread at a store, for they did not keep such things on sale those days.

They sold tobacco, coffee, sugar and whisky by the bottle, jug or keg. There were few men those days who would get drunk."

Mr. B. S. Kuykendall has been deeply interested in the history of the family, and wrote many very interesting accounts of Indian fighting in early days in Texas. In his correspondence with me he gave an account of a tragic event that transpired in the summer of 1867, in which the school where his brother John and sister Sarah were in attendance, was attacked by Indians, and their teacher, Miss Ann Whitney was shot to death with Indian arrows; his sister Sarah was shot in the spine, and little John was captured by the Indians and carried off. The account is here given in his own language:

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"After the Confederate war, my father moved to Hamilton County, Texas, expecting to send his children to school, as we had had no chance to go to school after the beginning of the war in 1861. Most of the neighbors were new comers, and having to fix up to live at home, and having to plant their crops, only left the smaller boys and girls to go to school. We had just got through with our crop, and I and brother Joshua and Joshua Massingill, a cousin of ours, had gone to a mill, at what is now Jonesboro, some 25 or 30 miles away, and were there when

the Indians attacked the school and killed the teacher, Miss Whitney. We heard of it the next day, when about half way home. We drove our oxen in a trot, and got to Mr. Baggett's in the night, where my father and mother and all the children were, except Isaac, and he had followed the Indians, as they had taken my brother, little John, off with them. From what I learned about the killing, the Indians must have been on a high hill at noon, watching the children play, and must have been looking out for horses. When the children first saw the Indians they were coming off the hill about half a mile away.

They exclaimed 'Indians!' Miss Whitney looked and said it must be cowboys,

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but some of the children kept saying, 'It is Indians.' She looked again and saw they were Indians and shut the door. The Indians came right on toward the schoolhouse and tried to force the door, but it was fast. They then came around to the window. My sister, Sarah Jane, had been asleep up to this time, as she was sick, and was allowed to lie down on one of the benches. As soon as she awoke, she realized the Indians were there and rolled under a bench. The Indian outside the window drew his bow and arrow to shoot Miss Ann. She begged the Indians not to shoot her, but he kept his arrow pointed at her. She then asked him not to kill the children. My sister said he held up his hands to her, as though he was taking an oath that he would not kill them. Then he raised his bow and began shooting her. If I remember right, he shot sixteen arrows into her. He then came and forced the door open and went in. My sister Sarah Jane came out from beneath the bench with a block of wood in her hands and threw it at him. He backed out of the door and she jumped out of the window and ran. He got onto his horse and headed her off, and shot an arrow at her. She threw up her arm and the arrow went through her wrist. She turned to run and he shot her in the back and she fell. The Indian thinking he had killed her, and hearing shooting where the Indians killed Mr. Stangeline, galloped off in that direction. The arrow stuck fast in my sister's backbone.

She pulled out the arrow, leaving the head or spike fast in the backbone.

Under her excitement she got to the river bank, and under its cover, went nearly one-half mile to Mr. Baggett's

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house. On that day Mr. Stangeline was moving, with his two oldest girls on horseback. He had oxen hitched to his wagon. The Indians came up to the little girls, shot an arrow through the eldest one, Mary Stangeline, and pushed her off the horse. At the same moment Mr. Stangeline sprang from his wagon, came nearer the Indians and shot one of them. Then all of the Indians began shooting at him. He went for another gun in the wagon, but just as he got up in the wagon front, he fell dead. One of the Indians mounted the wagon and stabbed him three or four times. His wife and little boy were both slightly wounded; they were in the wagon. They all recovered. At the time of the Indian raid, there were two ladies riding through the valley, Sallie and Mandy Howard. They first thought it was some one playing with the school children on horseback, but they soon saw they were Indians. They ran for Mr. Baggett's, who lived in his field. Seeing them coming, he ran out to meet them with his gun. Sallie left her horse and the Indians got him, but Mandy jumped her mare over the fence. As soon as the Indians got off a little, she made a run down the river to spread the news. They tried to cut her off, but she outran them.

The school children all ran off except the three little boys. Brother John was one of them. They took him and tied him on a little mule they had stolen from Eli Howard. This is what John says, and the marks of the ropes with which he was bound were plain around his thighs as long as he lived. John was eight years old when he was captured. The doctor got the arrowhead out of my sister's back but it was about eighteen months before she could sit up."

Besides this interesting narrative Mr. B. S. Kuykendall wrote several accounts of stirring Indian affrays and chases, all of which illustrate what the early Texas Kuykendalls had to pass through. It may be added that after keeping John for nearly a year, the Indians sold him to the whites at Fort Buckle, telling the story that they had bought him from the Commanches. While they had him, they taught him to sing Indian war songs and go through their war dances, but his mother did not appreciate his Indian accomplishments, and "broke up his singing and dancing."

Rev. William Hull Kuykendall, who recently lived at Cleburne, Texas, belongs to a family some of whom were very early pioneers of that state. He has had a varied and eventful life, some of the events of which were given me in this correspondence. He wrote from Cleburne, Tex.:

"I was born in Rienza, Mississippi, May 23, 1855, married Miss Sallie Elizabeth Rogers, at Salado, Bell County, Texas, 1870. I have five children, two boys and three girls, all married but two. I joined the Baptist church and was ordained to preach the gospel at Dallas, Texas, in 1881. Was associate editor of the 'Texas Baptist Herald' at Dallas, Texas, for a number of years.

Was editor of the Baptist Signal at Ardmore, Oklahoma, for six years. I edited 'The Orphan's Friend' in the interest of our Orphan's Home at Oklahoma City in 1906. Went to old Mexico, under appointment as foreign missionary. I started at work at Tampico, where I labored two years and turned the work over to another man and located at Tuxpam, a city of nine or ten thousand people, in the state of Vera Cruz, where I labored for five years. I am still pastor of the church there, but came to the United States on account of the insurrection there and the many bandits in that section. My daughter Vessie has been helping me in my work there. She teaches the English school at one of my mission points; she also runs a Sunday school. We are now staying with my son, Wayland H. Kuykendall,

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who owns and runs a store in this city, but we will return to our work in Mexico as soon as the trouble will admit.

One of my uncles told me the name Kuykendall was of American origin, that a very noted circumstance happened to two brothers, during the little French War, before the Revolutionary War with England. These two brothers were placed on a mountain to watch a valley. The aforesaid circumstance caused them to adopt the name, which is German, and means 'Look over the valley.'"

This old warped tradition that perhaps contains a figment of truth, is somewhat interesting, when taken in connection with what was written by Mr.

Van Laer, state archivist of New York, and Mr. L. P. de Boer, as quoted in the chapter on the name Kuykendall and its origin. Rev. Wm. Hull Kuykendall's grandfather was James Houston Kuykendall, born 1799, and his great grandfather

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was Simon, born in North Carolina, about 1760, probably near Salisbury. James Houston Kuykendall and Nancy L. Scalley had seven children:

Henrietta, born 1849, married Wm. Hogan, lives in Rienza, Miss.

John L., born 1851, lives in Ardmore, Okla.

Pryor, born 1853, died in infancy.

William Hull, born 1855, married Sallie Elizabeth Rogers, who died 1896.

James Webster, born 1857, lives in Rienza, Miss.

Benjamin, born 1859, no further data concerning him.

Simon Lee, born 1861, died in infancy.

Rev. William Hull Kuykendall's family consists of:

Ida Ethel, born(???), married Arlie E. Morgan, lives at Cleburne, Texas.

Calvin Hull, born February 22, 1885, single, is railroad man.

Wayland Hoyt, born October 15, 1889, married Annie Cummings, live at Cleburne.

Josie Lee, born October 27, 1892, married Jesse Kinney, live Holdensville, Oklahoma.

Vessie May, born September 26, 1895. She married, Nov., 1914, a young man in business in Dallas, Texas, and will probably not return to the missionary work in Mexico. While waiting for the Mexican troubles to subside, Rev. W. H.

Kuykendall has been preaching for Baptist churches in the states of the southwest. For a year and a half previous to January, 1919, he has had a pastorate in the little city of Magnolia, Arkansas, a place of probably twenty-five hundred inhabitants. After living a widower for several years, Mr.

Kuykendall married the second time, soon after he returned from Mexico. His second wife being the widow of Dr. J. N. Hall, of Fulton, Kentucky.

The father of Rev. W. H. Kuykendall had two sisters, Susan and Sallie Kuykendall; Susan married a Dr. Davis and Sallie married a Mr. Hutton.

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Researches into the family history of the Kuykendall ancestors has clearly shown that a considerable number of those who now spell their names Kirkendall, are the descendants of ancestors who, not very far back spelled it Kikendall. This has been found so commonly the case, that it leads to the conclusion that the change from Kuykendall, the earlier form of the name, was made because it was a more easy and natural way to spell it. Among all the Kikendalls with whom the author has had correspondence, there has been a common agreement that their ancestors came from New Jersey. Whether all the Kikendalls of today sprang from one son of an early Kuykendall family, or from two or more sons is not definitely known. However that may be, it would seem that the first syllable of the name Kuykendall was pronounced as if it had the long sound of i.

We shall now let some of the living Kikendall descendants speak for themselves in their letters.

There are in Michigan two old gentlemen Kikendalls, James P. of Eaton Rapids and John S. of Albion, both very old. Writing to me some time back James P.


"My father was born May 3, 1806, near Lyons, Wayne county, N. Y., and died at Au Sable, Michigan, September 10, 1886, a little over 80 years of age. I was born in Steuben County, N. Y., October 2, 1829. I have one brother living in Albion, Michigan, whose name is John S. Kikendall. My father came from the state of New York to Michigan in the spring of 1838 and settled in Eaton county, where he lived until 1867, when he moved to Au Sable, where he died in 1886. My father's only brother lived in Steuben County, N. Y. He spelled his name with an r in it. He said every one called him Kirkendall, and he would make it so. I had a brother who lived in your state, Washington, he died leaving two girls and a son named William, who has lately died. I have a nephew named James E. Kikendall. There is a Peter Walling Coykendall living in Charlotte, Michigan, who is now (1912) 89 years of age. I think our forefathers came from Holland about 1640 or '45."

John S. Kikendall, of Albion, Mich., brother of the writer of the foregoing, wrote me:

"My grandfather lived to be about 82 years old. He came from New Jersey and settled in Wayne County, N. Y. There were four children in his family, two of which were boys, John and Joseph, my father, John, being the oldest. Father had four boys and two girls. William P., born November 27, 1827; James P., born October 7, 1829; Charles M., born January 15, 1837, and John S., born October 21, 1841. My brother Charles was in the Civil War, enlisting 1861, in Company 6, Michigan Heavy Artillery, served nearly three years. He came home in very poor health and died at Snohomish, Wash. He left three children: Hattie, of Dewey, Wash.; Lillie, of Snohomish, and William A., who died last fall at Winthrop, Wash. He was in the Spanish-American war. My brother Charles saw some very hard service in the Union army, he being in the fight at Baton Rouge, La., and in the siege at Port Hudson. My brother William has two sons, James E., who lives in Southwestern Missouri, and John A., who lives near Charlesworth. Mich. Brother James P. has a family of four, Richard and Charles, of

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Charlesworth, Mich.; George, of Hillsdale, Mich., and Laura, still at home with her father. As for myself, John S. Kikendall, I was in the Union army, enlisted in Company A, Eleventh Michigan Cavalry, in 1863, and was in fourteen engagements. I was captured in December, 1864, and was in Libby Prison, at Richmond, Va., until March 2, 1865. I have two children, Alice M., of Chicago, and Edith, of Parma, Mich. My father's brother lived and died in Steuben County, N. Y. I never saw him or any of his family. I understand that he and his sons were in the army during the Civil War, and that he always spelled his name Kirkendall. Father had three cousins that came to Michigan about the same time that he did. Their names were John, James Matthew and Cornelius. They all spelled their names Coykendall. I think James M.

had two sons, one named Marvin, of Parma, Mich., and Wierst B. Coykendall, of Conrad, Mich. I am well acquainted with James M., the other two sons I never saw.

My grandfather on mother's side, for whom I was named, was in the war of 1812, as was also my grandfather, Cornelius Kikendall, the latter was at the siege of Fort Erie, near Buffalo, N. Y. I think my great grandfather lived near either Wilkesbarre or Scranton. I remember my father speaking of an uncle Manuel a great deal."

We certainly have in these letters from the two Kikendall brothers of Michigan a number of very interesting and valuable clues given, which if followed up would lead to very valuable discoveries, and the clearing up of the early history and genealogy of many Kikendalls, Coykendalls and Kirkendalls. Further on in this chapter, Mr. W. H. D. Kirkendall says his great grandfather was

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Emanuel Kikendall, who had sons Joseph, Levi, Cornelius and Leonard. Here we have the same family name, both families had an Emanuel ancestor living at the same time in Pennsylvania not far from Wilkesbarre, Pa. Both families came from New Jersey, both at first spelled their name Kikendall, both changed the name to Kirkendall. Then we see further that John, the father of James P., and John Solomon Kikendall, of Michigan, had three cousins Coykendall, John, Matthew and Cornelius. Another letter from Mrs. Lillie Maddox, Snohomish, Wash., is here given:

"My maiden name was Kikendall. My father was the third son of John Kikendall, who was born somewhere in Pennsylvania, January 15, 1837, but they moved to Michigan when Charles, my father, was young. Grandfather John Kikendall died some time in the fall of 1886. His wife's name was Hannah Whipple, and there were four sons and one daughter of this union, viz: William, James, Charles and John and Mary. William is dead. James is living with his married daughter, Mrs. Laura Harshy, at Eaton Rapids, Mich. Charles M. Kikendall was married to Zilpha Anna Willis, of Eaton Rapids, 1867, and they moved to Kansas and lived there until about 1873. They came to Snohomish in October, 1875. He died at this home December 30, 1886. I have heard my father say there was a 'Van' before the name some time in the past."

As a further illustration of the wide dispersion of the K family and as offering a clue to the relationship of another Kikendall branch, excerpts are here given from a letter written to me by John Isaac Kikendall, Bowling Green, Ky.:

"I do not know where my earlier ancestors came from, but they were of Dutch descent. My grandfather's name was John. He had four sons, Samuel, John, George and William. My grandfather at one time lived in New Jersey. My father, George M. Kikendall, was born in New Jersey in 1809, and came to Indiana when a boy, then went to Barren County, Ky., when a young man, and married Miss Emily Wren in August, 1835. He died August 20, 1883. He had six children, as follows: Ann M., who married P. P. Shirley; Eliza Catherine, who married P. B.

Miller; W. C., who married a Miss Whitlow; John Isaac (myself), who married Miss Laura Creasy, 1886; Enola W. Kirkendall, who married H. P. Gardner, of Wichita, Kan. I, John Isaac, reside in Bowling Green, Ky., at present am deputy sheriff of this county and am in the livery business. As to my father's brothers, they were Samuel, who lived to be an old man, in Washington county, Kentucky. John Kikendall lived in Springfield, Ill., and has two sons, Joseph and John, I think still live there (in Springfield, Ill.) William Kikendall, when last heard from, was in Iowa. Jane married Asahel Douglas and lived at Ashland, Ill. She had relatives that could give you information. Bettie married Dr. Simpkins, of Lebanon, Indiana, and died several years ago."

A letter from Miss L. S. Gentry, Knoxville, Tenn., shows distinctly other relationships to this same Kikendall family, that will be interesting. She says:

"My mother was Esther Kikendall, who lived years ago at Mackville, Ky. My grandfather's family were the only Kikendalls who lived there, to my knowledge. My grandfather moved away from there before his death, which took place at Perryville, Ky., 1888. He was born in Trenton, N. J. All the family are now dead, my mother being the last to pass away. She died July 22, 1912, aged 83 years. Esther Kikendall, my mother, married Charles Walker Gentry.

There are three sons and four daughters to revere her memory. My uncle, John Kikendall,

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married a Miss Cabell of Missouri. Both died in that state, leaving no children. My grandfather, Samuel Kikendall, had brothers and sisters, whose families lived in Indiana and Illinois, I think."

The relationship between all these families is here clearly shown, yet many of them never heard of the others.

Here is a good place to introduce excerpts from a letter received from Charles Kikendall, of Virginia, Illinois, who says:

"My father's name was William Bede Kikendall, who had three brothers, Samuel, George and Ace (Asa or Asahel?). I also have brothers George, Ace and W. B.

and John Samuel."

"My grandparents were Pennsylvania Dutch; they lived near Madison, Indiana.

Uncle Sam died at Perryville, Ky. Uncle Ace died near Oskaloosa, la. We lost track of Uncle George nearly sixty years ago, and we have never heard from him or family since. We spell our name Kikendall, and I have run across a good many Kikendalls, but they generally spell their names Kuy or Cuy. I never run across any that spell their names as we do but what were relatives. My father had a sister that married a man by the name of Douglas, I believe."

On receiving this letter of Mr. Charles Kikendall, he was sent a number of facts concerning the origin and history of the K family in general, and relating to the Kikendalls in particular, to which he made reply as follows:

"I received your letter of the 31st and I was surprised and am interested in your work. I am going to Ashland today to interview the Douglas branch of my family. I have heard father say that his grandfather was at Valley Forge with Washington's army, after his father was born. I and my brother John S. were in the Union army during the Rebellion. We served in Company O, 114th Illinois Infantry. I will write you again in a few days and give you all the information I can get."

We already have enough to show that all these Michigan, Illinois, Kentucky, Tennessee and Indiana Kikendalls were of the same ancestry not far removed, also that they originated in New Jersey.

The Charles Kikendall just quoted above became much interested and went on a visit of enquiry to his people at Ashland, Ill., and on his return wrote me again, as follows:

"I find there are Kikendalls scattered all over the state, but you may know more about them than I do. There is a Ben Kikendall's widow, living at Buena Vista, Ill. He served in the Mexican war, died twelve years ago. There are two Ks living at Jacksonville, Ill., one of which is alderman There are Kikendalls at Taylorville and Champaign, Ill., and a Bert Kikendall at Lewiston, Mo.

As to my own family. My grandfather's name was John Kikendall, who died near Madison, Ind., 1847. His wife was Anna Winterstein. They had eleven children as follows: Samuel, married Louisa Shrewsberry, both died in Kentucky. They had four children, one is now Mrs. Esther Gentry, living at Harrodsburg, Ky.

George's wife's name was Emma (???). James married Asahel Douglas, both died in Ashland, Ill. They have two living children left. Mehala married Amzie Douglas, a brother of Jane's husband. Mariah married a man named De Long. John married Mrs. Ann Walker, both died in Springfield, Ill. They had two sons, John N. and Joseph Amon. John N. is living in Springfield, Ill., 511 South Lincoln Avenue.

William Bede, my father, married Elizabeth M. Jobe, near Madison, Ind., April 7, 1839, and moved in a covered wagon, with his family, to

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Iowa, staying there only a short time, when he moved back cast to Ashland, Ill., where his relatives, the Douglas people, lived. He then moved to Virginia, Ill., and lived there about thirty-seven years. He was a carpenter and contractor and taught his sons and sons-in-law that trade. His wife died in Champaign, Ill., at the home of his daughter, Mary Conover, in 1897. He left eight children, as follows:

George, who died 1910. John Samuel, who resides at Red Oak, Iowa. Eliza Jane (Clifford), Charles (myself), and Asahel Orlando, reside in Virginia, Ill.

William Henry resides at Afton, Ill. Mary Conover resides at Champaign, Ill.

Virginia (Bryant), resides at Petersburg, Ill. Asahel, who was the youngest son of my grandfather, died near Oskaloosa, Iowa, leaving a son, Owen Kikendall, who also lived in Oskaloosa.

A careful study of this family record of this family and of all the Kikendalls mentioned, shows that the parent stock of all lived in New Jersey. In the case of James P. Kikendall and his brother, John S. Kikendall, of Michigan, both say that their grandfather was in the Revolutionary war. These Kentucky and Illinois Kikendalls write that their great grandfather was at Valley Forge, with George Washington, and in connection with some kind of service in that war. At this juncture a letter received from Mrs. Elizabeth Heckart, the daughter of the late Elijah B. Kirkendall, will prove to be interesting. She wrote, January 29, 1915:

"I am sure you will learn with regret of the death of my father, E. B.

Kirkendall, which occurred December 31, 1914. I just learned that my great grandfather's name was George, and he came from Virginia. He was with General William Hull when he surrendered to General Brock. George Kirkendall had charge of the supplies, or was paymaster, or something of the sort. It is thought that he and his brother were in the Revolutionary war."

It has been shown that many of the Kirkendalls had earlier spelled their name Kikendall. Reading this letter of Mrs. Heckart's one at once thinks of the letter from Mr. Charles Kikendall of Virginia, Ill., where he says his grandfather was at Valley Forge, with Washington's army.

Valley Forge is a small town or village in Chester county, Pa., about twenty miles northwest from Philadelphia. December 17, after the battle of Brandywine and Germantown, and the British had occupied Philadelphia, Washington, with his ragged and half starved little army of about 11,000 men went into winter quarters at Valley Forge. This was one year, to a day, after the battle of Springfield, where Samuel Kikendall, of Sussex county, N. J., was wounded.

There were several Kuykendalls in the war in the capacity of teamsters, wagoners and in various other ways. The family name is much confused in the Revolutionary war records, and we can have no assurance whatever, that any K name as found there is spelled as it was by the individuals themselves. The Samuel Kikendall who was pensioned, appears to have written his name Kikendall, while the court record of it in Sussex county, N. J., has it Kirkendall, and some of the Coykendalls of Sussex county, correctly claim this Samuel as their ancestor. Pieter, their further back ancestor, spelled his name Kuykendal, as shown by his own autograph elsewhere in this volume.

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These various modifications in mode of spelling add some difficulties to the study of the family genealogy, while on the other hand, they make it somewhat more fascinating.

It will be interesting here to notice a family who now write the name Kirkendall, but who clearly trace it back to where it was spelled Kikendall and was so pronounced by them. In bringing this in, it will be difficult to avoid a little repetition, but if we wish to study the subject under different aspects this is difficult to avoid. I refer now to Rev. W. H. D. Kirkendall of Wenatchee, Washington, who wrote me some time ago in reference to his family history, said:

"My father was Nathan Kirkendall, of Berwick, Columbia County, Pa. He was the son of Cornelius Kikendall, of Miflin township, near Berwick, Pa., who was the son of Emanuel Kikendall. My great grandfather, Emanuel Kikendall, migrated into that part of Pennsylvania, from New Jersey, when he was a young man, and cleared up the farm upon which I was born and raised. He had four sons, JOSEPH, LEVI, CORNELIUS and LEONARD, all of whom settled on adjoining farms, Levi and Cornelius finally dividing the old home. The place became known as "Kikendall's Hill.' There were two daughters also who left families in that community.

Emanuel Kikendall had one brother who settled near Wilkes-Barre, Pa., and left a family there, some of whom became prominent. He had also one brother who came west of the Allegheny Mountains, about the time the other two settled in their respective places. His name I don't know, but a descendant is living at Saltsburg, Pa., Thomas Kirkendall, now a good age. He has a son, H. S.

Kirkendall, in Spokane, Wash., and a daughter, Mrs. H. L. Weister, in Wenatchee, Washington.

I have two brothers living, Henry W. Kirkendall, on a farm near Williston, North Dakota, and Hiram H. Kirkendall, in Bloomsburg, Pa., a sister, Mrs. Alex Bitler, Bloomsburg, Pa., and Mrs. Daniel Baily, Berwick, Pa. My second brother, Cornelius, was accidentally shot at the age of twenty years. Myself and family have been in the state of Washington since November, 1898. I came at that time with my wife, and my son came in April, 1899.

The family name was changed from Kikendall to Kirkendall when I was a boy of about fifteen years of age. It was not by mutual consent nor by design, but other people began writing the name that way, and gradually the whole race adopted the new spelling, except Stephen K., who persisted in the old way of spelling. I believe there are some brothers and sisters, at least one brother, who remained in New Jersey. If you desire more detail, I will be at liberty from my office work in January, and will be able then to go more into detail.

EMANUEL KIKENDALL was born in 1766 and died November 10, 1849, near Nescopeck, Pa., aged 83 years, 1 month and 26 days. He came to Pennsylvania from New Jersey. I do not know the exact place, nor the date of his migration, but it was in early life, as his family was reared and all married and settled near him. He married Mary Garrison, and there were eight children born to them: JOSEPH, LEVI, CORNELIUS, LEONARD, ELIZABETH, SARAH, RACHEL and KATIE.

JOSEPH had seven children: Stephen, Hiram, Emanuel, Mahala, Caroline, Margaret and Kate.

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LEVI had ten children, viz: Emanuel, Leonard, John, Belles, Britten, Mary, Elizabeth, Anna, Rachel and Frances.

CORNELIUS had eleven children: Phebe, Lucinda, Sarah, Elias, Henry, Anna, Nathan, Mary, Stephen, Amelia and Janna.

LEONARD had three children, Paul, Mary and Emanuel.

ELIZABETH married a man by the name of Peck and had a family.

SARAH married a man named Grover, had a family.

RACHEL married a man named Belles, had no family.

KATE married John Mosteller and had one son, Abraham.


PHEBE married Henry Miller, who had two children. Hiram died in young manhood, single. Amanda, who married Joseph Swank, of Nescopeck, Pa.; they have no children. LUCINDA married Simon Longenberger and had three children. Frances Longenberger married Michael Hartzel and they have two children, Lulu and Minnie, who live in Bloomsburg, Pa. Mary Longenberger married Joseph G. Swank (was his first wife) and left three children: Gertrude, Walter and Daniel.

Emerson Longenberger died single, in young manhood.

HENRY KIKENDALL, son of Cornelius, married Elizabeth Smoyer, and two children were born to them: Stephen, who married and has one son, who lives in Berwick, Pa.; Susan, who married Henry Felterman, and has one son, Roy Felterman, lives in Berwick, Pa.

ANNA KIKENDALL, daughter of Cornelius Kikendall and Susannah Creasy, married Peter Smoyer, and they had two children, Boyd and Ella. Ella died young; Boyd married and has a family. They live near Rock Glen, Pa.

NATHAN KIKENDALL, son of Cornelius, married Rebecca Reilter; they had six children: Henry W., married Harriet Kline, live at Williston, N. D., no children; Martin C. Kirkendall, who died unmarried at the age of nineteen; Harvey W. D., married Minnie L. Shannow and they have one son, William S., lives in Wenatchee, Wash.; Catherine S. Kikendall, married Alexander Bitler, lives in Bloomsburg, Pa., no children; Hiram M., married Effie Remaly, live in Bloomsburg, Pa., one daughter; Amanda E., married Daniel Bailey lives in Berwick, Pa., has seven children; Mary Kikendall, daughter of CORNELIUS, married Henry Angle, and had two children, Sarah and Hurly, of Espy, Pa.

Amelia and Janna, children of Cornelius, died young, also Elias and Stephen died unmarried. Sarah, daughter of CORNELIUS, married Charles Lewis and reared a family of three.

Birth and death dates.

Emanuel Kikendall was born 1766, died November 10, 1849, age 83.

Mary Garrison was born 1772, died June 24, 1850, age 78.

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Cornelius Kikendall was born August 11, 1796, died February 12, 1872.

Susannah Creasy was born May 8, 1798, died May 26, 1848, age 50.

Nathan Kikendall was born May 24, 1831, died September 22, 1903, age 72.

Rebecca Reilter was born March 2, 1836, died December 30, 1905, age 69.

Here the name was changed to Kirkendall.

Henry W. Kirkendall was born December 21, 1857.

Martin C. Kirkendall was born January 21, 1860, died January 1, 1879.

Harvey W. D. Kirkendall was born February 22, 1862.

Catherine S. Bitler was born June 6, 1864.

Hiram M. Bitler was born November 24, 1866.

Amanda E. Bailey was born July 21, 1869.

H. M. Kirkendall, a brother of H. W. D. Kirkendall, of Wenatchee, Wash., wrote me from Bloomsburg, Pa., giving the following:

History of the Kirkendall family as I have been able to trace it from Emanuel in 1766 to the present time.

Emanuel Kirkendall was born September 9th, 1766, and died November 10, 1849, aged 83 years, one month and 26 days. He had eight children, viz: JOSEPH, LEVI, CORNELIUS, LEONARD ELIZABETH, SARAH, RACHEL and KATIE.

LEVI had ten children, Emanuel, Leonard, John, Belles, Britten, Mary, Elizabeth, Anna and Frances.

CORNELIUS had eleven children, Phoebe, Lucinda, Sarah, Elias, Henry, Anna, Nathan, Mary, Stephen, Amelia and Janna.

LEONARD had three children, Paul, Mary and Emanuel.

Male heirs of Cornelius Kirkendall. HENRY married Elizabeth Smoyer; two children, Stephen and Susan. STEPHEN married and had one son, Percy. ELIAS died in infancy. NATHAN, my father, married Rebecca Reilter, had six children, viz: Henry, Cornelius, Harvey, Catherine, Hiram and Amanda. Henry is living in North Dakota, has no children. Cornelius died, aged 19. HARVEY is living in Washington, has one son, William. Catherine Bitler lives in Pennsylvania, has no children. Hiram lives in Pennsylvania, has one daughter. Amnada has seven children, lives in Pennsylvania.

You will see by this that my father was Nathan, my grandfather was Cornelius, my great grandfather was Emanuel. Beyond this I have thus far been unable to trace. Not having heard from the Ks at Wilkes-Barre cannot say whether we are related or not, though I believe we are. I have been trying to find if Emanuel had either brothers or sisters, and if so to trace their heirs, but as yet have no data. Anything you can give me relative to our ancestors will be appreciated."

In tracing any of the branches of the family Kuykendall we always come to a period of indefinite limits, beginning some years before the Revolutionary War and continuing some time afterwards, when many of them had not adopted any definite way of spelling their names. As stated before, along about that time and for some years previously, there was no system of spelling, either for names or ordinary words. It does not appear to have struck our colonial forefathers as anything remarkable that words

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or names should be spelled several different ways, or that even cousins or brothers wrote their surnames differently. People apparently never thought of how a word looked after it was written, or anything about its etymological meaning or derivation. The appeal in spelling was always to the ear, and if it sounded rightly, that was sufficient. It must be confessed, also, that many of the forefathers of the present generation, of all families, were not educated and could not spell, because they did not know how. This is seen in hundreds of official documents and military reports of the times.

There is another thing that has been more or less of an obstacle in the way of study of the ancestry of some of the branches of the family, that is many persons dislike to admit that the way they spell the name is not the only original and proper way. Several have written saying that their way of spelling and pronouncing the name was the first and correct way, and that the other forms are corruptions. One says the others "allowed their names to degenerate."

In the chapter on the name Kuykendall and its changes, the fact was mentioned that persons outside of the family seem always to have a tendency to spell and pronounce the name Kirkendall. When the writer was back east, on the Delaware river, in Orange county, N. Y., and Sussex county, N. J., in 1914, it was found that most people back there pronounce the name as if spelled Kirkendall, regardless of how it is spelled. Most of the family descendants themselves, who live in that region, spell the name Coykendall, while many pronounce it Kirkendall.

A correspondence was undertaken with Kirkendall people, to discover if any of them were able to trace their ancestry back to the first who came to America, for if any such could be found, it might go to show the Kirkendalls had a different origin from the Kuykendalls and others who spell their names otherwise. No one could be found who could go back to the first of the family in this country, and only a very few could be found who could trace back to the beginning of the Revolutionary War.

A great majority of the Kirkendall people of the Ohio regions, and the regions west, in writing of what they knew about their early ancestors, did not mention New York or New Jersey as the home of their forefathers. Some of them supposed their ancestors, not farther back than their grandfathers or great grandfathers, came from Holland or from Germany, as may be seen in their correspondence. I have been somewhat surprised to find that most of the Kuykendall descendants of New York and New Jersey were not able to give me more aid in the matter of their ancestry than the others, though many of them refer to Sussex county, N. J., or the regions about Port Jervis, N. Y., as the home of their ancestors. In the chapter on "Kuykendalls in the Revolution" it is seen that among the revolutionary soldiers from New Jersey there were Samuel, Benjamin, Stephen and Andrew Kirkendall, all

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except Andrew were from Sussex county, who was said to be from Hunterdon. This would not, however, be any sure proof that he actually lived there, for sometimes persons enlisted in other counties than the one in which they lived.

We must remember also that the names of our forefathers, as written in the public records, were written by parties other than the owners of the names.

The instances were rare where we find an autograph signature of any one of the family.

Mr. C. A. Kirkendall, of Louisville, Ky., was a very interested correspondent, who did valuable service in the way of research into the family history. He made several visits to localities some distance from his home in quest of data and secured valuable results. His grandfather KIRKENDALL came from Pennsylvania, located in early manhood in Licking county, Ohio, about 1820, and about 1829 or 1830 married Miss Catherine Gilmore, who was born in Ohio.

They had two daughters: Mary Elizabeth, who died when about three years old, and Martha, born 1834, who first married a man named Stephenson, and married the second time to a man named Mueller, who with his family started back to Germany on a visit, and all were lost on the ocean. James W. Kirkendall's first wife died and he married her sister, Delilah Gilmore, about 1835, and they had four children, viz:

OLIVE KIRKENDALL, born March 10, 1837, died at Eugene, Ore., 1911.

JAMES WILLIAM, born June 12, 1838, died April 13, 1909, at Columbus, Ohio.

FREEMAN P., born February 15, 1843, lives at Omaha, Neb.

FLORA, born June 16, 1846, died at Denver, Colo., 1898.

James W. Kirkendall, Jr., married Caroline Larimore, October 30, 1866. She was born (???), died January 18, 1918. Their children were:

Lowella Kirkendall, born September 18, 1867, lives with her mother at Columbus, Ohio.

James Freeman, Jr., born April 7, 1869, married Hazel Wood. They live at 3618 Michigan Avenue, Chicago, Ill.

Charles Allen, born February 24, 1871, married first Mary Baintree, September 20, 1899, who died March 26, 1910, and second Margaret Caplinger, August 21, 1911. The children by his first wife were:

1, James Stewart, born September 11, 1903.

2, Charles Allen, Jr., born November 8, 1905.

By second wife children were:

3, Dorothy Lowella, born June 6, 1913.

4, Walter M., born March 31, 1917.

Frank Emer, born November 20, 1873, married Elizabeth Fisher, no children.

They live at 1430 Neil Avenue, Columbus, Ohio.

Carl Herbert, born May 30, 1876, married Miss Minnie Clark.

Olive K., born August 17, 1878, married Archibald Rodgers,

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lives at Akron, Ohio. Two daughters, Olive Rodgers, born September 25, 1905, and Eliza Rodgers, born February 11, 1911.

Relva Don, born (???) 26, 1880, married Bessie Erasninger, September, 1903, one daughter, Harriet Don K., born November 4, 1904. Relva D. is captain at Camp Gordon, Atlanta, Ga. (September, 1918.)

FREEMAN P. KIRKENDALL, son of JAMES WILLIAM KIRKENDALL and Delilah Gilmore, was born February 15, 1843, married first Miss Medora D. Fell, who died March, 1878. He married second Julia Burgett. By his first wife he had two children, who died in infancy. His children by second wife were: Ada K., born (???), married (???) Wharton, Omaha, Neb. Burdett K., born (???). Is aviator with American forces in France. (September 1918.)

Flora Kirkendall, daughter of James William Kirkendall and Delilah Gilmore, was born June 16, 1846, died 1898, at Denver, Colo. Married Edward Buckland at Kirkersville, Ohio, her death occurring not long after marriage.

Soon after the beginning of the Civil War, JAMES WILLIAM KIRKENDALL, JR., enlisted at the first call for three-year men in Company D, First Ohio Cavalry, as a private. When the company was organized he was appointed first sergeant of his company. Was promoted to second lieutenant March 31, 1864, and to captain June 6, 1865. He had a fine military record for bravery and as an organizer and commander of ability. He was in many severe and decisive battles, and was in the great cavalry expedition of General Wilson through Alabama and Georgia, was severely wounded at the Battle of Perryville, Ky., October 8, 1862. He was recognized as an excellent commander and won his promotions by gallant and efficient service. When the war was over, he returned to his old home and soon married Miss Caroline Larimore, and they located on a farm in Newark, Ohio. He received later an appointment from Governor McKinley and moved to Columbus, Ohio. He served under both Governors Herrick and Harris on the police force at the State House.

He died at Columbus, Ohio, June 12, 1909, and was buried with military honors under auspices of the Military Order of the Union Veteran Legion. His son, Charles Allen Kirkendall, has been train dispatcher at Louisville, Ky., for the Louisville & Nashville railroad for several years, and is a competent man in this responsible position.

The next correspondence comes from Judge A. B. Kirkendall, of Creola, Ohio, who writes:

"I think you can trace my family from great grandfather down. It is claimed that great great grandfather was in the Revolutionary War, and that grandfather was in the war of 1812. My great grandfather married a raw Irish girl, and they came to Ohio, probably in 1804 or 1805. Four sons and a daughter or two came to them. DANIEL, ABRAHAM, BENJAMIN, JOHN. The daughter's name I cannot give. Daniel, my grandfather, married Lydia Margaret Price, in Jackson

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County, Ohio. Their children were: 1, Richard, my father; 2, William (F. C.

K's father); 3, Aaron; 4, Jasper; 5, Margaret; 6, Isabel; 7, Rachel; 8, Anna; 9, Sarah; 10, Alvira.

Richard, my grandfather, married Rachel M. Allen, and their children were as follows:

ASA, who married Blanche McCray. Their children were: Nellie Hewit, dead; L.

C. Kirkendall, married Bertie Oiler; Aaron C., dead; Gussie, Hazel, Gladys and Grace.

AARON B., myself, married Mattie E. Thomason, children: Rothbe, married Mary J. Burkett; Gard H., Maggie M., Mamie V., Melba G., Aaron, Jr., Merl R., and Marjorie Pearl.

WILLIAM J. KIRKENDALL married(???), and their children are: Lanson B.

Kirkendall, single, Boulder, Colo.; Charles R. S., married, Fruita, Colo.; James A. F. lives at Roosevelt, Utah, has eight children; Julia Margaret married a Mr. Campbell, residence Williams, Ind??; Eleanor married a Mr.

Hunter, has three children, Grace, Foss, Herman; Fred C. resides in Chillecothe, has two children, Dorothy, Theodore, Esther (Mrs. Esther White), Boulder, Colo., one daughter Helen.

AARON, my uncle, married Sarah M. Allen. Their children were: Frank M.

Kirkendall, married Ruth Lyons, several children; K. G. Kirkendall, married Rebecca Wilcox, no children, Vinton, Ohio; Donna (Tyler), Otta (Martin), Jessie (Braley).

JASPER, married Mary Jarvis, several sons and daughters, Wellston, Ohio.

MARGARET SHOEMAKER, died without children.

ISABEL KOONTZ has several children; can't give names and address.

RACHEL GOODLYN, daughters, Maggie Hite, Gore, Ohio; Myrtle Kauffman, Lancaster, Ohio.

ANNA POTTS, one child, Sherman, address unknown.

SARAH SHAFER, has a large family living at Glen Roy, Ohio.

ALVIRA WILLIAMS, lives at Minerton, Ohio, has one son.

ABRAHAM, son of John Kirkendall, married Lottie Phillips, their children: John, don't know his family, live at Columbus, Ohio; Isaac Kirkendall, deceased; Hiram, married Miss McManaway, large family, children and grandchildren; Zilpha, married a man named Levinston or Levering.

JOHN KIRKENDALL, son of John, Sr., had four sons: Benjamin, Stephen, George and Jacob, all living in Athens county, Ohio. Of these sons, Benjamin married Mary Frazee; their children were: Lizzie Kirkendall (Dearth), deceased; Albert, married Miss Malone, several children, Dundas, Ohio; Edins, married first Miss Salmons, second Miss Long, several children and grandchildren, they live at Dundas, Ohio.

I am told the name of my great grandfather's father was John, or Jonathan, and that he had a brother, Solomon, who traced our family tree. It is claimed we were Germans, that the name, while spelled Kuykendall by some of the offshoots of the family, was originally Kirchenthal; Kirche (church), en (in), thal (dale or valley), Church-in-the-valley.

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Now as to family lore will say that our traditions are as above, German origin. Great grandfather had a pair of tongs, said to have been made in Germany (but might have been made in Holland, or near the line), which was to be handed down from father to son. The oldest child each time was a boy, but grandfather, who was very careless in matters of this kind, lost the tongs, which should have gone to my father, and when the tongs were lost my brother's first child was a girl, the charm was broken, you see. I remember well seeing the tongs when I was a child.

Our people have been generally broad minded, and in educational matters were well advanced as teachers and instructors. One family, Uncle W. J's, graduated seven children at Ohio University, though he sweat blood to do it. There is another family of Kirkendalls living near Portsmouth, Ohio, who are evidently of the same family, but beyond the line of my great grandfather. They are the descendants of Levi Kirkendall. Still another set of the Pennsylvania Dutch are in Columbus, O. One of these is a traveling man, he is a son of Captain James Kirkendall, a member of the staff of Governor M. T. Herrick. He took dinner with me once, and looks as much like Uncle W. J. as a twin brother."

In another letter the Judge gives his grandfather's name as Jonathan, and mentions him as having come "from Holland (or Germany) before the Revolutionary War. He appears to be uncertain whether the name was Jonathan or John. I suspect it was really Jonathan.

The next letter, given below, is from Mrs. Eliza T. (Kirkendall) Smith, of Sciotoville, Ohio, and is as follows:

"The reason why I have not written before is that my mother is lying at the point of death. She is Elizabeth Kirkendall, wife of John Kirkendall, deceased, who fought in the war of 1861, was honorably discharged, received his pension, lost his health and died in the hospital at Dayton, Ohio.

My mother is 97 years old, has been in my care for 31 years past. I am 52 years old and am the only daughter she has left out of seven girls. Fourteen children of John and Eliazbeth Kirkendall all preceded her to the great beyond, so I will tell you what little I know about our folks.

My grandfather Daniel was a German, and the older ones came from Germany. They migrated into New York and from there into Pennsylvania, and from there into Virginia, and from there across into Scioto County, Ohio. There he died of cholera.

My grandfather had four boys and two girls. The boys were William, Daniel, Stephen and John. Three of the boys were in the war of '61. Uncle William Kirkendall, the oldest of my father's brothers, migrated from Scioto County, Ohio, to California. He had two small boys. He put them into a bedtick and threw it across one of his Indian ponies. He rode one and led another clear through to California. There he owned a large gold mine. He is dead now. I have his photo, and if you want it I can send it to you, providing you will return this picture to me. Aaron was a brother of Daniel Kirkendall. My foreparents were all wealthy.

Uncle Levi Kirkendall, brother of my father, was a rich farmer of this, Scioto, county, Ohio. He and his wife are dead. They are buried in Greenlawn, Portsmouth, Ohio. So all of my folks are passed over, now, but I have a few cousins left. I have one brother in the state of Iowa some place. Don't often hear from him.

The family names of this branch seem to be the same as those of the branch to which Judge A. B. Kirkendall belongs and no doubt

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these people are closely related, and that all have come from a common parentage, only a generation back.

It will be noted that this correspondent mentions the line of migration of her ancestors as being "from Germany to New York, then to Pennsylvania, and from there to Virginia, thence across to Ohio."

This certainly is nearer being correct than most of the accounts received from K descendants. The line of migration was actually very nearly that, except it began in Holland.

Last summer, a Mr. Shively, who lived at Pomeroy, in Garfield county, Washington, and who formerly lived in Ohio, related the following:

'Something like forty years ago Eli Kirkendall lived in Scioto county, Ohio, six or seven miles from Portsmouth. The canal runs from Portsmouth to Cleveland. Eli Kirkendall had in that country a large farm. He married a Widow Russell, whose maiden name had been Harrod: There was an Eli Jr., the elder Eli's nephew. The latter lived up the canal further, and this younger Eli married a Miss Virgen. The Harrods were wealthy; old George Harrod was associated with Levi Kirkendall, the elder, in building a part of the canal, having had a contract for same with the state. The elder Levi was a thrifty farmer and stock raiser, and was an importer of blooded stock. George Harrod, Levi Kirkendall and Elijah Simpson were always associated in shipping fine stock."

This elder Levi Kirkendall was evidently the Levi mentioned by Mrs. Eliza Kirkendall Smith, and was the uncle of Mrs. C. E. Simpson who wrote the next letter that follows this. Writing from 2206 Gallia Street, Portsmouth, Ohio, she says:

"Your letter of some time ago, in regard to the Kirkendall ancestors, received. There were five brothers and two sisters of my father's family, three of them were in the army. Daniel Kirkendall died there.

My father's family came from Butler county, Pa. Steve and Levi died in Scioto county, Ohio. William Kirkendall died in Jackson, California, July 12, 1913.

He was living in California, where he was engaged in mining. Levi Kirkendall was born October 19, 1818, died June 11, 1888. Henry now lives in Texas; his postoffice was Abbott, Hill county, Rural Delivery No. 4. George is located in Portland, Oregon, 1040 E. 20th Street, North. The family record of my father and mother was destroyed by fire."

Mrs. Simpson is evidently of the same branch as the writer of the preceding letters. Her husband's Simpson family are no doubt the same as mentioned by Mr. Shively. She says her father's family came from Butler county, Pa. This county adjoins Allegheny county on the north. The Kuykendalls and Kirkendalls who went to Pennsylvania in early days left descendants in Washington, Allegheny, Beaver, Butler and Eastmoreland and other nearby counties. Of this group, Allegheny is the central and is surrounded and touched by all the others. Letters from different members of the same family show that often some one of them remember things connected with the family history that others appear to have entirely forgotten. It will be observed in all these letters there is a great lack of dates. Where different members of the family are mentioned, it is seldom that dates of events in their lives are given.

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We now come to another lot of Kirkendalls, whose ancestors came from Pennsylvania and Virginia, and who are more or less closely related to those whose correspondence has been quoted above. The first letter to be quoted is from V. H. Kirkendall, of Birch Tree, Mo.

"As to the early history of our family I know but little. Great grandfather came from Virginia to Holmes county, Ohio, and my father moved from there to Central Iowa, where I was born. My father moved to Missouri, when I was a very small boy. My only sister lives at Hot Springs, Ark., and the other brother is in Washington state, running on the Milwaukee railroad out of Tacoma, Wash., to Cle Elum. My father has a brother at Nevada, Iowa, named Eli Kirkendall."

William Kirkendall, of Chaffee, Mo., is of this same family. He writes:

"My grandfather was born in Germany, his name was Benjamin. My father was born in America. Part of father's brothers lived in Pittsburg, Pa., and part of them went to Virginia. Of the family there were my father's brother, whose name was James, then Christopher, Wilson and Samuel. Father died in 1866, and was 68 years old at the time of his death. The youngest brother was 60 years old at the time of his death. I have seven brothers: John, (deceased); Samuel, (deceased); Charles, James, who lives at Birch Tree, Mo.; Harvey who is in Dakota, and Eli, who lives in Nevada, Iowa."

We have here an illustration of what has been mentioned before, that many correspondents wrote that their grandfathers or great grandfathers came from Germany, Holland or other European country, and settled in Virginia, Pennsylvania or the Carolinas. The inference was so drawn because their grandfathers or great grandfathers spoke Dutch.

Mr. Isaac F. Kirkendall, of Killbuck, Iowa, wrote:

"All of my father's people went west when I was but five years old, and my father has been dead nine years. Your letter came when my mother was dead (the only source from which I could get information), so you will see that it will be utterly impossible for me to give you a very full history of our family. My grandfather, James Kirkendall, together with two brothers, William and Christopher, settled in Wayne county, Ohio. James married Rachel Bevington, and to them were born eleven children, viz: John, Elizabeth, Samuel, Charles, William, James, Harvey B., Eli and Annie. About 1850 they moved to Monroe township, Holmes county, and in 1866 moved to Story county, Iowa, all except Samuel, who married Hester Pyers, December 8, 1859. He lived all his days in Holmes county, passing away January 21, 1904. He was born May 24, 1838.

Hester P. was born October 9, 1840, and died February 16, 1913. To this union Isaac (myself) was born October 6, 1860; Mary Ann was born October 6, 1862; Harvey Ellsworth was born February 18, 1867; Mandy May was an adopted daughter, born December 17, 1879, died 1911.

Isaac F. Kirkendall married Almeda A. Jones, December 8, 1881. To this union there were born Lucy Mable Kirkendall, September 7, 1882. Pryn Roy Kirkendall was born June 25, 1887, and died June 29, 1887.

Lucy M. Kirkendall, daughter of Isaac F. Kirkendall, married Grover Shrimflin.

They had two children, Clarabelle Shrimflin, born October 1, 1904, and Irma Virginia, born January 1, 1906.

Harvey Ellsworth Kirkendall was married to Aggie M. Smith October 12, 1889.

They have an adopted boy, Floyd Smith. Mary Ann

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Kirkendall was married to James Alexander, September 7, 1884, and they have four sons and two daughters. Harry Franklin Kirkendall married Minnie Patterson, August 2, 1911. They have two children. Darwin Alexander, born October 9, 1912, and Jennie Virgil, born December 24, 1914.

Extracts from two more letters will be given that are evidently from the descendants of that large family of Kirkendall brothers, James, Christopher, Samuel, Archibald and Wilson. The first is from John Kirkendall, of Leesburg, Ind.

"What I know of my family history is from hearsay. My father and a man by the name of Kuykendall or Kirkendall, had a talk that I heard in Sydney, Ohio, a number of years ago, and they said they thought the original name was Kuykendall, and that they were related. I was a small boy when I heard their talk, and since that time, all that I have heard the name called was Kirkendall. The man at Sydney, Ohio, was keeping a hotel. I think one or the other of my father's parents came from Holland, for I heard him say he was partly what they called Low Dutch, and that would be Holland. Our family record was burned when I was a small boy."

This letter discloses the fact that as far back as over sixty years ago there was a discussion in Ohio as to the original spelling and pronunciation of the name. Also that the writer heard his people mention the Dutch origin of the family. We have in some of the letters quoted seen that the writers said their ancestors came from Germany, but an investigation of history will show that Dutch and German settlers were all called Dutch by the people in colonial times.

H. N. Kirkendall, Cripple Creek, Colo, wrote me:

"My grandfather was named Jacob, he had three brothers, Isaac, Archibald and John. I think they were born in Pennsylvania or Ohio. John died about twelve miles south of Circleville, Ohio, in the year 1886, and the other two lived in Kosciusco, Ind. I have one uncle living in Leesburg, Ind., he is about seventy years old and knows more about the family than I do.

The very frequent finding of the given names Christopher, Archibald, Samuel and Wilson, I think cannot be chance or accident. In the first place these names are not common given names, in other branches of the family, if found at all. I feel very sure that if a proper effort were made and persisted in, the lines of descent of nearly all these people could be satisfactorily traced out. Unfortunately, there are very few who have the patience and persistence to pursue the work until they have secured results.

In the chapter on changes in the name Kuykendall, there are short excerpts from other letters directly to the point in this connection. Among them there is one from Emmett R. Kirkendall, of Toledo, Ohio. If the reader will refer to this and to others, he will be sure to conclude that they indicate a common origin of the writers, and that they are all of the same or collateral branches.

The following communication from James Allen Kirkendall, of Camas Valley, Douglas county, Oregon, shows how families wander from the land of their nativity and settle down in some little out of the way nook, and lose trace of their forefathers. He wrote:

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"I cannot give you much information in regard to my father's family. My grandfather died when my father was 14 years of age, and I have never seen any of my uncles or aunts, so all I can tell you is what I have heard my father say. My grandfather's name was Samuel, my father's name was Moses. He had three brothers, Ira, James, and Allen. My father was born near Pittsburg, Pa.

My grandfather moved to Ohio, near Cincinnati, and from there to McClain county, Illinois; from there to Grundy county, Missouri, and from there to Appanoosa county, Iowa, where he died in the year 1853, aged 53 years.

My father had seven sons, four of whom were older than myself and two younger.

I am the only one of my father's family living, and I will be 73 years old next June. My wife is still living and is 64 years old. We have four sons and one daughter living. We have twelve grandchildren and four great grandchildren. Four of the grandchildren are Kirkendalls. This is about all I can tell you about my father's family."

Mr. Kirkendall died May 20, 1916, and a notice of his death appeared in one of the Oregon state papers, reading as follows:


"Another Oregon pioneer passed away May 9. James Allen Kirkendall was born in Grundy County, Missouri, June 23, 1839, where he lived until he was 20. Seized with the wanderlust prevalent in that day, he crossed the plains to California in 1859. There he enlisted as a volunteer in the Pitt River Indian War. In 1862 he was at the Florence City mines, from whence he went to Walla Walla, Wash.

The next year he married Miss Missouri Belieu. The Kirkendalls removed to Camas Valley in 1865, which has since been their home.

Mr. Kirkendall was the father of 16 children, 11 of whom are living. He had 65 grandchildren, 46 of whom are living, and 11 great grandchildren, nine of whom are living."

In the letter of Mrs. P. B. Kirkendall, of Shavertown, later quoted, she says her sister-in-law, Mrs. Shaver, is the oldest Kirkendall she knows of; that Mrs. Shaver's father, Samuel Kirkendall, came from New Jersey and settled in Carverton; Isaac Kirkendall was his oldest son, and Isaac's daughter married William Berlew. In the letter of J. A. Kirkendall, of Camas Valley, Oregon, quoted above, he says his grandfather's name was Samuel, and his father's name was Moses. His father was born near Pittsburg, Pa. The writer of the letter, James Allen Kirkendall, married a Miss Missouri Belieu. Here we have families in Pennsylvania and in Southern Oregon in which the same given names are common and in which we find intermarriages with the Belieus. If these clues were followed out, there would most surely be very interesting facts developed, showing relationships that would help to clear up difficulties that cling to these branches.

Mr. Harvey S. Kirkendall, Spokane, Wash., son of T. R. Kirkendall, Saltsburg, Pa., gives the following facts concerning his family. His grandfather was ANDREW KIRKENDALL, who married NANCY McCREERY, and they had children: Hugh, Thomas, Roland, Isabel, and Caroline. Hugh married and lived in Helena, Mont., where he died and left a family consisting of Jeanette, Thomas B., Clara and Bess. Clara married a Mr. Potter and lives at Spokane, Wash.

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THOMAS ROLAND, son of Andrew Kirkendall, married Nancy Gamble, and their children were: John, deceased; Harvey S., who has four children; Beatrice, Geraldine, Homer and Roland P.; Fanny, daughter of Roland P., of Saltsburg, Pa., married H. L. Meister, they live at Wenatchee, Wash.; Ida married A. P.

Meister, residence Oakland, Cal.; Anna married Dr. J. B. Stewart, residence Wilson, Pa.; Nann married M. M. Burnett, and they live at Saltsburg, Pa.; Grace married John W. Shadle, residence Kittaning, Pa.; ISABEL, daughter of Andrew Kirkendall and Nancy McCreery, married (???) Klingensmith, and they lived at Oskaloosa, Kan.; CAROLINE, daughter of Andrew Kirkendall and Nancy McCreery, married (???) McClelland, deceased.

Excerpts now follow from correspondence with Elijah B. Kirkendall of Douds, Iowa.

"I am the brother of Matthew Kirkendall, of Emporia, Kan. I am in my 80th year (1913), he is one and a half years older. My father was born July 16, 1811, and married Elizabeth Weese. Father was born in Ohio. I do not know where, or when he came to Indiana, but it was when I was a small boy. His father lived in Hamilton county, Ind., with my Uncle Matthew. One of Uncle Matthew's daughters is living in Lovilia, Iowa. Her name is Margaret Klingensmith. If you wish to find out about my grandfather, write to her, she would remember where they came from. I have not seen her for sixty years, and just lately heard she was living. In 1847, father moved from Hamilton county, Ind., to Van Buren county, Iowa, and in 1857 moved from there to Emporia, Kan. Uncle Matthew moved from Indiana to Lovilia, Iowa, in 1854, and I have not seen any of them since. My grandfather, George Kirkendall, came from Virginia to Ohio, where my father, George W., was born. Later they moved to Hamilton county, Ind., and from there to Van Buren county. We raised five children, three boys and two girls. We gave them all a college education. Our oldest son, E. E.

Kirkendall, is a doctor, and livest in West Burlington, Iowa. Our eldest daughter married T. N. Carver, who has been a professor in Harvard college fourteen years. This year he was called to Washington, D. C., to take charge of the Rockefeller Educational Fund. When he quits that job he will resume work as a Professor of Economics.

Jay Kirkendall, our third son, is a Methodist preacher, now stationed at Jefferson City, Iowa. Lizzie, our youngest daughter, married Elias Heckard, and lives on a part of our old farm.

I was 79 years old the 20th day of last month, September, 1913. We live in Douds, Iowa. I run my own auto and enjoy it. I have been county surveyor about 25 years of my life."

A picture of Mr. Elijah B. Kirkendall and his wife is to be seen in this chapter.

In the above communication the statement is made that Matthew Kirkendall has a daughter, Mrs. Margaret Klingensmith, and we have seen that H. S. Kirkendall, of Spokane, Wash., says one of that Kirkendall family also married a Mr.

Klingensmith. Mrs. Isabella Klingensmith, his widow, now lives at Oskaloosa, Kan.

Miss Blanche Kirkendall Gardner, early in my correspondence, wrote me in regard to the ancestry of the families of Elijah B. and Matthew Kirkendall, as follows:

"George Kirkendall was born January 6, 1770, and died May 17, 1845. He married Elizabeth Briggs, born August 11, 1770. She died May 17, 1848. Their children were:

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ROSANNA, born September 26, 1790, died January 27, 1813.

ELIZABETH, born November 4, 1792.

POLLY, born August 14, 1795.

MATTHEW, born April 13, 1797.

SARAH, born August 10, 1799.

JOSEPH, born November 12, 1802.

SUSANNAH, born May 21, 1805.

JOHN, born July 14, 1809.

GEORGE WASHINGTON, born July 18, 1811, at or near Xenia, Ohio.

CATHERINE, born November 3, 1813.

Copied from an old record in possession of Miss Sarah Kirkendall, Emporia, Kan. George Washington married Elizabeth Weese, October 9, 1831, at Noblesville, Ind. She was the daughter of Daniel and Sarah Weese, Galliopolis, Ohio. Their children were:

Matthew Kirkendall, born August 16, 1832. Married 1st (???), 2nd, Calista (???), December 24, 1861.

Elijah B. Kirkendall, born February 20, 1834, married Mary Frazee.

Clarinda, born February 22, 1836, married Harvey Whitney Gardner, who was born October 29, 1833, died October 22, 1893.

Phebe Ann, born January 18, 1838.

Matilda, born August 17, 1839, married Jasper Pickett.

Mahala Kirkendall, born January 11, 1842, married James Newlin.

Mary Jane, born July 9, 1847, married 1st Morris, 2nd J. B. Hodgin.

James Taylor, born May 7, 1849, address La Cygne, Kan.

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Sarah Elizabeth, born March 1, 1854, address Emporia, Kan.

George Kirkendall moved in 1848 from Noblesville to Salem, Iowa, and in 1849 moved to "Business Corners" near Douds, Iowa. In 1857 moved to Kansans and in 1866 to Emporia, Kan. My father, Harvey W. Gardner, whose mother moved here when he was a boy, went to Kansas and there met and married mother. After living there about two years they came to Brockport, and lived here until they died."

Following up the suggestion of Mr. Elijah R. Kirkendall, I wrote to Mrs.

Margaret Klingensmith, at Lovilia, Iowa, and received the following answer, bearing date of May 18, 1916:

"Your letter of enquiry addressed to my mother came promptly to hand. Am sorry to say that my mother, Margaret Klingensmith, whose maiden name was Kirkendall, passed away January 24 of this year, in the 92nd year of her age.

She is survived by only two members of her father's family, William H.

Kirkendall, of 3815 North 21st Street, Omaha, Neb., and Mrs. Clouse, Quinlan, Okla.

I can't tell you much about mother's way back relatives. Her mother, whose maiden name was Martin, I believe, was a native of New York State, and her father, Matthew Kirkendall, was from Ohio, I think.

This letter was signed by G. F. Klingensmith, of Lovilia, Iowa.

In a letter written afterwards he wrote, "My mother's cousin married a Klingensmith, etc."

There follows a letter from Mrs. Belle Klingensmith, of Oskaloosa, Kan.

"I am the youngest living daughter of Andrew Kirkendall. My father's father was Jeremiah Kirkendall. He married twice. I do not know the maiden name of his first wife, but mother's maiden name was Catherine Everly. My father had twelve half brothers and sisters and two full brothers. I do not know the names of all of them, but there was Christopher, Samuel, and Jeremiah, and then father's two full brothers' names were Joseph and Leonard. My father was born in Allegheny county, Pa., and moved to Washington county, and there married my mother, Nancy McCreery. To them were born seven children, three boys and four girls. All have passed to the better world but three, myself, Mrs. Inry and Thomas Kirkendall, of Saltsburg, Pa.

My father moved from Washington county, Pa., to Armstrong county, and there we were all born and raised."

It seems to be almost absolutely certain that this Andrew Kirkendall, father of Mrs. Belle Klingensmith, was the cousin of Mrs. Margaret Klingensmith, of Lovilia, Iowa, daughter of Matthew Kirkendall, of the same place, who was brother of Elijah R. Kirkendall, of Douds, Iowa.

If this be so, would establish a relationship between the families and descendants of T. R. Kirkendall, of Saltsburg, Pa., and the families and descendants of Matthew Kirkendall, of Lovilia, Iowa, and Elijah R. Kirkendall, of Douds, Iowa. Elijah R. has, or had a brother, Matthew Kirkendall, who lived for many years at Emporia, Kan. He has many descendants still living in that country and elsewhere in the west.

There is a daughter of Mrs. Belle Klingensmith living at 325 Klein Street, Topeka, Kan., Mrs. Nannie Wilson.

If we refer again to the letter of Mr. W. H. D. Kirkendall, of Wenatchee, Wash., we find that he says Emanuel Kikendall, born in N. J., in 1766, had two brothers, one of whom settled near Wilkes-Barre, Pa., and left a family there and the other "came west of the Allegheny mountains about the same time the other two settled in their respective places. His name I don't know, but a descendant is living at Saltsburg, Pa., Thomas Kirkendall, now a good age."

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It is hardly to be doubted that the foregoing letters show what became of the brother of Emanuel Kikendall, who went west. The letter of Mrs. Belle Klingensmith gives a very circumstantial account of the movements of her father, Andrew Kirkendall, who it seems likely was the brother who went into Ohio, but if that be true we still have to account for the brother who settled in Wilkes-Barre, or near there. Mr. W. H. D. Kirkendall, of Wenatchee, Wash., says all three of the brothers, of whom Emanuel was one, went to Pennsylvania from N. J., at about the same time.

Those early Kirkendall settlers in what is now Columbia county, near Nescopeck, left many descendants in that part of the country still in and about Bloomsburg, Berwick, Miflin and other towns, while as we have seen, some have scattered out into the state of Washington. The ancestor of this lot, as before shown, was Emanuel, who was born in 1766.

WILLIAM WHEELER KIRKENDALL was the patriarch of the Wilkes-Barre Kirkendall family, and most probably was nearly related to the above named Emanuel.

William Wheeler K settled in what was called "Green Woods" country or district in Luzerne county. It is probable that his father died in New Jersey before the family left that state, for his widowed mother married Phillip Kunkle, who appears, from what we know, as the head of the family when it reached Pennsylvania. Of those Kirkendalls who settled in that part of the state, the descendants of William Wheeler were most prominent and well known. He was born in New Jersey. December 25, 1805, and married Maria Dereamer, April 26, 1826.

She was born May 28, 1807, and died 1882. They had seven children:

CONRAD, born January 26, 1827, died 1854.

JOHN SHAVER, born August 17, 1828, died 1854.

GEORGE WASHINGTON, born October 4, 1833, died July 14, 1891.

IRA MANDEVILLE, born November 3, 1835.

ANNA ELIZABETH, born October 12, 1837, married Dwight Wolcott.

CHARLES WESLEY, born April 6, 1840, died 1854.

WILLIAM PENN, born April 13, 1843.

It will be seen that three of this family died in the year 1854, which causes one to wonder whether there might not have been some kind of fever prevailing or some epidemic.

This family has had a prominent place in the history of Luzerne county, having been identified with the industrial, educational and social welfare and progress of the country, and the city of Wilkes-Barre for over two full generations. The first two of the family, Conrad and John Shaver, were born 1827 and 1828, when the country was in the pioneer stages of development, both died unmarried.

George Washington, third son of Wheeler Kirkendall and Maria Dereamer, spent the school period of his life mostly at hard

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work, and had very limited opportunity for education, yet by reading and close observation, he became a well informed and practical man. During his life he held several public offices in Luzerne county and Wilkes-Barre, its county seat. He was for some years connected with the grocery business with his brothers, Ira M. and William Penn. Later he operated in real estate in Wilkes- Barre, and was in the lumber business with Ephraim Troxell. He married Almira Shaver, granddaughter of Phillip Shaver, the pioneer of that family in the valley of Wyoming. They had a large family, all of whom were dead before the writing of this, except two, Marie Louise and George Talmage. Marie married John T. Phillips, who died years ago, leaving her a widow. George Talmage, son of George Washington Kirkendall was born August 26, 1871, received his education in the public schools and high school of Wilkes-Barre, studied law and was admitted to practice in 1893. January 1, 1900, became deputy treasurer of Luzerne county, held the position also during Treasurer J. J. Moore's term of office. He married Helen Dennis Butler, daughter of Zebulon Butler, and they had three children: George Butler Kirkendall, John Phillips K, and Marie, who died 1894, December 12.

Mr. George Talmage Kirkendall is a member of the Methodist Church at Dallas, was formerly connected with the Epworth League at Wilkes-Barre, is a member of the order of F. A. M., and is a Royal Arch Mason.

The fourth in the family of Wm. Wheeler Kirkendall, as we have seen, was IRA MANDEVILLE. He is one of those self-made men, that in pioneer days had to rustle and make their way through the world. This developed his self reliance and gave him decision of character and initiative. At the age of from nine to twelve years he carried the mail, horseback, through the woods of Pennsylvania three days in the week and went to the common district school whenever he could. When fourteen years of age he began clerking in a store and followed it for some years, and then struck out far west to Nebraska for two years, but returned to his old place of employment. In 1859, he went into lumbering, and in 1865, moved into Wilkes-Barre where he continued in the same business.

After 1871 he served as deputy sheriff of Luzerne county, was a wholesale grocer, and served as first Mayor of Wilkes-Barre, then was elected councilman for sixteen consecutive years. During all this time he was progressive in his views and management, always favoring public improvements, always standing for the welfare and prosperity of his home city and county. Mr. I. M. Kirkendall was married twice. First to Hannah C. Driesbach, by whom he had a daughter and son:

GRACE WISNER, born August 19, 1869, married Charles Bartlett and they had three children.

FREDERICK CHARLES, born August 10, 1871, married Eleanor C. Gearhart, born November 10, 1873. The children of Frederick Charles are:

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Fred. C., Jr., born October 12, 1897; Eleanor, born April 2, 1899, and Cornelia, born January 10, 1903. Frederick Charles, son of Ira M. and Hannah C. Kirkendall attended the public schools of Wilkes-Barre, and graduated at the La Fayette College in 1894. He went into business with his father, in the old firm of Kirkendall Brothers, which was changed to Kirkendall & Son.

Frederick took the management of the business for ten years, by which time his business in various directions had spread out so that he had to give up the head oversight of the merchandising. He became interested in the Wilkes-Barre Leader, newspaper in 1893, later became president of the company publishing it. He bought into the Times and became interested in various telephone lines, banking and other business, and added to all this has been U. S. Revenue Collector during the past several years.

The Kirkendall people, like all other Kuykendall descendants, were pioneers of the country and had little time or opportunity for keeping records; and have no data to show their line of ancestry back of William Wheeler. There is no doubt, however, that the family are direct descendants of Luur Jacobsen Van Kuykendaal, baptized May 29, 1650, and that they have come through the line of the first Petrus or Pieter, youngest son of this ancestor.

We find the Kirkendalls, Kunkles, Shavers, Talmages, Wintermutes and other early settlers in Luzerne county located near each other, and several of them intermarried. Knowing the Kirkendalls must have come from northern New Jersey, probably from Warren and Sussex counties, I was curious to know whether these people were not all from the same regions and probably lived in neighborhoods not remote from each other. It took but small examination to learn that in Sussex and Warren counties, New Jersey, there have been for many years, people of the same names, who seem in numerous instances, to have had the same given names carried down from father to son. These and the Kuykendall descendants are found to have lived neighbors for generations, and the Kuykendalls spelled their names variously, Kuy, Ki, Coy and Kirk. The earlier form appears to have been Kuy. The Konkles settled in Hardwick precinct. Warren county, near the Sussex line, some time between 1735 and 1741. A few years later came the Wintermutes, Savacols or Savercols, the Swartwouts, variously spelled Swartout and Swartwood. The Shavers appear on record as early as 1784. In names f and v are often interchangeable, so that Shafer and Shaver are often the same name.

Conkles and Shavers were prominent people. Among them are found the names Peter B. Shaver, Isaac and numerous others. The Conkles held various county offices. The name Phil Conkle is found several times. Inasmuch as William Wheeler's mother married Phil Konkle, the question arose in my mind whether here was not the same family in New Jersey. There is scarcely a doubt of it.

In a list of baptisms in the old Stillwater church, between the years 1773 and 1800, there was found the name Phil Konkle.

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The Talmages lived, some of them, near by, but their old home was on the Delaware near Minisink Island, almost within stone's throw of the old Jacob and Matthew Kuykendall home. Down here is where the ancestors of Rev. DeWitt Talmage dwelt. I think there can be no doubt as to this being the section of country where the ancestors of the Kirkendalls of Luzerne and Columbia county lived. The appearance of these names and given names in both regions cannot be a mere coincidence.

The following letter from Mrs. P. B. Kirkendall of Shavertown, will tend to corroborate what has gone before:

"In regard to our family, I do not know what country our ancestors came from, nor where they landed, but they settled in Warren county, N. J. So far as I know, there were three brothers, Samuel, Edward and Christian Kirkendall.

Samuel came from Warren county, N. Y., (N. J.), to Kingston township, Pa.

Sallie Kirkendall Keller, his daughter, was born 1819, at Wilkes-Barre, Pa.

I have a sister-in-law living near me, whose name is Mrs. A. B. Shaver. She is the oldest Kirkendall living that I know of. She said her father, Samuel Kirkendall, came from New Jersey and settled in Carverton, Pa. He was married when he came. She thinks Isaac was the oldest son. Isaac married Catherine Williamson and from this union there were eight children:

Elizabeth, who married Asa B. Shaver.

James, who married Emma Halbrook.

Bester P., who married Elizabeth Hoover.

Martha, who married Charley Mann.

Albert, who married Ida Smith.

Lambert remained single.

Ella, who married William Berlew.

Kate, who married Merritt Mullison.

All have since died except Elizabeth (Mrs. A. B. Shaver), who is 71, and James, who is 69. Her father, Isaac Kirkendall, had a brother, George Kirkendall, who went to Kentucky and settled in Lewisburg, Muhlenburg county, in about the year 1842."

As another illustration of how the early Ks of Wilkes-Barre have scattered out over the country, another letter will be quoted, this one from F. F.

Kirkendoll, Beaver City, Ia.:

"I will say that I do not know much about my people. My father was born in Wilkes-Barre, Pa., December 13, 1826. I do not know where his people came from nor their given names, father himself did not know, as they died when he was small. Father came to Beloit, Wis., when he was a boy, married Jane Barnum 1842. He then came to Nora, Ill., in 1869. Our family has a history, but Uncle James Barnum has it, and I do not know where he is. I have a brother in Valley Juncetion, Iowa, Polk county. My father was John Kirkendoll, and my grandfather's name, as I have learned, was Joseph, and father was his only child. Grandmother's maiden name was Mary Burrier."

Here we have the last syllable of the name spelled doll, instead of the almost universal dall. There does not appear to be in this letter much clue to the connection of any other family, except that the father was said to have been born in Wilkes-Barre at a time when he must have been one of the earliest of the Kirkendall settlers of that place. The information we get from these various letters awaken a lively interest in the people who wrote them and

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in their ancestors and causes us to wish we knew more. It is the hope of the author that when this volume is read by a large number of the Kuykendall descendants, that it will cause correspondence between many others that will throw more light on the ancestry of many, and will enable the readers to unravel their past family history and show how they are connected with very many more and with the first of the family in the Delaware valley.

On beginning studies into the history and genealogy of the Kuykendall family it was very natural for me to look up the physicians in the big line of descendants, and among others, Dr. J. S. Kirkendall, of Ithaca, N. Y., was written to. Considerable amount of correspondence passed between us, excerpts from which will now be presented.

"My grandfather had three brothers, who came from near the Water Gap; one was Richard Kirkendall, another Isaac, and one named Paul. Richard located in Watkins county, New York; Isaac located in Danby, and another in the west somewhere. I cannot get the facts relative to his location. I wish you might be able to get a clue to this other Kirkendall who went west. It might clear up some of the points you may want, because he may have changed the spelling of his name.

I have never worked on our genealogy, nevertheless I realize the fact of our Dutch descent, but know very little of my father's family, except all his relatives lived near the Water Gap. I remember his telling me that his forefathers came direct from Holland, two or three generations before, and located in that county as farmers. My father's name was Samuel Kirkendall and his brother's name was John, and their sister's name was Ann Eliza Labarr. I forgot to mention that my father had a brother here by the name of Paul. All of them are dead. My father died at the age of 72, and my Uncle Paul at the age of 75, and Uncle John at the age of 78.

I feel very sure that the original name, coming from Holland, was spelled Kirkendahl, and that the Coykendalls, Cuykendalls and Kirkendolls have allowed their names to degenerate, perhaps for convenience, fancy or otherwise, but I feel sure that we are all related and hail from the same source.

The family of Dr. J. S. Kirkendall, as he has the record, follows, but unfortunately it lacks many dates. His grandfather was Samuel Kirkendall, whose wife was Elizabeth. Their children were PAUL, SAMUEL, ELIZA ANN and JOHN. The date of birth of only one is known. SAMUEL KIRKENDALL was born September 28, 1813, near Water Gap, Pa., and died June 30, 1885. He married HANNAH SWARTOUT, November 17, 1836. Their children were:

Elizabeth, born August 2, 1838, died May 7, 1839.

Mary M., born April 13, 1840.

Abraham I., born June, 1842, died January 11, 1878.

Louisa, born September 4, 1844, died December 2, 1854.

Aaron, born May 17, 1846, died December 15, 1872.

Eliza, born July 22, 1848.

Abbie, born February 4, 1850.

Austin, born October 10, 1852, died March 29, 1878.

John Swartout, born January 31, 1854.

Samuel L., born July 17, 1856.

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Of the above family, JOHN SWARTOUT married Sarah M. Johnson, and they have one daughter, Lucy Lowery Kirkendall, born April 23, 1885, and married Fitch Hubbard Stephens, November 28, 1912.

SAMUEL KIRKENDALL, son of Samuel and Hannah Swartout Kirkendall, married Ida B. Davis, February 13, 1884, and they have two children: Helen O., born June 29, 1895, and John S. Jr., born February 20, 1898.

AUSTIN, son of Samuel Kirkendall and Hannah Swartout, married Anna Elliot, and they have no children.

ABBIE, daughter of Samuel Kirkendall and Hannah Swartout, married T. J.

Bierce, and they have one son, Homer J. Bierce.

ELIZA ANN, daughter of Samuel Kirkendall and Hannah Swartout, married George E. Coy, and they have four children: Frankie, John H., George Herbert and Alberta.

ABRAM I. KIRKENDALL, son of Samuel K and Hannah Swartout, married Elizabeth Martin, and they have a son and daughter, George and Lillian.

AARON KIRKENDALL married Mattie Osburn and they have no children.

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What has been said in reference to the ancestry of the Wilkes-Barre and Luzerne county Kirkendalls is applicable also to the family of Dr. John S.

Kirkendall, of Ithaca, N. Y., for both families are no doubt of collateral branches.

Dr. John S. Kirkendall received his education in his own home schools and in the Ithaca Academy, after which he taught school for four years. Later he studied medicine and graduated from Cleveland Medical College in 1880, and formed a partnership with Dr. David White in that city, where he engaged in general practice for four years. Afterward he studied for special work at the N. Y. Polyclinic, and then did work with Agnew & Webster. After a year he returned to Ithaca, N. Y., where he continued the practice of medicine, specializing in the treatment of the eye and ear. In 1890 he went to Europe and studied in the Moorefield's Eye and Ear Hospital and the St. Thomas's Hospital. After nine months spent in this way, he returned to Ithaca and gave up general practice and since has done nothing but special eye and ear work.

The Doctor has been twice president of the Thompkins County Medical Society, has been vice president of the American Academy of Opthalmology and Oto- Laryngology, and is a member of the Thompkins County Medical Society and of the New York State Medical Society and a member of the American Medical Association. He is also a member of the Buffalo Opthalmological Society and of the Laryngological, Rhinological and Otological Society and ex-member of the N. Y. Academy of Medicine and a fellow of the American College of Surgeons. He was elected to the last at their second meeting in Philadelphia, June 22, 1914.

In another chapter of this volume there was mentioned the reminiscences of George Labarr, of Stroudsburg. Mr. Labarr lived to be about 107 years old, I believe, and when about 104 wrote reminiscences concerning his early life about Stroudsburg. Dr. J. S. Kirkendall's uncle's wife, Ann Eliza Kirkendall, doubtless married a descendant of this aged pioneer of Stroudsburg. It is only a few miles up the Delaware to the old Kuykendall, Kirkendall and Swartwout settlements, in Hardwick, Stillwater, Wantage and Walpack precincts.

The following is from a member of the family of the late Judge W. L.

Kuykendall, of Saratoga, Wyo., and shows that at one time some of his family wrote the name Kikendall. Writing from Robinson, Utah, Mr. John R. Kirkendall says:

"My grandfather's name was Richmond, and I notice that the name seems to stay with this branch. The family record of Joseph Hardin Kuykendall, the fourth son of Richmond Kuykendall, as per the family record is here given: Joseph Hardin Kikendall was born March 7, 1810, in Garrard county, Ky. Ann Kikendall (whose maiden name was Mason), was born May 12, 1812, in Shelby county, Ky.

Their children were:

JOHN RICHMOND KIKENDALL, born May 22, 1834, in Sydney county, Ohio.

ALMEDA KIKENDALL was born June 26, 1836.

JAMES CURTIS KIKENDALL was born February 6, 1838.

JAMES OGLESBY KIKENDALL was born January 7, 1842.

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JOSEPH UPDEGRAFF KIKENDALL was born February 26, 1844.

LUTHER GIDDINGS KIKENDALL was born March 17, 1849.

HUGH THOMPSON KIKENDALL was born March 8, 1852; all these were born at Sydney, Ohio.


Almeda L. died May 5, 1837, at Sydney, Ohio.

Jacob Oglesby died June 28, 1848.

Luther Giddings died August 1, 1848.

Joseph Hardin Kikendall died January 13, 1870, at Leavenworth, Kansas.

Joseph Updegraff died November 9, 1876, at Sydney, Ohio.

Ann died March 18, 1885, at Sydney, Ohio.

John Richmond died (???), 1862, at Los Angeles, Cal.

James Curtis Kirkendall, of Silver Reef, Utah, and Ann Cook, of Springville, Utah, were married March 8, 1880. Their children were: John Richmond Kirkendall, born Dec. 31, 1880, at Silver Reef, Utah. Katherine Martha and James Curtis, Jr. (twins), were born February 18, 1885, at Silver Reef, Utah.

Hardin Wood was born June 30, 1889, at Springville, Utah.

Katherine Martha Kirkendall and Branch E. Russell were married January 27 at Toole, Utah.

John Richmond Kirkendall and Eva Inglefield were married August 4, 1910, at Salt Lake, Utah.

The children of Katherine M. Kirkendall Russell were: Curtis Rolfe Russell, born February 6, 1906, at Eureka, Utah. Marion Russell, born May 30, 1903, at Nacozari, Son, Mex. James Kirkendall Russell, born November 18, 1909, at Nacozari, Son, Mex."

In this family we have three ways of writing the name, Kuykendall, Kikendall and Kirkendall, and, as in other instances mentioned in this work, Kuykendall was the earlier form, then came Kikendall, followed by Kirkendall.

It is quite easy to see how the members of a family that has two or three different ways of spelling the name, and who had no positive records or history to show how their fathers wrote it, might in two or three generations lose sight entirely of the relationship existing between them. It is apparent that these last Kirkendalls are not immediately related to those others previously mentioned in this chapter, whose ancestors went from Pennsylvania to Ohio. Some of these former seem to have carried the name Kirkendall from an earlier date, back in New Jersey, as we have seen.

Another branch of the Kirkendalls, a part of whom are still found in West Virginia, living near where the K descendants first settled, when they moved from the Delaware valley. They are scattered from Randolph county, W. Va., to Olympia, Wash. The farthest back ancestor of which they seem to have any knowledge was Simeon Kuykendall. A communication from W. H. Kirkendall, Bloomfield, Iowa, is here quoted as follows:

"I am the only Kirkendall in this county now. I am fifty-seven years old now, 1912, and have lived in this county 30 years. I was born in Missouri, had three brothers, viz: George Kirkendall, of Olympia, Wash., James Kirkendall, of Norman, Okla., and L. C. Kirkendall, of Kansas City, Mo. My father's name was Jacob Kirkendall. He was born in West Virginia and died in Kansas. His father's name was Simeon Kirkendall. Noah Kirkendall was an uncle of mine; he died in

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Bloomfield, Iowa. He spelled his name Curkendall. He had no sons, but had one daughter living in Bloomfield.

The George Curkendall you mentioned (Major George C.) was also an uncle of mine. He died in Dayton, Ohio. His only son, L. L., Curkendall, lives in Spokane, Wash.

The following communication from the widowed wife of Major George Curkendall, of Lima, Ohio, will be interesting:

"My husband was born at Beverly, W. Va., on May 30, 1829, on a farm. He was the son of Simeon Curkendall. There were twelve children, six sons and six daughters, all of whom are dead. My husband, George, was the youngest in the family. He left his home when twenty-one years of age and came to Franklin, La., where I, Matilda Louise, was living with my father. We were married in 1852, and our son, Leland Louis, was born May 23, 1853. He is now living in Spokane,

Wash. My husband's health failing, we moved to Iowa, where six years later, the Civil War having broken out, he enlisted in the Third Iowa Cavalry as first of Company D. The second year he was promoted to the captaincy of the company, and the third year, major of the First Battalion of the same regiment. He was with Sherman in the "March to the Sea," and at the close of the war was appointed lieutenant colonel of the 123rd Regiment, U. S. T. C., stationed in Atlanta, and was mustered out a year later.

He died in Dayton, Ohio, March 8, 1892. I am very proud of my husband's military career, and have in my possession letters from two brigadier generals who knew him well, extolling him as a "brave and gallant soldier, never shrinking from duty let it be ever so difficult or dangerous." General John W.

Noble wrote me after hearing of my husband's death, "No braver soldier ever offered his life for his country. When a difficult and dangerous duty was to be done, we knew where to find our man to do it. It was Major Curkendall, and he never failed." I am 76 years of age, but just as much interested in civic affairs as at forty, really more so. I take the Outlook, city dailies, McClure's and read many other publications.

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John Wesley Curkendall, of Volga, W. Va., writes:

"My father's name was John. As for my grandfather's Christian name, I do not know what it was. He came to Randolph county from somewhere else in West Virginia. He was raised to manhood in that county, and married J. Q. Harvey's daughter and lived in Barbour county, where he died. He had a brother named George that I never saw, and a brother Levi, who was a captain in the army.

Levi has a son in Kansas named Jacob. My father's brother Noah lived in Bloomfield, Iowa."

Now comes a letter from the above mentioned Levi's son in Kansas, which is signed J. M. Kuykendall, Partridge, Kan. It reads as follows:

"Your letter of December 13 came to hand today, to which I take pleasure in replying. By way of introduction will say that I am a farmer in the vicinity of Partridge; came from West Virginia in 1887. My parents were born in Hardy county, W. Va. Father's name was Levi, and he had two brothers, Noah and John, whom I was told moved to Iowa. I have heard of two or three other Kuykendall people in Kansas, but have not met them."

Here we have this letter, which was signed by Jacob McKenna Kuykendall, the writer of which was certainly of the same family as the writers of the Curkendalls above, whose relatives in and around Bloomfield, Iowa, spell their names Kirkendall. All of them are the descendants of Simeon Kuykendall. The reason for this variation no doubt is that they all pronounce the name as if the first syllable were spelled Kirk or Curk.

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There are many of the descendants of our first American born ancestor, Luur Jacobsen Van Kuykendaal, who, while they spell their name Kuykendall, pronounce it as if it were spelled Kirkendall. The number of those who do this is much greater than I had at first supposed. I have learned that many of these thought that Kuyk was a peculiar way of spelling Kirk, but believed that it was the old original form of spelling, and therefore adhered to it.

There are quite a number of Kirkendalls in New York and a few in New Jersey.

These all undoubtedly are descendants of Pieter Kuykendal, son of Luur Jacobsen Van Kuykendaal, who

settled on the Delaware about the year 1700, near where Port Jervis now is. In early days the fathers of those Kirkendalls moved out from the old home in the vicinity of Port Jervis, N. Y., and Sussex and Warren counties, N. J., and settled in Tioga, Tompkins, Steuben and other counties of western New York.

Some of them settled in eastern Pennsylvania. They called themselves Kirkendall while they were still living on the Delaware at the old home, but many of their cousins were the progenitors of the Coykendalls and Cuykendalls.

Mr. Leonard R. Kirkendall, of Corning, N. Y., is a descendant of those earlier Kirkendalls just mentioned. Writing about the history of his people, he says:

"My father was born in Sussex county, N. J., August 30, 1807, and died March 9, 1882. My mother's name was Amanda Elston, born in Tompkins county, N. Y., March 29, 1812. My father's family had in it eleven children:

Louisa Kirkendall, born October 29, 1829.

Julia Emer, born September 30, 1831.

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Samuel C., born March 29, 1834.

Erastus, born September 4, 1836.

John, born February 15, 1839.

William, born December 15, 1841.

Mary J., born May 31, 1844.

James, born August 24, 1847.

Henry P., born February 28, 1851.

Leonard R., born December 12, 1858.

Martha E., born July 27, 1860.

Emer Kirkendall, an uncle of Leonard R., was drowned in the Yellowstone river, at what date or at what point cannot now be told. Mr. Leonard R. Kirkendall's children are as shown here, viz:

Ada Belle, born March 25, 1878, in Tioga county, N. Y., is now Mrs. Robbins.

Grace Helen, born March 6, 1880, in Tioga county, is now Mrs. Thomas.

Martin Luther, born December 19, 1883, in Tioga county, lives in Corning, N.


Walter Bruce, born July 26, 1885, in Steuben county, lives in Corning.

Alpha Inez, born September 5, 1886, in Steuben county, lives in Corning.

Flora Eunice, born January 20, 1889, in Steuben county, lives in Corning.

Edith Marilla, born September 1, 1891, in Steuben county, lives in Corning.

Rose Mary, born October 10, 1893, same county, lives in Corning.

Harvey Leroy, born May 5, 1897, same county, lives in Corning.

Ralph Dewey, born Sept. 14, 1899, same county, lives in Corning.

There are some children of his brother's living, among whom are Daniel Kirkendall, Williamsport, Pa., Mrs. Maud K. Hitchcock, Lendly, N. Y., F. H.

Kirkendall, Milton, Pa. The latter are the children of Julius, Leonard R.'s eldest brother. His brother, Samuel Kirkendall, has an only son, Pratt Kirkendall, in Corning, N. Y.

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In chapter four there is a cut that shows the autograph signatures of some of the early Kuykendall descendants. Among these there appear the signatures of Martynus Cuykendall, date of April 10, 1761, and that of Salomon Cuykendall, date of 1773. This autograph of Martynus is the earliest instance of this form of spelling that is known to me. There were two Martins, first the son of the elder Peter (Petrus on the old Reformed Church record), and Martinus, son of the younger Peter. It was probably the elder Martin who wrote the name as appears in the cut, for the other was not old enough to be signing papers of the kind to which this signature was affixed.

Mr. Charles Horton Cuykendall wrote me from Petersburg, Virginia:

"I can trace my family no farther back than to my great grandfather, Henry Cuykendall, who, according to the History of Skaneateles, N. Y., was born in Orange county, N. Y., 1778, and settled in Skaneateles in 1806. His father, whose name I do not know, died a short time before Henry's birth, and consequently he was raised by an uncle's wife whose maiden name was Phoebe Crossman, I think, but of this I am not sure.

He settled four miles from Skancateles, on the lake shore, and lived there all his life. He had nine children, viz: Solomon, Samuel (the eldest), James, Martin, Benjamin, Mary, Eliza, Phoebe and Christina. Of these Samuel and Solomon went west, we do not know where.

James went to California, Martin died at home and Benjamin, my father, moved to Virginia in 1854. He married Sarah Bacon, whose mother was Phoebe Hecox, a sister of Col. Hecox, in whose regiment Henry C. served in the War of 1812.

As I wrote before, Henry Cuykendall, my great grandfather, died or was killed by the Indians before Henry's birth, and his mother narrowly escaped massacre when he was a few months old, at the time of the big Wyoming massacre. I have heard my grandmother tell of this.

His mother was rescued by a man named Van Vliet, whom she afterwards married, and Henry, as mentioned before, was raised by an uncle.

I visited Skaneateles the summer of 1910, but found no Cuykendalls there, though I found much to interest me in looking over the places my father had told me about.

I notice that you use K in beginning your name, though with us it has always been C. I have heard that there were Cuykendalls or Kuykendalls at Kingston, N. Y., and in Charleston, W. Va., and once I met a Coykendall who now lives in Savannah, Ga., I think, but I have never known whether there was any connection between us, though I heard somewhere that all the Cuys, Kuys and Coys are descendants of Peter Coykendall, who was the first of the name in this country."

Another letter of a later date from Mr. C. Horton Cuykendall says:

"I appreciate the information you gave me, and it was very interesting to me, and I am glad to know that we are of the same stock.

I think it quite likely that the Solomon Cuykendall who married Maria Westbrook, May, 1775, was the father of my father's great grandfather. I do not know, but it seems likely, since my great grandfather, Henry, named his first born son Solomon. Henry's father died or was

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killed by Indians, before Henry's birth, etc., as I wrote you before. My grandfather came to Virginia in the fifties, only two of his children survive, my father and Emma, the only daughter. They are both well on in the sixties and reside in Richmond, Va., where they have lived over twenty years, though the family originally resided here."

In speaking of the "History of Skaneateles," he says:

"There is little concerning the family in the book, the only ones mentioned being Cuys, my great grandfather Henry, who settled there in 1806, and Moses, who was a cousin of his. There is no one of the name there now, but I believe there are some in Syracuse and others in Owasco, a village not far away."

There are several things in these letters worthy of comment and that will be interesting to some of the family living in different parts of the country.

Horton mentions that the father of his great grandfather, Henry Cuykendall, was killed by the Indians before Henry was born, and Henry's mother narrowly escaped massacre at the big Wyoming massacre.

By referring to the chapter on Kuykendalls in the Revolution, it will be seen that Harmon Coykendall, in his application for a pension for services in that conflict, in describing his operations in the army, says that in the spring of 1778 he went to Wilkesburg, Wyoming, where he was employed as guard at Fort Rosencrans, and went to Forty Fort. Forty Fort was where Wilkes-Barre now is, or very near there. Harmon was stationed as sentry some 400 yards below the fort on the river, on the day of the Battle of Wyoming, and from there saw the troops march out to battle, about 375, of whom only about 72 or 73 ever returned.

The day before the fort capitulated, Harmon started with a company of about forty or fifty men, women and children, to take them across to Orange county, N. Y., to the settlements on the Delaware.

He tells how they travelled 33 miles through the woods before reaching the first white man's house. There is a "Dismal Swamp" in that region, out into which many of the white women fled in terror of the Indians, and a large part of them never emerged therefrom or were found. It has been known as the Death Swamp. From this dreary region they made their way slowly over to the Delaware river, crossed over into Orange county. N. Y., and went to the Minisink country. This is doubtless the time referred to in C. Horton Cuykendall's letter, when his great great grandmother was saved from being massacred through the efforts of a man named Van Vliet. We thus have history and tradition confirming each other.

When the fort surrendered to the Tories and Indians they were promised protection and mercy, but when they came out and scattered around and tried to make their way back to the settlements on the Delaware, they were set upon by the Indians and renegade Tories and a large part of them were slaughtered or made captives by the Indians. Those captured would better have been killed

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outright than to have had to endure the indignities and sufferings and tortures they had to pass through.

The Van Vliets had lived on the Delaware at Machackemeck (where Port Jervis now is) and they intermarried more or less with the descendants of Peter Kuykendal. The date and place of settlement of Henry Cuykendall in Cayuga county, N. Y., corresponds with that of many other Coykendalls and Cuykendalls. Skaneateles is in Cayuga county, N. Y., in which are the towns of Owasco, Moravia, Miles and numerous other towns and hamlets.

Historians and antiquarians have made diligent search to discover the names of those who had part in the battle of Wyoming, the names of those who were killed and of those who survived, but many of them have been lost. Their names, sufferings and heroic deeds and tragic deaths are lost in oblivion.

There follows excerpts from letters of Eudelmer Fitch Cuykendall, 129 West Kennedy Street, Syracuse, N. Y., written 1913. They will be interesting to many, no doubt.

"My father was a member of the Oneida Conference (now Central New York Conference) of N. Y. He joined the conference late in 1847, though his name is not in the minutes until the number for the year 1848. His name was Ezekial Nelson Cuykendall.

He died in 1857, leaving three children, of which I was the eldest. Mother moved in the spring of 1858 still farther away, so that I never kept in touch with my father's family. Probably it was due more to the fact that my grandfather died a year or two after my father, and grandmother moved to the home of a daughter in the western part of this state. I think my father's family numbers eleven children, all dead. Only father and one sister had children that survived them. The sister left one son, whose residence I do not know. Will attempt at once to locate them. The Coykendalls in this city pronounce the oy as oi in oil, and prefix to the name Kendall. We pronounce the uy as i long."

Some time later there came another letter, after I had reminded him.

"On the receipt of your first letter I began to write letters to secure what information I could, and to collect material in regard to our branch of the family. In some cases success obtained, and in many no reply was made.

Almost at the outset I located my grandfather's family Bible, and the owner (no relative) wrote that he thought that it belonged to me, and very kindly sent it to me by mail.

From it I obtained data of my uncle and aunts, but none of great uncles and aunts. Failing to get definite information of my great grandfather's family, I have done nothing for a year and a half. I will now send what data I have and will endeavor to add to it.

I am told that a sister of grandfather married a man by the name of Cortright and that some years ago three of her children were living near Moravia, in this state. Another sister married a man named Prine. I have been unable to get in touch with any of their descendants. We have an excellent historical library here in the city containing genealogies, state records of men in the Revolutionary War, in the War of 1812, and of early settlements of the colonies and colonial history.

You speak of Harriet C. Johnson as working on the Cuykendall genealogy and history. I will write and ask her if she has any information regarding Cortrights or Prines. I feel sure you are right in regard to my own line. My grandfather and grandmother Cuykendall, and my

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father and mother and many other of my Cuykendall relatives are buried in Owasco cemetery.

My wife, the first time we visited the cemetery, said "It seems as if half the people buried here were Cuykendalls."

My grandparents lived about two miles from Owasco, their post-office address being Niles, but generally called in that section "Dutch Hollow." In the latest maps of the surveys made by the government in this state, the name "Dutch Hollow" appears designating the name "Dutch Hollow Creek," that flows through that region. Dutch Hollow remains a center of Dutch descendants.

I have but one cousin living, on my father's side, and at the time of your first letter we had never met. Since that time we have met. He was living in Auburn. More than a year ago he moved to Washington, D. C., and I know not where he may be now. I will send you soon, by parcels post, some conference minutes in which father's name appears, also a few catalogues of schools in which I have taught.

I taught at Montpelier four years; at Indianola, Iowa, one year; at Cazenovia, N. Y., six years; at Red Creek, N. Y., one year; at Hacketts town eleven years. I graduated from Cazenovia Seminary in 1872, and from Syracuse University in 1876. My mother taught in our district schools before marriage and for about ten years in village schools, after the death of my father.

My brother, Moses Olin Cuykendall (a bachelor), taught in our district schools for twelve years, but for the last twenty-five years has been in business for himself; for twenty years he was in a general store at Benton Center, N. Y., and is now on his fourth year at Homer, N. Y. The occupation of most of father's people was that of farmer; they were all well to do and held in esteem in the communities in which they lived. Some held official positions in their localities, and in the churches of which they were members."

Inasmuch as another letter, written March, 1916, contains a number of facts that will serve as important clues to help in the study of this branch of the Cuykendall family, some excerpts from it are given.

"When you sent me the names of W. T. Cuykendall, of Owasco, N. Y., and J. W.

Cuykendall, of Atlantic, Iowa, I wrote to them. W. T. of Owasco replied that from his porch he could see my grandfather's farm. That he remembered him, but could not tell me anything about his family.

J. W. C. of Atlantic wrote that he (J. W. C.) is the son of E. C. Cuykendall, grandson of Jacob Cuykendall. That he was born in Owasco and moved from there when thirteen years of age. He remembered well grandfather's farm and said Moses Cuykendall had three brothers, Matthew, Warren and Dorr, and two sisters, Anna, a teacher, and Maria."

After the receipt of this letter, I sent the information to W. T. Cuykendall, of Owasco. He replied: "I cannot just place J. W. Cuykendall of Iowa. I think he has the persons mixed. We had a Moses in our family (a cousin of my father) who had a brother Warren, an engineer, in Indiana. Matthew was a physician and surgeon at Bucyrus, Ohio. Dorr, Ann and Maria were of Plymouth, Ohio. Ann died two years ago at the age of 97. I visited her in 1912. Evidently J. W. is mistaken in his statement about grandfather's family. Henry F. Cuykendall, of Moravia, has replied that he knew my grandfather, but knew nothing of the family. Denton Cuykendall, of Moravia, has not replied to my letter Some two months ago I made an unlooked for find. After mother's death, in 1908, I boxed up some things for a future and more convenient examination. I recently opened the box and have been

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looking over some of the papers. I found a letter from father to mother, part of which are as follows:

'In Cousin's Store, Plymouth, June 1st, 1854. 'Last week I visited in and about Plymouth, then went to Auburn. We have just returned from Fitchville, some twenty-four miles. Cousin's daughter, where we stayed last night, gave me a book for you, and cousin gave Delle and Olive each a three cent piece. Uncle Jacob Cuykendall gave me Clark's Theology.'

Nothing in the letter indicated the state Plymouth was in.

In the northeastern part of Pennsylvania there are postoffices Plymouth and West Auburn, but I can find no Fitchville. The important thing is the 'Uncle Jacob Cuykendall.' It is usual here to call the uncle and aunt of one's parents uncle and aunt, so I feel uncertain whether the 'Uncle Jacob' was grandfather's brother or great grandfather's brother. I think it good evidence that I had not far back an Uncle Jacob Cuykendall."

A question arises in my mind, as to whether J. W. Cuykendall's grandfather Jacob Cuykendall can be the same one that father called 'Uncle Jacob Cuykendall.' I would also like to know if the relationship between Moses Cuykendall, a cousin of the father of W. T. Cuykendall and Moses Cuykendall (my grandfather) can be established.

Mother told me at different times that grandfather was anxious to have me called Moses, but that father and she were opposed to doing so as there were already two or three (not sure of the number) Moses Cuykendalls. When my brother was born, my grandfather seemed so anxious in the matter that he was named 'Moses Olin,' but he has always been called Olin."

Mr. E. F. Cuykendall has been very much interested in searching out the genealogy and history of his branch of the family, and has gone at the work in an intelligent and enthusiastic manner, and has shown a very commendable persistence, besides he has shown skill in search of clues and "collateral evidence."

The last letter received from him bore date of February 20, 1917. In this he says

"I have met twice within a month, Mrs. Carrie M. Hamilton, of Cazenovia. She was Miss Carrie M. Cuykendall, of Owasco, before marriage. I feel sure that she is distantly related, she has no brothers or sisters and both parents are dead.

I have called four times within a month upon Charles Milton Coykendall of this city. He has a brother, Lyman Tremain, but I have not met him. His father's name is Henry J. Coykendall, and Henry J. has a brother Charles W. Coykendall.

Charles Milton Coykendall tells me that his grandfather's name was Peter and Peter had a brother named Daniel Coykendall. The brothers settled in Geddes, a suburb of Syracuse, early in the last century.

He says they did not come from Owasco, and he feels sure they are not connected with the Owasco branches. He thinks his father came from Mohawk Valley. I have always understood that my grandfather's line was among the settlers of the Mohawk Valley, and so incline to the view that not far back he is connected. So far as Charles Milton Coykendall and his father know, no one of his line has any other spelling than Coy. He tells me that they have numerous relatives in the Coy line at Wauhegan, Ill., a city about 35 miles from Chicago."

These extensive quotations have been given because they contain so many statements of facts and relationships, mention so many persons, and offer so many clues to aid others who may be in search

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of their ancestry. Mrs. Ona Cuykendall Cramb, writing from Lincoln, Neb., says:

"The last time I was in Fairburg, I chanced to find your letter to my father, J. A. Cuykendall, and am venturing to answer, hoping you can advise me. For some time I have wished for information concerning our family, but grandfather and grandmother were both gone and I neglected to gain any of this knowledge, while they were living. In grandfather's Bible I find a record of his birth and marriage, and also of his two sons, that is all.

My father was John Austin, and grandfather was Anthony Van Etten Cuykendall, born June 22, 1823. I don't know the exact date of his death, for I didn't have time to hunt it up after finding your letter.

My father, John A., was born in Owasco, Cayuga county, N. Y., October 18, 1854. Grandfather Cuykendall married Mariah Van Arsdale, January 2, 1849, but I do not know where, but imagine in New York, because grandfather lived there.

I should like to know where grandfather's father and mother were born. I have never cared particularly for this information until lately, since so many of my friends are in the D. A. R. work, that I should like to learn if I am eligible. I have grandmother Cuykendall's record, but have not learned yet if any of her ancestors served in the Revolutionary War, but should like grandfather's record. It seems he had a brother who was a physician, living in Bucyrus, Ohio, but further than that I do not know. Papa had a brother, Cornelius, who was a railroad engineer running out of Dallas, Texas, at the time of his death. He left a widow and two sons, the younger of which died in infancy. My father has two daughters. My sister is about four years younger than I. She was born in Osceola, Iowa, October 17, 1876.

My sister is married to II. O. Nellis. They live at Fairburg, Neb.

Grandmother was always telling something about her family, and her relatives visited us, but I never knew much concerning grandfather.

A brother visited us once one time in Burlington. We called him Uncle 'Matt,' but all I can remember is that he had long white whiskers."

Mrs. Grover Lothrup, Aberdeen, S. D., wrote:

"Our knowledge of our ancestors is very limited, as grandfather Cuykendall died when father was about five years old, and grandmother left Illinois soon after, thus losing trace of the Cuykendalls. Father's name is Arthur Cuykendall. He has no brothers or sister living. Both died when less than a year old.

Grandfather's name was Stephen Cuykendall, and he used to spell his name Kuy instead of Cuy, although I cannot say when the change took place. I know that his discharge papers from the army at the close of the war were made out with the name spelled Kuy.

His brother's names were Benjamin, Alfred and Lewis. Alfred's wife, Beanie, married a man by the name of Leer, and when last heard from was at Morris, Ill.

Great grandfather's name was Martin Cuykendall, and at the time of Stephen's birth was living in Schenectady, N. Y. He had brothers by the names of Benjamin and Jacob. Further than this I cannot give you any light. There is at Atlantic, Iowa, a Cuykendall who might be able to help you some, as his father claimed to be the uncle or cousin of grandfather's, although we never found out anything positive about it."

There will now be presented extracts from letters by Miss Harriet C. Johnson, of Moravia, N. Y., which will be all the more interesting because the writer has been making strenuous efforts to trace her line of descent, and at the time of writing had not yet

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come across the old Dutch records, but was depending largely upon such family records as she could find by correspondence.

"First I will tell you something of my own Cuykendall history.

Henry Cuykendall was born February 15, 1764, died January 3rd, 1814. He married Mary Dewitt, January 6, 1785. They came to this part of the country by ox team, from Port Jervis, N. Y.

Their children's names were Bowdewin, Leah, James Decker, John, Moses, Jacob, William, Mary, Samuel, Ann and Charity.

Leah married Evert Cortright. Their children were Mary, Moses, Susan, Sally, Jacob, Elizabeth, Ann and John.

Moses Cortright married Ruth Tanner. Their children were Antoinette, Julia, Dey, Knight and Sarah.

Antoinette married J. Reed Johnson. Their child's name is Harriet C. Johnson, who is the writer of this letter. This is the way I claim relationship to the great Cuykendall family.

As yet I have been unable to trace back of Henry Cuykendall, but older members of the other Cuykendall families claim him as their own cousin. You wrote to Howard Cuykendall in regard to the Cuykendalls in this part of the country, I will now try to give you an outline of Howard's ancestors.

You speak of Leur Jacobsen Van Kuykendaal, baptized at Kingston, May 29, 1650.

In 1680 he married Grietje Arts Tack, and their sons were Jacob, Pieter, Matthew, John, Ary, and Cornelius.

Pieter Kuikendaal is written in their old family Bible. He married July 8, 1719, Femmetje Decker. There is only one child that I have discovered as yet, and his name was Peter, and he died January 10, 1822, aged 90 years. He married Catherine Kettle, and their children were: Elias, Martinus, Wilhelmus, and Leah.

Elias married Elizabeth Gumaer and their children's names were Huldah, Catherine, Mary, Jacob, Jane, Leah, Marjory, Wilhelmus, Hannah and Hester.

Wilhelmus married Ruth Banker and their children's names were Fidelia, Ella, Maria, Eunice, Ann, William Denton, Charles Henry, James F., Clara and Hester T.

Charles married Julia Mather and their children were Howard, Ruth, Earl, Ralph, Martin and Seth.

Howard married Bessie Smith and they have one son, don't know his name or the date of his birth."

Miss Johnson has worked under many disadvantages, and has shown a very commendable degree of determination and perseverance. She wrote later, in response to my inquiry in regard to the old family Bible of Peter Cuykendall." I was anxious to be sure that his Bible was still in existence, and wondered how it had been preserved so long, and wanted to be sure of its identity. I will say that I hunted up the Bible that said 'Peter Cuykendall died January 10, 1822, aged 90 years.' The first name or writing on the page of the family record reads: 'Jacob Cuykendall's family Bible.'

"I think Jacob Cuykendall's family Bible was sold to a junk man a good while ago, because Jacob Kuykendall's daughter Jane told me about it some years ago.

In the Bible that was sold was Dutch writing."

The carelessness of our fathers in regard to the preservation of their Dutch Bibles is well illustrated in the instance above related, and also in the case of the Bible that belonged to Mr. E. Fitch Cuykendall's people, that turned up in the hands of people outside of the family, with an entire stranger.

Writing from Atlantic, Iowa, under date of December 5, 1914, Mr. J.,W.

Cuykendall says:

"My great grandfather, Elias Cuykendall, came from Holland and settled in Port Jervis, Orange county, N. Y. He had two sons, my

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grandfather, whose name was Jacob, and Wilhelmus Cuykendall. To Jacob was born quite a large family, but some of them died in infancy. There grew to manhood and womanhood four sons and three daughters. LEVI CUYKENDALL, dead; HENRY CUYKENDALL, living in Cayuga county, N. Y.; ISAAC CUYKENDALL, dead; ELIAS C.

CUYKENDALL, my father, living, and 82 years old, and as far as I know, the oldest living Cuykendall; and three daughters, MARY, ELIZABETH and JANE, all dead.

My grandfather, Jacob Cuykendall, moved to Cayuga county from Port Jervis, when my father was eight years old. His brother moved to the same county earlier. This brother of my grandfather had two sons, Franklin and Horton, both dead. There are a great many Cuykendalls living in Owasco, Cayuga county, N. Y., no direct relation to us so far as we know, although they spell their name the same.

My father writes that he knows a number, living in New Jersey, who spell their name Coykendall. There are several in Tompkins county, N. Y., who spell their name Kurkendall.

In my father's family there are four children, three sons and one daughter, all living. J. W. Cuykendall and J. R. Cuykendall were born in Onandaga county, N. Y. When we were ten and thirteen years old, my father moved to Milford, Del. Later two more children were born, a son and a daughter. The daughter married James R. Kurtz and lived in Dannemora, N. Y. Charles E.

Cuykendall married and lives in Fremont, Neb. J. R. Cuykendall is a bachelor and lives at Hoopeston, Ill., and the writer, J. W. Cuykendall, lives in Atlantic, Iowa, married.

This is practically all the information I am able to get for you. Wish I could do better, but my father does not seem to be able, at his age, to trace back as far as he should. Under the circumstances, you will have to do the best you can with this report. I might state that all three of my father's sons are following the same line of business, of which you will note by our letterhead."

In the foregoing letters we have had frequent references to Owasco, N. Y., as the place where a number of Cuykendalls settled a few years over a century ago. There will now be presented excerpts from correspondence with William T.

Cuykendall of that village. A pretty full account of this family has been given already in the chapters on the descendants of Peter Kuykendal, which the reader would do well to read in connection with the excerpts that follow. The Revolutionary War history of Mr. W. T. Cuykendall's great grandfather Martin is given in another chapter of this volume.

"The Martin Cuykendall of whom you speak was my great grandfather, who was born in Minisink, Orange county, N. Y., in 1764, and located here in 1801; another great grandfather's son owns the old homestead.

He had ten boys and three girls.

Solomon was the oldest, and was born December 6, 1789, and Wilhelmus, whom you mention, was the sixth son, and born March 5, 1806.

I have an almost complete record of the older generations of the family, and could get much more by having a little time. If you so desire and will write me in what shape you would like a record, I will give it my immediate attention. I was very glad to get your letter and will be very glad to assist you." Writing again Mr. W. T. C. said:

"I would say in reply that I know nothing about Martin Cuykendall's brothers and sisters, and I regret that my grandfather did not tell me more of my ancestry, which I would so much like to know.

I have distant cousins in Monrovia from whom I am trying to get information, which I think will give me more light. They are all

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children of Jacob and Wilhelmus Cuykendall. I think that their father's name was Henry, and that he is buried in our cemetery.

A number of Westfalls live in this section. I keep learning of new members of the family in one way and another. I shall have to write and get another record of a good many of the younger generation and I will get them together, and as soon as I can, and in as good shape as I can.

"My record of Martin Cuykendall and his children I got in Ohio in 1874 of Matthew C. Cuykendall, and I find some missing. Some of the missing ones I can get and some I cannot, I suppose."

He then proceeds to give the date of birth of Martin Cuykendall and that of his wife, Anna Cole, and date of their marriage and names of their children, all of which are given under the head of Peter Kuykendal's descendants.

In the plat shown in this volume on page 9 there is seen a narrow cut or channel running crookedly through the main island, this little crooked stream is called on the plat, "A small part or gutt of the river. This singular formation really cuts off a part of the main or "Big Minisink Island." This cut off part was called "Wequashe's Island." The mouth of this "gutt" is seen in the picture. This small narrow strip used to be the home of the old Wequash Indian family.

This part of the Minisink Island lies exactly opposite to where the Jacob and Matthew Kuykendall home was. Clustered around here are many historic spots connected with the family history 200 years ago and later, as well as notable events that took place before, during and after the Revolutionary War.

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Those descendants of our first American ancestor that are now known as Coykendalls, or by the name Coykendall, form a large and interesting group. It may be said, however, that the division of the family into groups of branches according to the form of the name as we find it today, is not really a genealogical method of subdivision, and is here only adopted for temporary convenience, and because large groups are now found with certain modifications of the original name.

The Coykendall form did not appear until several years after the old original form had been in use. I have not found this form of the name in any of the baptismal records in the Dutch Reformed Churches registers. The form Cuykendall undoubtedly appeared some time before Coykendall. I find the spelling Cuykendall for the first time in the register of the Deerpark church, June 22, 1783, just a hundred years after the birth of the first child of Luur Jacobsen Van Kuykendaal. At that date there were three Kuykendall children baptized: Jonathan, the son of William Cuykendal and Leah Decker; Catherine, daughter of Salomon Cuykendall and Maria Westbrook, and Jacobus Cuykendall, son of Jacobus Cuykendall and Gertruy Van Vliet. The Salomon Cuykendall here mentioned was the youngest son of Pieter or Petrus Kuykendal, who was the youngest son of Luur Jacobsen Van Kuykendaal, our first American born ancestor.

The change of the first letter of the name from K to C was in accordance with a very prevalent tendency of that period, to substitute c for k in a large number of words. The adoption of the form Coykendall was not all at once, nor by all the descendants of old Pieter Kuykendaal. The change was gradual, and what adds difficulties and confusion in tracing the genealogical lines today, is that brothers in the same family sometimes took different forms of the name.

There can be no doubt, however, that all the Coykendalls and Cuykendalls of today came from the Pieter branch. It must not be inferred, however, from this, that there are not many people today from the same parental stock that bear different variations from the original name. Probably a large majority of those who spell the name Kikendall and those who spell it Kirkendall have come from the stock of old Pieter Kuykendal and Femmetje Decker, who lived at Machackemeck, now Port Jervis, N. Y. In tracing the family genealogy, therefore, we must be constantly on the lookout for some place where a change was made, or we shall get lost in our search.

During my extensive correspondence with all branches it was discovered that most of the Coykendalls have lost trace of their ancestry like the rest, and have only been able to trace their connection

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with the first American ancestor by means of the record of baptisms found in the old Dutch Reformed Churches to which our ancestors belonged. Before these records were translated and compiled and published in the year 1891, there were none of the family who could trace their ancestry back to the coming of our first ancestor from Holland.

While no Coykendall need have any doubt as to his having descended from Pieter Kuykendal, baptized May 1, 1698, a large number of the descendants are not able to trace back and show how the connection is to be made with our first American ancestor. Public records often show when persons or families first located in a place and become property owners, voters or taxpayers, but they very seldom give such information as will show how these persons were connected with earlier relatives or with other persons of the same name. Such information can only be obtained by more intimate knowledge of the families, by actual conversation, or by correspondence. A large amount of correspondence has been had with Kuykendall descendants, with the express object of obtaining genealogical information. Numerous excerpts are presented to readers, in the hope that many will through them be able to discover some of their people who have already traced their ancestral lines back to the first ancestor in America. This will enable them to properly place themselves on the family tree.

The author feels certain that many who read these letters and the information they convey, will be both surprised and pleased to learn that they are related to families whose lines have already been traced out, and that therefore their own lines can be easily traced through. Some will learn that they are comparatively closely related to families or branches they had supposed were of very different ancestry. With others it will take a little more correspondence and research to clear up relationships that are seen must exist, but that cannot just yet be quite clearly shown. The first letter to be introduced in this chapter was from Mrs. Carrie Coykendall Brown, of Charlotte, Mich.

"Your letter and prospectus of the history of the Kuykendall-Coykendall family has been received. I can give the following from my father, Peter Walling Coykendall, who was born in Yates county, New York State, February 14, 1823, and is still living in Charlotte, Mich., with me. He is in his 90th year. Will enclose what records he gave me.

Peter Walling Coykendall was born February 14, 1823, Yates county, N. Y.

Laura Ann Kimball Coykendall was born February 9, 1822.

Their children were:

Eudora Lucretia Coykendall, born January 2, 1866, died March, 1893.

Frank Emery Coykendall was born February 28, 1851, died 1910.

Carrie Coykendall Brown was born December 28, 1859.

My great grandfather was Emanuel Coykendall, born in New Jersey, and died June 3, 1839, aged 66 years. His children were: Henry Coykendall, my grandfather, born September 20, 1792, and died March 24, 1862, in New York state. The other children were WILLIAM, SQUIER, JOEL, JONATHAN, MILTON, HARRISON, CHARITY, and MARY ANN COYKENDALL. All these were born in New York state. My

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grandfather, Henry Coykendall, came to New York state when a boy and lived there all his life. My grandmother, Mary Walling Coykendall, was born December 18, 1798, and died December 24, 1863.

Their children were:

Ermenda, born April 30, 1816, died February 12, 1833.

Emanuel, born April 14, 1818, died February 19, 1875.

Thomas Afflic, born November 24, 1840, died September 3, 1865.

Peter Walling, born February 14, 1823, (my father).

Sallie Maria, born April 17, 1825.

Catherine E., born June 25, 1835.

Caroline E., born December 15, 1838, died June 12, 1840.

You can learn about William Coykendall's family by writing to his son, Robert Coykendall, Romeo, Mich., and about Jonathan Coykendall by writing to his daughter, Mrs. Sarah Coykendall Adams, Romeo, Mich. They may be able to give you information of their uncle's families besides their own. I should have said that Peter Walling Coykendall never used the Peter part of his name. He always was known as Walling Coykendall. He went from Yates county, N. Y., to Canadice, Ontario county, N. Y., when ten years old, living there and at Wayland till coming to Michigan in 1869."

Following the suggestion of Mrs. Brown, Mr. Robert Coykendall was written to, and the following reply was received:

"Yours of April would have been answered sooner only for sickness and it is hard for me to write very plainly, as I have to write left-handed, since I had my right shoulder broken, and am not as steady-nerved as I was. I am now past 81 years old. Now as to the history you ask for, I cannot give you all in full, but will go as far as I can.

Grandfather, Emanuel Coykendall, was born in Holland. I cannot give you the date he came to the United States, but he came some time in 1700, settled in New Jersey, where most of his family were born. From there he moved to Yates county, N. Y. There were six boys in his family, as follows: Squier, don't know who he married; Henry, married Polly Walling; Joel, married Sally Lewis; William, married Clara Hulburt; Jonathan, married Maria Haines; Milton, married, but I don't know who; Charity, married Levi Ellis. Henry, Joel William and Jonathan settled in Canadice, Ontario county, N. Y. There was no Jotham in the family that I remember.

Squier Coykendall's children were: Harrison, Emanuel, Anthony and Ezra were twins, and there was Henry and one girl, Eliza, who married James Wilson.

Don't know who the boys married. Henry's children were:

Emanuel, who married Mary Hyde.

Afflic, married Susan Kimball.

Peter Walling, who married Laura Kimball.

Sally Maria, married Warner Hyde.

Catherine, married Lemon Gould.

Areminta and Caroline both died young.

Joel's family were: Levi, who married Frances Hoppough; Harry, married Miss Winfield; Hiram, don't know who he married; Leah, married Frederick Hoppough; Hannah, married John Winfield; Rebecca, married Asa Horton; Mary Ann, married Brad Hoppough. Jane died.

The children of my father, William, were: Harrison, who died young; Milton, married Susie Toll; Jeremian, not married; Jackson died at the age of 21 years; Robert (myself), married Elizabeth M. Warner; Austin, married Carrie (???); Henry, married Jane Rodgers; Dwight was killed in the army, and there were two daughters not married; Susan married Abner Doolittle; Mary married Hugh Jones.

The children of Jotham were: Charles, who married Elizabeth Pulver; Coe, who married Caroline Pursell; Milton, Squier, Arnold and Isaac I cannot tell who they married. Sylvia, married Hardin Colgrove;

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Mary, married S. McComber; Phila, married John Hoppough; Sarah, married Sarah Adams. I don't know whom Milton Coykendall married. He had two daughters, one of whom married Stephen Beemer.

A letter from Mrs. Stella Coykendall Morgan, of Avon, N. Y., says:

"My great grandfather's name was Henry E. Coykendall. He had five children: Thomas Afflic, Walling, Manuel, Sallie and Catherine.

Thomas Afflic was born 1820 and died 1863. He married Susan Kimball and had four children, who were: Eugene, born 1846, and Actice, Mary and Cora.

Walling married grandfather's sister, Laura Kimball, and they lived in Romeo, Mich., and had two children, Frank and Carrie. Manuel, I believe, died unmarried. Sallie married Warner Hyde and had three sons, Henry, Horace and George. Grandfather Henry's daughter, Catherine, married George Stoddard for her second husband, and a man by the name of Gould for the first husband. I believe she had two children by Gould, viz: Charles and Minnie. Will collect what dates I can from Aunt Catherine, Cassie, as she was always called, when I go to Rochester, in the course of a week or two.

Eugene, the son of Thomas Afflic, was born in Canadice, as were the rest of the family. I think that by going to Canandaigua one might find the old town records and gather up some dates. He was married twice. First to Ellen C.

Parsall, of Springfield, N. Y., in 1867. One daughter was born to them in 1870, Zella C. (myself). His wife died in 1822, and in 1826 he married Kate Hayes, of Lima, N. Y. Two daughters were born to them, Harriet, in 1887, and Alice in 1893.

Father remembers very little of his grandfather's people. Says he can recall two brothers of his grandfather, Joel and Jotham. Joel had a son Levi and two daughters, whose names he can't remember.

Jotham had three sons that he can remember, Coe, Carl and Arnold.

You see these people of the name are not very closely related. Father was an only son, and Walling had only one son, who I think died unmarried. Walling's daughter, Carrie, married a Brown, and lives in Michigan.

Now I can tell you of the rest of my father, Eugene Coykendall's, family.

Alice married Lafayette Shephardson, and had four children: Delbert, Arthur, Elmer and Alice. They all live in Dakota, near Pine Ridge. Alice died in 1909.

Mary married James Ford and has a daughter, Cora B., who married Carleton Ely, and they have two sons, Elmer and Harry, living in Lima, N. Y.

You see that most of the people of the name were some time or other located in Canadice, and as Canandaigua is the county seat, it would be there one would look for records."

Everett E. Coykendall, Springwater, N. Y., has been quite interested in the family history and genealogy of his people. He is one of the descendants of Emanuel Coykendall, born 1773. His people have been in the habit for several years of holding an annual reunion at his place. He had until very recently, a very aged uncle, Levi, who died since the writing of Mr. Coykendall, at the age of 92 years. This old gentleman had an excellent memory of past events relating to the people and places in the region where he lived, and took pleasure in going over reminiscences of the past.

Excerpts from Mr. Coykendall's letters follow:

"I am interested in what you are doing in regard to our ancestry and beg for a little time to get data. The oldest of my uncles and aunts are dead, and I am therefore handicapped, as there was no genealogy of our family kept, to my knowledge.

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I have a cousin, Mrs. W. D. Becker, of No. 8 Franklin Square, Rochester, N.

Y., who has the family Bible of my grandfather, Jotham Coykendall, and who would gladly give you what data she has.

I have also an aunt, of Leonard, Oakland county, Mich., whose name is Mrs.

Isaac Adams, who I believe could give several addresses of Coykendalls of that state.

There is one, Eugene Coykendall, Lima, Livingston county, N. Y., who could give the names of one branch of the family. Also one Gabriel Coykendall, of Mumford, N. Y., who represents another family.

I have also a fourth cousin, Harry Coykendall, of Hemlock, Livingston county, N. Y., who is a travelling man, a nephew of Mrs. Swan, of whom you speak, who tells me he has met Coykendalls on the Hudson river, also at Elmira, N. Y., Dundee and other places in New York, who could, I think, give you several addresses.

The Coykendalls in our section have a reunion every year, this year at my place (which has been in the hands of the Coykendall family since 1832), and I will try to learn all I can about our ancestors. None other than Coykendalls have lived on the old homestead at Springwater since 1832, when it was bought by Jotham Coykendall, who came from Yates county, N. Y., with four or five brothers, and bought homes in Canadice, Ontario county, N. Y. There have been eleven children born on the place. Two of them have been soldiers. One died in the Civil War; he was Jonathan Coykendall."

Accompanying this letter there was a sheet containing the family record of Emanuel Coykendall and Mary Struble, his wife. In gathering up data for this volume there were a good many variations in the reports from different members of the same family or branch. In giving the names of the children of different families and dates of their birth, where dates were given, there were nearly always some discrepancies or differences, so that it was not possible in all cases to determine which was right. This explanation

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is necessary to account for errors that may be found in reporting family histories and family records. In their correspondence all did not remember the same facts, some remembered a good many things that the others did not mention, and often these things were of greatest importance in helping to unravel the tangles in the family genealogy. This shows the importance of getting the stories of different ones of the same family, and then putting them together and comparing. It is evident that the foregoing letters all relate to the same branch of the family. By making a chart of Emanuel Coykendall, born 1773, and taking the names given in these letters a pretty full chart of this branch could be made, as I have found by actual test.

The following communication from C. W. Coykendall shows the writer to be of a collateral branch, if not of the same branch as the foregoing.

"Unfortunately, in early life I neglected to inform myself much in regard to my ancestors. On my father's side my grandfather was named Jacob. He was in the Revolutionary War, was wounded, and at his death was buried here.

So far as I know he had three sons, Peter, Daniel and James. I am the son of Peter. He was born in 1798, at or near Phelps, N. Y. He came to this section when about 20 years of age, and died in 1878, aged 80 years.

My uncle, Daniel, was never married. He was born in 1800, and died here in 1861. I never saw my Uncle James, but always understood he went somewhere west, and probably died there early, for I never used to hear my father speak of him and never received a letter from him. He was the youngest of the three.

My father's oldest son, Myron, was born in 1824, went to Dakota just before the Civil War and soon died. Have lost all track of him.

The next son, George, went to Waukegan, Ill., fully 50 years ago, and lived about 15 years. The next son, William D., born 1839, died here in 1880, leaving a daughter, who married an architect here named Ed. Howard. Next is myself. I was born March 24, 1843, married in 1877.

My mother's name was Eliza Scranton. My wife's name was Hattie M. Hucker. Have no children. My last brother is Henry J., born December 2, 1846, married and has three children, viz: C. Milton, living here; Mrs. Fred Dodd, also here, and Lyman T., living in Helena, Mont. My brother, Henry J., was a member of the 185th Reg. N. Y. Vol.; was in every engagement of his regiment until the close of the war, without a wound."

This was signed "C. W. Coykendall, 308 Ulster Street, Syracuse, N. Y."

The statement of Mr. C. W. Coykendall that his grandfather, Jacob, was in the Revolutionary War, wounded and buried at Syracuse is interesting. I had not before heard of any Jacob Coykendall in that war, but it is possible there may have been.

If the history of this family could be fully traced out, it would throw much light upon that of a large number of contemporary members of collateral branches, no doubt. The eldest son of Jacob, who went to Dakota before the Civil War, probably left descendants who are yet somewhere in the west.

George, who went to Waukegan,

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Ill., over fifty years ago, most likely left children who are in the west.

Then there was Lyman T., who went to Montana, a grandson of Jacob.

A thoroughly conducted correspondence might, and probably would bring a large amount of information.

The following letter from Harry Coykendall, Dundee, N. Y., adds something to the information given by Mr. Everett E. Coykendall and others.

"I do not know anything about my great grandfather, but my grandfather, Esquire (Squier) Coykendall came from New Jersey to Yates county, N. Y. I do not know the date of his birth, or death, but he died perhaps fifty years ago.

His children were Eliza, Mary Jane, Ezra and Harrison, who died, but I do not know the dates of birth or death.

Anthony died March 18, 1913, at St. Johns, Mich. Henry, who is my father, died March 12, 1907; he was born September 6, 1836.

Emanuel is living near Dundee. Katherine Davis, who is living at Himrods, N.


The descendants of these are: Harrison, with two sons, Bert and Ezra, living.

Anthony, two sons, Harrison and Frank, and one daughter, Ruth. Henry, two sons, which were Harry, born August 5, 1870; Emanuel, who had one daughter, Cora, who is still living. The children of these are Bert, two daughters, Floizel and Mary, and one son, Walter, all living. Ezra, two sons, George, living at Brooklyn, N. Y., and Frank, Corning, N. Y. Anthony's children are unmarried.

I (Harry) have one daughter, Florence Nellah, born August 12, 1896.

Emanuel's daughter, Cora, married George Clark, and Katherine's daughter, Anna, married George Lunny."

J. B. Coykendall, who is in a general insurance business at Elmira, N. Y., wrote in September, 1915.

"I have read your kind letter of the first inst. with a great deal of interest and pleasure.

I have sent for a history of Sussex county, N. J., which has been temporarily loaned. This large volume belonged to my maternal grandfather, the Hon. Isaac Bonnell, and may contain the information desired by you. It has been some time since I have seen this book, but the names Kuykendall and Coykendall, to the best of my recollection, are often mentioned. Just as soon as I get this book, will look it over and send you any information that it contains along the lines mentioned.

My father, eighty-six years of age, is still living, but he has had three strokes of paralysis and is quite feeble. He came from Montague, N. J., which is about nine miles south of Port Jervis, N. Y.

His father's name was Moses. Further than that I am at the present time unable to give further information. On my maternal side it would be easy. I do now remember my father saying, some years ago, we were connected with the Coykendalls of Kingston or Rondout, N. Y."

This correspondent is doubtless a descendant of Moses Coykendall, the progenitor of a very large line of descendants, many of whom are yet to be found in Sussex county, N. J., Montague, where his grandfather was born, is just above the site of the old village of Minisink, where so many of the Kuykendall forefathers lived. Mrs. J. B. Coykendall's grandfather, Hon. Isaac Bonnell, was doubtless of the Bonnell family that lived at Montague or Sandyston township during the Revolutionary War.

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Captain Bonnell was prominent in those parts during the Revolution.

The descendants of the Kuykendall ancestors who were in the Revolutionary War are always glad to be able to trace their family lines back to their patriotic forefathers. Unfortunately there are many who undoubtedly are descendants of Revolutionary soldiers, but who cannot produce proof of the fact.

Correspondence with Mrs. Charles D. Angle and her sister, and with Hon. W. H.

Nearpass, of Port Jervis, N. Y., have been an aid in establishing the fact that Mrs. Angle and her sister, and all her Coykendall people are descendants of Harmon Coykendall, a soldier in the Revolutionary War. His war history is given in the chapter in this volume on "The Kuykendalls in the Revolution."

Mr. Nearpass wrote me March 10, 1916, as follows:

"In the family of Dr. Edgar Potts, a physician of this city, whose wife is a Coykendall, as I infer, is a family Bible containing the births, deaths and marriages of Coykendalls. The daughter, at my request, copied the record for you and I send it, as it may interest you. The record is found below:

Emanuel Coykendall was born May 2, 1790.

Sabrina Aber was born November 8, 1789.

Sabrina Aber and Emanuel Coykendall were married January 23, 1808. Their children were:

Maria Coykendall was born February 27, 1809.

Martin Coykendall was born August 10, 1810.

Abner A. Coykendall was born January 12, 1813.

Melliscent Coykendall was born October 22, 1814.

Herman Coykendall was born July 5, 1816.

Charity Coykendall was born October 13, 1817.

Zelotus G. Coykendall was born June 8, 1819.

Emanuel S. Coykendall was born April 17, 1821.

Catheryne Jane Coykendall was born April 15, 1822.

David Coykendall was born July 24, 1823.

Sally Ann Coykendall was born February 18, 1825.

Daniel Coykendall was born May 11, 1826.

John Coykendall was born November 22, 1827.

Lewis Coykendall was born November 9, 1831.

Alpheus B. Coykendall was born January 9, 1835.


John Coykendall, died April 20, 1828; David Coykendall, died January 3, 1830; Emanuel Coykendall, died July 6, 1846.


Emanuel Coykendall to Sabrina Aber, January 23, 1808.

Maria Coykendall to William Wickham, October 14, 1827.

Martin Coykendall to Margaret Van Sickle, July 30, 1830.

Melliscent Coykendall to Nelson Hoyt, December 10, 1831.

Abner A. Coykendall to Huldah Wilson, February 18, 1832.

Hermon Coykendall to Eliza Northrup, October 14, 1834.

Charity Coykendall to John Cole, June 27, 1835.

Emanuel Coykendall to Lydia Willson, January 1, 1831.

Mrs. Charles D. Angle, who was referred to above, wrote me as follows concerning her ancestry:

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"Grandfather Emanuel Coykendall was born May 2, 1790, was married to Sebrina Aber, January 23, 1808, and died July 3, 1846, aged 56.

Grandfather's children were:

MARTIN COYKENDALL, born August 30, 1810, married July 30, 1830, to Margaret Van Sickle, lived near Mount Salem, N. J., and the latter part of his life near Matamoras, Pike county, Pa., for about 35 years.

MARIA COYKENDALL, married William Wickham, lived at Colesville, N. J., was born November 22, 1809.

MALISSENT COYKENDALL was born October 22, 1814. Married Nelson Hoyt, December 10, 1831, lived most of the time in New York.

HARMON COYKENDALL was born July 15, 1816.

CHARITY COYKENDALL was born October 13, 1817, married June 27, 1835, to John Cole. Lived in Colesville, N. J.

ELOTIS COYKENDALL was born June 3, 1819.

SALLY ANN COYKENDALL was born April 5, 1825. I do not know the year she died, but think it was about 1870.

LOUIS COYKENDALL was born November 9, 1831, died two or three years of age, lived in Sussex county, N. J.

JANE COYKENDALL (BEEMER) died about two or three years ago. She was along in years, in the 80s.

DANIEL COYKENDALL was born May 8, 1826.

ALPHEUS COYKENDALL was born 1835, don't know anything further.

DAVID and GRINNELL COYKENDALL, I don't know anything about what became of them.

MARTIN COYKENDALL was the father of 12 children, and I am one of them. Seven grew up to men and women, and four of them are still living. Emanuel is my oldest brother, and is aged 77. Brother Harrison died about ten years, ago aged 60. My eldest sister, Mary Elizabeth, is about 72. My only living brother is Seymour, and is 65. My sister, Georgiana, is nearly 58 and I am in my 60th year. The other children died when very young. There are other people of the same name as ourselves living here.

Samuel D. Coykendall, who died recently, was a second cousin. He has a sister living here, and there are a few Kuykendalls. I think Kuykendall is the German name for Coykendall."

Comparing this letter with that from Mr. Nearpass, we see that though there can be no doubt as to the same family being referred to, it is shown that the human memory is not to be compared to actual records.

Mrs. Angle's sister, Georgiana Cole, died in January, 1917. Her brother, Emanuel, died December, 1912.

In the chapter on "Kuykendalls in the Revolution," in the account therein given of Harmon Coykendall, will be found a copy of Harmon's own family record, giving names and dates of birth of his children.

In that record is found the name of Emanuel Coykendall, born May 2, 1790. On the leaf upon which was written the names of his children, there was written also, "Harmon Coykendall was born September 15, A. D. 1756. In the register of the Dutch Reformed Church at Deerpark or Minisink, we find the record of the baptism of Hermanus Kuykendal, son of Martines Kuykendal and Catryntje Kool, the witnesses being Hermanus Inwegen and wife Grietje. It is very probable that Hermanus was named for Hermanus Inwegen.

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There can be no possible doubt that this baptism was that of Harmon Coykendall. The date of birth of Harmon's son, Emanuel, as given by himself agrees exactly with the date found in the old family Bible in possession of Mrs. Dr. Potts, of Port Jervis.

It is to be remembered that children were not always baptized the same year as they were born. There were many instances where they were not, and this was from various causes. In this case there was a general Indian uprising the year Harmon was born, and travel along the road from Esopus to Minisink was dangerous, and

affairs in that neighborhood were in much confusion. The coincidence here is perfect as to date of birth and other circumstances, so that there is no doubt but that all the living Coykendalls in the direct line of Mrs. Angle and of Seymour, Martin, Emanuel and the others are descendants of the Revolutionary soldier, Harmon Coykendall.

Mr. M. A. Coykendall, who has been for some years connected with the "Immigration Service," has written me at different times, and sent me a family chart. His grandfather was the oldest son of Moses Coykendall and Hannah Decker. His grandmother was the daughter of Joel Coykendall and Margaret Struble, his grandfather

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and grandmother being cousins. Unfortunately the chart was sent without dates.

It would be far more valuable if there were dates to show the time of births, marriages and deaths. The record is here given, for it will undoubtedly be helpful to some others, and perhaps some may be able to supply a part at least of the missing dates.

We will take first the line of his father's side. The line running down to his great grandfather shows thus:

Luur Jacobsen Van Kuykendaal (1), Pieter Kuykendal (2), Hendrik Kuykendal (3), Hendricus Kuikendal (4), Moses Coykendall (5). This Moses Kuikendal married Hannah Decker, and they had children as follows:

Henry (6), born October 11, 1789, married Mary Coykendal.

Samuel D. (6), September 8, 1791.

Elijah (6), born September 17, 1793.

Susannah (6), born August 6, 1795.

Mary (6), born June 16, 1797.

Jonathan (6), born October 12, 1802, married Bethea Terry.

Sally (6), born April 6, 1805, married John Westfall, three daughters.

Margaret (6), born August 28, 1807.

Julia (6), born November 28, 1809.

Madison (6), born June 8, 1812.

Harrison (6), born May 26, 1815.

The children of Henry Coykendall and Mary Coykendall were:

Julia Ann, who married Marcus Bartlett, and they had two children, Mary, who married Stephen Shephardson, and Levi.

Joshua married Ann Lewis, they had four children, Ella, Emma, Frederick and Frank.

Jefferson, no further record.

Jeremiah, no further account of him.

Joel, married Prussia D. Andrews, whose children were Ella, Alice, Belle, Sadie, Julia, Marion Arthur.

Madison, married Elizabeth Powers, whose children were Lillie, Arthur.

Moses, no further record of him.

Henry lived in the vicinity of Auburn, N. Y.

Wesley lived in Waverly, Iowa.

The parents of M. A. Coykendall's grandmother, Mary Coykendall, were Joel Coykendall and Margaret Struble. The children of Joel Coykendall and Margaret Struble were:

Julia Ann, who married Marcus Bartlett, two children.

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Joshua, married Ann Lewis, four children, Ella, Emma, Ford, Frank.

Mary Coykendall married her cousin, Henry Coykendall, and their children were Joel, who married Prussia D. Andrews, whose children's names have already been given.

Sally, married Matt Lewis, two children.

Betsy, married David Finch, no further record.

Charity married Benjamin Coykendall, and they had five children, Amos, Joel, Harrison, Iva, Eliza.

David, married Louisa (???), no further record.

John, married Eliza Baldwin, two children, Charles and Morris.

Madison, married Sophia Winfield, two children, Mary Ann and Melvin.

Katherine, married Alfred Thayer, they had four children, viz: Eliza, who married Moses Adams; Sarah, who married H. D. Shepardson; Martha and George.

Catherine, married David Lamont, no further record.

JOEL (7), son of Henry (6), and Mary Coykendall, was born in Starkey, Yates county, N. Y., December 4, 1831, and married Prussia Davis Andrews, in East Bloomfield, N. Y., December 15, 1850. She was born in Plymouth, Mich., December 4, 1831. To them were born six children, who are of the eighth generation, viz.: Mary Luella, born at East Bloomfield, N. Y., June 15, 1852, who died in Bethel, Iowa, February 20, 1871. Alice May, born in East Bloomfield, N. Y., January 11, 1858. Edna Lena Bell born in East Bloomfield, N. Y., October 19, 1860, and died in Bethel, Iowa, March 4, 1871. Sarah Andrews, born in East Bloomfield, N. Y., January 12, 1864, married A. H.

Corbett, in O'Neill, Neb., February 8, 1885, died in O'Neill, May 14, 1891.

Julia, born in Camden, Ohio, December 6, 1868, died in Bethel, Iowa, March 19, 1871. Marion Arthur, born at Richland, Iowa, May 2, 1871, married Ula May Sanders in Washington, D. C., June 16, 1910. She was born in Good Hope, Ill., January 23, 1864. Joel Coykendall was a farmer by occupation, and a pioneer from preference, leading the van of civilization, as it spread from New York to Ohio, thence to Michigan, thence to Iowa, thence to Wyoming, but in his old age he returned to Nebraska, where he died, November 25, 1911, leaving a wife and two children, Alice and Marion Arthur.

Concerning the brothers of his father, Joel Coykendall, Marion A. is unable to give definite information. Two of them were killed in the Civil War; one lived in the Red River country of North Dakota; Wesley lived in the vicinity of Auburn or Aurora, Neb., where he has children still living. Caroline married George Freeman and lived somewhere in Ohio. One or two of his grandfather's children died in childhood, the others he knows nothing about.

To Sarah Andrews Coykendall Corbett there was born one son, Earl D. Corbett, May 26, 1886, in O'Neill, Neb. Alice May was a teacher in the common schools for a number of years, then became a dressmaker, but in later years has devoted her time and care to her aged parents. Marion Arthur Coykendall was born May 2, 1871, on a farm, near Strawberry Point, Iowa, and lived in that vicinity until April, 1880, when he accompanied his parents to Holt county, Neb., where his father had filed on land fifteen miles east

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of O'Neill. He lived there until the fall of 1890, when his father sold out the farm and moved into O'Neill, where Marion entered the office of the "O'Neill Frontier," a newspaper, to learn the business of printing. He followed that occupation until the outbreak of the Spanish-American War, May, 1898, when he enlisted in Company M, Third Nebraska Volunteer Infantry, in which he served as first sergeant for one year, or until his regiment was mustered out of service, at Augusta, Georgia, May, 1899. Then returned to O'Neill, soon purchased half interest in the "Neligh Advocate," with which he was connected until April 1st, 1900, when he went to Washington, D. C., to accept a position in the Government Printing Office. His health failed on account of disease contracted in the army, he was forced to seek outdoor active occupation in January, 1908. Resigned his position in the Government Printing Office and was appointed Chinese Inspector in the U. S. Immigration Service, and was sent to Arizona, where for two and a half years he hunted Chinese smugglers throughout the mountainous regions of that portion of the Mexican border. Was transferred to Galveston, Texas, March 1, 1910, and June 16, 1910, was married to Miss Ula Sanders. In January, 1911, he was transferred to Houston, Texas where he remained until 1915.

The following is from Frank Coykendall of Hollywood, Cal.

"My father's name was Joshua Coykendall. He was the eldest of ten boys and three girls. The family moved from Rochester, N. Y., about 1840, and settled near Camden, Ohio, Grandmother was a Coykendall and second cousin to my grandfather, Henry Coykendall. My mother was Ann Lewis, who came of an old family from New Hampshire, and settled in Sandusky, Ohio. They moved to McGregor, Iowa, where I was born, December 10, 1860. Frank Coykendall, of Portland, Ore., is a cousin, and his sister, who is older, could give you some valuable data, a family by the name of Marsh, at Strawberry Point, Iowa, are cousins and have an exhaustive family tree. Uncle Joel lived at O'Neill, Neb.

His daughter, Alice, lives at Cody, Wyoming, and a son, Charles is in the printing department at Washington, D. C.

The following is from Anna Coykendall, daughter of Mr. Frank Coykendall, written from Hollywood, Cal., February 26, 1917.

"I am writing you for my father regarding our branch of the Coykendall family.

My parents, Joshua Coykendall and Ann Lewis, had the following named children, Ella, Emma, Fred and Frank.

Emma married H. M. Kellogg and their children are Leigh and Helen.

Fred married Delvina Fagnant, and their children are Lillian, who married Frank Murphy, Frank, Joe, Pearl and Harry. Of these Frank married Leah Wilson, and they have two children, viz: James and Anna (myself).

Enclosed find a letter from M. A. Coykendall, which will perhaps be of help to you in looking up the Westfalls at either Strawberry Point or Waterloo, Iowa.

They have a very complete record which refers back to Peter Van Kuykendall, and M. A. Coykendall can surely help you in procuring information concerning this branch."

Mrs. Minnie H. Green Smith wrote December 19, 1916:

"I have delayed answering your letter of 25th November to obtain Uncle John R.

Coykendall's address, which is 143 El Reno Street, Oklahoma City, Okla. My Aunt Mary C. Grayson's address is 1223 Arden

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Avenue, Glendale, Cal. He and she are the only living children of Jonathan B.

Coykendall and Rhoda Roberts Coykendall.

Would suggest that you write to her. She is a very bright woman and a regular bureau of information.

I enclose also information relating to Uncle Horatio G. Coykendall and also concerning Uncle Jonathan Coykendall, born in New York, April 22, 1834, lived in Fulton county, Ill., for a number of years.

He went to California in 1874 and organized the A. & C. Ham Co., which exists today under the management of his two boys, Frank and Horatio G. Coykendall, in San Jose, Cal. He himself passed away in 1903 or thereabouts. He was the founder of the "Pioneer Citizens," and was president of that society for two terms. Was intensely interested in the welfare of the community, was of kindly impulses, always cheerful, though often suffering intensely.

Uncle Duke B. Jackson and Aunt Betsy (a spinster) and Harriet Coykendall Green (our mother) have all passed over. C. A. Green and myself are the only living children of eight, of Harriet Coykendall Green and Enoch George Green."

Enclosed with the above there was a memorial card published by "Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States," Headquarters Commandery, State of Minnesota. This contained the genealogical data as follows:

"Horatio G. Coykendall was born December 1, 1840, in Peoria county, Ill. He was a private in Company F, First Illinois Cavalry, June 3rd, 1861. Captain Company D, 71st Illinois Infantry, July 26 to October 29, 1862, and in Wisconsin 18th Infantry, January, 1863, to July, 1865.

He was in many great battles and after the war was engaged in 'railroad building on an immense scale, necessitating a rough and strenuous life.' Our companion's summons came on Thursday, March 22, at 8 o'clock, following a surgical operation some weeks previous, at Rochester. Mrs. Coykendall died only a few months ago. Three children survive him: Gustave Albert Coykendall, second class member of our Commandery, Horatio G. and Mrs. Bessie Stevenson."

H. G. Coykendall, who is captain in the U. S. army, has been near the Mexican border in Arizona. This is evidently the younger H. G. Coykendall mentioned above. He wrote me in part as follows:

"I am enclosing a little history of my particular branch of the family. It is rather brief, but it may tend to connect our branch of the family with that of the Kuykendall family who originally settled in New Jersey. I have had numerous copies of the papers you so kindly sent me printed and sent to various of my relatives, requesting that they add the history of their own family as far back as they can remember. There is no doubt in my mind that the families are all from the same original stock in New Jersey and that it will be very interesting work tracing them back."

"My grandfather was Joseph Coykendall, his wife was Mary Beadles. To them were born nine children: William, Jonathan, Henry, Joseph, Joel, Doctor, he being the seventh son, Polly and Cyrus, one boy dying in youth. At an early date the family moved from Sussex county, N. J., to Allegheny county, N. Y. In the early thirties three of the brothers and sisters, with their families, emigrated to the state of Illinois and settled in Canton, Fulton county. My father, Jonathan Beadles Coykendall, was born in New Jersey in the year 1797, was married twice. His first wife, Betsy West, died the first year after their marriage. His second wife was Rhoda Roberts. To them were born nine children: Betsey, Duke, Braganza, Andrew Jackson, Augusta, who died in youth, Jonathan, Harriet, Mary, John and Horatio. My father came to Illinois in 1836."

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Another communication from M. A. Coykendall, date of January 31, 1917, will now be illuminating as to showing relationship between his branch of the family and one mentioned above. He says:

"I have no doubt that the Captain Coykendall in Arizona is either a son or a grandson of my father's brother who settled in the Red River country of North Dakota. But I am unable to give you any information whatever concerning them.

I have even forgotten which brother it was. The last I knew of Wesley he was living in Waverly Iowa, but that was twenty years ago, and he is probably dead. However, I believe that he has children living there that you might be able to get some information from. I will try to get into touch with them.

Uncle Henry died in Southwestern Nebraska many years ago. I don't know when or where. About twenty years ago I heard that a son of his lived in Auburn, Neb., and was a lawyer."

J. F. Coykendall, of Chicago, called on me a short time ago, in response to a letter I had written him, and he told me he had written you. He also told me that a man named Struble had called upon him in an effort to trace his relationship with the Coykendalls. If you can get in touch with him he may be able to help you out in reference to Emanuel. I asked Mr. Coykendall to get the information and he promised to try, but I have not heard from him since."

Mr. M. A. Coykendall is a very energetic and active man, and busy man as well, and the government finds him so efficient that it keeps him very much on the go, opening up new offices for the Immigration Service.

It is obvious that the writers of the foregoing letters all belong to the same branch.

There will now be presented a communication from Mr. John Franklin Coykendall, Secretary and Treasurer of the Chicago Great Western Railroad Company. He wrote:

"I cannot do more at this time than to acknowledge the receipt of your letter, and say that I will send you what data I have regarding the family at the first opportunity that I have of preparing the same. I imagine from the circular that you have all the records of the Dutch Reformed Churches at Kingston and other points in New York and New Jersey, and that you have communicated with Mr. S. D. Coykendall, of Rondout, N. Y. This gentleman wrote me some time ago that he was preparing a history of the family, and a copy would be sent me, but I imagine that it is not yet ready.

My father came to Illinois in the 40's and settled at Canton, Ill., where I was born, but I will give you all the details when I write again. Am pleased to know of your work and will do all that I can to aid you."

In a later communication Mr. Coykendall gave the genealogical record of his family, which has been epitomized and is here presented with a sketch showing some of the activities of his life:

"The grandfather of John Franklin Coykendall was Joseph Coykendall, who was born in Sussex county, N. J., and married Mary Beedle. Their children were: WILLIAM, HENRY, JOSEPH, JONATHAN, born September 27, 1797; JOEL, DOCTOR, MARY and CYRUS, who was born 1812.

When Joseph Coykendall had one child, yet in its infancy, he moved to Seneca county, N. Y., and later from there to Allegheny county of the same state.

From that county he moved to Fulton county, Ill., in the winter of 1853. Cyrus Coykendall, the father of John F., was born

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in Seneca county or Allegheny county, N. Y., in the spring of 1812. He married Catherine Faucett and went to Fulton county, Ill., in the year 1835. Their children were:

Mary A., George, Marguerite, Joel, Curtis, Bernice and John Franklin Coykendall. Cyrus Coykendall died at Berwyn, Ill., in December, 1894. The children of Cyrus Coykendall and Catherine Faucett Coykendall have not been traced by the author at the present time, except John F. He was born October 25, 1859, at Canton, Ill. He married Eliza Belle Edmiston, Sept. 30, 1879, and has three children, as follows: Charles Edmiston, born August 3, 1889. Edith Estella, born (???), and Alice Chalmers, born (???). Charles Edmiston Coykendall married Mabel Squire and has children as follows:

Evelyn May Coykendall, John Franklin II, and Charles Edmiston, Jr."

John F. Coykendall received a grammar school education, in the public schools of Canton, leaving school at the age of fourteen years.

He was employed as assistant postmaster at Canton for five years, then entered the service of the Wabash, St. Louis & Pacific Railroad Company at Peoria, Ill., as stenographer. In June, 1883, was with the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy Railroad Company as secretary to Superintendent of Iowa lines, Burlington, Iowa. January 1, 1884, he became stenographer with the Vice President and General Manager of the Burlington

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& Quincy Railroad Company. From October, 1888, to May 1, was private secretary to vice president of the Union Pacific Railway Company, Omaha, Neb. From June, 1892, to 1895 was traffic manager of Fraser & Chalmers, Chicago, and with its successor, the Allis-Chalmers Company. October 1, 1909, he became the Secretary and Treasurer of the Chicago Great Western Railroad Company, Chicago, Ill. The Chicago Great Western Railway Company, in their little magazine, 'The Maize,' have this to say of him and his advancement in the world. 'The ability with which he adapts himself to his surroundings seems to be recognized, as is evidenced by reference to various positions of trust, with increased responsibilities, which he has so satisfactorily filled. In addition to rare business qualities he has an affable disposition which endears him to those with whom he comes in contact.' His branch of the family has produced a large number of first class business men and progressive citizens."

Referring back to the correspondence of Major H. G. Coykendall, on page 314, it will be seen that he says his grandfather was Joseph Beedles Coykendall, while J. F. Coykendall, Secretary and Treasurer of the Chicago Great Western Railroad, says his grandfather was Joseph Beedle Coykendall. Both name the same children of their grandfather, and though they differ in the spelling of the name Beadle, the name is the same. H. G. Coykendall and J. F. are therefore both grandsons of this Joseph B. This data will enable a considerable number of my correspondents to trace their relationship to this branch, and at the same time trace their line back to Luur Jacobsen Van Kuykendaal, our first American born male ancestor.

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Early in my researches and correspondence I came across accounts and records of early Kuykendall descendants in Beaver and other counties in extreme Western Pennsylvania. I was unable to determine their relationship to Benjamin Kuykendall and James, sons of Jacob, and another Benjamin who lived in Allegheny county, contemporary with these. The records show the name spelled variously, Kuykendall, Kikendall, Keykendall, and in many instances one person of these had his name spelled two or three different ways. Mostly where the parties wrote their own name it was Kuykendall. At that date the larger part of those known to be descendants of the first Peter, had adopted the spelling Coykendall. That spelling, however, does not appear at this date in any of the records of that part of the country, and so it would seem at first sight that they probably were not descendants of the first Peter Kuykendal. We should not hastily decide upon the matter, however.

In Beaver county there were several Kuykendalls who appeared as taxpayers and citizens in the years from 1802 to 1807, and perhaps later. Among these were Henry, Benjamin, Ezekial and Christopher, and they appear to have been heads of families though there was nothing found to show who were their near ancestors, or from what branch they came.

In Seawickly township, in 1802, there were Henry, William, Daniel and Lewis Kirkendall, and Kikendalls, Lewis, John Abraham and Samuel. It is almost absolutely certain that some of these were the same individuals with their names spelled differently. In 1805, there were in Shenango township, Beaver county, Benjamin and Ezekial Kuykendall. These were undoubtedly the same Benjamin and Ezekial as were mentioned above, and doubtless Kikendall, Kirkendall, Keykendall and Kuykendall often, in the old records of that region referred to the same person. In 1804 a petition was presented asking the division of South Beaver township, and among the signers were "Henry Corkindall," that is, the records so say, but this was probably the same Henry mentioned above, for when the court appointed a committee "to enquire into the propriety of granting the petition," Henry Kuykendall was one of those appointed.

In October, 1810, Henry Kuykendall was still in that township, for we find that year he asked that "the whole county of Beaver be laid off anew, in regular and convenient townships." This same Henry was doubtless the one mentioned as being a prominent member of the Baptist church in that community.

In North Seawickly township there was organized, sometime before 1802, a church that was called "Providence Baptist Church." Some time prior to 1801, Ezekial Jones and his wife Hannah went to that region from New

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Jersey and settled on the banks of the Conquonessing, about four miles above where it enters Big Beaver river.

The old church record of that organization has been preserved, and it shows that early in the history of that church, Ezekial Jones and Henry Kuykendall and others were elders. An excerpt from the minutes of one of the church meetings is given below.

March ye 22, 1802. The meeting was called to order and the business transacted was:

"1st, Chose Brother Henry Spear moderator.

2nd, A door was opened for hearing experience and receiving letters. None offered.

3rd, Door was opened for members to sign the Covinint.

4th, Chose Brethren Ezekial Jones and Henry Kikendall Lay Elders."

In connection with this subject, the following letter and data will be interesting. They are given in the hope that they may offer some light, as to where some of these people afterwards migrated and settled, and thus help in tracing the line of descent of a number of the descendants.

Peoria, Ill., Dec. 5, 1911. Dr. G. B. Kuykendall,

Pomeroy, Wash.

Dear Kinsman:--

"I reecived your letter yesterday, and will answer to the best of my knowledge. My father, Ira Kuykendall, was born in Beaver county, Pennsylvania.

My grandfather, James Kuykendall, was born in Holland. My father had only one brother, Henry. He went to Oregon and died there.

My grandfather had one brother, and his name was John. The relatives are most all dead. My father was 92 years old when he died.

I have forgotten almost everything I ever knew about them.

I will send you a clipping, referring to my father, and you may be able to find something that will aid you. Hoping to hear from you again, and with best wishes, I remain,

C. N. Kuykendall. The clipping referred to in this letter was from the Fulton Democrat, published at Fulton, Illinois, and reads as follows:


Died at his home near Bryant, July 28, 1903, aged 91. He was born on Little Beaver River, Pa., Aug. 14, 1812. When he was 5 years old his parents moved to Richland (now Ashland) county, Ohio, where they resided until 1841. Here the deceased was married to Miss Rebecca Neff, January 21, 1836, and here their children were born. In 1841 they came to this county and settled on the farm where he died, in the northwest corner of Liverpool township.

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To them were born three children, Mrs. Anna E. Roberts, who died about 15 years ago. C. N. Kuykendall, who lives near Glasford. Mrs. E. J. Phillips lives on the farm. He had seven sisters and one brother. They are all dead except one sister, Mrs. Lucy Hanchett, aged 90, who lives near Portland, Oregon. His wife is 88 years old and is still in fair health. His honored father, Uncle Jimmy Kuykendall, died in Putnam township, about 16 years ago, at the advanced age of 97. Both father and son were stalwart Democrats, sober, honest men and excellent citizens in every respect.

We have had no finer citizens than these two men.

The funeral services of Uncle Ira were held Thursday at 11 a. m. at the old home, by Pastor Clark, of Pleasant Grove Baptist Church, and the burial was at Willcoxen Cemetery."

There was a sketch of the life of Ira A. Kuykendall, published in some of the local histories of the country, which will throw further light upon the family to which he belonged. It is found below:

"Ira A. Kuykendall, whose sketch now claims attention, is one of the most popular and highly esteemed gentlemen in Liverpool township, and after a long life well and pleasantly spent, looks back upon the years with great satisfaction, in remembering how faithfully he performed every duty that fell to him.

His father, James Kuykendall, was a native of Pennsylvania, and his grandfather, Henry Kuykendall, was also a native of that state, living to the advanced age of seventy-five, devoting his attention to farming.

He reared a family of twelve children and died in his native state. He served in the Revolutionary War, and the gun he used is now in Cuba, this county, in the possession of John Harmison.

Mr. Kuykendall's father moved to Ohio about 1817, being one of the pioneers of that state. He made several trips on horseback, and settled in Richland county, where he entered two hundred acres of land. The country was then new and wild, wolves prowling around and deer abounding in the woods. He continued to farm there until 1837, at which time he moved to this county, near Cuba, in Putnam township. Here again he numbered among the pioneers, and in 1866, having lost his wife, he came and made his home with his son, our subject, until he died at the age of ninety-seven. He was a member of the Baptist church, and his remains rest in the cemetery at Cuba. He was drafted into the war of 1812, but was never called into service. He married Miss Elizabeth Aten, who was born in Allegheny county, Pa. She lived to be about sixty-seven years old, and at the time of her death was a faithful member of the Presbyterian church. To their union were born nine children, viz.: Ira A., Matilda, Lucinda, Abigail, Sarah, Henry, Susan, Anna and Jennie, who died in infancy. Ira remained at home until after reaching his twenty-fourth year and attended the schools in his neighborhood. They were subscription schools, where each pupil

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paid $1.50 tuition, and were naturally without the improvements that have since been made in educational matters. He worked on a farm during the summer, and at an early age developed a great fondness for agricultural pursuits. When twenty-four years of age he married Miss Rebecca Neff, who was born in Shenandoah county, W. Va., and was a daughter of Christian Neff, who was also a farmer and a native of Virginia. The marriage took place January 21, 1836.

Mr. Christian Neff was both farmer and rope maker. The subject of this sketch after selling out his property came to Fulton county, Ill., settling in Liverpool township, having made the trip by wagon, and being five weeks on the road. After his arrival he entered one hundred and sixty acres of land, in section six, and spent several years clearing it up. He built a rude cabin, such as were common in those pioneer days, and worked faithfully and well to improve his property. To Mr. and Mrs. Kuykendall have been born three children, viz.: Christian N., Anna A. (Mrs. Roberts), who is dead, and Mary Electa Jane (Mrs. Phillips). They are both members of the Baptist church, and have been married over fifty years, and have celebrated their golden wedding.

Mr. Kuykendall is of the Democratic party and has served as township commissioner for several terms. He is a prosperous man and much liked throughout this community for his sterling worth and integrity."

Taking the foregoing letter from C. N. Kuykendall and the sketches following it, we can scarcely avoid the conclusion that the Henry Kuykendall mentioned in the county records of Beaver county, Pa., and Henry Kuykendall, father of the grandfather of Christian Neff Kuykendall, were one and the same person.

There are several circumstances that make it almost absolutely certain. Among these are the following:

1st, The records indicate that these Kuykendalls mostly left the Beaver county regions and went somewhere else, as their names do not appear on the records much after that time.

2nd, Those Kuykendalls seem to have been affiliated with the Baptist church, and later we find people living in Ohio of the same name who are Baptists, who say their people came from Beaver county.

3rd, The records show that there was a Henry Kuykendall from Washington county, Pa., who served in the Revolutionary War. Those people in Ohio had an ancestor named Henry who was in that war, and the gun he used in that war is yet in the hands of some of the descendants. We cannot avoid the conclusion that the families in Beaver county, Pa., and those later found living in Illinois were one and the same family and branch of the Kuykendalls.

It is to be remembered that a large part of the early settlers in Washington and Allegheny counties, Pa., went in there from the older settlements in the valleys of the Shenandoah and the South

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Branch of the Potomac, more of them than from Eastern Pennsylvania and Northern New Jersey.

There was much travel between the Shenandoah valley and South Branch of the Potomac, after the completion of the road from Pittsburg to Winchester, Frederick county, in 1774. It has been shown that the Kuykendalls, relatives of Peter's Creek Benjamin, had contracts for surveying and construction of that road. Long before this time there had been much travel and traffic between the pioneer settlers of Western Virginia and Western Pennsylvania and those of the country now comprising the state of Ohio and regions west and south. The Indians had long before had well travelled trails through all that country.

In Kercheval's "History of the Valley of Virginia," when speaking of early Indian depredations in the region of the South Branch of the Potomac, he gives the account below of a great battle in the year 1756.

"The memorable battle of 'The Trough' was preceded by the following circumstances. On the day previous, two Indian strollers from a large party of sixty or seventy warriors, under the well known ferocious Chief Killbuck, made an attack upon the dwelling of Mrs. Brake, on the South Branch of the Potomac, about fifteen miles above Moorefield, and took Mrs. Brake and Mrs. Neff prisoners. They killed Mrs. Brake, who because of her condition could not travel. They cut off Mrs. Neff's petticoat up to her knees and gave her a pair of moccasins to wear on her feet. But they proceeded no further than the vicinity of Fort Pleasant, where on the second night, they left Mrs. Neff in the custody of an old Indian, and divided themselves up into parties, in order to watch the fort.

At a late hour in the night Mrs. Neff, discovering that her guard was pretty soundly asleep, ran off. The old fellow soon awoke, fired off a gun and raised a yell. Mrs. Neff ran between two parties of the Indians and got safely into the fort and gave notice where the Indians were encamped. The next morning, very early, a party of the whites went out after the Indians, and that day the memorable battle mentioned took place." This narrative is given because it probably gives a clue to Mr. C. N. Kuykendall's ancestry. The country on the South Branch of the Potomac, for several miles above and below this great gorge, called The Trough. through which the river sweeps, was where the first Kuykendalls of that country settled. The scene of the capture of Mrs. Neff and the bloody slaughter that followed was only a few miles from the home of Benjamin, John, James and Nathaniel Kuykendall.

In the sketch of Ira Kuykendall that has preceded, we have seen that he married Miss Rebecca Neff, daughter of Christian Neff, and that she was born in Shenandoah county, Virginia, and that her father was a farmer and rope maker. Shenandoah county joins Hardy county, W. Va., in which the capture of Mrs. Neff took place. This may serve as an aid to any of this branch of the Kuykendalls or

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of the Neffs who may at some future time attempt to trace their ancestry. Many of the Kuykendalls and inter-related families went across into the Ohio country, some of whom were the Courtrights, Westfalls, Deckers, Neffs and others.

Going back to the letter of Christian Neff Kuykendall, we find that he says his grandfather, "James Kuykendall, came from Holland." As has been explained elsewhere in this volume, it was quite common in my correspondence to receive letters saying the writer's grandfather or great grandfather came from Holland, so that this statement need occasion no surprise. How such an idea was gotten has been already explained. We know this James could not have been born in Holland, since he must have been of the third or fourth generation from the first American born son of the family, or the fourth from the original Holland ancestor. No doubt a thorough search of all the old county records of Washington, Beaver. Allegheny and other counties of Western Pennsylvania would give additional light upon the subject, and might aid in clearing up the ancestory of "Jersey Ben" and of James Kuykendall, who had land near his brother, the other Benjamin, who lived on Peter's Creek.

The history of the family of C. N. Kuykendall, of Peoria, Ill., as given by himself and as found in the sketches of Ira and James Kuykendall, taken in connection with what is said by Kercheval in his History of the Valley of Virginia, would certainly seem to indicate that the Kuykendalls and Neffs had been some way related in Virginia, probably in the Shenandoah valley. Later investigations showed that there were Neffs and Kuykendalls both lived in that country, and also in Hampshire county, Virginia. There were also Neffs and Kuykendalls went from Pennsylvania to Ohio and settled in the same parts of the country about the same time, some of whose descendants still live there.

These facts furnish valuable clues to aid in the study of the previous history of that branch of the family.

Several letters were written to descendants of "Uncle Jimmy" Kuykendall in an effort to learn more about his ancestors and also about the gun, said to have been carried in the Revolutionary War. No further back ancestor than Henry was discovered. The clerk of the Circuit Court of Fulton county, Illinois, wrote in 1917:

"In looking over the tract index of Putnam Township, I find that James Kuykendall figured in a good many deeds. The earliest that I find is a deed to him March 3, 1838. James Kuykendall's wife's name was Elizabeth. He signs his name K-u-y-k-e-n-d-a-l-l. However, in deeding to him, the name was sometimes spelled C-o-y-k-e-n-d-a-l-l."

Some of my correspondents took the matter up with the editor of the "Canton Register," published in Canton, Ill., and he published at least three articles in relation to James Kuykendall and his early settlement in that region, and about the Revolutionary War gun, part of which was as follows:

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"There is some question about an old gun, an heirloom, in the family. J. M.

Laws, who was formerly sheriff of this county, and who married a granddaughter of James Kuykendall, says the gun was given to the original James Kuykendall by Mad Anthony Wayne, of Revolutionary War fame, and noted Indian fighter, on his eighteenth birthday, but this is seemingly impossible, and it was probably given to Henry Kuykendall, the father of James, as that would bring the time about right. The gun is still in the possession of the widow of the late Dr.

John Harmison, who lives in Chicago. The gun was changed many years ago from a flintlock to the hammer pattern, and up to eighteen years ago was used by some of the family."

Mr. C. N. Kuykendall wrote that his father Ira had only one brother, Henry, who went to Oregon and died there. I learned that he went to Oregon, in the year 1862, and died about ten years afterwards. He had a daughter who died about twenty years ago. There was a Mrs. Lucinda Hanchett died in Oregon, near Portland, a few years ago, aged 97 years. She was a sister of the above mentioned Henry, and daughter of James. A few years back there appeared a picture of Mrs. Hanchett in the Oregonian, a newspaper published in Portland, Ore., with a sketch of her life. This was on the occasion of one of her later birthdays. Mrs. Hanchett has a son, V. C. Hanchett, living at Mapleton, Ore.

The given name, Ira, of Mr. C. N. Kuykendall's father is not a common name in the K family. It suggests the query, might not this Ira, and Ira M.

Kirkendall's family, of Luzerne county, Pennsylvania, have been of the same branch? Both families lived in Pennsylvania,

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one in Beaver and the other in Luzerne county. The foregoing facts suggest many possibilities and make us wish we had more definite information. The clues here presented, if followed, may help clear up many questions in regard to these families.

There are a great many Kuykendall descendants whose line of descent can be very easily traced nearly, but not quite, back to our first American forefather. Some of these would only have to go back one generation further to complete their line. A letter was received only recently from J. W.

Kuykendall, of Asheville, N. C., which shows that his family branch have definite traditions reaching back to the old ancestral home of the Kuykendalls in New York. He says in part:

"I have an aunt still living, who is in her ninetieth year. Her memory seems to be very good. She tells me that our forefathers came from Holland and settled in New York state. Afterwards the sons of James, seven in number, came to the state of North Carolina. Two of these were killed in the Revolutionary War.

Old Uncle Matthew Kuykendall settled in North Carolina, and later moved to Georgia, where his wife and five children were killed by Indians. Richmond Kuykendall was a son of Jacob, my grandfather's brother.

My father's name was John S., born in 1814; grandfather's name was Jesse, born in 1792; great grandfather's name was Abraham. I, John Wesley Kuykendall, was born in June, 1856. My children's names are: Altha, born in 1885; William H., born 1887; Pearl, born 1889; Daisey, born 1908; T. K., born 1910."

This is very interesting when taken in connection with the correspondence of the late Judge W. L. Kuykendall, of Saratoga, Wyoming, whose grandfather was named Richmond, whose father was killed in the Revolutionary War. Richmond, as a given name, so far as I know, is not found in any other family. Judge Kuykendall's great grandfather, who was killed in the Revolutionary War, was almost certainly one of the two brothers of the early North Carolina Kuykendalls that John W. Kuykendall says were killed in that war. We have here a number of definite clues that if followed up would probably lead to wonderfully interesting revelations.

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A complete history of the soldiers of the Revolutionary War can never be written. There were a considerable number of Kuykendalls who had part in that war, whose services cannot now be traced. There were many hundreds and even thousands of Revolutionary soldiers whose descendants cannot find any record to show when or where they enlisted, in what companies they served, or when they were discharged.

At the time of the Revolutionary War, conditions were such that only very meager accounts of it were left, especially of those who were in the private ranks. Many who were prominent in the councils of war and did valiant service for their country, have little left on record more than a bare mention of their names, or possibly of a single engagement in which they fought, or a point or station where they are reported to have been.

In those days there were no reporters on the ground to "write up" battles or deeds of special bravery, there were no telegraphs nor wireless messages, and no rapid transit. Movements of the armies were not published hourly in the papers. News was carried by foot messengers, lean jaded ponies, by canoes or barges and even by ox carts. The country was new and settlements in most places were very sparse. Our fathers were more adept in the performance of heroic deeds than in recording and preserving the records of them for future generations.

When the Revolutionary War was ended thousands of the soldiers hurried home without discharge papers, in fact, in many instances there was a general discharge without individual papers being given. Under such circumstances it is little wonder that the descendants of those who served in the Revolutionary War have so much difficulty in establishing the fact of their being Sons or Daughters of the Revolution.

Where were our forefathers living at the beginning of the Revolutionary War?

While it would be impossible to designate where each family lived, the home sections where they were can be designated with approximate accuracy. So far as can be ascertained, none of the people bearing the name Kuykendall, in its various spellings, were living at that time in their old home on the Hudson river, near Esopus. Nearly all had gone west and south. It is to be remembered that Luur Jacobsen Van Kuykendaal, the son of the emigrant ancestor, had a large family, and that from this family have come all the descendants. As before shown, Jacob, Cornelius, Matthew, Pieter and Arie were the sons of Leur. Pieter was the youngest of these and his descendants mostly remained in New York, New Jersey, and a few in Pennsylvania until after the close of the Revolutionary War. At its beginning most of the descendants of Pieter were yet in the counties of Orange and Sullivan,

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N. Y., and in Sussex, Warren and Hunterdon counties, N. J. Arie Kuykendall, so far as known, left no descendants in the same regions as those of Pieter. The descendants of Jacob had gone to Virginia and settled in Hampshire county, which county at that time embraced the territory that now composes several counties.

The descendants of Matthew and Cornelius, some of them at least, had gone over into the Carolinas and we find records of them there, from 1751 constantly afterwards. Before the Revolutionary War closed, a few of the Kuykendalls had gone west as far as Kentucky and Tennessee.

Just before the beginning of that war and after having lived in Hampshire county, Va., for over twenty years, Benjamin and James, sons of Jacob, and grandsons of Leur Jacobsen Van Kuykendaal, had settled in the territory that was then called the District of Augusta, supposed at that time to be in Virginia. This district comprised a large area of country embracing what now constitutes Allegheny, Washington and other counties in Pennsylvania. At that time all that region was thought by our people to be a part of the colony of Virginia. In the period between 1783, when the Revolutionary War closed, and 1832, forty-nine years later, there had taken place a wide diffusion of our people, and we find a large part of them far from the old ancestral home.

There are many difficulties in getting the war histories of Revolutionary soldiers. The war records were badly kept, and much that was first written was afterwards lost or destroyed. Reports of military operations were made out, in many cases, on such scraps of paper as could be found, and these in numerous instances, never found their way to national headquarters, or if they did were never recorded and filed. In many cases the regimental and company lists were very imperfect. The truth is that the majority of the officers of the Revolutionary War were unlettered men, wholly unused to making records or of writing descriptions of what they had done. They mostly made their records with their swords and bayonets and punctuated them with musket balls, and in many instances sealed them with their blood.

The fighting done in the Revolutionary War in the sections of Virginia, North Carolina and Western Pennsylvania, where many of our Kuykendall people lived, was done by companies organized locally among their own people, officered by themselves, and often at their own expense. With them it was a matter of self- defense, they could not wait upon the movements of the government. Had the people not organized and fought their own battles, they would have been exterminated by the Indians and the British, we should have never gained our independence, and this country might today be a colony of Great Britain.

The American government was poor, finances were low, clothing and arms for the Americans were scarce and difficult to procure. Roads were, for the most part, only narrow, rough horse paths, difficult to travel. Many of our people were isolated and cut

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off from the main settlements, and they had to do something for their own protection. Under these circumstances, we could not expect much to be left in the way of records.

So long a time passed after the close of the war before a pension act was passed by Congress, that most of the soldiers were already dead and all who were living were very old. For these reasons and others before mentioned, it is extremely difficult to get a history of the services of our forefathers in the western part of the country, during the Revolutionary War. We find in the records the names of a number of those who were in the war, and here and there in histories a name appears, but to get any information relating to their services, in what battles they fought, where they were enlisted or discharged, or what families they belonged to, we are left almost wholly in the dark.

Had these persons applied for pensions, their names and something in reference to their war histories would be found in the United States pension records.

There are military reports scattered among the Revolutionary War records that might give much information if we only knew where to look for them. Many of the old papers left are so worn, faded and defaced as to be almost or quite illegible. While examining the pension records in Washington, D. C., in 1914, I was struck with the age of the applicants who had tried to secure pensions for their Revolutionary services. Many died before they had an opportunity to apply for pensions, and so we are left without a record of their services.

Many were mustered out of the service on a general order and did not receive personal discharge papers, and so had nothing to show that they were in the war and no records to show their claims for services. This was more the case with those soldiers of Virginia and the Carolinas.

Coming to America before the middle of the seventeenth century, as our Kuykendall ancestor did, the gradual migration of his descendants westward kept them on the frontiers nearly all the time from the time when they lived at Fort Orange, N. Y., almost until the present time.

There has been no war in our country, of any consequence, during the settlement of New York, all across the continent to Seattle and Los Angeles, in which our people have not had some part. This statement includes all the Indian wars of the Hudson valley from above Kingston, to Northern New Jersey, Eastern Pennsylvania, the French and Indian wars, the Revolution and all its accompanying outbreaks, the war with Mexico and the Civil War. Until I had looked the matter up I was not aware how largely our people have been pioneers and pathmakers of civilization, and soldiers for our country in all our American wars. After a careful survey of the past history of our people, it seems to me it fully corroborates what an old uncle of mine wrote me years ago, saying, "The Kuykendalls have always been icebreakers and frontiersmen, soldiers in American wars."

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The difficulty in obtaining war records of the Revolutionary soldiers has been very great. All who have undertaken to look up such evidences have experienced the same difficulties. In a number of instances I found allusions to members of the family in Indian wars, but was not able to tell where they enlisted or to what families they belonged. A single one of these instances is given. I quote from "Wither's Chronicles of Border Warfare" as follows:

"Dunmore had, through White Eyes, summoned the Shawnee chiefs to treat with him at Fort Grower, but they declined to come in. He then set out, October 11th, to waste their towns on the Scioto, as previously stated, leaving the fort in charge of Captain Kuykendall (not Froman), with whom remained the disabled and beeves. Each man on the expedition carried flour for sixteen days. Just after the battle of Point Pleasant, Lewis had dispatched a messenger to his lordship with news of the affair. Dunmore's messenger to Lewis, with instructions to the latter to join him en route, crossed with Lewis's express on the way. The messenger from Lewis had found his lordship and marched up the Big Hockhocking valley for the Scioto, hurried after him.

The Governor was overtaken at the third camp out (west of the present Nelsonville, Athens county, Ohio,) and the news caused great joy among the soldiers. October 17th, Dunmore arrived at what he called Camp Charlotte, on the northern bank of Scippo Creek, Pickaway county, eight miles east of Chillecothe, in view of Pickaway Plains, and here a treaty was concluded." 'This quotation is made that it may be seen where Captain Kuykendall probably came from.

In the beginning of the Dunmore war, Dunmore gave orders to Captain C. A.

Lewis, of Augusta county, to raise one thousand men and proceed at once to the Ohio river, where Dunmore was to meet him with a like number, to be raised in the northern counties of Virginia, where Dunmore would take command in person.

It so happened that the country where both these regiments were raised were where the western Kuykendalls lived, and this Captain Kuykendall was no doubt from one of these families, but I was unable to place him definitely.

While in Washington, D. C., in the summer of 1914, as before stated, I searched the pension records of the Kuykendalls, and give hereinafter the data pertaining to each there found. It seemed to me that it would be interesting to all members of the family and would be an assistance to those who may wish to establish their line of descent to gain membership in some one of the various patriotic societies of the country, such as the Sons or Daughters of the Revolution.

The first one that will be mentioned is Matthew Kuykendall, whose pension record was the first one I obtained. It was first sent to me by that noble man and splendid research worker and writer, Dr. Reuben Gold Thwaites, the late Superintendent of the State Historical Society of Wisconsin. Matthew Kuykendall first made application for a pension June 15, 1832, and on the 12th of November following he put in a more complete "declaration," which follows:

Matthew Kuykendall, Butler County, Ky.

"Declaration November 12, 1832, aged 74 years: That he resided in York District, S. C., and in June, 1776, that he enlisted

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to go on an expedition against the Cherokees, ordered by the governor of N.

C,, under Gen. Rutherford. That he entered a company commanded by his uncle, and that he also served in Captain Joseph Hardin's Company of Cavalry, and there was another cavalry company on the expedition commanded by Captain Maben. General Rutherford, the commander of the expedition, lived near Saulsbury, N. C. That he was rendezvoused on the South Fork of the Catawba River, and joined the main army under General Rutherford, at what was called the head of Catawba River, and marched across the French Broad and Pigeon into the Cherokee country, where they burned their villages and destroyed their corn, and returned to North Carolina, having served about four months.

That during the expedition he was in no battle, the Indians always avoiding them, but killed some and took some prisoners. There were no Continental companies on this expedition being entirely composed of militia. That he afterwards moved to Burke county, N. C., where he resided, when he was ordered by Colonel (afterwards General) Charles McDowell, in February or March, 1780, to raise a company for the protection of the country against the Tories, which he did, and thus served with his company between three and four months. About June, 1780, he volunteered under Captain Joseph McDowell of Burke county militia, where he resided, and served as a private until after the battle of Kings Mountain; that he served in said Company under Colonel Charles McDowell, and joined him at the head of Cane Creek, in Burke county, where he was engaged with the British and the Tories under Dunlap, and was defeated by them. After the defeat he marched up the Catawba River to Catha's, where he remained a few days, until they heard of the British under Ferguson being in pursuit, when he crossed the Blue Ridge to Yellow Mountain, and thence to Watauga River, where he remained until joined by the troops of Colonels Campbell, Shelby and Sevier and then marched back across the Catawba River to King's Mountain, where Ferguson was defeated, but was not in the engagement, in consequence of having gotten leave of absence to see his family as he passed through the country, and as he returned to join his company, he met Colonel Charles McDowell, who informed him that he need not proceed, as there would be no fighting until after his return. He, McDowell, was then on his way to see General Rutherford, to procure an appointment for one of the said colonels to command the expedition, but in his absence they attacked and defeated Ferguson at King's Mountain. About 8 miles from this place, after the battle, he rejoined his company under Captain Joseph McDowell; that he marched with the prisoners through Burke to Wilkes county, where some of the Tories were hanged, and others paroled. That previous to the last mentioned expedition he volunteered under the said Joseph McDowell in an expedition of between three and four weeks against the Tories and met them at Ramsour's Mill, on the South Fork of Catawba River, in N. C., under John Moore, a distinguished Tory, and

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defeated them. That in the early part of December, 1780, he volunteered for 5 weeks to join General Morgan in Captain Murray's company, and in Major Joseph McDowell's battalion, who had been promoted; and said 5 weeks service expired the day after Cowpen's battle.

Joined General Morgan at Pacolet River in S. C. and retreated to the Cowpens, where he arrived on the 16th of January, 1781, and on the next day about sunrise the engagement commenced, which resulted in the defeat of the enemy, and in which battle he was wounded in the right arm, which has ever since disabled him from using it to advantage.

That he was born in Mecklinburg county, N. C., October 24, 1758; that he lived in Burke county a few years after he was wounded, when he moved to Washington county, N. C., and lived there three or four years, when he removed to Davidson county, Tenn., and lived there 8 or 10 years, when he removed to Logan county (that part of which is now Butler county), where he now resides."

Among the statements made in his "declarations" or affidavits is that after the completion of his first term of service he had a written discharge which he had lost. He remembered distinctly that the discharge was handed to him by Captain Joseph Hardin. To his original statement there was appended the affidavit of a clergyman, Joseph Taylor, living in Butler county, Ky., and Thomas Lawrence of the same place, saying that it was generally reputed and believed that Matthew Kuykendall was in the Revolutionary War as a soldier.

Wilhelmus Kuykendall.

The next pension claim found was that of Wilhelmus Kuykendall. His application was made October 9, 1832. In his "statement" he said that he "Entered the service of the United States under the following named officers and served as herein stated; he resided in the town of Minisink, Orange county, and state of New York, when in the month of April, about the 14th, in the year 1777, he entered the service of the United States in a company commanded by Captain Moses Kortrecht, in Colonel Thurston's regiment, of New York Militia, and marched from Minisink aforesaid, to Ramapo, thence to Kakiac, from thence to Tappan, and to an English neighborhood in the state of New Jersey, and from thence he marched to Ramapo again, in the whole of his time one month and a half, and was commanded by Major Smith.

Then served under one Captain Wood, at Fort Montgomery, Colonel McLaugherty's regiment, in New York state, and Captain Little, at Murderer's Creek, said state, length of time of said service under said officers was two months and a half, as near as this applicant's recollection serves him; afterwards was called into service under Lieutenant Vantyle, in the same year was marched to New Windsor, on the North River, along said river, at the time

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the English burned Esopus; in the said service, for at least one half month, and again went into service under Captain Westfall along the Lackawaxen river, in the state of Pennsylvania, and remained in said service about ten days. And in 1778 went into service under Lieutenant Martyn Decker; went in pursuit of Robert Land and Edward Hix, who were sent from New York to carry dispatches to the Indians at Niagara, and captured said Land and Hix and delivered them over to Lieut. Bull, belonging to Spencer's regiment, afterwards to General Pulaski, in New Jersey state, making the time in the last mentioned service one half month; and in the year 1780 he enlisted for nine months, under Captain Abraham Westfall, in Colonel Paulding's regiment, and continued to serve under said officers for the full term of nine months at one period, on the western frontier, and at different times he was held in readiness and called out in actual service on the frontiers, and at West Point, in the state of New York, in addition to the different service above mentioned, making the whole, as near as the applicant can recollect and make out the same, to be about three years service, and that he has no documentary evidence, and "I do hereby relinquish every claim which I may have, whatever to compensation or amnesty, except the present and declare that my name is not on the pension roll of the agency of any state."

Subscribed and sworn to the day and year aforesaid,


Jason M. Foster,

Clerk of the Court of Common Pleas.

With the documents found among the records to establish the claim of Wilhelmus Kuykendall was quite a lengthy affidavit of Henry Van Etten, which is here presented in full, since it contains facts that are very interesting and illuminating.

State of New York|


County of Cayuga |

Henry Van Etten, of Sempronius, in the county aforesaid, being duly sworn saith, that he was aged seventy-two years on the first day of May last, that he was well acquainted with Wilhelmus Cuykendall, of Mamakating, in the county of Ulster, in the state aforesaid, during the revolutionary war, and is now well acquainted with him. That the said Wilhelmus Cuykendall entered the service of the United States, in the militia, about the first day of July, 1777, under the command of Lieut. Martynes Decker, he served in the Town of Goshen, in the county of Orange, in the state of New York, at a stone house pickett on the frontier, called Decker's Fort, that he continued in said service about three weeks, that this deponent served in the same company, and that about the middle of August, 1777, he again entered the service under Major John Decker, in Col. Thurston's regiment, and in Captain Moses Cortright's company of Militia, he marched from the Settlement called Minisink, in said

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town of Goshen, to Fort Montgomery on the Hudson river. Deponent served in the said company. Said deponent remained at Fort Henry until a few days before the capturing of said fort by the British army, they served about two months and immediately after the capturing of said fort, said Wilhelmus Cuykendall again entered the said service, under the command of Lieut. John Van Tuyl, and marched from the settlement of Minisink to New Windsor, on the Hudson river, deponent was in the same company, and from New Windsor they were ordered to march to Esopus (now Kingston), on the Hudson; they marched as far as Bamk's Bridge on the Walkill, near the Hudson, where they heard that the British had burned Esopus, they were then, after having served about three weeks, discharged and went home. That the said Wilhelmus Cuykendall again entered the service in the latter part of November, 1777, under the command of Captain Little, in what was called then, the Goshen regiment; deponent does not remember the names of the field officers who were in the service.

Deponent again served in the same company. They marched from the settlement of Minisink to a place on the Hudson river called Murderer's Creek, and labored in building fortifications, said Wilhelmus remained in the service about three weeks, and from thence went back to the Minisink, on the frontier and was discharged. That during the remainder of said war, the militia in the west part of the county of Orange were kept on the frontier, guarding against the Indians and were ordered to hold themselves in readiness to march at a moment's warning; deponent has in every year and frequently and at different times seen the said Wilhelmus Cuykendall in the service, such as scouting in the woods, acting as an Indian spy and performing other various duties necessary in guarding said frontiers against the attacks from the Indians, and deponent saith that in the spring of 1778, to the end of the war, the militia were almost constantly under arms in that vicinity, during the spring, summer and fall months; deponent also says that the said Wilhelmus Cuykendall was with a small party who went in pursuit of Robert Land and Edward Hicks and other Tories, who were sent from the British army at New York to carry dispatches to the Indians at Niagara, this was in November, 1778, as near as this deponent now recollects. He was in the same company with the said Wilhelmus, that the distance of about twenty-five miles they captured the aforesaid Robert Land and Edward Hicks, whom they took back, and this deponent and Wilhelmus Cuykendall, Benjamin Cox and Lieut. Martynes Decker took the said Robert Land and Edward Cox to Saunderstown, in the county of Sussex, and state of New Jersey, and delivered them to Gen. Pulaski.

It will be noted that this affidavit was made at Sempronius, in Cayuga county, New York. It was there that the branch of the Kuykendall family that spelled the name beginning with a C lived, and it was natural that the Justice of the Peace, who was Cornelius Cuykendall, should so write the name of Wilhelmus.

This affidavit

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would show a number of things other than the facts for which it was given. It shows that Henry Van Etten had lived in the Mamakating township, a neighbor of Wilhelmus Kuykendall, that the country was new and in a pioneer state, that it was covered with woods, that the Indians were very hostile and very troublesome, and also that they were co-operating with the Tories and the Tories were co-operating with them against the white settlers who favored the cause of the revolution.

We find an affidavit made by Rev. Samuel Van Neetlin, which says "Wilhelmus Kuykendall is a man of first standing in society as to truth and in every other respect, and that he has been for a number of years in full communion in the Mamakating church, and an elder of the same."

This Rev. Samuel Van Neetelen was "a clergyman, residing in Town of Mamakating" and a near neighbor of Wilhelmus Kuykendall. It may be said in passing, that the name Van Neetelen is only another form of the name Van Etten. Van Sickle has a precisely similar variation form in Van Sicklen.

There was another affidavit made by Wilhelmus Kuykendall, July 24, 1737, before James Devins, Justice of the Peace at Mamakating. This was undoubtedly at Devin's Blockhouse, more recently known as "The Stanton House." Near by there was, and is yet, an old cemetery known in old times as "Stanton's Graveyard." This was owned jointly by Wilhelmus Kuykendall, Zachariah Durland and David Dorrance. In this same graveyard Wilhelmus Kuykendall and his wife were both buried. Capt. David Dorrance was himself in the Revolutionary War.

He came from Windham, Conn., was wounded in 1776, but recovered after almost a year and was placed by Washington in a corps under La Fayette.

Mamakating, where Wilhelmus Kuykendall lived, was widely known as a Dutch settlement. The facts here given may be some assistance to some of the Kuykendall descendants, who do not know they are descendants of a Revolutionary soldier, and eligible to membership in the Sons or Daughters of the Revolution, or other patriotic societies.

The Cortrechts, Deckers, Van Ettens, Westfalls and Devins families mentioned in these affidavits were all families into which the Kuykendalls had married.

When the Kuykendalls moved to the Cayuga county regions there probably were several of these families who went along, or came afterwards.

After about two years time, Wilhelmus secured a pension of forty-seven dollars and seventy-five cents per annum, payable semiannually. He was then nearly 74 years old. This looks like a pitifully small sum, less than four dollars per month, as a compensation for his toils, exposures and hardships in the service of his country.

Benjamin Coykendall.

There were more papers filed relating to the pension of Benjamin than any other of the Kuykendalls. He made his declaration

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for pension 30th day of May, 1833, before W. Maxwell, Justice of the Peace for Tioga county, N. Y., as follows:

State of New York|


County of Tioga |

Personally appeared before me the undersigned Justice of the Peace in and for said county, Benjamin Coykendall, of the town of Veteran, in said county, who being duly sworn deposeth and saith that by reason of old age and consequent loss of memory he cannot swear positively as to the precise length of his service, but according to the best of his recollection he served not less than the periods mentioned below in the following grades, viz:

In 1775 under Captain Wilson, in Col. Ephraim Martin's regiment in service at Perth Amboy and South Amboy as a lieutenant 1 mo and 15 days. 1776 winter at Springfield, N. J., as guard(???) Captain, 1 mo. 0 days. 1776 spring at Pompton & Peramus, Captain, 5 mo. 0 days. 1777 May & June at Pompton & Peramus, Captain, 2 mo. 0 days. 1777 Oct. & November, in reg't under Col.

Seward in Gen. Wind's Brigade to Newburgh, and then to Red Bank, Capt., 1 mo.

15 days. 1778 June and July, under Major Meeker at Monmouth and Elizabethtown as Captain, 1 month 0 days.

Services at Minisink or Delaware Frontier.

In 1777 as Captain under Major Meeker, 5 mo. and 0 days.

1778 as Captain in Wind's Brigade, 5 mo. and 0 days.

1779 as Captain, 6 mo. and 0 days, making in all 25 months, 1 1/2 as Lieutenant and 23 1/2 months as Captain, for which he claims a pension.

Subscribed and sworn the|

30th day of May, 1833.|L S.

BENJAMIN COYKENDALL. State of New York, Tompkins County:

Sela T. Benjamin being duly sworn, deposes and says that he visited the cemetery in the village of Ithaca, and knows when Benjamin Coykendall was buried, and the following is the inscription on his tombstone and a true copy.

"Captain Benjamin Coykendall died at Horse Heads, March 12th, 1837, aged 88 years."

S. T. BENJAMIN. Subscribed and sworn before me

This 21st day of September, 1855.


Among the papers of Benjamin Coykendall there is a power of attorney that gives valuable facts and shows that Thomas Welch, of Richford, county of Tioga, N. Y., was the executor of the estate of Benjamin Coykendall, that Thomas Welch appointed Jerome Rowe as attorney to act in the case of Benjamin Coykendall, in order to prosecute the claim to some result. This power of attorney

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was dated September 14th, 1859. He was trying, no doubt, to get an increase, for he had been drawing $355.00 annually for several years.

The following certified statement was found among other papers relating to Benjamin Coykendall's pension claim.

"It is hereby certified that satisfactory evidence has been presented before me, clerk of the court of Tompkins County, that Benjamin Coykendall was a revolutionary pensioner of the United States, at the rate of $355.00 per annum, and that he died on the 12th day of March, 1837, leaving the following named widow and children and none other, to-wit Amor Coykendall, Benjamin Coykendall, Susan Shepherd and Catherine Giltner, etc."

Certified April 5, 1855.

There are on file in Washington, D. C., a large number of letters and other papers pertaining to the pension claim of Benjamin Coykendall, but only such will be presented as will be valuable in a genealogical way, or that might be of assistance to some trying to trace family relationships. The original application of Benjamin Coykendall is given below, as it contains considerable information relating to his services and to the conditions existing at the time, and also has some clues to aid in further investigations into the history of this branch of the family.

State of New York, |


County of Tompkins,|

Personally appeared before me in open court, Benjamin Coykendall, of the town of Veteran, in said county, aged eighty-three years and upwards, who being duly sworn says, that he was commissioned as Lieutenant by Governor Livingston of New Jersey, in the fall of 1775, in a company of militia, in the county of Sussex, then commanded by Captain Henry Snook, in Col. Martin's regiment. Soon afterwards was ordered out as Lieutenant in a company then commanded by Capt.

John Wilson, to Perth Amboy, near the British lines. Then the forces lay on Staten Island. In January, 1776, I was called out at the head of this company to Piscataway in New Jersey, and afterwards to Springfield to guard the line near the American army. At this time the American troops were so much in want of clothing that it was necessary to call upon the militia to guard the line, the weather being extremely cold. Sullivan's Division was then in that neighborhood in a suffering condition. British were then at Amboy. The spring of 1776, in consequence of the alarm caused by the movements of the British troops from the city of New York to attempt a junction with Gen. Burgoyne, who was marching from the north toward the Hudson, the militia of New Jersey were ordered to march to the Hudson, when the deponent proceeded with his company under Col. Seward, to the brigade commanded by Gen. William Winds, proceeded, &c. The

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Hessians were defeated at or near Red Bank, before Coykendall came up. He remained at Red Bank under command of Gen. Varnum until the fort was demolished by the American troops. - - - - After the Minisink frontier was cut off by the Indians, under Brandt and Butler, an order was issued by Gov.

Livingston to raise a company for protection of the inhabitants of Sussex, which composed a part of that frontier. Capt. Coykendall was appointed to the command of the company. The inhabitants erected a stockade fort around the house of Josiah Decker, at the Clove, in the town of Wantage, in the said county of Sussex. Captain Coykendall, with a company of rangers under his command were employed principally in scouting through the woods about the Shawangunk mountains and the neighborhood where the Indians resorted, for one month.

In his statement, Capt. Coykendall says that he was born in the town of Wantage, in the county of Sussex, N. J., on the 18th day of July, 1749, as he verily believes, and as appears by the record of his birth among the Dutch Church, kept in the said town, extracted by himself, many years since from the said records, which were kept then at Wantage by the Rev. Elias Benschoten.

He states further that after the completion of his service for the country in the Revolutionary army, he continued to reside in the county of Sussex until the year 1800, when he removed to Ithaca, in the then county of Cayuga (now Tompkins), New York, and two years afterward he removed to the said county of Tioga. He mentions the names of the continental officers with whom he was acquainted, as Colonels Spencer, Ogden, Martin, and Livingston, N. J. He gives as the names of those who knew of his services, Micajah Dean, late of Milo, county of Yates, N. Y., John Swartwood and Benjamin Westbrook, of Cayuga, in the county of Tioga, N. Y. As references as to his character and standing and his services in the revolution, he gives the names of Theodore Vallean, Esq., of Veteran, David Westbrook, Esq., of Ithaca, N. Y.

Among the letters and documents found among the pension papers of Benjamin Coykendall, in the pension office in Washington, D. C., there was one from George Coykendall, of Waverly, N. Y., to the Commissioner of Pensions. It is given here because it has interest in a genealogical way. It bears date of October 10, 1883, and reads as follows

"The records at Trenton, N. J., show that Samuel Coykendall, of Sussex county, N. J., was enrolled as a private soldier, at the commencement of the Revolutionary War, in the thind battalion of Sussex militia, that he was ensign in Captain Benjamin Coykendall's Company, Second Regiment, Sussex militia, afterwards promoted Captain of the same company and regiment.

Benjamin Coykendall, who was his brother, got killed. The name is spelled different ways, Kirkendall and otherwise. Will you please let me know if the records show he ever received any pay? Does the name of Samuel

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Coykendall, of Sussex county, N. J., appear on the pension records at Washington?"

The writer of the foregoing letter appears to suppose that Samuel Coykendall had a brother Benjamin, who was killed in the Revolutionary War. Samuel was the son of Daniel, while Benjamin was the son of Hendricus or Henry. Benjamin was not killed, but lived to draw a pension as we have just seen. The statement of Benjamin has been considerably condensed, as it seemed quite voluminous.

Samuel Kirkendall or Kikendall.

The petition of Samuel Kirkendall or Kikendall asking a pension was as follows:

To the Honorable:

The Senate and the House of Representatives of the United States in Congress assembled. The memorial of the subscriber, a citizen of the state of New Jersey, in the county of Sussex, showeth that during the Revolutionary War I took a decided stand for American Independence, and was frequently called upon to defend its cause; living in the frontiers, I had many serious conflicts to encounter, the Indians in the rear, the English in the front, and worst of all, the Tories in the center. Shrouded in midnight darkness and having had the honor of a judicial appointment, as well as a military commission, I became the object of their destruction. Notwithstanding my zeal for independence became more inflamed. I together with many of our co-patriots finally routed the Tories from their dens and secret recesses, some of whom were shot and others hung. In the month of December, 1776, a general order from his excellency, Geo. Washington, was issued for all the militia of New Jersey to be called out in service of the country. Among many patriotic Whigs, I freely turned out, but unfortunately, on the 17th day of December at the battle of Springfield I got wounded by a musket ball in my right arm and hand, and am disabled from military duty, documents of which will appear by affidavit of Col. John Cleves Symmes, and a certificate from the court of General Quarter Sessions of Peace, for the County of Sussex, duly certified.

Your memorialist further represents to your honorable body, that at the time I was wounded, I had the honor of commanding a company of militia, and was duly commissioned, and agreeably to a resolution of Congress and the acts of the Assembly of New Jersey, I was entitled to receive half pay as a Captain, which was twenty dollars per month. But unfortunately for me, in consequence of having discomfited the Tories, as above set forth, on my application to the legislature of New Jersey, a brother-in-law, and relative of many of the Tories, was a member of the house from my own county; his being exasperated for my treatment of his brethren, by many false representations caused me to get quarter pay instead of half pay, as by resolve of congress I was justly entitled. Your memorialist further states that owing to many lapses and sacrifices

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by him during the war, he has been struggling ever since to satisfy his creditors and to support a large family; but finally had his property sold by the sheriff to pay his debts; he is aged and very infirm and totally unable to do any kind of labor for his support and that of an aged wife. Your memorialist convinced of the equity and justness of a claim on his country, with becoming deference, humbly prays that your honorable body will take his cause into serious consideration and grant him such relief as your wisdom may direct, and as in duty bound will ever pray.

Knowlton, March 10th, 1818.

The signature to the foregoing was written Samuel Kirkendall, and was apparently written by the petitioner.

That Col. John Cleves Symmes thought the claims of Samuel were perfectly good is evident from the following certificate which appears in records of Sussex county court, February term, 1782.

"This may certify that on the 17th day of December, in the year of our Lord One Thousand Seven Hundred and Seventy-six, I, the subscriber, then having command of the militia from the county of Sussex, of New Jersey, lay at Chatham in s'd state with other battalions of militia, forming a brigade under the command of Jacob Ford, when Col. Ford had advices that the British troops, to the number of eight hundred, under Gen'l Leslie advanced to Springfield, within four miles of Chatham. Col. Ford whereupon ordered me to proceed to Springfield and check the approach of the enemy if possible. According to order, I marched to Springfield with a detachment of the brigade and attacked the enemy at Springfield that evening. In the skirmish Captain Samuel Kirkendall, of the Sussex militia, was wounded in the hand, his hand was split by a musket shot, from his middle finger to his wrist, by which wound he lost the use of his right hand. Given under my hand at Newton, in the state of New Jersey, this the sixth day of May, 1780."


"The object of this certificate on the part of Judge Symmes was to induce the court to recommend Captain Kirkendall for a position to do light garrison duty, and thus be enabled to earn something in the service."

This certificate seems not to have been acted upon during that term of court.

But on the 23rd day of May, 1780, the record of the court shows that Samuel Kirkendall presented the certificate of Col. Symmes above mentioned, and asked the court for half pay, etc.

"Whereupon the court, upon consideration of said certificate and the situation of the said Samuel Kikendall is entitled to receive the half of a Captain's pay, from the said seventeenth day of December, one thousand seven hundred and seventy-six, mentioned in the said certificate of Col. Symmes, agreeable to the resolution of Congress and the act of the Assembly, in this case made and provided."

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As before mentioned the signature to Samuel's petition was signed Kirkendall, and seems to have been in his own hand writing, the script appearing as if written by a man with a lame hand.

Some might be interested to know the exact disability of Samuel Kikendall, at the time he presented his certificate to the court on the 23rd day of May, 1780. The court certifies "that the said Samuel Kikendall is capable of doing guard duty in the corps of invalids" so that we may conclude that he was pretty badly disabled.

The following clipping from a Newark, N. J., newspaper several years ago is apropos at this place.

"John Coykendall of this city has in his possession a rifle which was carried by his grandfather, Samuel Coykendall, during the Revolutionary War. He served in the 2nd New Jersey Regiment. Upon the brass lid covering the flint pocket is engraved 'Samuel Coykendall. His R. T. W. A., Sept. 12, 1774, No. 1.' The initials are supposed to represent His 'Right Trusty War Arm.'

Mr. Coykendall knew of the existence of this gun for many years, but could not locate it. Finally it was traced to a Wall Street Broker, a member of the Oakdale Gun Club on Long Island, and through the knowledge of the widow of John L. Drake, in whose possession it has been since, it was obtained. The rifle has been handed down through several generations. At the death of Mr.

Coykendall's grandfather, Frederick Hayne, a son of Mr. Drake's grandmother, got it from his father, and at his death a sale was made of the rifle and other personal effects. It has been kept in a good state of preservation, the only change apparent being the substitution of a cap lock for the old flint lock."

Many of the pension claimants had presented their claims so frequently, before final action was taken, that there was much repetition and the papers were very numerous. It would be unprofitable to print all, and I have therefore selected such as appear to give pertinent facts, and such as will be an aid in the tracing out of the line of descent of the families represented. It was found to be better to present an epitome of the main facts, therefore the evidence presented has been shortened, but the substance has been retained.

Martin Cuykendall.

Martin Cuykendall made a statement before the Court of Common Pleas, Cayuga County, New York, April 13, 1833. In his sworn statement he says that to the best of his recollection he served eleven months and seven days, in the year of 1777. He entered the service as a volunteer, under the command of Lieut.

Martin Decker, continued one week during that time at work upon a small piquet, called Fort Decker. That in the summer of 1778 he again entered said service as a volunteer, in company of Captain Wilhelmus Westfall, in Col.

Thurston's Regiment, and served one-half month, and was employed at work upon a small fort in the frontier. In the spring of 1779 he again enlisted as a volunteer in the company of Captain Wilhelmus Westfall, Lieut. Martin Decker and

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Ensign Solomon Cuykendall, in the regiment commanded by Col. Thurston, served until the following fall or winter, a term of about eight months. The company and regiment to which he belonged lived upon the frontier, were left to guard the said frontiers from the incursions of the Indians, he was frequently engaged in scouting parties during the said term, ranging the woods, and when so engaged was stationed upon the lines to guard the frontiers.

In July of the same year Col. Thurston was killed in an engagement with the Indians and was succeeded in command of the regiment by Col. Moses Hatfield, the major's name was Reuben Hopkins; this was in the spring of 1780. Having arrived at the age of sixteen he was enrolled in the company of militia commanded by Captain Wilhelmus Westfall, First Lieutenant Elijah Van Auken, Second Lieutenant Levi Van Etten, in the same regiment, as above, and continued to serve therein about eight months, in same manner as during the previous year.

During the fore part of the time he assisted in building another fort on the frontiers, that was commanded by Captain Abraham Westfall. Martin Cuykendall states that he was born in the Town of Goshen, in the county of Orange, and state of New York, in the year 1764, and has a record of his age at home. That he never served with any continental regiment or under any continental officers, but there were frequently continental officers with the troops, but he was not under their command.

This statement was subscribed and sworn to on the 13th day of April, 1833.

Martin Cuykendall made a previous statement or "declaration" on the 24th day of September, 1832, in which he states that in 1776 he was twelve years old when the Indians began depredations at a place called Cosheghton (Cochecton), in Ulster county, New York, and the inhabitants fled from said place. Martin procured a gun and equipped himself for defense, and continued to serve to the close of the war.

From the age of twelve up to sixteen years he was frequently in said service, as guard along the frontiers, in Orange county. During the said time the inhabitants of said frontiers were accustomed to collect together at night, five or six families in one house, and appoint some one of the men to guard the families in said house while they slept.

At the age of sixteen years Martin was enrolled in Captain Westfall's Company and continued to serve in scouting parties and as Indian spy until 1781. He lived upon the frontiers and was frequently called into service; that the whole frontier, from the opening of spring each year, until the winter following was kept in a state of constant alarm, because of frequent incursions of the Indians and Tories, so much so that all business was suspended, except as far as to provide for the necessaries of life.

After the piquet forts were built, the people living near collected in them for safety, and were accustomed to send out small

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parties to range the woods to give notice of the approach of the enemy; that he was frequently engaged in such parties, until the fall of the year 1781, when he entered the company of Captain Abraham Westfall for a term of six weeks. The company to which he belonged, when at home, was divided into six classes, each of which was to furnish one man to serve six weeks, and that he entered said services for one of said classes. Abraham Westfall's company were nine months men, in the regiment of Col. Albert Paulding. This regiment was stationed along the frontiers in small parties, for a distance of about fifty miles to guard and protect the inhabitants.

In 1782, April, he went into service again, as a substitute for one Thompson, in Captain Abraham Westfall's company, in Col. Wisenvelt's regiment. During this time was stationed on the frontier at Minisink, and was engaged as scout during the summer. Was in actual service two and a half years.

Clergyman Archibald McNiel and Simon Swartout testified, September 24, 1832, that Martin Cuykendall was then sixty-eight years of age, and he believed that he was a Revolutionary soldier, and was a credible person.

State of New York, |


County of Cayuga |

I, Jacob R. How, Surrogate of said County of Cayuga, do certify that at a Surrogate Court held before my office in Auburn, in said county, on the 3rd day of August, 1847, satisfactory evidence was adduced before the Surrogate, that Martin Cuykendall, late a pensioner of the United States, a resident of said county, died on the 14th day of February, 1843, that he left a widow him surviving, and that she died on the first day of February, 1844, and at her death she left the following named children, her surviving, and that each one is over the age of twenty-one years, to-wit: Lea Van Fleet, of Seneca county, Ohio, Peter Cuykendall, of Livingston county, New York, Solomon Cuykendall, Elias Cuykendall, Catherine Cuykendall and John Cuykendall, all of Cayuga county, New York, the proof of which was satisfactory to the court, was the attached affidavit of Dr. Daniel Bevier and Rev. William Johnson.

In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and affixed my official seal, at Auburn, this third day of August, 1847.

JACOB R. HOW, Surrogate.

Accompanying and attached to the foregoing statement was a statement from Dr.

Daniel Bevier that he attended Martin Cuykendall, in his last sickness, and according to a note made at the time, Martin Cuykendall died on the 14th day of December, 1843, leaving a widow, who died the first day of February, 1844.

He named the children surviving as above enumerate.

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It appears that in the year 1834 the pension office stopped Martin's allowance because the papers in New York showed his name to be there spelled Creykendall. Correspondence ensued and the matter was corrected.

John Cuykendall, son of Martin, on the 13th day of November, 1851, made a statement that he was a son of Martin Cuykendall, late of the Town of Owasco, deceased, who was a pensioner of the United States, originally at the rate of $80 per annum, allowed him for his services in the War of the Revolution, which said pension was subsequently reduced to the sum of $25 per annum, and whereas I am advised and believe that the pension ought not to have been so reduced, and should be restored to the original amount, etc., he, John Cuykendall, appoints Vinal Luce attorney to prosecute a claim for restoration to the original amount.

In the cemetery at Owasco, N. Y., are to be found stones inscribed as follows:

MARTIN CUYKENDALL, died Dec. 14, 1843, aged 79 years, 9 mo. and 20 days.

ANNA, wife of MARTIN CUYKENDALL, died Feb.

1, 1844, aged 74 years, 5 months and 29 days.

In the same cemetery are found the names of a large number of Cuykendalls, and a great many bearing names borne by people who were the relatives and friends of the family in the Delaware valley, in the old Minisink country. This would show that these people a good many years ago migrated from the older settled sections and settled about Owasco about the beginning of the nineteenth century.

Pension claim of HARMON COYKENDALL, for Service Performed in New York, New Jersey and Pennsylvania.

Harmon Coykendall appears to have gone out to Ohio and settled there, and was a resident of Kingston Township, Delaware county, at the time he made his "declaration" for a pension November 20, 1832.

The facts contained in his statement are epitomized below:

Harmon Coykendall, resident in Kingston Township, in Delaware county, Ohio, aged seventy years. Entered the service under officers named below. Harmon says he was born in New York, Orange county, September 17, 1756. Volunteered in August, 1776, for five months service, under Capt. John Little, N. Y.

militia, was mustered in at Goshen, Orange county. The regiment was commanded by Col. Nichols. Marched to New Windsor, and there embarked on water and went to West Point, stayed over night, went next day to Fort Montgomery, stayed there eight days, then took water and went to Tarrytown, and then marched to King's Bridge, where we were under command of General Clinton. Was stationed at King's Bridge upwards of three months, until about the time of the battle of White Plains, when he (Harmon Cuykendall), was taken sick, after which he was taken over the river to Tappan, where he was a long time confined with what was then called "long

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fever." At the expiration of his five months he was discharged and returned home.

The next spring he went to Wilksburg in Wyoming, and during the summer did not leave arms. In April, 1778, he was enrolled and called into active service, and remained in a company under the command of Captain Daniel Gore, and was stationed at a fort called Fort Rosencranse, the headquarters of General Butler. Was employed as a guard on the Fort, until a day or two before the battle of Wyoming, they abandoned Fort Rosencranse and went to Forty Fort. On the day of the battle (Wyoming) he was placed as sentry on the bank of the river, about 400 yards below the fort. Saw the troops march out to the battle, there being about 375 men, under Gen. Butler, of whom only about 72 or 73 returned. The residue were either all killed or taken prisoners. The next day, before the fort capitulated, Harmon Cuykendall, with a company of four or five men, women and children, making a company of about fifty persons, made their escape from Forty Fort, crossed the river and made their way through the settlements in New York. Almost in a state of starvation they travelled through the woods 33 miles to the first house. With great suffering and hardship they made their way to the Delaware river and to Orange county, N. Y.

In the spring of 1779 he, Harmon Coykendall, went to Sussex county, N. J., there enlisted for three months. Served in Capt. Beckett's company and under the command of Col. Leonard. Mustered at Harrisburg and marched to headquarters at Capt. Chamber's on the Delware. While stationed here he often went with parties to Minisink. After serving three months he was discharged.

He served in all these tours eleven months, five in the first company at King's Bridge, 3 at Wyoming and 3 at Chamber's on the Delaware.

In the fall of 1779 he again entered the army and was employed in the transportation service. Was under Captain Pitney and belonged to the foraging brigade of his command. Was thus engaged eighteen months. The principal headquarters were at Hamburg, the point from which they deported forage.

During this period he went with the army to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and a number of times over to Orange county, New York.

After the Revolutionary War was closed, he resided in Sussex county, N. J., until 1820, when he removed to Delaware county, Ohio, where he resided at the time of making his declaration.

In the year 1833 Harmon Coykendall died, and his wife, Catherine, appears to have made application for pension, on account of being the widow of a Revolutionary soldier, and made the following statement, which was subscribed and sworn to in open court.

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"State of Ohio, |


Delaware County. |

Court of Common Pleas, September Term, 1838. "On the 11th day of September, one thousand eight hundred and thirty-eight, personally appeared in open court, Catherine Coykendall, a resident of Kingston Township, Delaware county, state of Ohio, aged seventy-five years, being duly sworn, doth on her oath make the following declaration:

That she is the widow of Harmon Coykendall, who was a soldier in the army of the Revolution. She saith that her husband, the aforesaid Harmon Coykendall, was pensioned by the United States, that he resided in Kingston township, Delaware county, state of Ohio, at the time the said pension was granted. She further declares that she was married to the said Harmon Coykendall in the county of Sussex, in the state of New Jersey, by the Rev. Mr. Cox, a clergyman of the Baptist church, in the month of August, in the year one thousand seven hundred and eighty-one, and that by reason of her age and loss of memory, the day of the month of her marriage she cannot tell. That her husband, the aforesaid Harmon Coykendall, died on the twenty-third day of July, in the year one thousand eight hundred and thirty-three, that she was not married to him prior to his leaving the service, but that the marriage took place previous to the first day of January, 1784, viz: at the time stated.

This declaration or affidavit was sworn to and subscribed the 11th day of September, 1838.

The following letter found among the pension papers of Harmon Coykendall, at Washington, D. C., is printed because it may be of some benefit to some of his descendants or others in tracing their family descent.

Sunbury, Delaware Co., Ohio, July 3, 1854. "Sir:--

Catherine Coykendall, a pensioneer at the rate of Eighty Dollars per annum, died in this place, on the 19th day of February last, leaving three children, viz: Peter Coykendall, Elizabeth Finch and Charlotte Decker. I prepared them papers, viz: The certificate of the court, oath of identity, power of attorney &c for the purpose of the arrears of pension due them, as children and heirs of Catherine Coykendall. I enclosed with them the pension certificate and sent them by mail to the pension agent in Cincinnati, paying the postage &c. But it appears the papers is lost, as the agent informs me they have not been received, and the pension remains unpaid, etc., etc.

Signed JOSEPH PATRICK. Among other papers there was found an affidavit made by George Bookman, who said that he knew the Rev. Cox, the clergyman that married Harmon Coykendall and Catherine Beamer, etc.

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This gives us the name of Harmon's wife before her marriage to him, and will aid some of the family in recognizing the relationship of Harmon to other Coykendalls whose ancestors lived in Sussex county, in and about Wantage township.

Among the papers on file in the pension office relating to the pension of Harmon Coykendall there was found a leaf that had been torn from an ancient hymn book, "Hymns and Spiritual Songs," by I. Watts, D. D., published in Glasgow (Scotland), 1774. On this leaf was found the family record, but the name Charlotte was written Salacha, whether this was a middle name or a family "nickname" I do not know, but it probably was a middle name.

The family record is presented below, as found.

HARMON COYKENDALL was born September 15, A. D. 1756.

CATHERINE BEAMER was born September 19, A. D. 1763.

Martin Coykendall was born August 25th day in the year 1785.

Peter Coykendall was born December 20, in the year 1787.

Emanuel Coykendall was born May 2, in the year 1790.

Caty Coykendall was born March 9th day, in the year 1794.

Elizabeth Coykendall was born October 20th day, in the year 1796.

Charlotte Coykendall was born January 10th day, in the year 1800.

Among the affidavits brought to prove the claim of Harmon Coykendall was one made by his son, Peter, in which he said his father, Harmon Coykendall, kept the date of his children's births recorded on a blank leaf of a Psalm and Hymn book, which was written in the said Harmon Coykendall's own hand writing, and was spelled partly in English and partly in Dutch, and he, Peter, well remembers this record for forty years past. That in the year 1811 Harmon Coykendall purchased for himself a family Bible, and Emanuel, at the request of his father, Harmon Coykendall, transcribed the record of Harmon Coykendall from the leaf of the Psalm book to the family Bible. There was found also a letter from Isaac Finch, of Kingston, Delaware county, Ohio, stating that Mrs.

Harmon Coykendall was his mother-in-law. These facts may be helpful to some of Harmon's descendants in establishing their line of ancestry and proving their eligibility to be members of the Sons or Daughters of the American Revolution.

While this may seem out of place for the record of a soldier of the War of 1812, there were so few of the Kuykendall family that have pension records, who were in this later war, that it will be as well to mention them in connection with those who were in the Revolutionary War.

I have wondered how it came that so few of our people who were in the War of 1812 ever made application for pensions. Every once in a while I received letters from some of those bearing the family name, saying that their grandfathers served in the War of

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parties to range the woods to give notice of the approach of the enemy; that he was frequently engaged in such parties, until the fall of the year 1781, when he entered the company of Captain Abraham Westfall for a term of six weeks. The company to which he belonged, when at home, was divided into six classes, each of which was to furnish one man to serve six weeks, and that he entered said services for one of said classes. Abraham Westfall's company were nine months men, in the regiment of Col. Albert Paulding. This regiment was stationed along the frontiers in small parties, for a distance of about fifty miles to guard and protect the inhabitants.

In 1782, April, he went into service again, as a substitute for one Thompson, in Captain Abraham Westfall's company, in Col. Wisenvelt's regiment. During this time was stationed on the frontier at Minisink, and was engaged as scout during the summer. Was in actual service two and a half years.

Clergyman Archibald McNiel and Simon Swartout testified, September 24, 1832, that Martin Cuykendall was then sixty-eight years of age, and he believed that he was a Revolutionary soldier, and was a credible person.

State of New York, |


County of Cayuga |

I, Jacob R. How, Surrogate of said County of Cayuga, do certify that at a Surrogate Court held before my office in Auburn, in said county, on the 3rd day of August, 1847, satisfactory evidence was adduced before the Surrogate, that Martin Cuykendall, late a pensioner of the United States, a resident of said county, died on the 14th day of February, 1843, that he left a widow him surviving, and that she died on the first day of February, 1844, and at her death she left the following named children, her surviving, and that each one is over the age of twenty-one years, to-wit: Lea Van Fleet, of Seneca county, Ohio, Peter Cuykendall, of Livingston county, New York, Solomon Cuykendall, Elias Cuykendall, Catherine Cuykendall and John Cuykendall, all of Cayuga county, New York, the proof of which was satisfactory to the court, was the attached affidavit of Dr. Daniel Bevier and Rev. William Johnson.

In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and affixed my official seal, at Auburn, this third day of August, 1847.

JACOB R. HOW, Surrogate.

Accompanying and attached to the foregoing statement was a statement from Dr.

Daniel Bevier that he attended Martin Cuykendall, in his last sickness, and according to a note made at the time, Martin Cuykendall died on the 14th day of December, 1843, leaving a widow, who died the first day of February, 1844.

He named the children surviving as above enumerate.

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It appears that in the year 1834 the pension office stopped Martin's allowance because the papers in New York showed his name to be there spelled Creykendall. Correspondence ensued and the matter was corrected.

John Cuykendall, son of Martin, on the 13th day of November, 1851, made a statement that he was a son of Martin Cuykendall, late of the Town of Owasco, deceased, who was a pensioner of the United States, originally at the rate of $80 per annum, allowed him for his services in the War of the Revolution, which said pension was subsequently reduced to the sum of $25 per annum, and whereas I am advised and believe that the pension ought not to have been so reduced, and should be restored to the original amount, etc., he, John Cuykendall, appoints Vinal Luce attorney to prosecute a claim for restoration to the original amount.

In the cemetery at Owasco, N. Y., are to be found stones inscribed as follows:

MARTIN CUYKENDALL, died Dec. 14, 1843, aged 79 years, 9 mo. and 20 days.

ANNA, wife of MARTIN CUYKENDALL, died Feb.

1, 1844, aged 74 years, 5 months and 29 days.

In the same cemetery are found the names of a large number of Cuykendalls, and a great many bearing names borne by people who were the relatives and friends of the family in the Delaware valley, in the old Minisink country. This would show that these people a good many years ago migrated from the older settled sections and settled about Owasco about the beginning of the nineteenth century.

Pension claim of HARMON COYKENDALL, for Service Performed in New York, New Jersey and Pennsylvania.

Harmon Coykendall appears to have gone out to Ohio and settled there, and was a resident of Kingston Township, Delaware county, at the time he made his "declaration" for a pension November 20, 1832.

The facts contained in his statement are epitomized below:

Harmon Coykendall, resident in Kingston Township, in Delaware county, Ohio, aged seventy years. Entered the service under officers named below. Harmon says he was born in New York, Orange county, September 17, 1756. Volunteered in August, 1776, for five months service, under Capt. John Little, N. Y.

militia, was mustered in at Goshen, Orange county. The regiment was commanded by Col. Nichols. Marched to New Windsor, and there embarked on water and went to West Point, stayed over night, went next day to Fort Montgomery, stayed there eight days, then took water and went to Tarrytown, and then marched to King's Bridge, where we were under command of General Clinton. Was stationed at King's Bridge upwards of three months, until about the time of the battle of White Plains, when he (Harmon Cuykendall), was taken sick, after which he was taken over the river to Tappan, where he was a long time confined with what was then called "long

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fever." At the expiration of his five months he was discharged and returned home.

The next spring he went to Wilksburg in Wyoming, and during the summer did not leave arms. In April, 1778, he was enrolled and called into active service, and remained in a company under the command of Captain Daniel Gore, and was stationed at a fort called Fort Rosencranse, the headquarters of General Butler. Was employed as a guard on the Fort, until a day or two before the battle of Wyoming, they abandoned Fort Rosencranse and went to Forty Fort. On the day of the battle (Wyoming) he was placed as sentry on the bank of the river, about 400 yards below the fort. Saw the troops march out to the battle, there being about 375 men, under Gen. Butler, of whom only about 72 or 73 returned. The residue were either all killed or taken prisoners. The next day, before the fort capitulated, Harmon Cuykendall, with a company of four or five men, women and children, making a company of about fifty persons, made their escape from Forty Fort, crossed the river and made their way through the settlements in New York. Almost in a state of starvation they travelled through the woods 33 miles to the first house. With great suffering and hardship they made their way to the Delaware river and to Orange county, N. Y.

In the spring of 1779 he, Harmon Coykendall, went to Sussex county, N. J., there enlisted for three months. Served in Capt. Beckett's company and under the command of Col. Leonard. Mustered at Harrisburg and marched to headquarters at Capt. Chamber's on the Delware. While stationed here he often went with parties to Minisink. After serving three months he was discharged.

He served in all these tours eleven months, five in the first company at King's Bridge, 3 at Wyoming and 3 at Chamber's on the Delaware.

In the fall of 1779 he again entered the army and was employed in the transportation service. Was under Captain Pitney and belonged to the foraging brigade of his command. Was thus engaged eighteen months. The principal headquarters were at Hamburg, the point from which they deported forage.

During this period he went with the army to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and a number of times over to Orange county, New York.

After the Revolutionary War was closed, he resided in Sussex county, N. J., until 1820, when he removed to Delaware county, Ohio, where he resided at the time of making his declaration.

In the year 1833 Harmon Coykendall died, and his wife, Catherine, appears to have made application for pension, on account of being the widow of a Revolutionary soldier, and made the following statement, which was subscribed and sworn to in open court.

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"State of Ohio, |


Delaware County. |

Court of Common Pleas, September Term, 1838. "On the 11th day of September, one thousand eight hundred and thirty-eight, personally appeared in open court, Catherine Coykendall, a resident of Kingston Township, Delaware county, state of Ohio, aged seventy-five years, being duly sworn, doth on her oath make the following declaration:

That she is the widow of Harmon Coykendall, who was a soldier in the army of the Revolution. She saith that her husband, the aforesaid Harmon Coykendall, was pensioned by the United States, that he resided in Kingston township, Delaware county, state of Ohio, at the time the said pension was granted. She further declares that she was married to the said Harmon Coykendall in the county of Sussex, in the state of New Jersey, by the Rev. Mr. Cox, a clergyman of the Baptist church, in the month of August, in the year one thousand seven hundred and eighty-one, and that by reason of her age and loss of memory, the day of the month of her marriage she cannot tell. That her husband, the aforesaid Harmon Coykendall, died on the twenty-third day of July, in the year one thousand eight hundred and thirty-three, that she was not married to him prior to his leaving the service, but that the marriage took place previous to the first day of January, 1784, viz: at the time stated.

This declaration or affidavit was sworn to and subscribed the 11th day of September, 1838.

The following letter found among the pension papers of Harmon Coykendall, at Washington, D. C., is printed because it may be of some benefit to some of his descendants or others in tracing their family descent.

Sunbury, Delaware Co., Ohio, July 3, 1854. "Sir:--

Catherine Coykendall, a pensioneer at the rate of Eighty Dollars per annum, died in this place, on the 19th day of February last, leaving three children, viz: Peter Coykendall, Elizabeth Finch and Charlotte Decker. I prepared them papers, viz: The certificate of the court, oath of identity, power of attorney &c for the purpose of the arrears of pension due them, as children and heirs of Catherine Coykendall. I enclosed with them the pension certificate and sent them by mail to the pension agent in Cincinnati, paying the postage &c. But it appears the papers is lost, as the agent informs me they have not been received, and the pension remains unpaid, etc., etc.

Signed JOSEPH PATRICK. Among other papers there was found an affidavit made by George Bookman, who said that he knew the Rev. Cox, the clergyman that married Harmon Coykendall and Catherine Beamer, etc.

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This gives us the name of Harmon's wife before her marriage to him, and will aid some of the family in recognizing the relationship of Harmon to other Coykendalls whose ancestors lived in Sussex county, in and about Wantage township.

Among the papers on file in the pension office relating to the pension of Harmon Coykendall there was found a leaf that had been torn from an ancient hymn book, "Hymns and Spiritual Songs," by I. Watts, D. D., published in Glasgow (Scotland), 1774. On this leaf was found the family record, but the name Charlotte was written Salacha, whether this was a middle name or a family "nickname" I do not know, but it probably was a middle name.

The family record is presented below, as found.

HARMON COYKENDALL was born September 15, A. D. 1756.

CATHERINE BEAMER was born September 19, A. D. 1763.

Martin Coykendall was born August 25th day in the year 1785.

Peter Coykendall was born December 20, in the year 1787.

Emanuel Coykendall was born May 2, in the year 1790.

Caty Coykendall was born March 9th day, in the year 1794.

Elizabeth Coykendall was born October 20th day, in the year 1796.

Charlotte Coykendall was born January 10th day, in the year 1800.

Among the affidavits brought to prove the claim of Harmon Coykendall was one made by his son, Peter, in which he said his father, Harmon Coykendall, kept the date of his children's births recorded on a blank leaf of a Psalm and Hymn book, which was written in the said Harmon Coykendall's own hand writing, and was spelled partly in English and partly in Dutch, and he, Peter, well remembers this record for forty years past. That in the year 1811 Harmon Coykendall purchased for himself a family Bible, and Emanuel, at the request of his father, Harmon Coykendall, transcribed the record of Harmon Coykendall from the leaf of the Psalm book to the family Bible. There was found also a letter from Isaac Finch, of Kingston, Delaware county, Ohio, stating that Mrs.

Harmon Coykendall was his mother-in-law. These facts may be helpful to some of Harmon's descendants in establishing their line of ancestry and proving their eligibility to be members of the Sons or Daughters of the American Revolution.

While this may seem out of place for the record of a soldier of the War of 1812, there were so few of the Kuykendall family that have pension records, who were in this later war, that it will be as well to mention them in connection with those who were in the Revolutionary War.

I have wondered how it came that so few of our people who were in the War of 1812 ever made application for pensions. Every once in a while I received letters from some of those bearing the family name, saying that their grandfathers served in the War of

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1812. When it came to looking for pension records only two were found.

One reason for this was that our forefathers felt an aversion to making application for aid from the government until they were well advanced in age, or unless they were so wounded and disabled as to be unfitted to earn a support. It seems to have been considered not a proper thing to do, to attempt to secure a pension, if one had the means to support himself. These considerations may have prevented some from applying for a pension. Whatever may have been the cause, it is certain there were scarcely any of them ever made an attempt to secure pensions for service in that war. Below will be found all the records that were found in the pension office relating to claims of our people for services in the War of 1812.

James Kuykendal, War of 1812.

On the 27th day of March 1878, Mrs. Sarah Althea Kuykendal appeared before Jos. F. Fuller, clerk of the court of Common Pleas and General Sessions, and made affidavit containing statements as follows:

"That she is the widow of James Kuykendal, who served for the period of sixty days in the War of 1812. That he was a private in Capt. Jonathan Beatty's Regiment (Company?) of South Carolina militia, in the year 1814, under the command of Lieut. Colonel Hugh Means, stationed in or near Charleston, S. C., and Major Gen. More, and is believed to have been honorably discharged at Charleston.

He was married to Althea Clark on the 17th day of December, 1818, by Samuel Givens. Esq., Justice of the Peace, for York county, S. C., York District.

That her husband died in York county, S. C., on the 31st day of October, 1855, and she has not remarried since his death. That she does not receive a pension under any previous act, and appoints William Beatty her true and lawful attorney, etc."

Tolbert Jones at the same time and place made affidavit to the following statements:

"That he is now a pensioner of the War of 1812, was a private in Capt.

Kendrick's company, S. C., militia, doing duty at Charleston, S. C.

While in the said service he well recollects that James Kuykendal, spoken of in the declaration of his widow, Sarah A. Kuykendal, was in the same service (military) at Charleston, during the fall and winter of 1814 and 1815. That James Kuykendal was a private in Captain Jonathan Beatty's company, and was honorably discharged about the first of March, 1815. That he (Jones) had known the said James and Sarah Kuykendal to live as man and wife from 1820 to the death of the said James Kuykendal, that deponent and said James Kuykendal were born and raised about four miles apart, knew each other well as young men, until his, Kuykendal's, death. That the said Kuykendal having been long the clerk of the Court of Common Pleas and General Sessions for York,

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deponent cannot be mistaken in his knowledge of the said James Kuykendal. That deponent was living in sight of the residence of said James Kuykendal when he died, he saw him whilst a corpse, and thinks his death was about the year 1855.

These facts were subscribed and sworn to by Talbert Jones.

Dr. A. G. (Y?) Barron says he is a regular practicing physician, that with his partner, Dr. Bratton, he visited in his last illness the said James Kuykendal, and that James Kuykendal died at his residence in the year 1855, in York County, then District."

Subscribed A. J. BARRON, M. D. F. Wallace testified to personally knowing James Kuykendal, was a member of Capt. Jonathan Beatty's company, in said service, and that said James Kuykendal did serve in said war as a private, believes he was honorably discharged, about the 1st of March, 1815.

On March 27, 1878, Sarah Althea Kuykendal made affidavit as follows:

"That she is the owner and holder of a bounty land warrant, and now at this present time of being sworn, produces the same, which said warrant was issued to deponent under the name of Sarah Kirkendal, widow of James Kirkendal, Captain Beatty's company, South Carolina militia, War of 1812. That the said Sarah Althea Kuykendal represents and is the same person, etc."

In a letter from the Commissioner of Pensions, J. A. Bently dated Aug. 29, 1878, in a report for September, 1859, says that James Kuykendal served as a substitute for Simon Flodin.

James Kuykendal was a resident of York District when he died, and was at the time 53 years old.

A study of official records often reveal important facts other than those they were primarily designed to convey. In this way we often discover facts and clues that have an important bearing upon corelated history or genealogy of families connected with the events mentioned. The first thing we notice in the application of James Kuykendal is that he spells the last syllable of the name with one 1. So far as my knowledge and observation goes this particular branch of the family is the only one that now so spells the name.

There are other things that might be noticed, one only will be mentioned here, and that is the statement of Sarah Althea, the wife of James Kuykendal, says in one of her affidavits that the bounty land warrant issued to her was issued under the name Sarah Kirkendal, widow of James Kirkendal, but that both Kirkendal and Kuykendal represent the same person. Further discussion of this is left for another place.

Peter Kuykendall, of Blount County, Ala.

Peter Kuykendall tried different times to secure a pension; the first application was sent in by Joseph Albree, postmaster at Hansonville, Blount county, Ala.

In the Pension Office I found the following letter, date of February 27, 1875, written from Cullom, Blount county, Ala.

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Mess. Bryan and Tyson,


In reply to yours of Dec. 4th, I was mustered into service under General Philip Britton; James Britton was the Colonel I think. I think the Captain's name was Hitour, (Hightower). I never did receive a land warrant. If any information that I can give, please informe me.

With due respect I am Yours, PETER KUYKENDALL.

The records show that the pension clerks and officials made an effort to secure some definite record of his services, but for lack of evidence his claim was rejected.

Again, May 20, 1878, he made a "declaration for a pension." This declaration stated that at that date Peter Kuykendall was 104 years old, was a resident of Cullom county, Ga., that his wife's name was Polly Beard, that they were married in Bunkem (Buncombe) county, N. C., in the year 1807. That he served a full period of sixty days in the military service of the U. S., in the War of 1812, in the regiment commanded by Britton's Brigade, at Buncombe, N.C.

On May 25, 1878, there was sent in the following additional statement:

"Peter Kuykendall volunteered in the War of 1812 at Asheville, N. C., for servise during the war, served to the close of the war and was discharged when peace was made. After discharge he resided in Georgia about 69 or 70 years and in Alabama, Blount county, until his death."

After considerable correspondence his claim was rejected.

Then again the claim was taken up by his widow. I found the following statement among his papers:

"On June 11, 1889, Laura T. T. Kuykendall, widow of Peter Kuykendall, late a private in a regiment of Buncombe county, N. C., volunteers, War of 1812, made an agreement with pension agents Charles & Wm. B. King in regard to fees for procuring a pension, she agreeing to pay $25.00 for same." Her mark appears instead of her own signature. The name was evidently written by some other person. It was spelled Laura T. T. Curkendall, post office, Itasca, Texas.

In this letter to the pension agent, Peter Kuykendall, if it was he who wrote the name, began to write it Kir and changed it to Kuy as clearly shows on the paper.

Among other papers pertaining to Peter Kuykendall's pension business I found an affidavit of Harvey Hamilton, of Itasca, Hill county, Texas, dated July 2, 1889, reading as follows:

"I was personally acquainted with Peter Kuykendall, I waited upon him during his last sickness. He had no physician, he was partly paralysed and had a very bad cough. I think his extreme age was principally the cause of his death, his age being said to be considerably over 100 years. I was present when he died, and assisted in preparing him for burial. I lived in the same house

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with him when he died, which occurred about the 18th of Jan., 1881, in Cullom county, Alabama."

Physical description of Peter Kuykendall as found among his papers at the time of his enlistment.

He was five feet 9 inches high, heavy set, dark skin, black eyes, about 25 or 30 years old, occupation, minister and farmer.

It appears that the maiden name of Peter's first wife was Polly Beard, and the name of his second wife was Laura T. T. Blight, probably a widow when he married her.

During the Civil War sectional feeling and prejudice ran high on both sides, the North and the South, and this feeling remained for a good many years.

About two months after Peter made application first for a pension, some one whose enmity he had incurred wrote to the Pension Office the following letter, which I found filed without comment among other papers.

Winston Co. Ala. April 30, 1875.

To His Hon. Chief of U. S. Pension Bureau, Washington, D. C. I am informed that one Peter Kuykendall, who professes to be a soldier of the War of 1812, who enlisted in Bunkem county, North Carolina, has applied to have his name placed on the pension rolls for pension. Let it be known to your Hon that he was a firey eating Rebel, during the past war of 1861, he lived in Georgia in the time of Rebellion and had some of the best Union men killed in Georgia, for their Union Sentiments, viz: one Andrew Jones, Robert Rooe, William Nelson and Miles Reeves, this same can be proven, so said, beyond a doubt. My address is Hansonville, N. & S. R. R. Blount County, Ala.

REV. DAVID (???) J. W. W. (???) ESQ. Then below there was this:

It is enough to pay Union men pensions without Damd Rebels, who caused such oderous tax, with all other great calamities on the people of the Unites States of America."

The party who wrote this letter to the Pension Bureau gives his address as resident of another county, without name of post office, and the signatures to it were evidently spurious. No one would put much confidence in a reverend gentleman who would lend himself to such a sneaking way to injure a man over a hundred years old. It is difficult to believe that any minister would take such a way to defame the character of some one behind his back, even a "dam'd rebel."

It is a matter of rejoicing that this bitter sectional spirit has passed away, almost wholly.

From what could be seen in the pension office, it was clear that the authorities were not in the least influenced by this letter, and that special means had been employed to give the applicant a fair show. The evidence was not of a character that would permit

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the granting of a pension. From the evidence produced the writer believed that old Peter Kuykendall was actually in the War of 1812 as he claimed, but that there was not clear proof of the same, probably owing partly to the fact of the lack of education of the old gentleman, and partly to neglect to see that proof was kept of his services. It must be remembered, however, that perhaps no soldier of the War of 1812 had any thought that he would ever have any opportunity of securing a pension for his services. It did not occur to them that it would be necessary to make proof of their service. Peter probably deserved a pension, but the Pension Office was not to be blamed for rejecting his claim.

The full names signed to the above mentioned letters are not given, since some of the family may be living and they are not responsible for over bitter prejudices of their fathers. It would do no good to bring up unpleasant things of the past among neighbors.

Below will be found the records of the Kuykendall Revolutionary soldiers of New Jersey, as furnished me by Adjutant General W. F. Sadler.

"BENJAMIN COYKENDALL was in commission as Lieutenant, Capt. Henry Snook's Company, Second Regiment, Sussex County, New Jersey, Militia, in the fall of 1775; promoted Captain, January, 1776; wounded in skirmish at Springfield, New Jersey, 1777; served several tours under Col. Aaron Hankinson, Second Regiment, Sussex County, New Jersey, Militia; as guard at Minisink and upper Delaware River; on frontier with Indians, April, 1777; served under Col. Aaron Hankinson, Second Regiment, Sussex County, New Jersey, Militia; at battle of Red Bank, New Jersey, October 22, 1777; commissioned Captain,, New Jersey State Troops, and served in Brigadier General David Forman's Brigade, New Jersey Militia; took part in battle at Germantown, Pennsylvania, October 4, 1777; served in Major Samuel Meeker's Battalion, Second Regiment, Sussex County, New Jersey, Militia; in the battle of Monmouth, New Jersey, June 28, 1778; served with his company several tours of duty, under Colonel John Seward, Second Regiment, Sussex County, New Jersey, Militia; at Minisink and Upper Delaware on the frontiers in 1777-1778-1779; also Captain, company of rangers, Sussex County, New Jersey, Militia, on frontier duty; was in the service until the close of the Revolutionary War.

SAMUEL KIRKENDALL served as private, Third Battalion, Sussex County, New Jersey, Militia; commissioned Ensign, Captain Benjamin Coykendall's Company, Second Regiment, Sussex County, New Jersey, Militia; Captain, Colonel John Cleves Symmes' Regiment, Sussex County, New Jersey, Militia; Captain, Colonel Jacob Ford's Battalion, New Jersey State Troops, November, 1776; wounded through hand at Springfield, New Jersey, December 17, 1776.

SIMON KIRKENDALL was in commission as Captain, Third Battalion, Sussex County, New Jersey, Militia; wounded December 17, 1776.

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CORNELIUS COYKENDALL served as private, Sussex County, New Jersey, Militia.

Nothing further regarding this soldier.

SAMUEL COYKENDALL served as private, Sussex County, New Jersey, Militia.

Possibly same as Kirkendall.

WILLIAM COYKENDALL served as private, Sussex County, New Jersey, Militia.

Nothing further is known of this soldier.

There are two or three others of the family mentioned in the records at Trenton, N. J., in the office of the Adjutant General. These are mentioned below, but there is not a thing to show what their services were or where they were mustered in or when or where discharged. Two of these were STEPHEN KIRKENDALL, private in Sussex County, New Jersey, Militia, and ANDREW KIRKENDALL, private, Hunterdon County, New Jersey, Militia.

There are a number of places in the records of New York, and in the old archives, where Kuykendalls are mentioned as being in the Revolutionary War, and the name is spelled almost every way possible. The name of the same individual is sometimes found spelled three or four different ways. In "New York in the Revolution," on page 255, we find this: "Orange County Militia (Bounty Right), 3rd Regiment enlisted men, SALM (SOLOMON) CUYKENDALL. It will be something new to many of the descendants of Solomon Cuykendall to know that their ancestor was a Revolutionary soldier. This Solomon was the son of Peter Kuykendall and Catherin Kittel (Solomon Jr.). The elder Solomon was too old to be a soldier at the time of the Revolutionary War.

WILLIAM CUYKENDALL, private, Pawling's Regiment, Westfall's Company.

PETER CUYKENDOLPH, private, in Klock's Regiment, Westfall's Company.

Here we have another novel way of spelling. The clerk, or whoever wrote the name of Peter Kuykendall, was probably no better speller than Klock was Colonel of the militia, and according to history, that would not be much of a recommendation for a clerk.

There were two of the Kuykendalls who served in Colonial times as volunteers in the English Army, long before the Revolution, and before there were any United States to fight for.

These were sons of Luer Jacobsen Van Kuykendaal, our first American born ancestor. In the "Report of the New York State Historian," Vol. I, page 442, we have this:

"Volunteers enlisted for the expedition against Canada, July 11, 1711, from Ulster Co., JOHANNIS KUY KENDALL. Then on page 563 we find "Member of Co. of foot in Shawengunk, Ulster Co., 1715, ARIE KUYKENDAL, private, 58 in company."

I have given the spelling and capitals, just as shown in the record, which for Johannis shows the name Kuykendall divided, as if Kuy were a sort of prefix to the Kendall. There have been a few of the family that so divided the name, but there is no indication whatever that they have any particular relation to the Johannis here

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mentioned. In the case of Arie Kuykendall it is noticed that the name here has only one 1 in the last syllable. One might naturally ask whether the only family of the Ks that now spell the name so, those living in the upper part of South Carolina and the lower part of North Carolina, in the vicinity of King's Mountain, might be descendants of this Arie.

Some investigation has been made to ascertain what expedition was referred to, where Johannis Kuykendall is mentioned as being a volunteer "for the expedition against Canada." It seems that this expedition followed the "Queen Ann's War of 1702-1710." The expedition was to Quebec, Canada, in 1711-1713, and was known as the second intercolonial war. England sent a fleet of 15 ships of war and 40 transports under the command of Sir Hovenden Walker. At that time there was an army of men from Connecticut, New York and New Jersey, Palatin emigrants, and about 600 Iroquois assembled at Albany.

Whatever came of this Johannis we have no account, and it has been assumed generally that he was killed or died of disease in the expedition or possibly he may have continued to live but never married.

Arie, or Ary, was born 1694, and was twenty-one at the time of his enlistment.

Five years later he married Marguerite Quick and had quite a family, of whose history we know but little. We may know much of his descendants, but have not the data to enable us to differentiate them from others.

According to traditions that seem to be well founded, there were several of the Kuykendall family in New York and New Jersey, the Carolinas, Virginia and Kentucky, that were in the Revolutionary War, of whose service we have nothing whatever to show.

The list of Revolutionary soldiers as compiled by H. J. Echinrode gives the following names of Kuykendalls:

Kuykendahl, Elijah, Pitts,, 9, page 258.

Kuykendal, Jacob, Pitts., 11 page 258.

Kuykendol Elisha, Pitts., 11, page 258.

Kyckendall, Moses, I. P. D., 111 D 155, page 258.

Kyckendall, Peter, I. P. D. 87, page 358.

Where Moses and Peter Kuykendall are referred to above, the capital letters I.

P. have reference to what are known as "the Illinois Papers." These papers are mostly in relation to the expeditions of George Rogers Clark and Indian war in the northwest.

Those of our people from Pennsylvania, in the Revolutionary War, were as follows:

ABRAHAM KUYKENDALL, private, in Captain Zadok Wright's Company, Washington County Militia, 1782.

BENJAMIN KUYKENDALL, private, in same company, and

HENRY KUYKENDALL, drummer, in Captain Zadok Wright's Company.

These are mentioned in Pennsylvania Archives, Sixth Series, page 42, Volume II, and page 27, Vol. II, in order mentioned.

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In the Archives of Pa., Series V, there is a roll of Captain Butler's Company of 3rd Regiment, September 10, 1778, and among the list is found the name of Private James Kirkendalpt, who was no doubt James Kuykendall, who lived in that region at the time. The Abraham, James, Henry and Benjamin mentioned here were possibly of the family that went from Minisink between 1743 and 1749, some of them as early as the first date and some as late as 1749, or later, and settled first in the neighborhood of Romney, Hampshire County, and scattered out later into territory from which several other counties were made.

From a list of Virginia soldiers that I found later there appear the names of Elijah Kuykendahl and Elisha Kuykendol, who were paid off at Fort Pitt. In this list the names of Moses and Peter are spelled Kyckendall. From all of which we learn that spelling in those days had no definite rules, or if there were any they were constantly broken. Spelling seems to have been a lost art, for the reports and letters of the most prominent men show as bad spelling of other words as well as of proper names, and some of the letters and reports of those times certainly would form amusing reading, if they were printed just as their authors spelled and worded them.

MOSES KUYKENDALL of Kentucky was a private in Captain Harrod's Company, 1779-1781. His company was with George Rogers Clark against the Indians over in Ohio, at and about Old Chillecothe.

MATTHEW KUYKENDALL, who was pensioned in Kentucky and lived there the latter part of his life, served in the Revolution in North and South Carolina. His services were against the Cherokee Indians and Tories, and about King's Mountain and the region of the battle of the Cowpens, as set forth in his pension record.

In the foregoing pages is comprised the larger part of all there has been found in regard to the military records of our people in the Revolutionary War. We know there were several others who did service, but cannot produce the records to show place or date of their service.

There must have been several of the family in the war in North and South Carolina. One we know, at least, was killed. The Revolutionary War records of all the west and south are very meager, and there have been a large part of the records that have been lost or destroyed, so that now it appears that the probability of ever knowing much more is exceedingly small.

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The early migrations and settlement of the Kuykendall family in America began so long ago and took place under such circumstances and conditions that no detailed account of them can be given; no separate account of the incidents that occurred, could now be expected, except in a few rare instances. If we could have a full history of those travels, with moving pictures, showing the movers, their dress, ways of travelling, equipment, vehicles and means of conveyance we should have something of surpassing interest. Those would be "travelogues" and "movies" that would thrill and excite wonder. To see them would be to turn back the scroll of American history two centuries and to reproduce scenes, events, customs, habits and modes of travel and transportation long since passed by.

In every line of research the farther back we go, the more dimly gleams the light, and the more indistinct the scenes and events appear, whether they relate to families, states or nations. When we go backward in our family history, we soon find ourselves in a twilight zone, where there are mists and obscurity. This is so much the case that we are sure to ask, "Why is it that our people have so generally lost trace of their ancestry?" Yet, when we come to think of the times, conditions and environments of our forefathers, we find there is little cause for wonder. When the family first began to swarm out from their ancient home in the valley of the Hudson and Delaware, there were practically no newspapers in all that country; at the very first there were none. There was no one to print notices of their moving away, or the coming in of settlers. No reporter came around, cager for "local items" and anxious to report when moves were made, the names of persons going, where they were going, or how long they had lived in the community, their positions in society or relation to business. In those days after a family had moved out of a neighborhood, to some distant point, the people who remained continued to think or speak of them occasionally, but less and less frequently, and after the lapse of time they were seldom mentioned.

In old colonial and later pioneer times, when persons "sold out" their property, they frequently gave possession without leaving anything to show previous ownership. In the instances where deeds were given, they were seldom recorded, and quite commonly were ultimately lost or destroyed. When those who sold out, left, and had become settled elsewhere, it was usually in some more remote locality, and they were so busy with new duties, dangers and hardships, that all their time was taken up with their own struggles. Under these circumstances, the letters written back to people where they came from, were few and far between. There were no mail

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lines and the letters written were mostly carried by persons passing through the country. There was a combination of circumstances all tending to break off communications and obliterate knowledge of family relationships.

In those days, moving great distances was such a great undertaking that we wonder why our people, after they had once got settled, made homes and were "beginning to get fixed to live," they did not remain, instead of "tearing up" and moving out to regions further away. This tendency to keep moving about from place to place, was not peculiar to the Kuykendalls, but was characteristic of the early American pioneers, for at least two or three generations. We would naturally suppose that men and women past middle life, would want to get settled down in comfortable homes, with quiet freedom from the toils and perils of frontier life. But this appears not to have been the desire of many of the "old settlers." They and their forefathers before them had been accustomed to the pioneer mode of living. A log cabin in a clearing, with a garden and corn patch, and with all out doors for hunting grounds, this was the kind of life they were used to, and what they liked. When the country settled up thickly all around them, when deer, bear and wild turkeys became scarce, many of them saw with regret the passing of the "old times" and the way they used to live. Though in those "good old times" they may have had to fight Indians, and may even have lost some of the family by the tomahawk or scalping knife, yet there was something fascinating in the old way of living that held their hearts. All the most pleasing associations of their lives were entwined with memories of pioneer environments, and when they saw the land all about them being taken up and denuded of timber, they began to feel cramped and crowded and were impelled by the love of adventure and of wild nature, to take up the axe and rifle and move on. There were many of the Kuykendalls that yielded to this impulse pushing them further on and out. The dispersion of settlement over the west began some time before the Revolutionary War, and took a wonderful impetus afterwards. It was, to a great extent, accelerated by the land craze that affected the country for many years. This was fomented and fostered by the land sharks that infested the land. Influenced by the wonderful stories told of the great western country, many of the early settlers sold out their homes and moved further out on the frontier, to discover, in many instances, that they had left better country than they had found. Many left healthful regions in Virginia, the Carolinas and parts back in the east, and moved to the malarial valleys of the Wabash and Mississippi, and paid the penalty with almost incredible suffering and misery from malarial ailments. There is no doubt that the settlement of the mosquito regions of southern Illinois, Indiana and other parts of the Mississippi valley caused the sacrifice of hundreds of thousands of lives. While the hardships arising from

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Indian hostilities were very great, they were far less than those caused by the unhealthy conditions of the country. In the regions on the Wabash, near Terre Haute, where my people settled over a hundred years ago, the effects of malaria were terrible, and some of the pioneer families were almost exterminated.

The farther back we trace any family the fewer descendants are found, and generally they are less scattered over the country. In the year 1650 the whole American Kuykendall family consisted of the emigrant ancestor, his wife and infant son, Luur Jacobsen Van Kuykendaal. Thirty years later we find this first born American ancestor had a wife and was living in the Hudson river valley near Kingston; twenty years still later they have five sons and two daughters. As we have seen, about that time, they left the Hudson river valley and went over upon the Delaware. Here they made their home for about fifty years, before there were any migrations to any great distance. The family was healthy and prolific, obeying the Scriptural injunction to "multiply and replenish the earth." Race suicide was certainly not one of the sins of the early American pioneers. Up to about the year 1740 to 1742, nearly the whole of the American Kuykendall family were to be found within a radius of seventy- five miles of what is now Port Jervis, N. Y. At this place the Neversink river empties into the Delaware. The Neversink was called by the Indians "Machackemeck," and this gave rise to the names of the "Machackemeck Settlement," "Machackemeck Church," and Machackemeck village. Here and there over the valley were scattered the homes of the oldest settlers of the country, among whom were the Kuykendalls. The little public square of Port Jervis, with monument and fountain, is only about three hundred yards from where the old house and barn of Petrus Kuykendall stood. Ten or eleven miles below, on the Jersey side of the Delaware, were the homes of a number of other Kuykendalls, Jacob, Matthew, the principal ones, were brothers of Petrus or Peter. Cornelius and Arie lived not far away in the neighborhood. From this region, embracing the country from some distance above Port Jervis and that about Sussex, N. J., and on down the Delaware, to what is now Dingman's or Dingman's Ferry, embraced the section where most of the Kuykendall descendants were found. At an early day, some had located at various places not far from the Water Gap.

From the regions described went out most of the migrations from about 1740, for over one hundred and forty years. For reasons already mentioned in this chapter, it will not be possible to note all the family movements. One of the greatest difficulties is lack of dates. Even where the date of the first settlements can be found in the county records, or records of land entries, such dates show the actual presence of the settler, but do not give the actual time of his coming into these communities. Frequently families left neighborhoods where they had been born and raised, and it was several years before they were again located permanently. In other instances the

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early pioneers of our own and other families lived on lands several years before purchasing them. Quite frequently lands were not yet surveyed when they were taken up and claimed, and it was impossible to secure title to them, until after surveys were made. As to details of the early migrations very little can now be given. All of what we know of these early migrations, we get from old letters, brief notes of travels, military and other records, and an occasional old pamphlet or diary. The older members of the K family branches remember something about these things, but they are rapidly passing to the great beyond.

As has been remarked before, there has always been, in the early settlement of any new country, a sort of twilight zone, from which there comes down only dim traditions, that lack much in definiteness and certainty. Some of the migrations of our forefathers came within this period of historic uncertainty.

In nearly or quite all the earlier migrations of our fathers there were several families moved together. In many instances a few went out, looked over the country, and took up lands, and some planted gardens, then went back for their families. After getting settled, if they were pleased, their favorable reports would naturally induce others to move out and locate in the same neighborhood. In this way the settlements grew and spread out over the country.

Our Kuykendall people had a harder time pioncering in the eastern forest parts of the country than in the west. Back in the heavily timbered parts, every rod of land used for farm, garden or field, and even for building sites had to be cleared off, at the cost of much labor. After their gardens and corn patches were planted, they had to fight and watch continuously, against wild animals, birds and insects. In the far western prairies, land was found ready for the plow; but in the cold winter time, on the treeless prairies, the early settlers often wished for the trees, great logs and huge fires they used to have. Then in summer, they missed the spreading maples, oaks, sycamores and other forest trees, with their shade, moisture and coolness.

The close of the Revolutionary War gave a great impetus to emigration westward. Along about the last decade of the eighteenth and beginning of the nineteenth centuries, the roads and horse paths were lined with movers, emigrants going further west seeking new homes. There floated down the Ohio river in barges, pirogues and rafts, thousands of people from the older parts of the country. After 1812, when Generals Wayne, George Rogers Clark and General Harrison had thoroughly whipped and subdued the Indians, emigration became general. The danger of their attacks being mostly over, the emigrants did not have to keep so close together in organized bodies for protection, and they scattered out more. Travelling by water was the favorite way of moving westward, where there were water courses large enough to float boats,

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and it was by far the easier way of travel. They could take along with them more of their household goods, farming implements, tools, seeds and supplies, and when they reached their destination they were better equipped for beginning life in the wilderness. While this mode of travel had its decided advantages, it was far more dangerous during the times when the Indians were hostile. Many times in those earlier days, when our forefathers were floating easily and pleasantly down the Ohio, in flat boats or on rafts, they were suddenly attacked by Indians hidden in the brush, or concealed in the tall grass or trees on the shore. Under these circumstances they were almost wholly within the power of the savages, who from their hiding places shot down those in the boats until there were few or none left. Those who escaped murder were taken captive and carried away. It was a happy day when the early pioneers were relieved of such terrible dangers and such a fate. The lower Allegheny, Monongahela, Great Kanawha, Tennessee, Wabash and other middle western rivers were used as the avenues of travel and transportation for emigrants for many years, when the country was first settling up. There are still traditions of those early days remembered by some of the older Kuykendalls west and south, and a few in New York.

America was a wonderland when the Kuykendalls first made their advent upon its shores, and for over a hundred years afterward, almost the whole expanse of country from the Atlantic to the Pacific was an unknown region. Over all the great forests, mighty rivers, lofty mountains and the great western plains, there hung a cloud of mystery. The thoughts of trappers, miners, explorers and emigrants were bristling with interrogation points. It was the quest for the unknown, the desire to explore and see for themselves the great west, that pushed the Kuykendalls and their neighbors further on and out. It was this that gave rise to expeditions sent out by the Colonial Government. In the year 1716 Governor Spottswood of Virginia made a noted expedition that reached the head waters of the Tennessee and Kentucky rivers. A report of this expedition was printed, giving glowing accounts of the country, with its beautiful dashing streams, grand mountains, fertile soil, splendid forests, its herds of buffalo, deer and elk and flocks of wild turkeys and the great abundance of fish in the rivers. Though there were no telegraphs in those days, the news soon spread, and the people of the Delaware valley, where the Kuykendalls lived, were talking of the newly explored country, out in the wilds of Western Virginia and Kentucky, the "dark and bloody land."

Earlier in this volume has been mentioned the tradition of the Kuykendalls that in very early times they sent out a company to investigate the new regions with a view to making settlements there, and that as a result there came about the first migration of the family from the Minisink regions on the Delaware to Virginia.

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I was anxious to learn if possible the exact route taken by the first families going to that country. Tradition among the Kuykendalls says the route taken was out through Pennsylvania, by way of York, across Maryland into the Shenandoah valley. This perhaps is correct. They crossed the Potomac about where Shepherdstown now is, or between there and Harper's Ferry. From there they made their way over into the Shenandoah valley, and the South Branch of the Potomac. The old Virginia records show that there were other settlers there contemporary with the Kuykendalls, some of whom, by their names, must have been their neighbors in the old Minisink region on the Delaware. We find frequent mention in the court records and other documents, of the Deckers, Westfalls, Van Ettens, Courtrights, Hornbeaks and many others who had formerly lived in Sussex county, New Jersey, and Orange county, New York. From these facts the inference is irresistible that a number of families must have gone in there about the same time, probably with the Kuykendalls.

We are left in uncertainty whether any of the Peter Kuykendall branch of the family went to Virginia or the Carolinas at the time of the migration of the familes of Jacob, Cornelius and Matthew. So far as the writer has positive information, none of the living descendants of the Peter branch have any traditions or records of any such migrations. For some time after researches into the family genealogy and history had been under way, it appeared that none of them went west to Virginia at that time. Some time later and while correspondence was still being carried on, a letter was received from the county clerk of Randolph county, W. Va., in response to inquiries in regard to names of Kuykendall descendants found upon the early records of that county.

Among other things the letter said:

"Beginning with 1794, on the land indices I find Jacob Coykendole, Coykindale, Coykendall; Stephen Coykendole, Coykendale; Simeon Coykindoll, Coykindoll, Curkendall. These last about 1843. I do not now know any one here by this name. There was Richard Kerkendall and James Kuykendall, about 1854. In 1797 there was a deed filed in the same office from Stephen Kykindal and wife Rachel Kykindal to Duncan McVicker."

It would seem quite probable that this last Stephen Kykindal and Stephen Coykendole were the same person.

I have not been able to make the research necessary to determine whether these Randolph county Kuykendalls came from a different branch of the family from the sons of Jacob, Cornelius and Matthew, who first settled in Hampshire county. If these Randolph county parties, whose names were mentioned in the above letter, themselves spelled their names Coykendall, the inference naturally would be that they were of the Peter Kuykendal branch. Inasmuch, however, as the name was spelled Kykindal, Coykendall and Kuykendall we are left in doubt. I have called attention to this here because a

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thorough investigation of the matter might result in discoveries that would clear up the subject and open the way to a much better knowledge of the relationship between the Kuykendalls who first settled that part of the country, and those who went on to the Carolinas and regions farther west.

It looks at first sight to be a rather remarkable fact that our people found their way to Western Virginia, many years before any of them went to Western New York. A study of the topography of the country and of the earliest lines of travel, and the conditions existing at the time, will help to show why this was so. Large rivers, valleys and mountain ranges to a great extent, have always determined the lines of travel of people in the spread of mankind over the earth. These natural features frequently form barriers or open up avenues of travel. The first trails of the buffalo and elk mostly take the way of least resistance. The Indian followed closely upon the paths of these wild animals of the forest and plain. The first roads of the white man were made mostly along the paths of the Indians, and the later turnpike and wagon road, in most instances, followed the older trails first marked by the instinct of the buffalo. The ancient roads and lines of travel of our forefathers would form a most interesting study, and, as a matter of fact, have formed the themes of several very attractive books.

Most of our forefathers came out of the Revolutionary War poor, with very little household goods or personal property. They had not much to take with them, when they moved from one part of the country to another, and as a rule, the goods and stuff they had, would bear hard usage and did not require much care in packing. In consequence, much of the population was constantly moving about, "squatting" temporarily on lands, but not staying long enough anywhere to acquire permanent titles.


Of all the movements made by our Kuykendall people, none were attended with greater perils and hardships than the journey across the plains to the Pacific, during the twenty-five years from 1843 to 1868. None required a higher order of courage, more nerve and fortitude. It was a momentous journey, and had not optimism, hope and self reliance been dominant in the moral make up of our fathers the undertaking would never have been made. All who started on that journey well understood that the move would change the future destiny of every one who dared the hazardous undertaking. It required courage for a young mother to sign the deed that took the home and sheltering roof from over herself and little children and set them all out wanderers on the face of the earth, their only home for many months to be a tent or camp on the desert plains. They knew that before they could again call any place home, they must traverse two thousand miles of uninhabited waste, cross

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dangerous rivers, rugged mountains and run the peril of being slaughtered by the merciless savages, or death from accident or disease and perhaps a grave far from home and friends. How terrible the thought was to them that their little ones might have to be buried on the sandy desert and their bodies be dug out by the prairie wolves, something that happened in hundreds of instances.

In those early days, all that great stretch of country between the Missouri river and the Pacific coast was marked on the maps as "The Great American Desert." It was a region uninhabited save by wild beasts and Indians, and was unknown except to a very few hunters, trappers and explorers. The number of persons yet living of those who "crossed the plains" in the heroic days of the "forties and fifties" is very small and is rapidly diminishing; soon all will have taken the long trail and gone on their last journey.

The writer was among those who crossed the western continent in the year 1852, and though but a lad between nine and ten years of age, recollections of that wonderful journey were so deeply graven upon his memory that they have never been erased. A full account of that eventful trip has been written, but it would be too lengthy for this volume. The year 1852 has often been called "the hard year," because of the great amount of sickness and suffering. There were other years when there were at certain points on the way great perils and tragedies, but that year there were so many emigrants on the road and conditions were so very bad that the aggregate suffering was very great.

Today the grandsons and great grandsons and daughters of those pioneers go over the same distance in four or five days, swept along in magnificent palace cars, with ease and comfort such as never entered even the dreams of our forefathers.

With the Kuykendalls the decision to go to the Pacific Coast, across the great western desert, was not arrived at suddenly, but was made after mature and thoughtful deliberation. All knew it would be a great and hazardous undertaking, but the dreadings of hardships and perils to be endured were largely obscured by visions of the beautiful country for which they were bound, and the golden opportunities and rewards for the struggles endured in reaching it.

We all were very anxious to know everything possible about the nature of the country to be passed over and all about the difficulties and dangers to be encountered. The sailor who sets the prow of his vessel to sail strange seas, wants a compass and chart to guide him on his voyage. So our people sought information to direct them. There were published those days a number of small "Guide Books," or "Guides Across the Plains," and these were eagerly sought and purchased. They were studied with great care, and became a sort of emigrant's Bible or "Pilgrim's Progress." These little books gave directions as to routes to be taken, the quantity and kind of supplies needed, the nature of country to be

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travelled over and the roads and camping places; where water and grass for stock could be found, where there would be springs, creeks or rivers, fords, steep, or hard places in the way. These little books while cheap in form and cost, were a real help to the emigrants.

It was a busy time getting ready for the start. Closing out business, selling property, buying outfits; there were hundreds of little things to be looked after.

A large majority of the emigrants across the plains came with ox teams, and most of them had a cow or two in the teams, worked and driven along with the oxen. This was for two purposes; to have a little milk for small children, and to have a foundation for herds of cattle after getting through. The tax was too great, however, upon the strength of cows worked in teams, and the expectation of getting milk from them was seldom met very long after being on the road.

It is not the intention to give in this chapter a detailed account of the pilgrimage across the plains in pioneer times, but to present such a general account as will convey a definite idea of the journey. The experiences were not the same each year nor the same with all the parties who made the trip.

Different companies had different incidents and adventures, and experiences of varied character, but with all there were the same general features that gave crossing the plains a special place in the annals of the great west, as well as in the migrations of the Kuykendall family. In recording them here, the actual experiences of the families of the author's own father and uncles are given, incidents and events of which the author was a personal witness, things which he knew, saw and heard.

On the third day of April, 1852, about ten o'clock in the forenoon, in one of the streets of Monroe, Wisconsin, there stood a long row of white covered moving wagons, with four yoke of oxen to each. This was the moving outfit of what was known as the Kuykendall Company, ready to start on the journey across the plains to the Pacific Coast. All belonging to the company were Kuykendalls and relatives. There were last farewells spoken, with tears, clasped hands, embraces and fervent "God bless you's" and the start was made. The company made but a few miles the first day and then stopped to give ample time for putting up tents and getting fixed for the night. All were more or less inexperienced and did not know just what time would be required to make things comfortable for the night. Our green teamsters did not know just what kind of capers the young work oxen would cut, and they wanted daylight for extra performances they might be disposed to give.

The evening came on, all went to bed, but next morning when we arose we found about eight inches of snow on the ground, and the appearances were about the same as midwinter, except that the air was not very chilly. The wintry appearance did not dampen the enthusiasm of the travellers, for all knew that there would soon

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be warm weather and summer time. There was some awkward work next morning no doubt getting the teams yoked up and hitched to the wagons, but nothing happened to hinder us from getting started in due time.

The melting snow and the rain that followed soon made the roads exceedingly muddy, and for some days progress was slow and difficult. The mud continued all out across the western Wisconsin line and into Iowa. A fourteen-months old child belonging to my Uncle George had sickened after we started, and died April 23. She was buried at Newton, Ia., then a straggling little pioneer village. The Mississippi was crossed at Dubuque, and our way was made on to near where Iowa Center now is. Here some of the party decided to stop and locate. Grandfather Stark and family were much attracted by the fine appearance of the country, and he was feeling adverse to trying the hardships of the long journey to the Pacific Coast. One of his sons, James R. Stark, accompanied the Kuykendalls on the remaining part of the pilgrimage.

The sun was now climbing higher in the heavens, the weather was becoming warmer, travelling was easier and the men were getting used to handling their teams. All were more accustomed to travel and were beginning to feel that camp life and traveling were more natural to them.

We reached the Missouri river just opposite Omaha amid beautiful balmy May weather, and found that stream running full almost to the top of its banks.

Its yellow muddy waters were seething and surging by, threatening to inundate the whole country. The banks were being undermined and caving in, toppling over trees, rocks, or whatever was found on them. We found no ferry boat to take us over, and were compelled to go down the river to Council Bluffs at Canesville. Arrived there we found a great jam of emigration on the eastern shore, awaiting their turn to be carried over. Moored by the shore there was an old side wheel steamer that had been in use, in traffic and transportation up and down the river, but now was used as a ferry boat to take over the emigrants, their stock and belongings. There was no wharf or regular landing place, and the steamer was fastened to trees on the shore and by ropes and stakes. Precarious looking gangways were thrown out, over which wagons, stock and household stuff were being passed. Burly negroes with tremendous yelling, swearing, sweating and cudgeling, were urging the terrified cattle and horses upon the boat. When everything was aboard and the steamer had been loosened from its moorings, we swung out into the muddy, swirling current and turned downward and across to the other side. The price extorted from the emigrants was ten dollars per wagon.

When we landed on the Nebraska side we were beyond all marks of settlement or civilization. Stretching away to the west there was an unbroken wilderness.

Except for the roads we travelled

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the country looked as it had doubtless appeared for hundreds and possibly thousands of years, in its primeval wildness.

On the shore where we drove up to the Missouri opposite Omaha, we saw the first Indians on our journey. They seemed to be very friendly, but were beggarly thieves. We gave them food to eat, but caught them stealing spoons, knives or anything they could manage to conceal. They loitered about our camps and were watching for an opportunity to buy or steal a dog, bantering the travellers with "Swap, swap dog." They seemed to have a great fondness for dog meat. In some way they obtained a black dog and I saw them take him to an oak tree not far away and tie him up to make a burnt offering to their stomachs.

They soon had a fire made and the air fragrant with roasting dog.

After leaving the Missouri river, the next stream we came to was the Elkhorn, a small river, but at that time running to the top of its banks, with black muddy water, and far too deep to ford. We either had to stop and wait for the water to run down shallow enough to ford, or to devise some other way of getting across. Just about that time there was another company came up and fell in with us. We found it to be the "train" of Rev. Robert Booth, who had been across the plains before, and had designed for himself a wagon box especially for use as a boat, in such emergencies. We found Mr. Booth a genial friendly man, and we travelled along together much of the way after that, and became friends and neighbors in the Oregon country after our arrival. Mr.

Booth's wagon box was used as a ferry boat, a rope was put across the stream and we soon had everything over on the other side and went on our way. The sun was getting well up in the heavens and the roads were drying up and becoming better. The country over which we were passing was mostly level, with no trees except on the water courses, which were the tributaries of the Platte, along which were a few cottonwoods and willows.

Soon after getting into Nebraska, we came into the prairie dog regions and were passing "dog towns." These queer little animals were a great curiosity to us, as they were the first we ever saw. They live in large communities or clusters that hunters, trappers and plainsmen have always called prairie dog towns. When digging their domiciles, they carry up the earth and scatter it around the top of their holes, forming a circular ridge, whose inner edge is higher and whose top slopes away from the holes, so as to carry off the water from rain or melting snow. On this little elevated ridge in fine weather, there is nearly always seen a dog or two standing bolt upright, like a sentinel on watch duty. Upon the least alarm he gives a peculiar little cry or bark, and then instantly tumbles back into the hole. These prairie dogs live in towns of many thousands, covering large tracts of ground. We never dreamed when passing along there, that some day the country would be covered

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with farms and homes, and that these little prairie dogs would become a destructive pest. The prairie dog has other dwellers in his home, who seem to have all the benefits of his labor and without paying rent, or contributing to the support of his family. These are the ugly little ground owls, found all over the great western prairies, and the rattlesnakes. We at that time understood that these all dwelt together in peace and harmony, neither disturbing the other, but we learned that the peace existing between them, was a sort of "German peace," and that the prairie dogs tolerate the snakes and owls because they can't help themselves, and that both intruders eat the young dogs, both taking them raw, and the snakes swallowing them whole.

Immense herds of buffalo were frequently seen out on the plains of Nebraska and Wyoming, grazing quietly on the prairie, or stampeded and running wildly, making a deep toned rumbling sound that could be heard a long distance.

Unlucky was the traveller that happened to be in the way of a stampeded and running herd of buffalo. To try to cross their path or to stand still would mean being trampled and crushed to death. The best chance for escape was to go with the flying animals and try to gradually work off to one side and get out.

Sometimes we saw herds of the beautiful little antelopes, but generally there were but few together, and they were very timid and hard to get a shot at. The antelope is one of the most graceful of all the wild animals. Our men killed a few of them and we found them very fine meat, the best of all the wild game we came across.

The atmosphere was very clear and the sky a fine blue, when free from dust.

Distances were very deceptive, appearing much shorter than they really were.

Some of our people were greatly deceived by these appearances, and undertook to walk to some distant mound or bluff, which seemed to be but a short distance away. After going several miles they found they were seemingly little nearer than when they started. Travelling out on the treeless plains the matter of fuel to cook food and sometimes to warm us of evenings and mornings, became important. We soon learned to do as the Indians, trappers and hunters had done for many years. We gathered up the dried droppings of the buffalo and made fuel of them. These were called "buffalo chips." When we camped, some of the company, often the boys, took an old sack or large pail and looked about over the prairie about camp and gathered up this "Indian coal" to make fires for frying bacon, boiling coffee and baking our "flap jacks." Whatever squeamishness there may have been with the women, at first, it soon passed away and we were glad to have so good a substitute for the hickory and oak fires and the "back logs and foresticks" of our old home country.

At night our cattle were allowed to graze on the prairies, but were guarded by men who slept near them to prevent their being

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stolen and driven off by prowling Indians. At first, tents were put up every night, but after a while we mostly camped out in the open, without cover, slept out under the stars or in the wagons. When evening came and supper was over, all were tired enough to go to bed, and soon were wrapped in sound sleep. The toils and exertions of the day, out in the open air, did not contribute much to hilarity of evenings, we were all glad to sleep and rest.

Travelling along up the Platte river was about the most pleasant part of the journey across the plains. The weather was generally fine and warm during the days, but the nights and mornings were cool. Going so slowly as we were compelled to go with ox teams, all had plenty of time to observe the phenomena of nature, and had we been free from apprehensions of Indian attacks, sickness or dangers and troubles ahead, this part of the journey would have been rather pleasant than otherwise. There were frequently seen away off in the distance, brown, smokestack appearing columns, standing up perpendicularly in the air.

Watching them they were perceived to be seen in motion and were growing higher and higher. If not too far away, we could see that they were rapidly revolving around. These were spiral columns of dust carried up by whirlwinds. They began at the surface of the ground, sweeping around at first in wide circles, carrying up the dust, weeds and grass, then the circles contracted to a column that went up and up, until at a distance it looked to be solid, like a great smokestack. When the force of the wind was spent, the dust and debris began to spread out and fall. Some days there were seen a large number of these, here and there over the plain. In Nebrask and Wyoming we were frequently met by Indians or passed them, companies of Sioux in Nebraska and farther on other tribes. These were going out on their hunting or trading expeditions. Their mode of travel was peculiar, particularly as to their way of carrying their baggage and household goods. Their pack ponies were generally ridden by the squaws, who carried the children in pouches or sacks made of skins, if they were too small to ride otherwise. On each side of the ponies that were ridden by the women they had tepee poles fastened, and back of the ponies' bodies on the poles, were packed all sorts of traps and bedding. The Indian women had peculiarly shaped saddles, with high horns before and behind. The men were mostly fine, portly looking fellows, dressed in variegated styles, with beaded moccasins and leggings, or fringed leggings, the upper dress being in most cases blankets, but some wore coats, pants and vests of military uniforms, with brass buttons and Indian ornaments. The thought was at once suggested that perhaps these articles had belonged to murdered soldiers, who had been stripped of their clothing. No inquiry was made about where they got their clothing, however. It was thought that it would contribute to a better state of feeling if we were not too inquisitive, and they might take a notion to want our clothing, too.

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The constant grind through dust and sand in the hot sun with scant and poor feed began to tell on our teams and they did not travel with the same speed and nimbleness they did at first. It became necessary to give them more time, to make shorter drives and give time for rest and grazing. One beautiful day, while the teams were yet in pretty good condition, when travelling up the Platte valley, we came to a good patch of grass on Wood river, and decided to "lay over" and give our goods a good sunning and airing, and allow the cattle to rest and graze. The day was bright and beautiful, and rather warm. We stopped, turned the stock out to graze, took the covers off the wagons and put bedding, clothing and provisions out in the sun and air. Along about one o'clock the air was very quiet, it had been rather sultry, but there seemed to be something indefinable in the atmosphere, portending a change of weather, though the sky was still clear and not a cloud in sight. Soon a light fleecy cloud hove above the horizon and Mr. Booth remarked that he would not be surprised if there came up a thunder storm, saying at the same time, that storms came up very suddenly in that part of the country, and we had better get our wagon covers on, and the goods in as expeditiously as possible. Work was begun at once and every one worked as rapidly as possible to get the stuff piled in and fixed for rain. Following the little fleecy cloud first seen, there came up others and then "thunder caps" followed, seeming to boil up out of the western horizon. No time was lost, all worked with might and main, but before we were ready, the storm was ready to break upon us. In an amazingly short time the whole heavens were covered with dense black clouds, and ominous flashes of lightning with distant growlings of thunder proclaimed the storm's arrival. It became suddenly almost dark as night, the lightnings flashed vivid zigzag streaks across the darkened sky, and thunders crashed so as to make the earth tremble. By this time the wind had become a hurricane, and swept the plain with amazing force and velocity, and the flood gates of the heavens appeared to have been opened. The rain came down, not in drops, but almost in sheets and streams. We were in the midst of a hurricane that swept everything before it. The wagons began to move, and fearing they would be overturned or blown away, the men rolled them together and chained the wheels fast to each other. The tents went over almost with the first blast and were flattened out, exposing the goods and utensils underneath. Everything loose went flying and whirling over the plain, out into the darkness. Our cattle, the terrified brutes, were seized with panic, stampeded and bellowing with fear were running wildly over the plain in the darkness before the wind. It seemed as if all the elements were in a fury of violence. The crashing and rolling of the thunder was terrific and sounded as if the earth would burst open. Bolts and balls of living electric fire struck the earth with appalling detonations, followed by deep toned thunder rolling over the heavens from zenith to the horizon. It was

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the most appalling and grand exhibition of the power of the elements I ever witnessed. The effect upon our old, lame and stiffened cattle was magical.

Crippled, lamed steers that it had been impossible to goad into a brisk walk, were now limbered up, and under the influence of terror ran like wild zebras.

That electricity was a good medicine for stiffened up rheumatic muscles, even in cattle, had a striking demonstration that night. Along toward midnight, in the middle of this tremendous commotion of the elements, out of the confusion of warring sounds there came a voice as if one in distress, crying out, "Helloh, Hello-o-." The thought came instantly there must be something desperate that would bring a human being out that time of night, in such a fierce storm. "It must be some one in great trouble or distress."

On being asked what was the trouble, the stranger said there was a woman sick with cholera in an emigrant camp, half a mile back, and that she was about to die, and he wanted to find a doctor, if possible, to attend her. He was told we had no physician in our camp, and that the best we could do would be to give him some kind of hot drops or cholera medicine we had with us. What we had was divided with him, and he went away in the darkness and storm. We never heard of him or of the sick woman, whether she recovered or died. We had noticed that new made graves were becoming frequent by the roadside, marking the last resting place of pilgrims who had given up their lives, seeking new homes in the far west, and instead had gone to the long home from whence none ever returns.

The next morning the sun arose as bright and beautiful as if the face of nature had never been torn with a storm. The sky was beautifully blue and the air was fresh and pure, the dust all settled and there was a welcome change for the better. When we got up, our tents were flat on the ground, soaked with water. The wind had scattered pots, kettles, pans, buckets and all sorts of utensils and articles of clothing out on the plain. Some articles were found half a mile away and some were never found, and had probably been lifted and carried for miles. The cattle were found feeding quietly nearly twelve miles distant. The water of the rain was warm enough for a tub bath, and no one suffered from cold. Despite all our efforts to keep the rain out, there had been such a downpour that some of the water got into our bedding. I remember of waking in the night and finding the covers damp, but warm and steaming. The next morning when I got up and went to the camp fire, the folks said: "What is the matter that you look so red and speckled?" Why, you are all broken out." I was covered with measles, but had not an ache or pain.

A very remarkable circumstance we witnessed that morning, after the storm, was that the whole earth was literally covered with grasshoppers. Millions and millions of them were everywhere.

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Every blade of grass, weed and clod was literally quivering and wiggling with them. We had noticed them the day before, but now they were like the locusts of Egypt that came upon Pharaoh in the night. We could not move without touching or stepping on them. The wagon wheels crushed them by the thousands.

The same conditions were found for several miles. The wind must have lifted them from the earth somewhere in its path, and swept them along with it. We heard the next day that the camps from which the man came in the night after medical relief, was suffering from a great scourge of sickness, having smallpox, measles, cholera and Mountain fever.

We were getting farther and farther away from our old homes, but still were very far from our destination. All about us were savages ready to attack us, whenever they thought they could do so and escape punishment. Many people died, but there was no time for solemn, deliberate funerals, lingering parties or sad farewells. There were no elaborate caskets, seldom even boards to make a rude box in which to place the bodies of the dead. There were no flowers nor evergreens to place on the lonely graves. There were shallow and hastily made graves; the bodies were wrapped in sheets or blankets and put into the graves and earth shovelled in upon them. Yet there were blinding tears for the ones committed to the inhospitable earth far from home. Sobs, tears, parting and burial over they hurried on, impelled by forces more imperious than sorrow for the dead, the struggle for self preservation.

On the fourth of July, 1852, we stopped at noon, at the base of Independence Rock. No doubt some explorer or traveller had first visited the rock on that day, years before. Upon the rock we found cut the names of many earlier travellers, among which were those of Lewis and Clark, who made their world renowned trip of exploration in 1803-1807 to the Columbia river. There were a lot of young fellows who wanted to celebrate the day and occasion with a dance on the summit of the rock. They had with them an old squeaky fiddle and a tyro fiddler, who made the erstwhile catgut squall, while they went through the motions of what they called a dance, and thought they were honoring the "glorious fourth." It is over sixty-six years since that day, and I have often wondered if there are any of that party left living yet, and whether, if so, they have not told of the occasion to their grandchildren. It was not far from there that we crossed the Sweet Water river. Where we crossed it first there was, a short distance below the ford on the west side, a heavy bank of snow that had not been melted by the summer sun. We made snowballs and ate snow there in the fore part of July. As we got further along, sickness increased.

There was much cholera which was regarded with peculiar horror, because of the swiftness with which it brought death to its victims. There were numerous other diseases and we saw many fresh made graves.

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The first that we heard much about cholera and smallpox among the emigrants was when we reached the Missouri river, where there were a great many people from all parts of the states gathered together at the crossing place. Within a very few days after getting over into Nebraska we began to hear of deaths not far away from us. All along up the Platte and out into Wyoming, and farther on, it was not an uncommon thing to pass anywhere from two or three to a dozen or more fresh made graves, and sometimes people were seen stopped and digging graves or performing the last rites over the dead. Cholera appeared to be more fatal than smallpox and did its work more quickly. There were so many deaths that at one time there was quite a panicky feeling, and several companies who had lost some of their number turned and started back to where they came from.

Later on in the season so-called "mountain fever" began and continued until the end of the journey. Quite a number still had the fever when they reached the Columbia river. There was a great deal of difference in the way in which the people took the trials that came upon them on the plains. We had some that bemoaned their troubles and seemed to almost curse the day they left home. The distress and nervous tension experienced showed its effects differently upon different temperaments and dispositions. Some became more thoughtful, patient and forbearing, their courage seeming to rise to meet the exigencies of the hour. Others appeared deficient in the nerve and moral fiber to carry them through the strain. These gave way, and seemed to "lose their grip" and stamina, and some showed a decidedly "yellow streak" in their character and make up. Crossing the plains was a searching test of temper and disposition.

There were some people who, back home, had been known as strict church members and deeply religious, who, when they got away out in the wilderness, far from their old environments and restraining influences, became reckless and wild, growing profane and did and said things they would not have done and said before they started. Others continued under all circumstances to exhibit the same unruffled temper and spirit and pure gold of character. My father, John Kuykendall, was one of this class. The more severe the trials and adverse the circumstances, the more he showed the sterling qualities of his character and disposition. There were some on the road that the everlasting grind, the worry and anxiety provoked into outbursts of unreasonable irritability and bad temper, but who soon righted up again and went on as before. There were all kinds of people on the road. There were those who started in as natural ruffians and sustained the character all the way through, only their rotten streaks showed more plainly. There were some who were very quarrelsome and disagreeable, so much so as to make getting along with them almost impossible.

Human nature is ever and always the same. Those elemental feelings, appetites and passions of mankind followed the travellers,

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only being modified by environment and conditions. There were many single young men and girls who started with their parents on the journey over the plains. While there were no roses or lilies, and no stagings for love scenes, yet far out on the sage and sand desert, surrounded by Indians, coyotes and rattlesnakes the little love god found it possible to play upon the hearts of the young men and maidens, and many attachments were formed and led to marriages after getting through, and we knew of one or two on the way.

We travelled through the full length of Nebraska from east to west, passing into what is now Wyoming, at the extreme northwest corner of Scott's Bluff county, latitude 42ø, travelling at numerous points over the exact line of the present Union Pacific railroad. We passed Fort Laramie a little to our left, but in plain sight, and in a few miles came to the Black Hills. There had recently been Indian hostilities near here. The Black Hills are very striking in appearance. We camped one night in their midst, in a little cove or valley, by some fine springs, and near a few of the black pines of the kind that covered the tops of the abruptly rising cone like mounds. During the night there was a gentle breeze blowing that made a mournful sighing among the pine tops; and in connection with the fact that hereabouts was a noted Indian country, with recent outbreaks, gave a very lonesome, weird feeling mixed with fear.

We found at the Sweetwater river very grand and imposing scenery in places.

The tremendous deep chasms and high walls, narrow cuts in the mountains through which the river seethed and dashed, all bore witness of the tremendous workings of the powers of nature, some time in the dim, distant past. At South Pass we were on the highest elevation traversed on our pilgrimage. Though the highest it was hard to realize, and it really looked to be a large sag or low place. There is a flat almost level place at Pacific Springs, where the water turns to run into the Pacific ocean at the Gulf of Mexico and mouth of the Mississippi river. From here on all waters find their way to the Pacific ocean at the mouth of the Columbia. The Pacific Springs would be interesting for the situation they occupy, if for nothing else. The scenery around, the vegetable growths, the general atmosphere create the impression or feeling that the altitude is great. We camped over night at these springs, and though it was midsummer, we found the night cool and chilly. The ground, grass and all vegetation gave indication that the snow had but recently melted off. In the morning before we left camp an incident occurred that made me remember Pacific Springs very distinctly. On our journey, a young man had, within a few days past, fallen in with us temporarily. That morning he seemed cross, crabbed, and ill natured. I believe his outbreak that morning was because he was asked to help do something about the camp. He became very angry, and raved and swore like a mad

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man. He worked himself up into a frenzy, seized his rifle and brought it down upon a tirc of one of the wagons and with a tremendous blow, crushed the gunstock into fragments and bent the barrel, all the time cursing and berating everybody and everything around him. He then gathered up his few belongings and departed in a storm of wrath. We never saw him afterwards.

It has not been the intention in this account of the Kuykendalls crossing the plains, to bring up events in exact chronological order, like a diary, but to present a general description of hardships and trials endured, and some of the events as witnessed by the author. In those days among the greatest deprivations experienced was the lack of pure water. Much of the death among the cattle and horses was attributable to water strongly alkaline that was often drunk in overdoses and acted as a poison. Some of the emigrants suffered severely from this cause.

A considerable number of people died on the plains from the effects of drinking strong alkali water, and there were thousands of stock died from the same cause. It was a terrible disappointment when, after travelling all day, to find in the evening, when all were weary and nearly famished with thirst, that the water at our camping place had all dried up and there was left only a foul smelling mud hole. Such was the emigrant's experience at different times.

Frequently we came to creeks, where earlier in the season, there had been water, but it was now all gone, dried up. It was a sore disappointment and very trying with little children crying for water and all the rest parched with thirst to find there was no water to be had. Under such circumstances some of the men would take a shovel and a tin cup or bucket and start up or down the bed of the water course, searching for a standing pool, or for a wet, seepy or springy place where water could be had by digging. Many times the whole company waited for hours for the men to find water. If at last it was found by digging, it ran into the hole dug so slowly that it was a trial to wait for enough for a drink, then it took a long time to get around to all the crowd, and the poor cattle got none. I remember when we were fortunate enough to get a pailful of water, how the poor dumb brutes would stretch their necks out sniffing and trying to reach it. On other occasions we came up to where there was said to be water, only to find that all that was left was a muddy, filthy, ill smelling "puddle" that stock had trampled about, stood in and befouled. Our cattle drank this filthy stuff, and even men and woman were compelled to take it at times.

Why it was I do not know, but earlier in the season, some where not far from the Black Hills region, there were certain fine looking springs, with clear, sparkling water, that our guide books told us were poisonous. It is probable the guide books were wrong, and that the water in these springs was pure and good.

Further on in the Malheur valley and along up Burnt river the water was made impure by the carcases of dead cattle and horses.

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Sometimes after we had made camp on the banks of the streams, and had been drinking the water and cooking with it, there was found a foul decaying carcase lying in the water, only a short distance above, that had been concealed by brush or had been sunken in the water. Quite likely further on above there may have been others. It was almost impossible to avoid these things. The water was befouled and air was loaded with stench from the same source. Besides all this the air was filled with strong alkaline dust, doubtless laden with germs. How any escaped seems almost a miracle. Some of the drives we had to make over burned up desert regions were peculiarly hard.

One of these was the day travelled to reach Green River. We had to travel forty miles over a hot sandy desert, with no water except what we could carry with us in canteens and other small vessels, and there was none whatever for the teams. We could only go so fast; any attempt to hurry them only made things worse. It was pitiable to see the poor dumb brutes lean against their yokes and drag along, almost smothered with dust, of which they breathed in large quantities. With their tongues thrust out, panting for breath, and dripping with sweat they staggered along, and from sheer exhaustion sometimes stopped and refused to go further, or sometimes laid down in the road in the dust. Creeping along in the burning sand, in the scorching, oven-like air, we could not make much progress. After dragging along this way all day, evening came on, finding us far from water or camping place. The water we started with in the early morning, had been doled out in small quantities and all was gone.

The children of the families were crying bitterly for a drink. Happy was it for them when they cried themselves to sleep, even if only to dream of cooling water, and waken to find all a mockery like the fabled Tantalus. I remember it all as if it had been but yesterday. At last the oxen began to step more lively and to sniff the air. The poor dumb brutes had by their keen instinct or quickened sense of smell discovered that we were nearing water. It was a wonderful relief to know that we soon should be able to quench our own thirst and that of our teams. When we drew nearer to the river, the teams crowded forward eagerly, and if they had not been restrained, would have plunged headlong over the bank into the swiftly running water, and most likely would have drowned themselves and the occupants of the wagons. By brisk cudgelling over their heads and noses they were kept back until they were unhitched from the wagons and permitted to go down to the water and drink. Fording Greene river was ticklish business and really dangerous, where we crossed it. The water was deep, the current very strong, and bottom of the stream covered with large boulders. Some of the wagon boxes were struck half way up their sides and wagons swung partly around, by the violence of the current. One wagon was washed down and team drowned the day before we crossed.

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Our teams finally became so poor, weak and exhausted that the women and children had to walk to lighten the loads in the wagons. The barefooted little fellows that had to walk through the dust and hot sand and cactus during the day, thought the trials were terrible. The alkali dust caused their feet to chap and their toes underneath to crack and bleed, so that it was a real hardship. I remember very distinctly those things, for I had this very experience myself. Often those long walks were prolonged into the night, for owing to the fagged condition of the teams, we could not get to water or camping places in daylight. I remember how weary I became, and that wonderfully benumbing drowsiness that came over me, the intense desire to sleep. It seemed to me I would give the world and all its glories if I could only have a good bed; I could have dropped down in the road anywhere and fallen to sleep instantly. When at last the wagons stopped, my brother John and I tumbled into a bed of quilts under the wagon, and in a minute or two were lost to all the worries of the world. Blessed childhood sleep! how it smoothed out the wrinkles and worries of care. Those quilts had been spread down upon the branches and leaves of sagebrush so often that they were permeated with their pungent odor. Even yet, when I get a whiff of sagebrush smell, instantly there comes to mind memories of camping out on the plains, travelling along dusty roads, through sage and sand and sleeping under a wagon. Strange though it may seem, the scars and bitterness made in memory at first, now seem to have been smoothed out, and as I look back over those heroic days, it is for the most part with not unpleasant retrospections.

Sometimes while on our journey, parties went off on hunting jaunts, or undertook to go through by "short cuts," expecting to come out in the main line of travel, some miles ahead. Some of these became lost and bewildered and wandered away out in the desert, in a hot, waterless region and experienced almost indescribable sufferings. Some perished, dying the most horrible deaths with thirst under the roastings of the unpitying sun. The stories of those who found their way back, gave vivid pictures of their perils and sufferings.

There were instances where the lost ones never returned, and the finding afterwards of their bleached bones and a few articles of their personal belongings, told the story of their wretched ending. Frequently after we had travelled many hours in the heat and sand and our thirst had become almost unendurable, we came upon water that was black and bitter with alkali, so that drinking it only created a greater thirst. How often we longed for a drink from the old well, dug in the solid limestone, or the sweet, bubbling spring water back home.

All along through western Nebraska, Wyoming and the great expanse of sage and scoria, in the Snake river valley, in Southern Idaho and on down to The Dalles, Oregon, our camps were visited almost every night by coyotes, the prairie wolves of the plains. They

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made the night hideous with their howlings. Just about daylight and about sunrise were their favorite times for visits, but they would come at any time of the night, especially if there happened to be any game killed and brought to camp. These animals have remarkable cunning and an extremely acute vision and sense of smell. The odor of cooking food, frying meat, or even the effluvium from the bodies of human beings or domestic animals was detected miles away, and they came from far and near to pay us their visits. These sneaking prowlers of the prairie have most of the propensities and instincts of their larger and fiercer prototypes, the great grey wolves of Russia, and the "timber wolves" found among the hills and mountains of the west.

The blazing sun beaming down upon the plains heated up the earth until it was in a quiver, like the air over a red hot stove. As we beat our way across the great waste, there were at times wonderful mirages. Looking out over the plains we saw what appeared like lakes of water, growing by timber. The appearance was that of a beautiful oasis, inviting us to rest, shade and refreshing coolness, with water to quench our thirst. The appearance was so real that at times some of our men on horseback started to the enchanted spot, only to see the whole fade like the fabric of a dream. Lake, timber and all the beautiful, tantalizing mockery was dissolved and the pitiless sun beamed down, and the earth sizzled with heat. We saw even the sage hens, with wings uplifted away from their bodies, with beaks open wide, panting and trying to cool the heat that was consuming them. Young as I was I wondered how badgers, lizards, prairie owls and smaller animals could exist out in such a waterless bake oven.

On Bear river we came to the place where the Oregon and California roads separated. The California road left the "old Oregon trail" going off to the southwest. The Kuykendalls had started for Oregon, and when we came to the junction, we had no balancing of opinions as to which road to take. Here our teams were much jaded and weakened for want of sufficient feed. We saw that just across the river there seemed to be plenty of grass and vegetation. The river was not very wide and had but little current, the folks decided that they would swim the cattle over to the other side and allow them to get a good feed of fresh grass, to put a little more vim into them. To do this would require some one or two persons to swim over and look after them and drive them back again. Two young men volunteered for this work, and after the animals were over, they undressed and swam over to look after them. They overlooked the effect of the hot sun upon the tender skin that had not been protected by clothing. The cattle were taken over safely and returned, but the young fellows who had been stalking about in the hot sun all day, looking after them, found, in the evening, their whole bodies were red as boiled lobsters, and burning as if they had been in a patch of nettles. Here at Bear

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river, our emigrants found a great many service berries. All had been deprived of fresh fruits so long that they had a great hunger for acid fruits or berries. One who has never had the experience can know the intense hunger for fruits, long deprivation brings. The service berries were just about ripe and to the hungry travellers tasted fine. Quite a number ate too many, and later on, the stillness of the night, was broken at frequent intervals, by sounds as of persons vehemently calling out "New York." Our travellers were "throwing up" their berries, and some of them felt as if they would throw up their shoes. With some, the berries making their exit from those who swallowed them took both the upward and the downward route, and so business was very active in camp for a while. No one died, but some felt as if they were liable to do so, and their appetite for service berries was ruined from that time on.

At this point we were not very far south of the border of the Yellowstone Park, and in the edge of the region where, some time in the far back ages, nature has played wonderful pranks. The whole country hereabouts is covered with dark, spongy, basaltic scoria, and near where we had our camps at the "forks of the road," there were great openings among the rocks, going down no one knows how far. In my youthful curiosity, I threw stones into one or two of them to hear them go tumbling down the great fissures. No doubt some time in the past, steam, ashes, and volcanic debris had been vomited forth from these openings. Near by were hot springs, and intermittent "steamboat springs," diminutive representatives of the wonderful geysers a few miles north.

From this point on our journey was for weary stretches, over a scoria and sagebrush covered plateau for many days, and for the most part was a monotonous and fatiguing grind. The distances travelled each day grew shorter and shorter and were accompanied with increasing difficulty. Out here the writer's little sister, between three and four years old, was very sick with a burning fever and was becoming emaciated and thin. This occasioned much worry and anxiety because we were so far from help or any suitable food or medicine.

We dragged on to Fort Hall, then an old Hudson Bay trading post, that at the time appeared to be almost abandoned. There was a trader there who had a very few old rubbish-looking goods that would be of little value to any one. He appeared to be mainly interested in gathering up the worn out cattle and horses of the emigrants. The country about the fort was in many respects an improvement upon that over which we had been travelling, but it had a very forlorn look. All about there were tall weeds, rye grass and sagebrush. Here and there were piles of brush that poorly concealed slight mounds of earth, under which we were told were dead Indians. The swarms of green flies buzzing about them, and the buzzards flying about overhead in the air, gave melancholy confirmation of what we heard. We were told that some sort of pestilence had been among the Indians and had killed

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a great many of them. It might have been smallpox or cholera they had taken from the emigrants. There was stillness and desolation about there that made the place seem about the most melancholy and godforsaken on earth. It was not that the country about there was so bad, but the environments, dead cattle, dead Indians, buzzards, flies and fearful stench, baking sun all made us want to get out of there as soon as possible, which we did, and moved on over sage and sand; as far as we could see there was a dreary waste. Day after day and week after week we had been plodding along without fresh meat or vegetables of any kind. One morning there rode up to our camp a company of Indians, whether friendly or hostile we did not know. We were soon assured, however, when one of them said "Salmon, swap fish," and showed us fine red sided salmon, the first we had ever seen. We were very glad to find them friendly and only wanting to trade us fish, for that was, of all others, the very thing for which we had been longing. A trade was struck up and both parties were pleased and satisfied. Never did fried fish taste so delicious before or since. We ate with a zest that mocks at indigestion.

The Indians we had purchased from were Bannocks, a brave and warlike tribe that gave the whites much trouble, both before and after that time. They had a great propensity for robbing travellers and stealing and driving off their stock.

Oxen in the teams were getting to be very footsore, their hoofs were ground down to the sensitive nerves, and it was difficult for them to travel. It was pitiful to see with what pain they made their way. Sometimes they laid down and utterly refused to go. To force them along under such circumstances was an unmerciful cruelty. We were compelled to resort to shoeing them or be left stranded out on the desert. John and George Kuykendall were both mechanics, and John soon contrived to make shoe plates of steel or iron, which were nailed on the cattle's hoofs, on each division of the hoof separately. Such relief came from this, that after that shoeing cattle became an important part of our morning and evening, and often noon time operations. It was a little difficult to find iron or steel suitable, but by watching for cast away straps from wagons or other waste scraps we managed to get enough to keep several of the oxen in the teams shod.

After we entered the Snake river valley proper, and were travelling through what is now Southern Idaho, every vestige of grass was gone. So many had passed on before that their stock had eaten off everything that could support animal life, and our stock were famishing. It became evident that something had to be done. It was decided to cross Snake river at what was then generally called Salmon Falls, and we stopped on the river bank, about half a mile above them. The wind brought to our ears the roaring and thundering of the great cataract and reminded us of what would be the fate of any one who should be so unfortunate as to fall a prey

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to its merciless dashings. We had no boat, no oars, and a ferry rope would have to be made by splicing a number of short pieces, such as could be had from the different wagons. There was no timber near along the river, and it appeared as if crossing would be next to an impossibility. The men went to work with a will that is born of desperate necessity, and soon had ropes spliced, long enough to go across the stream. A wagon box was converted into a ferry boat. It was a hard job to get the rope over, but the undertaking was successfully accomplished and we had an improvised ferry. It took some courage to make the trial trip, the frail appearance of the flimsy boat, the ferry rope and the whole outfit was far from reassuring, and it seemed to be tempting fate to venture over upon it. The first trip was made with success, then others, and soon confidence was gained and the goods were passed over more rapidly. When the household goods were over, the women gained courage to follow.

While the ferrying was going on, or about the time it was finished, another lot of men were getting the stock over. This was a big job and required good management and discretion. Mr. John Kuykendall was superintending this work.

To allow for the force of the current drifting the cattle down while swimming, they were taken up stream some considerable distance. Even with this precaution a few of them failed to get to where they could land and were carried over the falls. While aiding in getting the cattle over Mr. Kuykendall slipped from a large smooth boulder and got thoroughly wet, and continued to work on until he became cold, and in the evening was taken with a heavy chill, which proved to be the onset of mountain or typhoid fever.

While the ferrying was going on, a very sad accident occurred. Along about the noon hour or early in the afternoon, some young men and boys undertook to take the boat over to the other side, without any experienced person being along.

They got the boat too squarely across the stream, and when they struck the stiff current, nearly half way over, the force of water pushed the edge of the boat deeper into the water, which began to boil over into it, and in a moment it was flipped over, throwing all out into the river. There being no small boat to go to their assistance, all that could be done was to watch their struggles and encourage their efforts. Some who could swim, got easily to shore, some made it with difficulty, and one poor lad was carried on and down further and further. He was clear under the water for some little time, except that we could see his hand reached up, as if to guide help to him, but help was impossible, and he went over the falls. We never heard of him afterwards.

This incident caused a gloom to come over the company for the time, but the pressing demands for our thought and energies to meet present dangers and needs, soon mostly effaced the saddening effects of the accident. Once safely over, more abundant grass and better water were found. My

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father was soon in the height of a burning fever and was growing worse. His little daughter was still sick, with no improvement. We now had two patients in one wagon, and conditions began to look desperate. Those were days of foreboding and weariness, and nights of painful vigils for my mother. They were times that tried our souls. The sick ones were dragged, day by day, in moving wagons, over trackless sage brush wastes. At night my father became very delirious, with low muttering wanderings, in which he seemed always to be in trouble trying to do something that he could not accomplish, or being worried with travelling difficulties. It was a dreadful nightmare condition hard to witness. Such sickness is bad enough under the most favorable surroundings, but situated as we were, was most heart crushing. There was but little to liven the dreary grind of the seemingly endless days. Hunting sage hens, an occasional chase after coyotes or a jack rabbit, sometimes gave a little relief and change.

At the crossing of the Boise river there was an incident took place that served as a diversion. An old gentleman who came along that way, seeing some others wade the river, which was not deep, concluded to try it himself. He started in bravely enough at first, but when he got about one-third over, he stopped and stood there a moment and looking down at the swift current, no doubt took the head-swimming sensation that nearly every one has sometimes experienced when crossing over swift running water. He seemed to be paralyzed with fear and began to yell, "For God's sake, come and help me out. Help!

Help! I'm going to drown," and there he stood in water not more than knee deep, making no effort to go on out. There was a man in the company who was an adept in vehement profanity, when occasion arose, and it did not take much of an occasion to start him. Seeing the group standing and watching the old man, this swear expert came up and opened out with his "cuss batteries," with a round of oaths that would have raised the hair of a mule. "You blankety blank old idiot, what are you standing there for?" The answer came back, "Help!

Help! I'm drowning." Then came volley after volley of cuss words, with all the variegated diction of a plainsman. "You old dad burned fool, shut up and go ahead. Shut up that howling, quit looking down at the water and go on." The way he rolled out the oaths would have been the envy of a pirate. The very air seemed to turn blue and smell of sulphur. The old man straightened up and began to walk on and soon reached the bank. The Bible says "There is a time for all things." Whether "cussing" was included is not recorded, but in this instance the results seem to have justified the means.

We crossed Snake river to get back on the side we had left, and came into the Owyhee and Malheur country. Back again upon the old road we found the grass all gone and matters deplorable, as to feed for stock, and almost every other way. All through that part of the country conditions were growing worse. Stock kept

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dying, literally starved to death, a process hastened by overwork and suffocating dust. Poor old faithful oxen were left exhausted and footsore to die by the wayside. By this time my father and little sister were both apparently as sick as they could be and be alive. Finally things were brought to a halt. So many cattle had died out of the teams that it was impossible to go on with all the wagons. There was nothing to do but to put together enough of the work oxen that could still travel, and make one team and put in what stuff could be gotten into one wagon, and go on the best we could. With the abandonment of wagon there had to be the leaving of household stuff. Then there were two families, two of whom were absolutely helpless at the point of death. Food, clothing, and all had to go into one wagon with the two sick ones. It was a desperately gloomy outlook. Up to this time my mother had never, to my knowledge, shown any sign of giving way to her troubles. She was a woman of remarkably optimistic, cheerful disposition. This, however, seemed to greatly oppress her, and for the first and only time she gave vent to her feelings in tears. There were by the roadside the abandoned goods, the wagon, and near by were lying down faithful old oxen, worn out and exhausted to be left. Mother sat down upon the wagon tongue and wept. It was enough to bring despair to the bravest soul. She had started out with anticipations of a new home in a beautiful country, and now with husband and little child both at death's door, and she and the other children cast adrift upon the lonely desert, seemed almost more than could be borne. Those were the times that tested the fiber of men's and women's souls. I shall never forget, while I live, those days of struggle and privation. Had we not already become somewhat inured to trial and suffering, we could never have endured what we passed through. We went on; there was nothing else to do. If this all was hard upon those who were well, what must it have been for the sick? It was fortunate that the nature of typhoid fever was to blunt and benumb the senses and bring on an apathetic stupor, which rendered those sick partly or wholly unconscious of what was going on around them. We were still far from our destination and it was getting late in the scason. The days were becoming shorter and the cool nights and mornings were prophetic of coming bleak winds and snow. There often came to us the thought, "What if we should be caught out here on the bleak plains?"

Cattle had been dying at a terrible rate for many miles back. Emigrants who had gone before had many to lie down and give up the struggle. The roadside was literally strewn with them. It was frequently remarked that one could almost travel along the road, stepping from one dead animal to another. The stench arising from these was at times almost intolerable, and we were never out of it. Animals drank at the streams and fell down and died in the water.

There was hardly a stream that was not polluted in this way.

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We fell further and further back in the line of emigration, because of our sick people and disabled teams.

Comparatively early on the way we saw a few abandoned wagons and many articles that emigrants had started with. A good many had attempted to take along with them a lot of stuff that was either very bulky or heavy, that after the travellers had more experience, they found a burden to carry through, and so left it. It was not so with my people, what they left was from force of circumstances. Those who left wagons because they lost their teams had to manage other ways for getting along, and some of the contrivances would have seemed to be ridiculous but for the sheer desperation of the situation. I remember seeing two men travelling along trundling a wheelbarrow, upon which they carried their travelling equipment, working by turns. Others had contrived push carts upon which they carried their outfits. Some walked carrying packs on their backs, depending upon getting food from the emigrants on the road. Slow as these means of travel were, these parties found it not difficult to keep up with the wagons. I saw instances where a poor old "rack- o'bones" horse and cow were worked together, with a harness made of ropes and strips of bed ticking of several thicknesses sewed together, and in other instances women and children rode upon a saddled cow. Conditions were too desperate for such exhibitions to excite jest or ridicule. No one paid much attention to how things looked, no matter how grotesque a thing was, if it helped to get along. Men, women and children were compelled to walk to lighten the loads of the teams.

These trying conditions bound people very closely in the ties of friendship and helpfulness. Only those who have had such experiences can know how closely people can be knit together when their souls are tried by the fires of adversity.

Perhaps upon the whole, things were at their worst with us while travelling through the western part of Snake river valley, and the Malheur and Burnt river country were worst of all. We zigzagged along up Burnt river, following the narrow strip of a valley between high and rugged mountains, crossing the river from one side to the other a great number of times. We finally came out into the Powder river valley, a little below where Baker now is. With all our difficulties and other trials our sick people were the cause of the most anxiety and worry. They were growing weaker and more reduced all the time, and it looked as if they might die any day or hour. The dust through the valley was terribly bad, almost suffocating both us and the teams. After what seemed an age, we came out into Grand Ronde valley, which under almost any other conditions would have been a fascinating country to pass over.

We found a little temporary trading shack where La Grande now is. Here we bought new potatoes and fresh beef, both of which seemed a godsend to us. The potatoes were slender, white, knotty

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things, that were called "lady fingers." If any lady ever had fingers as knotty and bumpy as the potatoes were, she must have been the victim of chronic arthritis of the hands and fingers. But the lady finger potatoes tasted delicious and we took them without quibble over their size, shape and quality. Here at the western edge of the valley, we went up into the pine timber in the edge of the Blue Mountains and camped and from here we started over on the old emigrant trail. Some of the mountains we climbed and descended were exceedingly precipitous, the road never having been worked or graded. Log chains were wrapped about the rims of the wagon wheels to "rough lock" them, and trees were chopped down and tied to the hind axles to help hold back the wagons and keep them from running over the weakened teams. We came down into the valley on the western side of the Blue Mountains near the Umatilla Indian Agency, a few miles above where Pendleton, Oregon, now is. Here we found many Indians, and more lady finger potatoes which they were anxious to sell to us.

In some respects matters now began to look more cheerful. There was a possibility of getting to our destination without crossing any other high mountains, and the prospect of getting through seemed more hopeful. We reached The Dalles, Oregon, on the Columbia, the middle of October. By this time all thought of crossing the Cascade Mountains was given up, for any day might bring snow storms that would close the road to travel, and to be caught in the mountains with wagons and weak teams would be very perilous and foolhardy, as some of the emigrants learned to their sorrow. At that time there was at The Dalles a sort of military fort and a trading post, and mission to the Indians.

There was quite a large traffic on the Columbia, with flat barges running between the Dalles and the Cascades. Goods and household stuff shipped down on the barges were taken over a portage of about seven miles, to quiet water below the Cascades. Transportation was engaged on one of these barges for the families, and the stock was sent down the river over by a trail along shore.

Families, goods and bedding being all aboard, the barge swung out and was soon floating down the river, carried by its current. We landed about sunset on the Oregon side to remain over night. It was all Oregon then. We landed a short distance above Memaloose Island, where we camped under a grove of trees on the bank of the river. The tall firs, the weird glare of our campfires lighting up the forest, casting ghostlike shadows out into the darkness, made an indelible impression upon my memory. It was a great change in our surroundings from those of a few days ago, and would have been wonderfully appreciated but for the desperate sickness in our family. Death was imminent and sure to come in a few hours, to the sick daughter, and the father was desperately low and weak.

Mother kept her lonely vigil over the little one, assisted by kind friends, all powerless to do anything to avert the inevitable end. About midnight the little sufferer breathed her

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last and her miseries were over. Next morning a rude box was made out of boards found on the boat, a grave was dug, and the little emaciated body committed to her last earthly resting place. Her only requiem was to be the eternal murmurings of the mighty Columbia and the sighings of the west winds that sweep through the mighty chasm the water has cut through the mountains.

That was a trying ordeal to my mother, but there was no time for tarrying; the boat was scheduled to go, and we were soon again floating down the current, mother looking through blinding tears, watching the receding shore and the last resting place of her dead child. We reached the Cascades and made the portage. A description of the great Indian burial place at the Cascades, the vast collection of bones of dead Indians, the Indian camps and Indians, the sunken forest we saw in the river, these and many other things would be highly interesting, but all must be passed with a mere notice. We heard legends of how the mighty Cascades were formed by the falling of a great natural bridge in the dim and misty past. But for the weariness of the journey we had just made, the sorrow for the dead, forebodings for the sick, and our suspense about the unknown future, the novelty of the country and everything about us, would have been not only a matter of great wonderment, but of pleasure also.

As it was, it all tended to attract our attention from our sorrows and hardships, and the change was a great relief.

We found below the Cascades a river steamer ready to take us and our belongings down to the mouth of the Sandy river, where we were to be put ashore. Here our team was hitched up and we drove across the timbered country to the Willamette river, opposite Portland, near the ferry, which was reached October 19, 1852. Looking across the river Portland was seen, then a little cluster of log cabins mostly, built along streets filled with stumps and logs, while tall trees stood close up all around. The air was permeated with the odor of newly cut fir timber, a pleasant reminder of mills running and something doing, of homes and civilization. The wagons stopped for Uncles George K. and James Stark to go over and purchase some needed supplies, and then we turned up the river, and that evening made camp at the edge of Milwaukie. Immense stumps were all around, trees larger than we had ever seen, shooting up to heights that to us were amazing. Brake ferns stood high all about, where they had not been broken down. The air was mild, the rocks along the river showed moss and everything betokened a change of climate. To our parched skins, the air was soft, moist and soothing. The transition from the high sage and sand plains we had been travelling over, to the sea level almost, the soft breezes of the Pacific, the great trees, luxuriant foliage and vegetation around us, had a very enlivening influence upon us all. The sick began to recover, and the weary rested. The change was magical. We had reached the promised land, and now daily looked upon the bosom of the beautiful Willamette, of which we had talked and

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dreamed for many months. If fate had seemed hard to us during the months past, she now showed a kinder face. The lightening of the load of suspense, the changed circumstances and surroundings all combined to make our people very cheerful. A fairly comfortable home for the winter was obtained, abundant employment at full remuneration, was easily procured for all able to work or attend to business, and so financial and other worries were relieved.

When we landed at Milwaukie we had our appetites with us in fine working order, and happily found an abundance to gratify them. We were neither troubled with insomnia nor indigestion. Whatever we may have expected of glorious fishing in the Willamette river, the realities surpassed all our dreams. Below the falls made by the mill dams at Milwaukie, salmon came up so thickly that one could put down a pole or rod, and feel the fish swimming around and bumping against it, and a man with a salmon hook could pull them out as fast as he could put the hook in and take it out almost. Men took a wagon load in a day. To us it was amazing, and the best of all was, the great red fleshed salmon were not surpassed by any fish in the world. Though fit for a king, they were so abundant and cheap that any one could have all he wanted.

We had been nearly famishing a very short time before, and now we were feasting upon the finest salmon, large potatoes of the very best flavor, with cabbage and other vegetables of every kind.

By early spring my father had fully recovered, and he and his brother had a good building contract that would take the whole summer. The families moved out to a little old log cabin not far from where they were to work. The cabin was in the fir woods, and was of the real old pioneer style, rough logs, chinked and daubed, clapboard roof, and floor of split puncheons made from a "twisting" tree, and they walloped about as we walked over them. Floor varnish or carpets would have been as much out of place as a jewel in a pig's snout.

The door had wooden hinges, with the old fashioned creak when opened. I remember well the little garden by the spring, the fir stumps in it, around which grew the "garden truck." In September all moved to Southern Oregon and located eight miles north of Roseburg. A full account of the settlement of John and George Kuykendall in the pioneer days of Southern Oregon, and of the prominent and active part they had in the building, organizing and maintaining the Umpqua Academy and their work in building up the educational, moral and industrial interests of that country would of itself form a long and interesting chapter. This is touched upon in the biographic sketch of John Kuykendall in another chapter of this volume. The story of the residence of the Kuykendalls there for more than twenty years would take more space than can be given to this chapter.

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Genealogy of the Kuykendall Family, in the Order of the


The baptismal and marriage registers of the Dutch Reformed Church contain the most accurate records we have of the birth of the Kuykendall family in America, for at least four generations. While these records do not show the actual date of birth of the children baptized, we know the church rules required the members to have the rite performed within the first few months, so that the registers show the birth dates nearly enough for all practical purposes.

After the fourth or fifth generations the old church registers show fewer and fewer baptisms of the children of our forefathers. Yet we know that the actual number of births must have increased very greatly. In this chapter, where it is said a child was baptized on a certain day, we know that the record was taken from the church baptismal registers. Where a person is said to have been born on a certain date, it may be assumed generally, that the information in regard to the birth was obtained from other sources than the church registers.

At first our ancestors appear to have had more of their children baptized, while later they either became careless and negligent, in regard to this matter, or they were less favorably situated for having the ordinance administered. Both these reasons may have caused the failure.

In connection with the baptismal records there were found certain other facts noted in regard to the family. These usually related to the residence of the parents, or to how they were related to others of the family, or where they had formerly lived. These brief notes have often proved to be very valuable aids in the study of the family history. By means of the early church records, living descendants can see how far back they must trace their family lines to connect them up with those early ancestors the records of whose baptisms are found therein.

Every living Kuykendall by whatever modification of the name he is now known, will find in the old Dutch Church registers the name of his first American forefathers; if not in the fifth or fourth generation, then in the third or second. As a matter of course all have come from the first American born Kuykendall son, as there was only one son in the first family.

Upon the old register of the Reformed Dutch Church of New Amsterdam, now New York, there appears in the Dutch language the following record:

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Ouders Kinders Getuygen (Fathers) (Children) (Sponsors) 1650, May 29 Jacob Luurszen Luur Tobias Teuniszen Jannekin Claes.

This is the record of the baptism of our first ancestor born in this country, Luur Jacobsen Van Kuykendall. This one person constituted the whole of the first generation of the Kuykendall family in America. There is no record of any other son having been born in the family, and the father died six years later. It has been shown that this son grew up and married in the Hudson River Valley, near where the city of Kingston now is. His children formed the whole of the second generation, now to be considered.


Children of LUUR JACOBSEN VAN KUYKENDAAL (1), baptized May 29, 1650, and Grietje Artze Tack, baptized August 16, 1663.

STYNTJE (2), baptized at Kingston, N. Y., April 2, 1682, married Jurian Westvael, son of Johannes Westvael and Maritje Kool. Styntje died and Jurian married 2nd, Maritje Cuddeback, August 29, 1716.

JACOB (2), baptized at Kingston, N. Y., August 12, 1683; married 1st Adrientje Tietsoort; 2nd, Sarah Westvael, daughter of Johannes Westvael and Maritje Kool.

JOHANNES (2), baptized at Kingston, N. Y., April 20, 1685, died in infancy.

CORNELIUS (2), baptized at Kingston, May 30, 1686; married Maritje Westvael, daughter of Johannes Westvael and Maritje Kool.

JOHANNES (2), baptized at Kingston, N. Y., September 30, 1688. The first Johannes died in infancy, the second grew to manhood, enlisted July 11, 1711, for an expedition to Canada, from Ulster county, N. Y. Nothing further known of him.

MATTHEW (2), born about 1690-1692 at Raycester (Rochester), now Accord, N. Y.

Married Jannetje Westvael, March 27, 1715, daughter of Johannes Westvael and Maritje Kool of Minisink.

ARIE (2), born at Raycester (Rochester), Ulster county, N. Y. Baptized at Kingston, June 8, 1694. Married Grietjen Kwik, who was born also at Raycester.

PIETER (2), baptized at Minisink, May 1, 1698; married Femmetje Decker, July 8, 1719, daughter of Hendrik Dekker and Antje Kwik. They lived at Minisink (Machackemeck).

ANNETJE (2), baptized at Kingston, May 19, 1700; married Roelof Brink at Kingston, September 27, 1718.

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ZARA (2), born at Minisink, baptized at Kingston, N. Y., June 14, 1702; married Jacob Middagh (born at Neschotah), October 18, 1724; both lived at Rochester, Ulster county, N. Y.

SYTGEN (2), born at Minisink, baptized at Kingston, N. Y., October 27, 1706.

Married first, Ary Van Etten, May 9, 1729; second, Cornelius Kool; date not found.


Children of JACOB VAN KUYKENDAAL (2), baptized 1683, son of Luur Jacobsen Van Kuykendaal, baptized 1650; by his first wife, Adrientje Tietsoort, and second wife, Sara Westvael. Only one child by Adrientje Tietsoort.

Margariet (3), born at Minisink, baptized at Kingston, September 11, 1709.

Johannes (3), baptized at Minisink, January 19, 1714; married Lisabeth Brink.

Jacobus (3), baptized at Deerpark, August 19, 1716; married Alida Dingman.

Dinah (3), baptized at Deerpark, January 28, 1719; married John Decker.

Marretjen (3), baptized at Kingston, October 22, 1721; married Abram Kortrecht.

Benjamin (3), baptized at Kingston, September 1, 1723; married Sarah Ferree.

Christina (3), baptized at Raycester (Rochester), February 12, 1727.

Nathaniel (3), baptized at Raycester, October 6, 1728.

Children of CORNELIUS VAN KUYKENDAAL (2), baptized May 30, 1686, son of Luur Jacobsen Van Kuykendaal, and wife, Maritje Westvael.

Leur (3), born at Minisink, baptized at Kingston, October 27, 1706; married Lena Consalisduk at Kingston, May 27, 1732.

Margriete (3), baptized at Kingston, May 7, 1710; married Abraham Kortrecht.

Marretjen (3), baptized at Kingston, June 22, 1712; married Parens Davids.

Nelletjen (3), baptized at Minisink, June 8, 1715; married Jacob Bogart.

Johannes (3), baptized at Deerpark, June 5, 1717.

Abraham (3), baptized at Kingston, October 18, 1719.

Petrus (3), baptized at Minisink, July 4, 1733.

Children of MATTHEUS (MATTHEW) VAN KUYKENDAAL (2), born 1690-1692 at "Raycester," son of Luur Jacobsen Van Kuykendaal, baptized May 29, 1650, and Jannetjen Westvael.

Symen (3), baptized at Kingston, N. Y., June 24, 1716.

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Petrus (3), baptized at Deerpark, N. Y., January 28, 1719.

Jacobus (3), baptized at Kingston, N. Y., October 22, 1721.

Elizabeth (3), baptized in Raycester (Rochester), N. Y., January 16, 1726; died in infancy.

Elizabeth (3), baptized in "Raycester," N. Y., October 6, 1728.

Children of ARIE VAN KUYKENDAAL (2), baptized June 8, 1694, son of Luur Jacobsen Van Kuykendaal, baptized 1650, and Grietjen Kwik, born at Raycester; married at Kingston, 1720.

Clara (3), baptized at Kingston, February 25, 1722.

Annatjen (3), baptized at Kingston, N. Y., February 16, 1724.

Johannes (3), baptized at Kingston, N. Y., July 31, 1726.

Margrita (3), baptized at Kingston, N. Y., September 7, 1735.

Children of PIETER VAN KUYKENDAAL (2), baptized May 1, 1698, son of Luur Jacobsen Van Kuykendaal, baptized 1650, and wife, Femmetje Decker.

Hendrick (3), baptized at Kingston, July 10, 1720; married Elizabeth Kool, baptized October 21, 1716.

Daniel (3), baptized in Raycester, January 28, 1722; married Lisabeth Van Aaken, who was baptized September 19, 1725, daughter of Cornelis Van Aaken and Sara Westbrook.

Elizabeth (3), baptized at Kingston, January 3, 1725; married Joseph Westbroeck, of Nameneck, N. J., January 27, 1749. He was son of Dirk Westbroeck and Janneke Van Keuren.

Zalomon (3) baptized at Kingston, June 25, 1727; born at Machackemeck; married Sara Kool, November 23, 1751. She was daughter of Willem Kool and Catryntje du Bois. Zalomon owned a farm next to that of his father, Pieter Kuykendaal.

Petrus (3), born 1732; married Catherine Kettel. He inherited the farm of old Pieter Kuykendal, his father, on present site of Port Jervis.

Martinus (3), baptized at Minisink, June 18, 1734; born at Machackemeck; married Catryntje Kool, June, 1758, who was daughter of David Cool and Eleanora Westfall. Martinus died before 1762.

Jacob (3), baptized at Deerpark, August 23, 1737; died young.

Jacob (3), baptized at Deerpark, N. Y., October 30, 1739.

Children of STYNTJE VAN KUYKENDAAL (2), baptized 1682, daughter of Luur Jacobsen Van Kuykendaal, baptized 1650, and Jurian Westvael.

Johannes Westvael (3), baptized June 24, 1711.

Jacobus Westvael (3), baptized February 8, 1713.

Jacob Westvael (3), baptized at Minisink, June 8, 1715.

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Children of ANTJEN VAN KUYKENDAAL, baptized 1700, daughter of Luur Jacobsen Van Kuykendaal, baptized 1650, and Roelof Brink.

Hendrikjen Brink (3), baptized September 27, 1719.

Margariet (3), baptized June 4, 1721.

Johannes (3), baptized February 3, 1723.

Huybert (3), baptized April 8, 1726.

Gerrit (3), baptized October 20, 1728.

Children of ZARA VAN KUYKENDAAL (2), baptized June 14, 1702, daughter of Luur Van Kuykendaal, baptized May 29, 1650, and Jacob Middagh.

Jacobus Middagh (3), baptized November 28, 1725.

Christina (3), baptized October 22, 1727.

Marretjen (3), baptized January 4, 1729.

Petrus (3), baptized February 10, 1733, in Raycester, N. Y., by Dominie Mancius.

Margrieta (3), baptized May 18, 1736, in Minisink, N. Y.

Children of SYTGEN VAN KUYKENDAAL (2), daughter of Luur Van Kuykendaal, baptized 1650, and Ary Van Etten.

Ary Van Etten (3), baptized December 7, 1729.

Elizabeth (3), baptized April 26, 1736, by Dominie Vas.

Catrina (3), baptized October 21, 173--.

Annatjen Van Etten (3), baptized July 4, 1742, by Dominie Vas.

Marriage Record.--Ary Van Etten first married Sytgen Van Kuykendaal, May 9, 1729. Ary died and Sytgen married 2nd, Cornelis Kool, the widower of Magdalen Dekker. Ary was born in "Neysviel" (Knightsfield). Sytgen was born in Minisink. At the time of their marriage both lived at "Waale-kill," Walkill.


Children of MARGRIET VAN KUYKENDAAL (3), daughter of Jacob Van Kuykendaal, baptized 1683, son of Luur Jacobsen Van Kuykendaal, baptized 1650, and William Freer.

Benjamin Freer (4), baptized at Kingston, N. Y., February 20, 1732.

Adriantjen Freer (4), baptized at Kingston, November 11, 1733.

Jacob Freer (4), baptized June 15, 1738, at Kingston, N. Y.

Abraham Freer (4), baptized at Kingston, June 15, 1740.

William Freer and Margrieta Van Kuykendaal were married November 21, 1728. He was born at New Pals and she was born at Minisink.

Children of JOHANNES KUYKENDAAL (3), and Elizabeth Brink. He was son of Jacob (2), baptized 1683, son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

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Johannes (4), baptized August 8, 1741, at Walpack, N. J.

Henry (4), born probably 1743 or 1744.

Johannes went with his father and the family to Virginia, and they settled on the South Branch of the Potomac, six or seven miles above the present site of Romney, W. Va. No record has been found of date of Henry's birth, but the court records of Hampshire county show that he was active in business there for years. There were probably other children also.

Children of JACOBUS (3), baptized 1716, and Alida Dingman, son of Luur Jacobsen Van Kuykendaal, baptized 1650.

Sara Kuykendall (4), baptized August 8, 1741.

Abram Kuykendall (4), baptized January 13, 1745.

Jacob Kuykendall (4), baptized July 12, 1747.

These all went to Virginia about 1748. James was a large land owner and prominent business man of Hampshire county, Va. The above mentioned Jacob was probably the man captured by the Indians, shortly after marrying Barbara Decker, an account of which is given elsewhere in this volume. James probably had other children than those recorded above.

Children of DINAH KUYKENDALL (3), baptized January 22, 1719, and Jan Decker, daughter of Jacob Van Kuykendaal (2), baptized 1683, son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

Barbara (3), baptized October 19, 1743, at Walpack, N. J.

Barbara and John Decker had other children that are mentioned in old Virginia records. Jan (John) went to Virginia prior to 1749, and owned large tracts of land there on the South Branch of the Potomac.

Children of BENJAMIN KUYKENDALL (3), baptized 1723, and Sarah Ferre, son of Jacob (2), baptized 1683, son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

We have nothing to show the exact date of birth of any of Benjamin Kuykendall's children. They are mentioned in his will, and come in the order following: 1, Moses; 2, Benjamin; 3, Nathaniel; 4, Mary; 5, Elizabeth; 6, Susannah; 7, Sarah; 8, Margaret; 9, Christina; 10, Rebecca; 11, Annotcky.

Benjamin lived on Peter's Creek not far from Pittsburg, Pa. He and his sons are mentioned frequently in the records of that country, also in Kentucky records at Louisville. Several of the daughters later went to Kentucky and there married. They are mentioned elsewhere in this volume also.

Children of NATHANIEL KUYKENDALL (3), baptized 1728, and wife, (???), son of Jacob (2), baptized 1683, son of Luur Jacobsen Van Kuykendaal (1), baptized 1650.

Isaac (4), born July 3, 1766; married Jane Calvin.

Abraham (4), born (???), 1760 (?)

Jacob (4), born October 31, 1770; married Catherine Decker.

Sarah (4, born (???); married Adam Harness.

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Katherine (4), born (???); married George Fisher.

Blondius (4), born (???); married Jeremiah Claypool.

The children of Nathaniel (4) were probably not born in the order their names are given. We only know the dates of birth that are shown.

Children of LIEUR KUYKENDALL (3), baptized October 27, 1706, and Lena Consalisduk. Lieur was son of Cornelius (2), baptized 1686, son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

Cornelius (4), baptized July 4, 1733, at Minisink, N. J.

Manuel (4), baptized May 18, 1736, at Minisink, N. J.

Rebecca (4), baptized May 18, 1736, at Minisink, N. J.

Joseph (4), baptized at Deerpark, N. Y., May 29, 1739.

Children of MARGRIET KUYKENDALL (3), born 1710, and Abraham Kortrecht, daughter of Cornelius (2), baptized 1686, son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

Lysabeth (4), baptized May 3, 1737.

Femmetje (4), baptized May 3, 1737.

Unnamed child, baptized September 19, 1740.

Children of MARRETJEN KUYKENDALL (3), baptized 1737, and Parens Davids, daughter of Cornelius (2), baptized 1686, son of Luur Jacobsen Van Kuykendaal (1), baptized 1650.

Johannes Davids (4), baptized May 3, 1737.

Jacobus (4), baptized May 30, 1739.

Artje (4), baptized October 17, 1743.

Abraham (4), baptized June 21, 1747.

Children of NELLETJE KUYKENDALL (3), baptized 1715, and Jacob Bogert, daughter of Cornelius (2), baptized 1686, son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

Abraham (4), baptized July 6, 1737.

Jesintje, baptized October 20, 1739.

Sara, baptized November 24, 1741, died young.

Jacob, baptized October 19, 1746.

Sara, baptized June 21, 1747.

Benjamin, baptized October 22, 1752.

Children of HENDRIK KUYKENDAL (3), baptized 1720, and Elizabeth Cool, son of Pieter (2), baptized 1698, son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

Catryntje (4), baptized May 30, 1738.

Femmetje, baptized October 30, 1739.

Hendrikus, baptized March 7, 1742; married Stephanus Decker.

Willem, baptized December 23, 1744.

Hendrikus, baptized June 21, 1747.

Jacob, baptized October 13, 1747.

Benjamin, baptized September 27, 1749.

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Annetje, baptized September 21, 1751.

Josias, baptized February 9, 1755.

Tjatje, baptized April 22, 1760.

It is seen that there were two Hendrick baptisms in the family of Hendrick Kuykendal (3). The second one, June 21, 1747, was a re-baptism of the same child. How this came about has been explained in an earlier chapter.

Children of PETRUS KUYKENDAL (3), born 1732, and Catherine Kettel. Descent: Son of Pieter (2), baptized 1698, son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

Solomon (4), baptized at Deerpark, N. Y., October 21, 1753; married Maria Westbrook.

Elizabeth (4), baptized at Deerpark, N. Y., June 24, 1757.

Chrystintje (4), baptized at Deerpark, N. Y., August 26, 1759.

Wilhelmus (4), born April 10, 1762; married Jane Gumaer.

Martinus (4), baptized at Deerpark, N. Y., April 8, 1764; married Antje Cole.

Lea (4), baptized at Deerpark, N. Y., December 8, 1765.

Elias (4), born at Deerpark, N. Y., 1767; married Elizabeth Gumaer.

Children of DANIEL KUYKENDAAL (3), baptized 1722, and Elizabeth Van Auken, son of Pieter Kuykendal (2), baptized 1698, son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

Petrus (4), baptized January 21, 1750.

Samuel (4), baptized June 24, 1752.

Maria (4), baptized November 3, 1754.

Catryntje (4), baptized January 27, 1759.

Femmetje (4), baptized January 8, 1764.

Elizabeth (4), baptized November 22, 1766.

All baptized at Deerpark, N. Y.

Children of MARTINUS KUYKENDAAL (3), baptized 1734, and Katryntje Kool.

Descent: Son of Pieter (2), baptized 1698, son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

Hermanus (3), baptized November 22, 1759, at Deerpark, N. Y.

I was not able to find any record of other children in the family of Martynus (3). He probably had others, or he may have died. There is nothing to throw light on the subject, so far as the author knows.

Children of JOHANNES KUYKENDAL (3) and Elizabeth Decker, grandson of Luur Jacobsen Van Kuykendaal (1), baptized 1650.

Catherine (4), baptized November 10, 1745.

Jacob (3), baptized August 14, 1751.

Elizabeth (3), baptized May 24, 1754. All at Deerpark.

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There were a few baptisms found recorded in the old Deer-park Church register that could not be identified and placed genealogically, so as to show the descent of the parties baptized. Among these are the following, viz.:

Jacobus Kuikendal, son of Johannes Kuikendal and Clara Quick, baptized May 7, 1751. John Bight and his wife, Alida Dingman, were the witnesses. This was no doubt a grandson of Arie Kuykendal, whose wife was a Quick.

Daniel Kuykendal, son of Benjamin Kuikendal and Anne Jones, baptized December 17, 1769; no sponsors.

Samuel Cuykendal, son of Cornelius Cuikendal and Christina Wornes, baptized June 17, 1773; born April 2, 1772; witnesses, Samuel and Mary Wornes.

Elizabeth, daughter of Andrew Cuykendal and Margaret Tomsen.

Sarah, daughter of Andrew Cuykendal and Margaret Tomsen, both being baptized December 22, 1786; were twins.


Children of JOHANNES KUYKENDALL (4), baptized August 8, 1741, son of Johannes (3), baptized 1714, son of Jacob (2), baptized 1683, son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

Peter (5), born 1775.

Daniel (5), born 1777.

John (5), born 1779.

Henry (5), born 1785.

There was at least one sister in this family, and may have been other children. These four sons are frequently referred to in this volume as "the four brothers."

Children of ABRAHAM KUYKENDALL (4), son of Nathaniel (3), son of Jacob (2), son of Luur (1).

Little is known of Abraham, except that along about 1804-5 he went to Indiana and settled a little later across the Wabash in Illinois. He had a large family, all of whom are dead, only one grandson living at this date in Enfield, Ill. There is in this volume a letter from this grandson, Perry Kuykendall.

Children of ISAAC KUYKENDALL (4), born 1766, and Jane Calvin, son of Nathaniel (3), son of Jacob (2), son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

Nathaniel (5), born September 25, 1796; married Sally Abernathy.

Jacob (5), born December 22, 1799; married Fannie Cunningham.

John (5), born October 5, 1805, died young.

Luke (5), born February 18, 1808; married 1st, Elizabeth Welch; 2nd, Ann Eliza Williams.

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William (5), born August 19, 1809; married Margaret Hines.

Sarah (5), born September 25, 1813; married Alfred Taylor.

James (5), born October 16, 1818; married Hannah Blue.

Susan (5), born February 14, 1821; married a Mr. Henshaw.

Children of HENDRICUS KUIKENDAL (4), baptized March 7, 1742, and Sarah Decker.

Descent: Son of Hendricus (3), baptized 1720, son of Pieter (2), baptized 1698, son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

Cornelia (5), baptized March 25, 1764, at Deerpark, N. Y.

Moses (5), baptized May 29, 1766, at Deerpark, N. Y.

Jonathan (5), baptized May 31, 1768, at Deerpark, N. Y.

Children of WILLEM KUYKENDALL (4), baptized 1742, and Leah Decker, son of Hendricus (3), baptized 1720, son of Pieter (2), baptized 1698, son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

Hendrik (5), baptized March 25, 1764.

Joseph, baptized May 29, 1766.

Emanuel, baptized May 31, 1768.

Jonathan, baptized June 22, 1783.

All were baptized at Deerpark, N. Y.

Children of SAMUEL COYKENDALL (4), baptized June 24, 1752, who first married Lydia Van Camp, and second, Sarah Compton. He was son of Daniel (3), son of Pieter (2), son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

Children by first wife, Lydia Van Camp, were:

Jemima (5), born January 18, 1776.

Daniel (5), born February 6, 1778.

Anna (5), born December 7, 1780.

Gerrett (5), born April 9, 1783.

Mary (5), born September 19, 1784.

Susannah (5), born March 4, 1786.

Elizabeth Van Auken (5), born July 5, 1788.

John (5), born October 29, 1791.

Joshua (5), born October 23, 1793.

Julia (5), born March 16, 1796.

Hannah (5), born April 25, 1804.

Gabriel (5), born July 23, 1808.

Last two were children of second wife, Sarah Compton.

More is said of this family in Chapter XVI.

Children of SALOMON CUYKENDAAL (4), baptized October 21, 1753, and Maria Westbrook. Was son of Peter (3), born 1732, son of Pieter (2), baptized 1698, son of Luur (1). baptized 1650.

Cathrina, baptized June 22, 1783.

Femety, baptized September 26, 1784.

Henry C., baptized 1778.

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Children of MARTINUS CUYKENDALL (4), baptized February 18, 1764; married Anne Cole. Was son of Peter (3), born 1732, and Catherine Kettel, son of Pieter (2), baptized 1698, son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

Solomon (5), born December 6, 1789.

Cornelius (5), born June 24, 1791.

Leah (5), born July 5, 1793.

Elizabeth (5), born August 25, 1795.

Moses (5), born August 11, 1797.

Ezra (5), born October 30, 1799.

Peter (5), born November 17, 1801.

Wilhelmus (5), born March 5, 1804.

Levi (5), born March 7, 1806.

Elias (5), born January 3, 1808.

Catherine (5), born January 10, 1810.

Martin (5), born January 23, 1812.

John (5), born October 31, 1814.

For further account of Martin, the father of this family, see chapter on Kuykendalls in the Revolution and elsewhere in this volume.

Children of WILHELMUS KUYKENDALL (4), born April 10, 1762; and Jane Gumaer.

Descent. Son of Peter (3), born 1732, son of Pieter (2), baptized May 1, 1698, son of Luur (1), baptized May 29, 1650.

Thomas (5), born March 14, 1786.

Jacob (5), born February 20, 1788, died March 22, 1858; married Mary Terwilliger.

Caty (5), born February 11, 1788; married Abram Cuddeback.

Peter (5), born August 12, 1794, died March 28, 1874; married Deborah Coleman Van Duzer.

Huldah (5), born March 9, 1797; married Samuel Van Duzer.

Hannah (5), born March 27, 1800; married Monus Cuddeback.

Henry (5), born November 2, 1802; married Sarah Ann Cudney.

This family lived at the old Wilhelmus Kuykendall homestead at Mamakating, most of them dying in that region. There were two adopted daughters in the family besides those above: Phebe Kuykendall, born August 13, 1784, and Mary Jane Middagh, born November 2, 1812. The old farm of Wilhelmus Kuykendall is between Wurtsboro and Summitville, along the New York, O. & W. R. R.

Children of ELIAS CUYKENDALL (4), born November 15, 1767, and Elizabeth Gumaer. Elias was son of Peter (3), born 1732, son of Pieter (2), baptized 1698, son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

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Jacob (5), born February 14, 1797; married Margaret Decker, and they lived on the old Peter Kuykendal farm, at the present site of Port Jervis, N. Y.

Wilhelmus (5), born June 15, 1804.

Hannah (5), born August 13, 1807.

Hester (5), born March 11, 1810.

There were several other children in this family whose records of birth were obtained from a different source:

Huldah, born August 21, 1791.

Catherine, born December 6, 1792.

Mary, born October 12, 1794.

Jane, born December 23, 1798.

Marjory, born January 24, 1803.

These are believed to be correct.

Children of HERMANUS CUYKENDALL (4), baptized November 22, 1759, son of Peter (3), son of Pieter (2), son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

Martinus, born 1785; married Margaret Van Sickle.

Peter, born 1757.

Emanuel, born May 2, 1790; married Sebrina Abers.

Elizabeth, born 1796; married (???) Finch.

Charlotte, born 1800; married (???) Decker.

In the chapter, "Kuykendalls in the Revolution," more is said of Hermanus, or Harmon, to which the reader is referred.


(Jacob Branch).

Children of PETER (5), born 1775, son of Johannes (4), baptized August 4, 1741, son of Johannes (3), baptized January 19, 1714, son of Jacob (3), baptized August 12, 1683, son of Luur (1), baptized May 29, 1650.

Elizabeth, born (???)

William, born (???)

The names of these children without date of birth were found in the will of Peter, on file in the county court records of Vigo county, Ind., at Terre Haute.

Children of DANIEL KUYKENDALL (5), born 1777, and (???). Was a son of John (4), baptized 1741, son of Johannes (3), baptized 1714, son of Jacob (2), baptized 1683, son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

Henry (6), born April 5, 1818; married Nancy Brimberry.

John (6), born (???). Died when young at about 21 years of age.

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Elizabeth (6), no birth date; married Elias Hughes.

Fanny (6), married Benjamin Painter. Date of her birth unknown and the order of births here presented may not be correct.

For what is known of this family see Chapter IX.

Children of JOHN KUYKENDALL (5), born 1779; married 1st, Miss Van Kirk; 2nd, Mary Peary. Was a son of John (4), son of Johannes (3), son of Jacob (3), son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

Children by first wife:

Washington (6), born October 16, 1811; married Nancy Forsyth Art.

Belinda (6), born January 1, 1813.

Sarah (6), born 1815.

William (6), born April 7, 1820; married Martha J. Simms.

Children by second wife, Mary Peary:

Alfred (6), born (???), 1823; married Annie Long.

Samuel (6), born January 8, 1825; married Lorna J. McMillen.

Henry (6), date of birth not known; thrown from horse and killed young.

Also Abraham and Henry, date of birth not known; both died 1849.

Children of HENRY KUYKENDALL (5), born 1785; married 1st, Mrs. McFall; 2nd, Sarah Smith. Descent, Henry Kuykendall (5), son of Johannes (3), son of Jacob (2), son of Luur (1), baptized May 29, 1650.

Mary Ann (6), born June 3, 1810; married (???) Ellison.

Children by second wife, Sarah Smith:

Daniel (6), born July 14, 1817, in Vigo county, Ind.

George (6), born September 19, 1818; married Candace Stark.

John (6), born April 14, 1820; married Malinda Stark.

Lucretia (6), born February 16, 1822; married Elisha Ping.

Mahala (6), born June 24, 1824; married James Taylor.

Ephraim and Levi (6), the date of these births was not found.

Henry (6), born April 2, 1831.

William E. (6), born December, 1833, died in infancy.

James Wesley (6), born June 14, 1836, died in Denver, Colo.

Sarah Ellen (6), born June 14, 1836, died in Sandford, Ind.

Leonard (6), born May 10, 1839.

See Chapter IX, this volume, for further history of this family.

Children of JACOB KUYKENDALL (5), born December 6, 1799, and Fannie Cunningham. He was son of Isaac (4), son

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of Nathaniel (3), son of Jacob (2), son of Luur Jacobsen Van Kuykendaal (1), baptized May 29, 1650.

Susan, born, date not known; married Dr. Davis.

Isaac, born, no further data at hand.

James Cunningham, born in Boone county, Mo., 1826, died at Gallatin, Mo.

Fannie, born, date not known; married Isaac Hutton.

Children of NATHANIEL KUYKENDALL (5), born September 26, 1796, and Sally Abernathy. Descent: Nathaniel (5), born 1796, son of Isaac (4), born 1766, son of Nathaniel (3), baptized 1728, son of Jacob (2), baptized 1683, son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

Isaac, born December 19, 1820; married Sarah Williams; 2nd, Hannah Fox.

William Abernathy, born August 27, 1822; married Jemima Fox.

James, born March 27, 1824; married Rebecca Harness.

Nancy Jane, born June 3, 1827; married Robert H. Wilson; 2nd, J. B. Gilkeson.

Harriet, born February 20, 1829; married John S. Wilson.

Sarah, born March 5, 1831; married W. R. Pugh.

Henry Clay, born October 7, 1833; married Letitia Arthur.

John C., born May 3, 1836, died 1840.

Children of LUKE KUYKENDALL (5), born February 15, 1808, who first married Elizabeth Welch; 2nd, Anna E. Williams. Line of descent: Luke (5), son of Isaac (4), born 1766, son of Nathaniel (3), baptized 1728, son of Jacob (2), baptized 1683, son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

Joseph, born 1843; married Mary A. Scott; lived at Petersburg, W. Va.

Eliza, born 1845, died 1847.

Luke, born April 21, 1847; married; raised a family; died 1902.

Charles Vause, born April 2, 1851; married Miss Eliza Davis.

William Dempsey, born (date not known), lived at Armstrong,Ill.

Mollie, born (???); married (???) Switzler; lives in Portland, Ore.

Jacob, born (???); lived in Danville, Ill.

Sarah, born (???), died (???). History not known.

Fannie, date of her birth not known. She married a Dr. Scott.

Children of WILLIAM H. KUYKENDALL (5) and Margaret Hines, son of Isaac (4), baptized 1766, son of Nathaniel (3), baptized 1728, son of Jacob (2), baptized 1683, son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

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William H., born August 11, 1849; married Lucia Ellis.

No record was found of any other children born to this family.

Children of JAMES KUYKENDALL (5), born September 8, 1818, who married Hannah Lawson. Line of descent: Son of Isaac (4), born 1766, son of Nathaniel (3), baptized 1728, son of Jacob (2), baptized 1683, son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

Frances Janes (6), born August 20, 1837, died May 14, 1839.

Isaac (6), born August 30, 1839, died 1910; married Lucy R. Davis.

Frances Blue (6), born September 15, 1841; married (???) Taylor.

James Calvin (6), born December 11, 1843, died 1846.

Michael Blue (6), born December 9, 1845; residence, Reeser's Mill, W. Va.

John William (6), born December 7, 1847, died 1851.

James Lawson (6), born October 20, 1849.

William (6), born April 26, 1852; deceased.

Thomas (6), born September 18, 1854; deceased.

Susan (6), born October 1, 1856; deceased.

Garrett (6), born March 18, 1859, died 1860.

Children of ELIZA KUYKENDALL (5), born March 10, 1802, and Luke Decker.

Descent: Eliza (5) daughter of Jacob (4), baptized 1770, son of Nathaniel (3), baptized 1728, son of Jacob (2), baptized 1683, son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

Sarah Decker (6), birth date not known, never married.

Anna (6), birth date not known, never married.

John (6), date of birth not known, was killed in Union Army, in Civil War.

Maria (6), married (???) McConihe, had one daughter.

Catherine (7), married George Rathbone, died at Clifton Springs, N. Y., 1906.

There were several other children that died in infancy, or in very early life.

Children of JACOB KUYKENDALL (5), son of Abraham (4), son of Nathaniel (3), baptized 1728, son of Jacob (2), baptized 1683, son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

Perry C. (6), date of his birth is not at hand. His father and grandfather both had large families. They all lived in Southern Illinois, near where Enfield now is. Many of their children died young, and the family became almost extinct, as to male descendants. The above named Perry C. (6) and his son Perry B. (7) represent all the living male descendants of this family.

Children of JOSEPH COYKENDALL (5), baptized May 29, 1766, and Mary Beadle.

Descent: Son of William (4), baptized

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1744, son of Henry (3), baptized 1720, son of Pieter (2), baptized 1698, son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

William (6), born (???).

Henry (6), born (???).

Joseph (6), born (???).

Joel (6), born (???).

Jonathan B. (6), born September 21, 1797.

Doctor (6), born (???).

Mary (6), born (???).

Cyrus (6), born 1812, died 1894.

Of this family the eldest (William) married and had a family. One daughter, Mrs. Mary C. Grayson, is still living at Glendale, Cal., in her 83rd year.

Jonathan B. had a large family of children. See seventh generation. Mary (6) married Elliott Chase, settled at Canton, Ill. Cyrus (6) had a large family.

See seventh generation.

Children of JOEL COYKENDALL (5) and Margaret Struble.

Julia Ann (6) married Marcus Bartlett and had two children, Mary and Levi, of seventh generation.

Joshua (6), married Ann Lewis, and their children were Ella (7), Emma, Fred and Frank. Of these, Emma married H. M. Kellogg and they had two children, Leigh (8), and Helen (8). Fred (7), married Delvina Fagnant; one daughter, Lillian (8), who married Frank Murphy. Frank (7), married Leah Wilson and they have a son, James (8), and daughter, Anna (8).

This family lives at Hollywood, Cal.

Mary (6), married Henry Coykendall; their history elsewhere.

Sally (6), married Met Lewis; children, Joel and Mary Ann (7).

Betsy (6), married David Finch; no further history.

Charity (6), married Benjamin Coykendall, her cousin. Their children were Amos (6), Joel, Harrison, Ira and Eliza.

John (6), married Eliza Baldwin; children, Charles and Morris.

Madison (6), married Sophia Winfield; children, Mary Ann and Winfield.

Katherine (6), married Alfred Thayer; four children.

Caroline (6), married David Lamont.

The exact line of descent of Joel Coykendall and Margaret Struble, the progenitors of the family whose genealogy has just been considered, is not known. There was an Emanuel Coykendall, born 1773, who married Mary Struble, born 1775. It is highly probable that this Emanuel and the Joel whose family has just been considered, were brothers, and that their wives,

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Mary and Margaret Struble, were sisters. Emanuel was the progenitor of a large line of descendants, many of whom live in Western New York. Their ancestors settled a little over a century ago in Yates county, N. Y. See correspondence of E. E. Coykendall in Chapter XXV.

Children of MOSES COYKENDALL (5), baptized March 25, 1766, and Hannah Decker.

Descent: Moses (5), Hendricus (4), Pieter (2), Luur (1), baptized 1650.

Henry (6), born October 11, 1789.

Samuel D., born September 8, 1791.

Elijah, born September 17, 1793.

Susannah, born August 6, 1795.

Mary, born June 16, 1799.

Jonathan, born October 12, 1802.

Sarah, born April 6, 1805.

Margaret, born August 28, 1807.

Julia, born November 28, 1809.

Madison, born June 8, 1812.

Harrison, born May 26, 1815.

For further data pertaining to this family see Chapter XVI.

Children of HENDRICUS CUYKENDALL (5) and Mary Dewitt. Descent: Hendricus (5), William (4), Henry (3), Pieter (2), Luur (1), baptized 1650.

Bodewin (6), born April 18, 1786.

Leah (6), born 1787; married Evert Cortright.

James Decker (6), born February 18, 1789.

John (6), born November 9, 1791.

Moses (6), born February 14, 1793.

Jacob (6), born February 12, 1795.

William (6), born May 16, 1797.

Samuel (6), born March 15, 1802.

Anne (6), born April 11, 1804.

Charity (6), born January 23, 1811.

Children of GABRIEL COYKENDALL (5), born October 20, 1814, and Harriet Ayers, 1st wife, and Sarah Compton, 2nd wife. Descent: Gabriel (5), Samuel (4), Daniel (3), Pieter (2), Luur (1), baptized 1650.

Rosetta (6), born December 8, 1831.

Ford (6), born August 7, 1833.

Sealy (6), born April 2, 1836.

Halsey (6), born March 9, 1839.

John (6), born January 2, 1842.

Chester (6), born February 5, 1845.

Theodore (6), born October 27, 1847.

Charles Edwin (6), born February 19, 1854.

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Children of HENRY C. CUYKENDALL (5), born 1788. Descent: Son of Solomon (4) 1753, son of Peter (3), son of Pieter (2), Luur (1), baptized 1650.

His children were:

Samuel, Solomon, James, Martin, Benjamin, Mary, Eliza, Phebe and Christina.

Benjamin married Sarah Bacon; had two children, Charles Henry and Emma. For further information relating to this family see Chapter XXIV.

Children of JACOB KUYKENDALL (5), born February 12, 1788, and Mary Terwilliger. Descent: Jacob (5), baptized 1788, son of Wilhelmus (4), baptized 1762, son of Peter (3), baptized 1732, son of Pieter (2), baptized 1698, son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

William (6), died 1880, at Owego, N. Y.; Eliza (6), Jane (6), Charlotte (6), Josiah (6), Sarah (6), James (6), Severyn (6) and Mary Katherine.

Part of this branch of the family, of whom Peter (5) 1794, son of Wilhelmus, was progenitor, lived first in Ulster county, N. Y., but lived later in Sullivan county. Some of them moved to Windham, Pa., others lived near Port Jervis, N. Y.

Children of PETER KUYKENDALL (5), born August 12, 1794, died March 28, 1874, and Deborah Coleman Van Duzer, born 1799. Descent: Son of Wilhelmus (4) 1762, son of Peter (3), baptized 1732, son of Pieter (2), baptized 1698, son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

Thomas born August 17, 1817, died 1851; married Ann Cornell.

Hiram, born June 10, 1818; lived at Summitville, N. Y.; married Margaret Terwilliger.

Eunice, born April 2, 1820, died October 27, 1873; married Silas Sherwood.

Elizabeth, born June 1, 1822, died 1854; unmarried.

Samuel, married Lettie Reynolds; no children.

Benjamin, born July 28, 1826; married Pamelia Gardner; died October 25, 1910.

William, born November 27, 1827, died February 23, 1905; married Helen Knee.

Harmon, born January 18, 1829, died July 20, 1887, at Summitville, N. Y.

Sarah C., born November 8, 1830; married Lewis S. Russell; died March 9, 1882.

Huldah, born April 23, 1833; married George Chauncey Frisbee, born March 31, 1831.

Peter Adolph, born in 1835, died in early infancy.

Hannah Katherine, born 1839; married Dr. Hiram L. Knapp, who died October, 1878, at Windham, Pa.

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Children of HENRY KUYKENDALL (5), born November 2, 1802, and Sarah Ann Cudney.

Descent: Son of Wilhelmus (4), son of Peter (3), son of Pieter (2), son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

Huldah Catherine, born, date not found, died 1904; married Winthrop Dorrance, born September 22, 1823; two children; both died young.

Jane Ann, born April 20, 1831; married Ambrose Miller; two children, Isaac, born April 6, 1853; married Fanny Taylor.

Mary Elizabeth, born 1837; married Jacob Roosa.

Rebecca Emeline, born 1841; died unmarried, August 21, 1885.

Children of JACOB CUYKENDALL (5), born February 14, 1797, and Margaret Decker.

Descent: Son of Elias (4), son of Peter (3), son of Pieter (2), son of Luur, baptized 1650. Their marriage took place at Minisink, June 17, 1820.

Jane (6), baptized July 21, 1822, born June 17, 1822.

Wilhelmus (6), born July 7, 1824, baptized August 29, 1824.

Margaret (6), born, date not found.

Isaac Decker (6), born March 2, 1828, baptized June 1, 1828.

Elizabeth (6), born March 21, 1830, baptized July 4, 1830.

Elias (6), born September 18, 1832, baptized November 18, 1832.

Levi (6), born January 5, 1835, baptized April 19, 1835.

Mary Ellen (6), born February 11, 1837, baptized September 2, 1837.

Jemima (6), born December 1, 1838, baptized July 24, 1839.

Margaret, of the above family, married James Horton, a brother of Mrs. Abigail (Horton) St. John, wife of the late Stephen St. John, of Port Jervis, N. Y.

She died at Moravia, N. Y., January, 1892. For a more complete account of some of the descendants of Elias Cuykendall, Jr., son of Jacob Cuykendall and Margaret Decker, see chapter on Cuykendalls.

Children of WILHELMUS CUYKENDALL (5), born June 13, 1805. Married 1st, Eunice Van Auken, November 22, 1827, died November 24, 1846; 2nd, married Ruth Banker, born June 23, 1819, died August, 1905. Descent: Son of Elias (4), son of Peter (3), son of Pieter (2), son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

Belinda (6), born February 16, 1832, died 1912.

Franklin (6), born September 16, 1834, died 1913.

James Horton (6), born July 30, 1836, died August 17, 1880.

Elizabeth (6), born March 27, 1839, died October 3, 1860.

Monnan (6), born December 19, 1840, died December 26, 1841.

Mary Jane (6), born January 3, 1843.

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Fidelia (6), born January 5, 1848, died March 3, 1899.

Ella Maria (6), born April 16, 1850, died 1911.

William Denton (6), born July 22, 1853.

Charles Henry (6), born October 23, 1854.

Eunice Ann, born Feb. 27, 1856.

Clara (6), born March 10, 1860, died in infancy.

Hester Terpening (6), born July 7, 1862, died January 8, 1899.

For further data relating to this family see Chapter XVI.

Children of EMANUEL COYKENDALL (5), born May 2, 1790, and Sabrina Aber.

Descent: Emanuel (5), son of Hermanus (4), son of Martin (3), son of Pieter (2), son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

Marie (6), born February 27, 1809.

Martin (6), born August, 1810.

Abner A. (6), born January 12, 1813.

Meliscent (6), born October 22, 1814.

Harmon (6), born July 5, 1816.

Charity (6), born October 13, 1817.

Zelotus G. (6), born June 6, 1819.

Emanuel S. (6), born April 17, 1821.

Catherine Jayne (6), born April 15, 1822.

David (6), born April 15, 1822.

Sally Ann (6), born April 5, 1825.

Daniel (6), born May 11, 1826.

John (6), born November 22, 1827.

Lewis (6), born November 9, 1831.

Alpheus B., born January 9, 1835.


Children of HENRY KUYKENDALL (6), born 1818, and Nancy Brimberry. Descent: Daniel (5), born 1777, son of John (4), baptized 1741, son of Johannes (3), baptized 1714, son of Jacob (2), baptized 1683, son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

John A. (7), born January 3, 1842; married Mary A. Lee: 2nd, Tabitha E.


Jerusha Jane (7), born October 23, 1843; married Charles Wood; three children.

Daniel (7), born February 3, 1845, died February 15, 1862.

Leander (7), born January 3, 1847; married Mary Ann Abbott.

Henry P. (7), born January 20, 1850, died September 30, 1850.

Phebe Ellen (7), born August 20, 1852; married John Whitehead.

Nancy Ann (7), born January 20, 1854; married Henry Rice of Topeka, Kan.

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William Rush (7), born March 21, 1856; remains single.

Joseph (7), born June 11, 1858; married Miss (???)

Effie Afton (7), born March 28, 1864, died September 23, 1867.

Henry Kuykendall and Nancy Brimberry were married April 8, 1841. Nancy Brimberry was born June 30, 1821.

Henry Kuykendall died May 28, 1902, buried in Bethel cemetery, Topeka, Kan.

Nancy Jane Kuykendall died August 8, 1895, buried in Bethel cemetery, Topeka, Kan. John Kuykendall died September 25, 1913, buried in Rosedale cemetery, Los Angeles, Cal.

Children of WILLIAM KUYKENDALL (6), born November 11, 1820, and Martha J.

Simms, born April 25, 1824. Descent: William (6), son of John (5), son of John (4), baptized 1741, son of Johannes (3), baptized 1714, son of Jacob (2) baptized 1683, son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

Maurice (7), born February 28, 1844, died November 15, 1865.

John (7), born March 26, 1846; married Lucy Farr.

William (7), born November 11, 1848; married Mattie Scott.

Paulina (7), born November 9, 1850; married a man named Hixon.

Henry Clay (7), born March 7, 1853; married Sarah F. Engles.

Martha Jane (7), born July 31, 1855; married Charles Wesser.

Sarah Elizabeth (7), born July 15, 1857; married John Davis.

Mary Clotilde (7), born October 30, 1859; married John L. Thompson.

Lyman Beecher (7), born June 2, 1862; married Minnie Cooper, August, 1890.

Alzira (7), born June 30, 1864.

Minnie (7), born July 9, 1866; married John Franklin Murphy, born October 23, 1860.

Children of SAMUEL KUYKENDALL (6), born 1825, and Lorna J. McMillen. Descent: Son of John (5), born 1779, son of John (4), baptized 1741, son of Johannes (3), baptized 1714, son of Jacob (2), baptized 1683, son of Luur (1), 1650.

Sarah Elizabeth (7), born August 8, 1848; married John Butler

Amanda Almeda (7), born July 11, 1850; remains single.

Mary Eleanor (7), born December 3, 1851; remains single.

Lavina Jane (7), born December 29, 1853; married Theodore Reynolds.

William Clippinger (7), born December 9, 1855; married Jenne M. Smith.

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Annie Celestia (7), born August 2, 1857; married Jerome Hogue.

Charles (7), born March 9, 1859, died 1863.

Lola Josephine (7), born October 7, 1860; married Thomas C. Van Osdle.

Samuel (7), born May 28, 1862, died 1892.

John Young (7), born May 23, 1864.

Richard (7), born September 16, 1865, died in infancy.

Cora Belle (7), born August 16, 1866, died 1882.

Albert (7), born April 29, 1869; married Sarah Crews.

Children of ALFRED KUYKENDALL (6), born December 20, 1823, and Anna Long.

Descent: Son of John (5), born 1779, son of John (3), baptized 1741, son of Johannes (3), baptized 1714, son of Jacob (2), baptized 1683, son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

John (7), born September 24, 1844.

Mary (7), born May 20, 1846.

Jacob (7), born February 13, 1848.

Elizabeth (7), born April 14, 1856.

There were other children of this family that died young, not reaching maturity.

Children of GEORGE WASHINGTON KUYKENDALL (6), born 1811, and Nancy Forsyth Art. Descent: Son of John (5), born 1779, son of John (4), baptized 1741, son of Johannes (3), baptized 1714, son of Jacob (2), baptized 1683, son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

John Thomas (7), born (???), 1841; married Annie Reynolds; no children.

Mary Jane (7), born April 22, 1843; married Hiram Smith.

William Espey (7), born September 18, 1844; 1st married Susan Lankford; 2nd, Sarah E. Smith.

James McElroy (7), born April 4, 1847; married Malinda Adams.

Nancy Elizabeth (7), born August 9, 1849; married George W. Smith.

Malinda (7), born (???), died in infancy.

Henry Dean (7), born (???), died in early infancy.

Welton Modesitt (7), born June 5, 1855; married Olive Smith.

Alfred Anson (7), born October 7, 1857.

Two other children died in infancy.

Children of MARY ANN KUYKENDALL (6), born 1810, and (???) Ellison. Descent: Daughter of Henry Kuykendall (5) 1785, son of John (4), baptized 1741, son of Johannes (3), baptized 1714, son of Jacob (2), baptized 1683, son of Luur (1) baptized 1650.

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The history of these Ellison children was not learned. They were born somewhere near Terre Haute, Ind., and some of their descendants live in that region yet.

Children of DANIEL KUYKENDALL (6), born 1817, and Virena M. Malcolm. Descent: Son of Henry (5), born 1785, son of John (4), baptized 1741, son of Johannes (3), baptized 1714, son of Jacob (2), baptized 1683, son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

Sarah Ann (7), born October 29, 1839; married Thomas Mahlon Edwards.

Henry Alexander (7), born 1840; was in Union Army; died 1862.

Nancy Ellen (7), born 1842; married Charles Chadwick, 1860.

John (6), born 1843; married Fidelia Chadwick.

Mary Jane (7), born 1845; married Frederick Miller.

Melissa (7), born(???)

James (7), born(???)

These two died in infancy.

Children of DANIEL K, by 2nd wife, Mary Ann Armstrong.

Isaac (7), born (???), died in 1862.

William L. (7), born July 3, 1850; married Mary A. Chambers.

Emma (7), born 1852; married Orval Calkins.

Charles, by third wife, Anna Bailes; subsequent life not known.

Children of GEORGE KUYKENDALL (7), born 1818, and Candace Stark. Descent: Son of Henry (6), born 1785, son of John (4), baptized 1741, son of Johannes (3), baptized 1714, son of Jacob (2), baptized 1683, son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

Melissa (7), born December 25, 1846, died April, 1848.

Lutitia (7), born May 9, 1848; married Rev. S. M. Woodward.

Albert (7), born May 15, 1849; married Mary Melson.

Elizabeth (7), born February 24, 1851, died April 23, 1852.

Frank (7), born April 12, 1855; no children.

William Stark (7), born January 14, 1857; married Emma Jane Ingram.

James Orvil (7), born March 14, 1858; married Melvina Noffsinger.

Libbie Olive (7), born March 18, 1862, died April 16, 1869.

Sarah Luella (7), born April 2, 1865; married Wilbur Noffsinger.

Walter Jesse (7), born February 20, 1870, died June 13, 1890, at Santa Rosa, Calif.

Children of MEHALA KUYKENDALL (6), born 1824, and James Taylor. Descent: Daughter of Henry Kuykendall (5),

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born 1785, son of John (4), baptized 1741, son of Johannes (3), baptized 1714, son of Jacob (2), baptized 1683, son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

Ellen Taylor, born about 1845, died (???).

James Taylor and wife moved to Wisconsin about 1846-8. They had one daughter, Mehala Taylor, died 1850. The daughter grew up, became a school teacher, taught in Illinois, and died many years ago.

Children of LUCRETIA KUYKENDALL (6), born February 10, 1822, and Elisha Ping, born March 13, 1819. Daughter of Henry Kuykendall (5), born 1785, son of John (4), baptized 1741, son of Johannes (3), baptized 1714, son of Jacob (2), baptized 1683, son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

Sarah Elizabeth (7), born December 25, 1841, near Terre Haute, Ind.

Jemima Ann (7), born April 25, 1843, near Terre Haute, Ind.

Robert Emory (7), born January 24, 1848, Vigo county, Ind., near Terre Haute.

Frank Edwin (7), born March 9, 1856, Douglas county, Ore.

Julia Lutitia (7), born February 10, in Douglas county, Ore.

Elisha Ping died August 16, 1890; Lucretia Ping died October 10, 1863. The Ping family came to Oregon in the year 1853, crossing the plains with the Kuykendalls. Elisha Ping located in Douglas county, Ore., near the edge of Cole's Valley. In 1860 or 1861 he moved to Columbia county. Wash., and located at Dayton, where he was a pioneer settler, and where he died.

Children of JOHN KUYKENDALL (6), born April 14, 1820, and Malinda Stark.

Descent: Son of Henry (5), born 1785, son of John (4), baptized 1741, son of Johannes (3), baptized 1714, son of Jacob (2), baptized 1683, son of Luur Jacobsen Van Kuykendaal (1), baptized May 29, 1650.

George Benson (7), born January 22, 1843; married Miss Eliza J. Butler.

John Wesley (7), born August 12, 1844; married 1st, Jane Farris; 2nd, Marilla Pierce.

James (7), born (???), 1847, died in infancy in Monroe, Wisconsin.

Sarah Isabel (7), born October 19, 1848; married Benjamin R. Freeland.

Emma (7), born (???), 1849, died at age of 3 years.

Charles (7), born January 10, 1853, was drowned in Thompson river, Mont.

William (7), born March 1, 1855; married Mary Ada Alysom.

Henry Clay (7), born September 30, 1856; married Nettie Thrush, September 23, 1877.

Celestia Florence (7), born May 15, 1858; married Abner Pickering.

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Olive (7), born (???), 1860, died 1863.

Eddy Wilbur (7), born September 30, 1865; married Mrs. Belle Keyes.

Jesse Delman (7), born August 14, 1868; never married.

Children of JAMES WESLEY KUYKENDALL (6), born 1836, and Miss (???) Smith.

Descent: Son of Henry (5), born 1785, son of John (4) 1741, son of Johannes (3) baptized 1714, son of Jacob (2), baptized 1683, son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

Olive Kuykendall (7), born (???); married William Houser.

James Wesley Jr. (7), born (???); married (???).

Children of LUCRETIA KUYKENDALL (6), born 1822, and Elisha Ping. Descent: Daughter of Henry (5), born 1785, son of John (4), baptized 1741, son of Johannes (3), baptized 1714, son of Jacob (2), baptized 1683, son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

Sarah Elizabeth (7), born December 25, 1841; married George W. Miller.

Jemima Ann (7), born April 25, 1843; married 1st, Barnes; 2nd, Critchfield.

Robert Emory (7), born December 25, 1848; married Margaret A. Payne.

Frank Edwin (7), born March 9, 1856; married Mary Isabel Jones.

Julia Lutitia (7), married Franklin Pierce Cartwright.

Elisha Ping died August 16, 1890; Lucretia (Kuykendall) Ping died October 10, 1863. Sarah Elizabeth Miller (7) died August 26, 1890. George Washington Miller, her husband, died Oct. 25, 1914, Jemima Ann Ping Critchfield died January 9, 1897.

Children of SARAH ELLEN KUYKENDALL (6), born 1836, and Anderson Hussong.

Descent: Daughter of Henry (5), born 1785, son of John (4), baptized 1741, son of Johannes (3), baptized 1714, son of Jacob (2), baptized 1683, son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

Flora Hussong (7), born April 7, 1862; married William Todd.

Alice Hussong (7), born November 20, 1867; married Edward Piker.

Children of JAMES CUNNINGHAM KUYKENDALL (6), born 1826, and (???). Descent: Son of Jacob (5), born 1799, son of Isaac (4), born 1766, son of Nathaniel (3), baptized 1728, son of Jacob (2), baptized 1683, son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

William M. (7), born June 5, 1853. See biographic sketch and more concerning the family elswhere in this volume.

J. J. Kuykendall (7), born, date not at hand, died in St. Louis, Mo.

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Rev. W. M. Kuykendall has two sons and two daughters. Names:

Harry L. Kuykendall (8), born (???), 1879.

Mary Stella (8), born 1882.

Herman (8), born February 20, 1891.

Myrtle S. (8), born May 20, 1894.

Children of ISAAC KUYKENDALL (6), born 1821; married 1st, Sarah Williams; 2nd, Hannah Fox. Descent: Son of Nathaniel (5), born 1796, son of Isaac (4), born 1766, son of Nathaniel (3), baptized 1728, son of Jacob (2), baptized 1683, son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

Gabriel Kuykendall (7), born November 30, 1869; married Mary Lamiman.

Robert Lee (7), born May 3, 1871, died May 19, 1814.

Ely Bell (7), born April 19, 1874; married Eva Munger.

Carrie Alberta (7), born April 2, 1879; married John B. Adams.

These and their descendants live mostly about Newcastle, California.

Children of WILLIAM ABERNATHY KUYKENDALL (6), born 1822, and Jemima Fox.

Descent: Son of Nathaniel (5), born 1796, son of Isaac (4), born 1766, son of Nathaniel (3), baptized 1728, son of Jacob (2, baptized 1683, son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

William Vanse Kuykendall (7), born September 9, 1851, died November 14, 1869.

Annie Wilson (7), born June 30, 1855; unmarried.

Mary Hopkins (7), born July 11, 1861; married James Blackman.

David Fox (7), born November 5, 1863; married Althea Coombs.

Harry R. (7), born April 4, 1867; married Jennie McIndoe.

Lydia Williams (7), born November 6, 1869, died 1892.

George Finley (7), born April 21, 1872; married Mary Waller.

Children of JAMES KUYKENDALL (6), born 1824, and Rebecca Harness. Descent: Son of Nathaniel (5), born 1796, son of Isaac (4), born 1776, son of Nathaniel (3), baptized 1728, son of Jacob (2), baptized 1683, son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

George Henry (7), born May 26, 1852; married Jane C. Gilkeson.

James William (7), born February 15, 1855; married Annie Kate Sherrard.

Sallie Katherine (7), born August 9, 1858; died March 31, 1911.

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John Gibson (7), born September 22, 1860; married Floride Bowcock.

Rebecca Hopkins (7), born October 11, 1862; married A. D. Wood.

Edwin Hanson (7), born March 24, 1864; married Maude E. Grimm.

Children of NANCY JANE KUYKENDALL (6), born January 5, 1827, and John B.

Gilkeson. Descent: Daughter of Nathaniel (5), born 1796, son of Isaac (4), born 1766, son of Nathaniel (3), baptized 1728, son of Jacob (2), baptized 1683, son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

Nancy Jane Kuykendall married 1st, Robert H. Wilson; 2nd, John B. Gilkeson. No children by first husband. Two children by second husband:

Harriet Elizabeth Gilkeson (7), born September 30, 1858; living at Moorefield, W. Va.

John William Gilkeson (7), born November 21, 1861, died 1917.

Children of HENRY CLAY KUYKENDALL (6), born 1833, and Letitia Arthur. Descent: Son of Nathaniel (5), son of Isaac (4), son of Nathaniel (3), son of Jacob (2), son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

Carrie Belle (7), born (???); married H. G. Sherrard.

Children of JOSEPH W. KUYKENDALL (6), born 1843, and Mary Scott. Descent: Son of Luke (5), son of Isaac (4), born 1766, son of Nathaniel (3), son of Jacob (2), son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

Alexander Scott (7), born August 20, 1866;

Hugh Seymour (7), born May 17, 1868, married and has two sons.

Luke (7), born April 12, 1875, died in infancy.

Children of FANNIE KUYKENDALL (6), born (???), and Dr. Scott. Descent: Daughter of Luke (5), born 1808, son of Isaac (4), born 1766, son of Nathaniel (3), baptized 1728, son of Jacob (2), baptized 1683, son of Lurr (1), baptized 1650.

Vida Scott (7), born (???). No other data at hand.

Children of WILLIAM H. KUYKENDALL (6), born 1849, and Lucia Ellis. Descent: Son of William (5), son of Isaac (4), son of Nathaniel (3), baptized 1728, son of Jacob (2), baptized 1683, son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

Clifford Kuykendall (7), born July 24, 1876.

Charles A. (7), born August 11, 1877.

Iva Maybell (7), born July 27, 1879.

William Roy (7), born January 23, 1882.

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Of these children, Iva Maybell married D. S. Gardner, and they have two children: Pauline Gardner (8), born August 13, 1901; Max Ellis Gardner (8), born May 26, 1903. For further history of the family see Chapter XII.

Children of CHARLES VAUSE KUYKENDALL (6), born 1851, and Eliza Jane Davis.

Descent: Son of Luke (5), born 1808, son of Isaac (4), born 1766, son of Nathaniel (3), baptized 1728, son of Jacob (2), baptized 1683, son of Luur (1), baptized 1650. Children of seventh generation are:

Lena M., born (???), 1876.

Estella B., born November 17, 1877.

Zillah B., born September 2, 1879.

Lawrence W., born May 25, 1881.

Kathleen, born March 21, 1883.

Jennie J., born January 15, 1885.

Nannie H., born January 14, 1888.

Mary L., born April 14, 1891.

Charles D., born November 18, 1892.

Opal E., born November 15, 1895.

Marvin G., born October 17, 1900.

For further information concerning this family see letter and biographic sketch of Charles V. Kuykendall in another chapter.

Children of LUKE KUYKENDALL (6), born 1847. Descent: Son of Luke (5), son of Isaac (4), son of Nathaniel (3), son of Jacob (2), son of Luur (1), baptized 1650. Children of seventh generation were:

Joseph A., born (???); is a physician in San Francisco, Cal.

Searl, born (???).

Luke, born (???).

There is a daughter also who married Judge White of Alaska.

Children of WILLIAM DEMPSEY KUYKENDALL (6), married first, E. J. Golliday, by whom two children were born. Line of descent: Son of Luke (5), son of Isaac (4), son of Nathaniel (3), son of Jacob (2), son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

Children by first marriage:

Frank Kuykendall (7), born October (???), 1867; single; lives in Peoria, Ill.

Susan Jane (7), born (???); married Jay Freese; they have two sons; live at Ogden, Ill.

Children by second marriage are:

Jacob S. Kuykendall (7), born July 17, 1877.

Mae Adeline (7), born February 9, 1884; married Dr. G. W. Hughes; no children.

Jacob S. married Miss Dovan. They have three children: William Donaldson Kuykendall (8), born October 5, 1907;

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Lowell (8), born December 10, 1904; Wilmuth Mae (8), born January 9, 1909.

Jacob Kuykendall (6), brother of William Dempsey, married Mary Ellen Jameson, February 22, 1867; no children. A sister of these brothers married William Fox; one daughter, Theodocia Jameson (8). She married second time to Joseph Smith, and they have three children.

Children of ISAAC KUYKENDALL (6), born 1839, and Lucy Rebecca Davis. Descent: Son of William (5), born 1811, son of Isaac (4), born 1766, son of Nathaniel (3), baptized 1728, son of Jacob, baptized 1683, son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

James Stewart Kuykendall (7), born September 8, 1871; married Ruth Wharton.

Edgar Davis Kuykendall (7), born August 13, 1873; married May Lehman.

Isaac, Jr., Kuykendall (7), born October 5, 1875.

Samuel McCool Kuykendall (7), born September 18, 1877; married Anne De Berry.

Hannah Lawson Kuykendall (7), born October 23, 1879; is trained nurse.

Nannie Blake Kuykendall (7), born October 23, 1881.

Lucy Virginia Kuykendall (7), born November 22, 1883.

Frances Lawson Kuykendall (7), born October 26, 1885; married Charles Blue.

Children of WILLIAM KUYKENDALL (6), born 1852, and Hannah Pierce Sloane.

Descent: Son of James (5), born 1818, and Hannah Blue, son of Isaac (4), born 1766, and Jane Calvin, son of Nathaniel (3), baptized 1728, son of Jacob (2), baptized 1683, son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

J. Sloane Kuykendall (7), born December 9, 1878; married Bertha Ray Williams.

Michael Blue Kuykendall (7), born November 22, 1881; married Edith Casey Pancake.

Richard S. Kuykendall (7), born October 2, 1882; married Virginia Lee Pancake.

Willie Frank Kuykendall (7), born September 16, 1889, died in infancy.

Children of THOMAS KUYKENDALL (6), born September 12, 1854, and Kate McGill, born October 15, 1858. Descent: Son of James (5), born 1818, son of Isaac (4), born 1766, son of Nathaniel (3), baptized 1728, son of Jacob (2), baptized 1683, son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

James Edward (7), born June 6, 1884.

Thomas McGill (7), born September 28, 1885, died September 3, 1886.

Mary White (7), born February 16, 1887, died 1907.

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William Wallace (7), born September 17, 1888.

Lucy Belle, (7), born September 13, 1891.

Helen McGill (7), born August 21, 1893.

Harry Russell (7), born April 21, 1895.

Thomas Kuykendall died March 13, 1914 Kate McGill Kuykendall, his wife, died June 30, 1902.

Children of SUSAN KUYKENDALL (6), born 1856, and William A. Guthrie. Descent: Daughter of James Kuykendall (5), born 1818, son of Isaac (4), born 1766, son of Nathaniel (3), born 1728, son of Jacob (2), baptized 1683, son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

Newton B. Guthrie (7), born (???).

Hannah B. (7), born (???).

William F. (7), born (???).

Elizabeth (7), born (???).

Frances (7), born (???).

Robert G. (7), born (???).

James (7), born (???)

Mary (7), born (???).

Children of MICHAEL BLUE KUYKENDALL (6), born 1845, and (???). Descent: Son of James (5), 1818, son of Isaac (4) 1766, son of Nathaniel (3), baptized 1728, son of Jacob (2) 1683, son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

William (7), born May 2, 1877.

James (7), born September 29, 1879; married Elizabeth Adams; no children.

Edwin (7), born September 29, 1881; married Anna Rinehart; one son.

Robert (7), born September 19, 1883; married Lydia Fleck; one daughter, Pauline Fleck, born February 10, 1911.

Claude (7), born October 8, 1885.

May (7), born May 6, 1887; married Vincent Cunningham.

Maude (7), born March 24, 1892.

This family's home is at Reese's Mill, W. Va.

Children of FRANCES BLUE KUYKENDALL (6), born 1841, and (???) Taylor. Descent: Daughter of James (5), son of Isaac (4) 1766, son of Nathaniel (3), baptized 1728, son of Jacob (3), baptized 1683, son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

Annie L. Taylor (7), born (???).

Children of JAMES LAWSON KUYKENDALL (6), born 1849, and (???). Descent: Son of James (5), born 1818, son of Isaac (4), born 1766, son of Nathaniel (3), baptized 1728, son of Jacob (2), baptized 1683, son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

Susan (6), born (???).

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Children of HENRY COYKENDALL (6), born October 11, 1789, and Mary Coykendall, daughter of Joel Coykendall, and Margaret Struble. Descent: Son of Moses (5), baptized 1766, son of Henry (4), baptized 1720, son of Pieter (2), baptized 1698, son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

Julia Ann (7), married Marcus Bartlett; two children, Mary and Levi (8).

Margaret (7).

Joshua (7), married Ann Lewis.

Jefferson (7).

Jeremiah (7).

Joel (7), born December 4, 1823.

Caroline (7), married George Freeman.

John (7).

Madison (7), married Elizabeth Powers; two children. Lottie (8), and Arthur (8).

Moses (7).

Henry (7), married Miss Whitney.

Wesley (7).

For children of Joshua and Joel see eighth generation.

Children of SAMUEL DECKER COYKENDALL (6), born September 8, 1791. Descent: Son of Moses (5), son of Henry (4), son of Henry (3), son of Pieter (2), son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

Ellis (7), born April 15, 1828.

Simeon (7), born November 29, 1854.

Adams (7), born July 5, 1831.

Children of ELIJAH COYKENDALL (6), born September 17, 1793, and Malinda Sheppard. Descent: Son of Moses (5), born 1766, son of Henry (4), baptized 1742, son of Henry (3), baptized 1720, son of Pieter (2), baptized 1698, son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

Harrison (7), born November 11, 1827.

Hannah (7), born May 30, 1830.

George (7), born November 6, 1832.

Margaret (7), born February 16, 1835.

Samuel Decker (7), born May 28, 1837.

Martin D. (7), born September 28, 1840.

John (7), born May 19, 1843.

Children of JONATHAN (6), born October 12, 1802, and Bethea Terry. Descent: Son of Moses (5), son of Henry (4), son of Henry (3), son of Pieter (2), son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

Margaret (7), born (???)

Sallie (7), born (???); married John Westfall.

Harriet (7), born (???).

For children see eighth generation.

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Children of JONATHAN BEADLE COYKENDALL (6), born September 21, 1797, and married first, Betsy West; second, Rhoda Roberts. Descent: Son of Joseph (5), born 1766, son of William (4), baptized 1744, son of Henry (3), baptized 1720, son of Pieter (2), baptized 1698, son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

Betsy (7), born (???).

Braganza (7).

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Andrew Johnson (7), born (???).

Jonathan (7), born April 22, 1834.

Harriet (7), born November 20, 1832.

Mary (7), born (???).

John R. (7), born (???).

Horatio Green (7), born December 1, 1840.

Jonathan, of the above family, had two sons, Frank and Horatio Green. Harriet married Enoch George Green and two of their children are living, Nina H. Smith and Charles A. Green. Horatio G. (7) left two sons, Gustave Albert and Horatio Green Coykendall, who was a Major in the United States Army at the time the United States declared war against Germany. John R. Coykendall (7) resides in Oklahoma City, Okla., 413 El Reno Street.

Children of CYRUS COYKENDALL (6), born 1812, and died 1894; married (???).

Descent: Son of Joseph (5), baptized 1766, son of William (4), baptized 1744, son of Henry (3), baptized 1720, son of Pieter (2), baptized 1698, son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

Mary Ann (7), born (???).

Joel Curtis (7), born (???).

Bernice (7), born (???).

John Franklin (7), born October 25, 1859.

For children see eighth generation, and for further account of this family see Chapter XVI.

For children and descendants of ELIAS C. CUYKENDALL (6), line, Jacob (5), Elias (4), Peter (3), Pieter (2), Luur (1), see Chapter XXIV.

For children and descendants of MOSES CUYKENDALL (6), born 1793, and Esther Wagner, line, Henry (5) 1764, William (4) 1744, Henry (3) 1720, Pieter (2) 1698, Luur (1) 1650, see Chapter XXIV.

Children of JOSIAH KUYKENDALL (6), born June 23, 1851, and Sarah Van Duzer.

Descent: Son of Jacob (5) 1788, son of Wilhelmus (4) 1762, son of Peter (3), 1732, son of Pieter (2) 1698, son of Luur (1) 1650.

Lucien C. (7), born June 2, 1853; married Amelia S. Lyons.

Charles Fremont (7), born January 26, 1857; married Caroline Writer.

There were also twin brothers born that died in infancy.

Children of JAMES KUYKENDALL (6), and Mary Terwilliger. James died about 1874; killed by a runaway team. Descent: Son of Jacob (5) 1788, son of Wilhelmus (4), son of

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Peter (3) 1732, son of Pieter (2) 1698, son of Luur (1) baptize?? 1650.

George (8), born at date not known. There were other children.

Children of CHARLOTTE KUYKENDALL (6) and Isaa?? Van Duzer. Descent: Daughter of Jacob (5) 1788, son of Wil?? helmus (4) 1762, son of Peter (3) 1732, son of Pieter (2) 1698,?? son of Luur (1) 1650.

Jacob Van Duzer (7), born (???).

Harvey (7), born (???).

Clay (7), born (???).

Marie (7), born (???); married a man named Balche.

Anna Augusta (7), born (???).

Children of JANE KUYKENDALL (6), and Harvey Whit?? lock. Descent: Daughter of Jacob (5) 1788, son of Wilhelmus (4) 1762, son of Peter (3) 1732, son of Pieter (2) 1698, son of Luur (1) 1650.

Newton Whitlock (7), born (???).

Harmon Whitlock (7), born (???).

Erwin D. (7), born (???). Address has been formerly 1338 Beet Avenue, St.

Louis, Mo.

Children of SARAH KUYKENDALL (6), and Nathan Topping. Descent: Daughter of Jacob (5) 1788, son of Wilhelmus (4) 1762, son of Peter (3) 1732, son of Pieter (2) 1698, son of Luur (1) 1650.

Estella Topping (7), born (???); married (???) Arnold; have resided at Monroe City, Mo.

Children of MARY KUYKENDALL (6), and Ambrose Davenport. Descent; Daughter of Jacob (5) 1788, son of Wilhelmus (4) 1762, son of Peter (3) 1732, son of Pieter (2) 1698, son of Luur (1) 1698.

One son, George Davenport (7), born (???). No history.

Children of ELIZA KUYKENDALL (6) and Elijah Loder. Descent: Daughter of Jacob Kuykendall (5) 1788, son of Wilhelmus (4) 1762, son of Peter (3) 1732, son of Pieter (2) 1698, son of Luur (1) 1650.

William Loder (7) born (???); deceased.

Sarah Loder (7), born (???); single; Middletown, N. Y.

Lester T. Loder (7), lives at Middletown, N. Y.

Lottie Loder (7), married (???) Benton; residence, Denver, Colo.

Children of WILLIAM KUYKENDALL (6), born September 2, 1813, and Mary Terwilliger. Descent: Son of Jacob (5) 1788, son of Wilhelmus (4) 1762, son of Peter (3) 1732, son of Pieter (2) 1698, son of Luur (1) 1650.

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Hattie Kuykendall (7), born (???); married (???) Decker.

Mary Kuykendall (7), born (???); married (???) Ripley. These live at Owego, N.


Children of SETH KUYKENDALL (6) and (???). Descent: Son of Jacob 1788, son of Wilhelmus 1762, son of Peter (3) 1732, son of Pieter (2) 1698, son of Luur (1) 1650.

Ella Kuykendall, (7), born (???), died 1870.

Emma (7), born (???); married William Scott.

Annie and Addie, twins (7), born (???); Addie married twice; first, (???) Farnum; second, (???) Cox.

Children of THOMAS KUYKENDALL (6), born August 17, 1817, and Ann Eliza Cornell. Descent: Son of Peter (5), baptized 1794, and Deborah C. Van Duzer, son of Wilhelmus (4), born 1762, son of Peter (3), born 1732, son of Pieter (2), baptized 1698, son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

Mary Deborah (7), born (???); married Daniel Lent.

William Henry (7), born 1839; married Mary Eliza Lorimer.

Eliza (7), born (???); married (???) Billings.

Sarah (7), born (???); married Joseph Kyle; no children.

Children of EUNICE KUYKENDALL (6) and Silas Sherwood. Descent: Daughter of Peter (5) 1794, son of Wilhelmus (4), baptized 1762, son of Peter (3), born 1732, son of Pieter (2), baptized 1698, son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

James Oliver (7), born (date not found); married Alice Jordan of Wurtsboro, N.

Y., lived at Nichols, N. Y., at time of death.

Casper (7), lived at Nichols, N. Y., and died there; dates of birth and death unknown.

Children of HIRAM KUYKENDALL (6), born June 10, 1818, and Margaret Terwilliger. Descent: Son of Peter (5), born 1794, son of Wilhelmus (4), baptized 1762, son of Peter (3), born 1732, son of Pieter (2), baptized 1698, son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

Naomi Stanton (7), born April 11, 1848; married William Jordon Reynolds at Mamakating, now Summitville, N. Y.

Peter (7), born October 12, 1849, died 1897 at Mamakating, N. Y.; no children.

Adee Van Duzer (7), born November 8, 1851, died 1906; married Katherine H.

Daily; lived at Clifton Park, N. Y.

Sarah Deborah (7), born July 2, 1853; married Moses Jordan. Mrs. Jordan and two children live at Boston, Mass.

Huldah Jane (7), born June 4, 1855; married George W. Boyce.

Alvin Thomas (7), born December 15, 1856; married Catherine J. Anderson.

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Henry Olin (7), born March 2, 1859; married Rachel Terwilliger.

Minnie (7), born February 28, 1861; married Charles Irwin.

Willie and Hattie (7), born 1862 and 1864, died in infancy.

Emma (7), born September 1, 1865; married Daniel B. Adams.

George (7), born February 20, 1868, died in infancy.

Children of BENJAMIN KUYKENDALL (6) and Pamelia Gardner; both lived and died at Towanda, Pa., and are buried there. Descent: Son of Peter (5), born 1794, son of Wilhelmus (4), baptized 1762, son of Peter (3), born 1732, son of Pieter (2), baptized 1698, son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

Thomas (7), born February 18, 1854, died March 28, 1864, at Windham, Pa.

Annie (7), born March 26, 1856, at Windham, Pa.; married John H. Dean.

Deborah C. (7), born January 6, 1861; married George A. Dayton; residence, Towanda, Pa.

Benjamin Jr. (7), born September 7, 1865; married Louise Porter; is lawyer.

Paul (7), born December 7, 1868; married Charlotte Celestia McCraney.

Frances Elizabeth (7), born January 28, 1871; married Benson Landon.

Children of WILLIAM KUYKENDALL (6), born November 18, 1827, and Helen Knee.

Descent: Son of Peter (5), born 1794, son of Wilhelmus (4), baptized 1762, son of Peter (3), born 1732, son of Pieter (2), baptized 1698, son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

Thomas Kuykendall (7), born January 1, 1854, died March 1, 1854.

Samuel H. Kuykendall (7), born July 5, 1855, died March 3, 1908; married Arietta Rogers, 1878.

Porter Kuykendall (7), born November 23, 1857; married Sarah E. McLaury; they reside at Windham, Pa.

Lewis Kuykendall (7), born June 9, 1859, died 1864.

Helen Kuykendall (7), born May 20, 1862, died September 13, 1864.

Theodore Kuykendall (7), born June 7, 1860; married Julia D. Dawes, 1879; they reside at Candor, N. Y.

Katherine Kuykendall (7), born December 16, 1864, died December 2, 1908; married Dee Wickham, 1881.

Minnie Kuykendall (7), born April 17, 1868; married Dr. Oscar Bowman; they reside at Horseheads, N. Y.

William Kuykendall (7), born October 16, 1866; no further data.

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Children of SARAH C. KUYKENDALL (6), born November 8, 1830, and Lewis S.

Russell. Descent: Daughter of Peter (5), born 1794, son of Wilhelmus (4), baptized 1762, son of Peter (3), born 1732, son of Pieter (2), baptized 1698, son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

George Russell (7), born February 2, 1856; married Nellie Angel.

Ella D. (7), born July 8, 1869; married Harry D. Billings; they live at Tukhannock, Pa. The Angel family live at Towanda, Pa.

Children of HANNAH CATHERINE KUYKENDALL (6), born 1839, and Hiram L. Knapp.

Descent: Daughter of Peter (5), born 1794, son of Wilhelmus (4), baptized 1762, son of Peter (3), born 1732, son of Pieter (2), baptized 1698, son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

Hiram L. Knapp (7), born August, 1867, at Windham, Pa.; married Minnie Cargill, December 4, 1889; physician; the family live at Newark Valley, N. Y.

Katherine Knapp (7), born October 4, 1869, at Windham, Pa.; married Dr. H. Z.

Frisbie, June 1, 1893, who was born June 30, 1867. They live at Elkland, Pa.

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Frederick Knapp (7), born June 3, 1874, at Windham, Pa.; married Mrs. Carrie Dorrance, who has two children, George and Susan Dorrance. They reside at Elkland, Pa.

Children of HULDAH KUYKENDALL (6), born April 23, 1833, and George Chauncey Frisbie, born March 31, 1831. Descent: Daughter of Peter Kuykendall (5), born 1794, son of Wilhelmus (4), born 1762, son of Peter (3), born 1732, son of Pieter (2), baptized 1698, son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

Frederick Van Duzer (7), born July 13, 1856; married Josephine Dimmock, first wife, who had four children; 2nd wife, Jane Landon Monsell, who had five children. He is a Presbyterian minister.

Hector Humphreys (7), born January 25, 1858, at Orwell, Pa.,; married Harriet Reynolds, June 28, 1894, daughter of William Jordan Reynolds. Their residence is at Roscoe, N. Y. They have no children.

George McClellan (7), born August 10, 1861, at Orwell, Pa.; married Ella Alma Dark, December 9, 1885; born November 12, 1864, at New London, Canada. They live at Kingman, Kan.

Frank Coleman (7), born March 17, 1863, at Orwell, Pa.; married Elizabeth Ferris, born December 19, 1864, at Batavia, Ill. They reside at Sheepshead Bay, N. Y.

Sarah Virginia (7), born September 22, 1865, died December 31, 1906; married Horace M. Jordan. They lived at Washington, D. C.

Hanson Chauncey (7), died in infancy.

William Kuykendall (7), born November 23, 1871, at Orwell, Pa.; married Clara Arnold; residence, Orwell, Pa.

Benjamin Llewellyn (7), born July 20, 1873, at Orwell, Pa.; married Margaret Ballard, September 8, 1904; no children.


Children of JOHN A. KUYKENDALL (7), born 1842, and Mary Anna Lee. Descent: Son of Henry (6), born 1818, son of Daniel (5), born 1777, son of John (4), baptized 1741, son of Johannes (3), baptized 1714, son of Jacob (2), baptized 1683, son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

Maude (8), born (???); married Edward Thomas.

Edna (8), born (???); married (???) Mitchell.

Nellie (8), born (???); married (???) Meister.

Henry (8), born (???); died young.

Children of LEANDER KUYKENDALL (7), born January 3, 1847, and Mary Ann Abbott.

Descent: Son of Henry (6), born 1818, son of Daniel (5), born 1777, son of John (4), baptized 1741, son of Johannes (3), baptized 1714, son of Jacob (2), baptized 1683, son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

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Gertrude (8), born (???).

Edith (8), born (???).

Arthur (8), born (???).

Arle (8), born (???).

Edwina (8), born (???).

This family live near San Diego, Cal., postoffice address, National City, P.

O. Box 127.

Children of JERUSHA JANE KUYKENDALL (7), and Charles Wood. Descent: Daughter of Henry Kuykendall (6), born 1818, son of Daniel (5), born 1777, son of John (4), baptized 1741, son of Johannes (3), baptized 1714, son of Jacob (2), baptized 1683, son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

Virginia Wood (8), born (???).

Henry (8), born (???).

Marcellus (8), born (???).

Children of NANCY ANN KUYKENDALL (7), born 1854, and Henry Rice. Descent: Daughter of Henry (6) 1818, son of Daniel (5), born 1777, son of John (4), son of Johannes (3), son of Jacob (2), son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

Eugene (8), born (???).

Children of PHEBE ELLEN KUYKENDALL (7), born 1852, and John Whitehead.

Descent: Daughter of Henry Kuykendall (6), son of Daniel (5), son of John (4), son of Johannes (3), son of Jacob (2), son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

Hester Whitehead (8), born (???).

Mabel (8), born (???).

John (8), born (???).

Children of JOSEPH KUYKENDALL (7), born 1858, and (???). Descent: Son of Henry (6), born 1818, son of Daniel (5), born 1777, son of John (4), baptized 1741, son of Johannes (3), baptized 1714, son of Jacob (2), baptized 1683, son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

Irene Kuykendall (8), born (???).

Hazel (8), born (???).

Mabel (8), born (???).

Children of WELTON MODESETT KUYKENDALL, born 1855, and Olive Smith. Son of Washington Kuykendall (6) 1811, son of John (5) 1779, son of John (4) 1741, son of Johannes (3) 1714, son of Jacob (2) 1683, son of Luur (1) 1650. Welton Modesett Kuykendall died July 20, 1918.

Bessie Estella (8), born November 30, 1883; married Rollin D. Ogden.

Lora Alice (8), born October 7, 1890.

Sadie Olive (8), born March 22, 1893; married Russell Parker.

William Dean (8), born March 21, 1896.

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Children of ALFRED CRUSAN KUYKENDALL (7), 1857, and Lizzie Ferguson. Son of George Washington Kuykendall (6) 1811, son of John (5) 1779, son of John (4) 1741, son of Johannes (3) 1714, son of Jacob (2) 1683, son of Luur (1) 1650.

Nettie (8), born July 19, 1882; married (???) Odell.

Verna May (8), born August 10, 1886.

Marvel B. (8), born April 5, 1888.

Children of WILLIAM ESPEY KUYKENDALL (7), born 1844; married first, Susan Lankford; 2nd, Sarah E. Smith. Son of George Washington Kuykendall (6), born 1811, son of John (5), born 1779, son of Johannes (4), baptized 1741, son of Johannes (3), baptized 1714, son of Jacob (2), baptized 1683, son born of Luur (1), baptized 1650. Wm. Espey Kuykendall died Sept. 10, 1917.

By first wife, Susan Lankford:

Harry Espey (8), born May 16, 1868; married Kate Moody; died 1909; three children.

George Washington (8), born February 7, 1873; lives in Wyoming.

William Albert (8), born April 10, 1874; married Effie Harmon; died December 22, 1913; left four children.

By second wife, Sarah E. Smith:

Marquis Tindle (8), born December 14, 1883, died 1885.

Matthew Simpson (8), born September 12, 1885; married Rosa May Foltz, 1915.

Allie Mae (8), born January 25, 1887, died 1889.

Elizabeth Roann (8), born October 23, 1888, died 1906.

Tamsey Evindale (8), born September 19, 1890.

Grace Ethel (8), born February 12, 1893; married Albert C. McHenry; two children.

Thomas Howard (8), born April 8, 1895.

Children of JACOB KUYKENDALL (7), born February 13, 1848, and Nellie Reid. Son of Alfred (6) 1823, son of John (5) 1779, son of Johannes (4) 1741, son of Johannes (3 1714, son of Jacob (2) 1683, son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

Frederick Paul (8), born June 13, 1871.

Maurice (8), born October 8, 1874; married; one son, Boyd.

Harry (8), born June 1, 1878; married; one son, Leon Claire.

Frank (8), born July 4, 1881; married; one son, Clyde Milton.

Sydney (8), born October 2, 1889; married; one son, Archey Lowrey.

Children of JOHN KUYKENDALL (7), born September 24, 1844, and Jane Kittel. Was son of Alfred (6), son of John (5), son of John (4), son of Johannes (3), son of Jacob (2), son of Luur Jacobsen V. Kuykendall (1), baptized 1650.

Cora May (8), born June 5, 1867.

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Alfred Jr. (8), born Nov. 10, 1870; married Minnie P. Kuykendall.

Edith (8), born December 23, 1875.

Lena Belle (8), born July 29, 1884; married Charles Smith.

Children of LOLA JOSEPHINE KUYKENDALL (7) and Thomas Van Ausdall. Daughter of Samuel (6), born 1811, son of John (5), born 1779, son of John (4), baptized 1741, son of Johannes (3), baptized 1714, son of Jacob (2), baptized 1683, son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

John Preston Van Ausdall (8), born December 21, 1887, died February 14, 1900.

Mary Kathryn Van Ausdall (8), born August 27, 1889; married Chester A.


Children of ALBERT KUYKENDALL (7), born 1869, and Sarah Crews. Son of Samuel (6), born 1811, son of John (5), born 1779, son of John (4), baptized 1741, son of Johannes (3), baptized 1714, son of Jacob (2), baptized 1683, son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

Data in regard to the children not at hand.

Children of WILLIAM CLIPPINGER KUYKENDALL (7), born 1857, and Jane McCandless Smith. Son of Samuel (6) 1811, son of John (5) 1779, son of John (4) 1741, son of Johannes (3) 1714, son of Jacob (2) 1683, son of Luur (1) 1650.

Ernest (8), born March 25, 1881; married Mary Herrington.

Myrtle (8), born May 8, 1882; is a bookkeeper.

Edwin (8), born June 12, 1887; not married; lives with father.

Children of ANNE CELESTIA KUYKENDALL (7), born 1857, and Jerome Hogue.

Daughter of Samuel (6) 1825, son of John (5) 1779, son of John (4) 1741, son of Johannes (3) 1714, son of Jacob (2) 1683, son of Luur (1) 1650.

Frank Hogue (8), born December 17, 1878.

Nellie Hogue (8), born April 11, 1880, died 1881.

Frederick Hogue (8), born August 31, 1883.

Robert Hogue (8), born June 23, 1885.

Eva A. Hogue (8), born June 6, 1891.

John G. Hogue (8), born February 8, 1894.

Sarah Lavina Hogue (8), born June 16, 1896.

Children of LAVINA JANE KUYKENDALL (7), born 1853, and Theodore Reynolds.

Daughter of Samuel (6) 1825, son of John (5) 1779, son of John (4) 1741, son of Johannes (3), 1714, son of Jacob (2) 1683, son of Luur (1) 1650.

Cora Belle Reynolds (8), born (???), 1883; is teacher.

Bertha L. Reynolds (8), born April 5, 1887; married Charles E. Hester.

Mary Edyth Reynolds (8), born (???), 1890; married J. Howard Mills; residence, Gardiner, N. D.

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Children of SARAH ELIZABETH KUYKENDALL (7), born August 7, 1848, and John Buttler. Descent: Sarah E., daughter of Samuel (6), son of John (5), born 1779, son of John (4), baptized 1741, son of Johannes (3), baptized 1713, son of Jacob (2), baptized 1683, son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

Belle Zorah Buttler (8), born October 6, 1872.

Infant unnamed (8), born January, 1874, died.

Children of MINNIE KUYKENDALL (7), born 1866, and Frank Murphy. Daughter of William (6), born 1820, son of John (5) 1779, son of John (4) 1741, son of Johannes (3) 1714, son of Jacob (2) 1683, son of Luur (1) 1650.

Maud Murphy (8), born November 9, 1888.

Everett Franklin Murphy (8), born October 21, 1890.

Vierling Murphy (8), born March 27, 1895.

Virgil Leroy Murphy (8), born November, 29, 1898.

Robert Edward Murphy (8), born September 19, 1900.

Children of HENRY CLAY KUYKENDALL (7), born 1852, and Sarah F. Engles. Son of William (6) 1820, son of John (5) 1779, son of John (4) 1741, son of Johannes (3) 1714, son of Jacob (2) 1683, son of Luur (1) 1650.

Luella (8), born September 12, 1872.

Nora (8), born June 17, 1874.

Oren (8), born November 25, 1875.

Edward (8), born September 21, 1877.

Clara (8), born February 20, 1880.

Frances (8), born February 27, 1882.

William (8), born January 7, 1884.

Grover (8), born January 15, 1886, died May 22, 1898.

Henry (8), born March 18, 1887.

James (8), born February 3, 1890.

Mable (8), born August 14, 1892.

Euphrasia (8), born September 9, 1894.

Children of WILLIAM KUYKENDALL (7), born November 11, 1848, and Mattie Scott.

Descent: Son of William (6), born 1820, son of John (5), born 1779, son of John (4), baptized 1741, son of Johannes (3), baptized 1714, son of Jacob (2), baptized 1683, son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

Iola (8), born October 1, 1873; married Fred Sachs.

Ottie (8), born February 20, 1875; married Sophia Sachs.

Flossie (8), born June 15, 1877; married Chris Stoelting.

Elsie (8), born November 26, 1889; married Hurley Welch.

LYMAN KUYKENDALL (8), brother of the above named William, married Minnie Cooper. They have no children. Their home is on the old place near the old cabin built by their father William (6).

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Children of SARAH ANN KUYKENDALL (7), born 1839, and Mahlon Edwards, daughter of Daniel (6), son of Henry (5), born 1785, son of John (4), baptized 1741, son of Johannes (3), baptized 1714, son of Jacob (2), baptized 1683, son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

Lucien Delos (8), born May 8, 1860; married Annie Skoliske; three children.

Adele Caliste (8), born November 9, 1862; married George E. Doolittle.

John Cassius (8), born April 10, 1864; married May Engles; no children.

Inez Virena (8), born September 16, 1867; married William H. Johnson.

HENRY ALEXANDER KUYKENDALL (7), second son of Daniel Kuykendall and Virena Malcolm, died in Union Army, in 1862. See account elsewhere.

Children of NANCY ELLEN KUYKENDALL (7), born 1842, and Charles Chadwick.

Descent: Daughter of Daniel (6), son of Henry (5), son of John (4), son of Johannes (3), son of Jacob (2), son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

Ernest (8), born (???); no children.

Cassius (8), born (???); lives somewhere in Montana.

Lillian (8), born (???); married Edgar Cowles.

Children of JOHN KUYKENDALL (7), and Martha Fidela Chadwick. Descent: Son of Daniel (6), born 1817, son of Henry (5), born 1785, son of John (4), baptized 1741, son of Johannes (3), baptized 1714, son of Jacob (2), baptized 1683, son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

Ulysses Schuyler (8), born September 9, 1869; married Vina Percivel.

John Selah (8), born April 26, 1875; lives at Grandview, Wash.

Alexander Gerdon (8), born March 29, 1878; residence, Grandview, Wash.

Ulysses Schuyler (8), married, September, 1899. Children as follows: Ruby May (9), born September 23, 1902, died May, 1903; Nina Irene (9), born March 17, 1904; Percy Alden (9), born November 26, 1906; Jessie Alice (9), born December 16, 1909, died December 20, 1910.

Children of MARY JANE KUYKENDALL (7), and Frederick Miller. Descent: Daughter of Daniel (6), son of Henry (5), son of John (4), son of Johannes (3), son of Jacob (2), son of Luur (1, baptized 1650.

Minnie Miller (8), born (???); married; residence, Roosevelt, Okla.

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Arthur (8), born (???); married (???); lives at Roosevelt, Okla.

Clyde (8), born (???); married (???); residence, Wetmore, Kan.

May (8), born (???); married (???); lives at Hiawatha, Kan.

Jesse (8) born (???); single; lives at Wetmore, Kan.

Isaac Kuykendall (8), son of Daniel by second wife, Mary A. Armstrong, died in 1862.

Charles (8), son of Daniel by third wife; no history by which he can be identified; if living, it is probable he is in Indiana or Illinois, not far from Terre Haute, Ind.

Children of WILLIAM L. KUYKENDALL (7), born 1850, and Mary Ann Chambers. Son of Daniel (6) 1817, son of Henry (5) 1785, son of John (4) 1741, son of Johannes (3) 1714, son of Jacob (2) 1683, son of Luur (1) 1650.

Sarah Ellen (8), born March 28, 1893; married Frank Binnall; residence, North Yakima, Wash.

Aaron (8), born August 17, 1895.

Mary Fleck (8), born August 17, 1875, died in infancy.

Francis (8), born December 18, 1883; married W. Alice John.

William Harrison (8), born December 4, 1888; was drowned 1906.

Charles Lucius (8), born February 19, 1902; lives in Des Moines, Iowa.

Children of EMMA KUYKENDALL (7), born 1852, and Orvil Calkins. Descent: Daughter of Daniel Kuykendall (6) 1717, son of Henry (5) 1785, son of John (4) 1741, son of Johannes (3) 1714, son of Jacob (2) 1683, son of Luur (1) 1650.

Emma Calkins (8), born(???); died in infancy, and the mother died later, date not known.

Children of LUTITIA KUYKENDALL (7), born 1848, and Samuel M. Woodward.

Daughter of George (6) 1817, son of Henry (5) 1785, son of John (4) 1741, son of Johannes (3) 1714, son of Jacob (2) 1683, son of Luur (1) 1650.

Samuel Morrison Woodward was born February 11, 1848.

Ida May (8), born October 21, 1874; married Otis E. Merrill.

Walter Le Roy (8), born December 12, 1877; married Ann Rudling.

Mabel Edith (8), born February 5, 1884; married George Calfee.

Mary Lois (8), born July 11, 1889.

Children of ALBERT KUYKENDALL (7), born 1849, and Mary Melson. Son of George (6), born 1818, son of Henry (5)

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1785, son of John (4) 1741, son of Johannes (3) 1714, son of Jacob (2), 1863, son of Luur (1), 1650.

W. Raymond (8), born March 16, 1879; married Lera S. Gandy; children.

Herbert Chester (8), born December 19, 1902.

Children of WILLIAM STARK KUYKENDALL (7), born 1857, and Emma Jane Ingram. Son of George (6) 1818, son of

Henry (5) 1785, son of John (4) 1741, son of Johannes (3) 1714, son of Jacob (2) 1683, son of Luur (1) 1650.

Ellen May (8), born February 15, 1888, died January 14, 1900.

William Arthur (8), born January 8, 1891, died August 7, 1891.

Children of JAMES ORVIL KUYKENDALL (7), born 1858, and first wife, Melvina E.

Noffsinger. Son of George (6) 1818, son of Henry (5) 1785, son of John (4), 1741, son of Johannes (3) 1714, son of Jacob (2) 1683, son of Luur (1) 1650

James Guy (8), born February 25, 1885, at Santa Rosa, Cal.

By second wife, Dollie Fine.

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Samuel Leroy (8), born December 3, 1893, at Santa Rosa, California.

Helen (8), born May 23, 1897, at Santa Rosa, Cal.

Earl Orval (8), born March 28, 1903, at Santa Rosa, Cal.

Children of SARAH LUELLA KUYKENDALL (7), born 1865, and Wilbur Nolan Noffsinger. Daughter of George (6) 1818, son of Henry (5) 1785, son of John (4) 1741, son of

Johannes (3) 1714, son of Jacob (2) 1683, son of Luur (1) 1650.

George Wilbur Noffsinger (8), born December 5, 1883; married Mary E. Feidler.

Leila Matilda Noffsinger (8), born April 8, 1887; married Richard C. Capp.

Mabel Luella Noffsinger (8), born January 22, 1889; married James S. Monteith.

The heads of this family live in Kalispell, Mont.

Children of GEORGE BENSON KUYKENDALL (7) born 1843, and Eliza J. Butler. Son of John (6), born 1820, son of Henry (5), born 1785, son of John (4), baptized 1741, son of Johannes (3), baptized 1714, son of Jacob (2), baptized 1683, son

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of Luur Jacobsen Van Kuykendaal (1), baptized 1650.

Chester Ernest (8), born March 3, 1869; married Cora M. Crawford.

Victor Elgin (8), born October 8, 1870; married Marguerite Scully.

Minnie Pearl (8), born January 11, 1873; married twice.

Grace Orlena (8), born September 26, 1874; married Gilman Start.

George Vivian (8), born October 3, 1879; married Hazel Hobson.

William Benjamin (8), born October 26, 1883; married Bessie Belle Owsley.

Hubert John (8), born January 18, 1885, married Nellie Halterman.

Bessie (8), born March 29, 1889.

Children of JOHN WESLEY KUYKENDALL (7), born 1844, and Marilla Pierce Kuykendall. Son of John (6), born 1820, son of Henry (5) 1785, son of John (4) 1741, son of Johannes (3) 1714, son of Jacob (2) 1683, son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

Edith Mabel (8), born May 4, 1879, died 1879.

Jesse Delman (8), born June 4, 1880; married; one child.

Olive Malinda (8), born September 21, 1882; married C. D. Murphy; one daughter, Mary Elizabeth, born September, 1912.

Ralph Simpson (8), born April 12, 1885.

Roy Edward (8), born August 28, 1887, died May 24, 1887

Nellie Frances (8), born Nov. 14, 1889, died January 15, 1892.

May Lillian (8), born June 9, 1892; married Edward Leland Wilson.

Grace Willis (8), born March 29, 1896.

Children of SARAH ISABEL KUYKENDALL (7), born 1848, and Benjamin R. Freeland.

Daughter of John (6) 1820, son of Henry (5) 1785, son of John (4) 1741, son of Johannes (3) 1714, son of Jacob (2) 1683, son of Luur (1) baptized 1650.

Frank Melvin Freeland (8), born September 22, 1868, died January 1, 1890.

Nellie Alice Freeland (8), born April 25, 1871.

Walter Benjamin Freeland (8), born March 24, 1874; married Jannettie Reeser.

Ethel Belle Freeland (8), born June 22, 1877; married George M. Vanatta.

Roy Elwood Freeland (8), born February 22, 1879.

Mabel Eudora Freeland (8), born October 7, 1881; married Roy Prager.

Elva Freeland (8), born December 7, 1883; married C. L. Huntingdon.

Belle Freeland (8), born March 11, 1887.

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Sarah Isabel Freeland died March 24, 1887, two weeks after the birth of the last child, Belle, who was taken by Rev. A. C. Fairchild and adopted, and given the name Belle, after her mother. Her name being now (unless since married) Belle Fairchild. Mrs. S. I. Freeland was buried at the cemetery at Canby, Ore.

Children of WILLIAM KUYKENDALL (7), born 1855, and Mary Ada Alysom. Son of John (6) 1820, son of Henry (5) 1785, son of John (4) 1741, son of Johannes (3 1714, son of Jacob (2) 1683, son of Luur Jacobsen Van Kuykendaal (1) 1650.

William Alysom (8), born April 16, 1877; married Abigail Heminway.

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Delman Vernon (8), born August 13, 1878; married Anna Rozelle Mires.

Sibyl Estella (8), born September 1, 1880; married Robert Emory Smith.

Ada Olive (8), born July 1, 1882, died March 16, 1898.

Nellie (8), born January 15, 1884, died August 18, 1884.

John Eberle (8), born May 31, 1885; married Winnifred Hadley.

Mabel (8), born June 26, 1886; married H. D. McCarty.

Robert Benson (8), born August 6, 1891.

Of the above mentioned family. William Alysom has two children: Helene Kuykendall (9), born at Eugene, Ore., September 6, 1899; Jean Alysom (9), born January 14, 1911.

Delman Vernon (8) has three children: John Kuykendall (9), born February 8, 1907; William (9), born October 13, 1908; Delman Vernon, Jr., (9), born April 27, 1911. All his children were born at Klamath Falls, Ore.

John Eberle (8) and wife, Winnifred Hadley, have three children: Dorris Winnifred Kuykendall (9), born at Eugene, Ore., October 17, 1911; John Jr.

(9), born June 28, 1915; Donald (9), born Feb. 28, 1917.

Sibyl (8), daughter of Dr. William Kuykendall, married Robert Emory Smith, and they have two children, Dorothy Alysom Smith (9), born August 16, 1907; Robert William Smith (9), born May 29, 1910. Mr. Smith was State Manager of the Third and Fourth Liberty Loans for Oregon, with office at Portland, Ore.

Mabel Kuykendall (8), married R. D. McCarty. They reside in Portland, where Mr. McCarty is in business.

Robert Benson Kuykendall (8), was in late war. See record elsewhere.

Children of HENRY CLAY KUYKENDALL (7), born 1856, and Nettie Thrush. Descent: Son of John Kuykendall (6), born 1820, son of Henry (5), born 1785, son of John (4), baptized 1741, son of Johannes (3), baptized 1714, son of Jacob (2), baptized 1683, son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

Ernest L. (8), born January 2, 1882, at Inglenook, Cal.

Pearl (8), born February 6, 1885, at Auburn, Cal.

Carl (8), born July 28, 1892.

Ora (8), born May 8, 1894, at Oleta, Cal.

Of these, Pearl Kuykendall (8) and W. L. Parrish were married February 14, 1910, at Oakland, Cal.

Children of CELESTIA FLORENCE KUYKENDALL (7), born 1858, and Abner Pickering.

Descent: Daughter of John Kuykendall (6), born 1820, son of Henry (5) 1785, son of John (4), baptized 1741, son of Johannes (3), baptized 1714, son of Jacob (2), baptized 1683, son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

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Woodell Abner Pickering (8), born October 22, 1880, at Walla Walla, Wash.

Celestia Yetive (8), born May 14, 1882, at Coeur d'Alene, Idaho.

John Kuykendall (8), born April 22, 1885, at Coeur d'Alene, Idaho.

Margaret Mauree (8), born September 10, 1890, at Coeur d'Alene, Idaho.

Celestia Yetive Pickering (8) married Captain M. C. Smith, 14th U. S. Cavalry, November 6, 1907, and they have four children: Celestia Mauree (9), James (9), Catherine Yetive (9), and Matthew (9).

John Kuykendall Pickering (8) married Camille Glubetich. They have one daughter Diane (9), born in Manila, P. I., October, 1912.

Margaret Mauree Pickering (8) married Lieutenant Frank Cadle Mahin, U. S.

Army, at Washington, D. C., September 25, 1913. They have twin daughters, Margaret Celeste and Anne Yetive.

Children of SARAH ELIZABETH PING (7), born 1841, and George Washington Miller.

Descent: Daughter of Lucretia Kuykendall Ping, daughter of Henry Kuykendall (5), born 1785, son of John (4), baptized 1741, son of Johannes (3), baptized 1714, son of Jacob (2), baptized 1683, son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

Chester Franklin (8), born January 6, 1860; married Annette Clarkson Dorr.

Celeste Isabel (8), born January 24, 1861; married John E. Steen.

Fred Lincoln (8), born February 12, 1866; married Laura McMorris.

Jesse Grant (8), born May 7, 1869; married Inez Leonard.

Ralph Asa (8), born April 18, 1875; married Verne Whit-more.

Robert Raymond (8), born November 9, 1876.

Of the above children of Sarah Elizabeth Miller, Chester E. studied law, practiced in the courts of Dayton, Wash., his home town, and in other counties of Eastern Washington. He was elected Judge of the Superior Court, to which position he has been re-elected several times. He married Annette Clarkson Dorr, May 24, 1888. Thy have children: Haidee Dorothy (9), born May 6, 1889; Sarah Ellen (9), born January 6, 1891; Hilde Mary (9), born February 20, 1897; Conchita Cathleen (9), born September 13, 1900; Luneta Florence (9), born October 26,

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1902; Alice Celeste (9), born October 26, 1904. All born at Dayton, Wash.

Celestia Isabel Steen (8), daughter of Sarah E. Miller and George Washington Miller, has three children: Alice Celeste Steen (9), born Feberuary 14, 1881; Sarah Ethel Steen (9), born August 26, 1882; John Leroy Steen (9), born April 6, 1884.

Fred Lincoln Miller, son of Sarah Elizabeth Miller and George W. Miller, has children: George Elias Miller (9), born June 29, 1889; Fred Elbert (9), born April 2, 1891; Harry Benton (9), born February 9, 1893; Nellie Bly (9), born December 2, 1894; Jessie Raymond (9), born November 20, 1897; Otis Dewey (9), born February 18, 1900; Sarah Ellen (9), born July 21, 1901; Merritt and Merrill, twins (9), born May 11, 1904; John (9), born January 31, 1907.

Jesse Grant Miller (8), son of Sarah Elizabeth (8) and George W. Miller, have children: George Leonard Miller (9), born (???); Eloise (9), born (???).

Ralph Asa Miller (8), son of Sarah E. Miller (7) and George W. Miller, have children: Loree (9), born (???); Glenna (9), born (???); Ralph (9), born (???); George Denny (9), born (???).

Children of JEMIMA ANN PING (7), born April 25, 1843. She married first, Michael Barnes; second, Simon Critchfield. Descent: Daughter of Lucretia Kuykendall Ping (6), daughter of Henry Kuykendall (5), born 1785, son of John (4), baptized 1741, son of John (3), baptized 1714, son of Jacob (2), baptized 1683, son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

Barnes' children:

Mary Barnes (8), born 1862, died 1881.

Edward (8), born September 30, 1864.

Critchfield children:

Ida May Critchfield (8), born July 7, 1869; married Orlin Good.

Wilbur Critchfield (8), born November 18, 1875.

Maude (8), born December 19, 1881.

Children of ROBERT EMORY PING (7), and Margaret A. Payne. Descent: Son of Lucretia Kuykendall Ping (6), daughter of Henry Kuykendall (5), born 1785, John (4), Johannes (3), Jacob (2), Luur (1), baptized 1650.

Lewis (8, born May 27, 1871.

Frank Edwin (8), born November 21, 1872.

Albert (8), born May 7, 1871.

Daisy (8), born January 21, 1876.

Dell (8), born February 8, 1878.

Edgar (8), born January 28, 1880.

Percy (8), born October 29, 1881.

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Dollie (8), born November 11, 1883.

Ernest (8), born October 9, 1887.

Winnie (8), born August 10, 1891.

Vieta (8), born July 1, 1897.

Children of FRANK EDWIN PING (7), and Mary Isabel Jones, born December 23, 1857. Descent: Son of Lucretia Kuykendall Ping (6), daughter of Henry Kuykendall (5) born 1785, John (4) 1741, Johannes (3) 1714, Jacob (2) 1683, Luur (1) 1650.

Estella May Ping (8, born August 1, 1878.

Cora Elva (8), born June 29, 1881.

Nellie Prudence (8), born November 12, 1883.

Lulu Pearl (8), born September 13, 1886.

Frederick Franklin (8), born July 1, 1888.

Elisha (8), born July 19, 1890.

James Harold (8), born May 7, 1892.

Juanita Marie (8), born November 3, 1896.

Children of JULIA LETITIA PING (7) and Franklin P. Cartwright, who was born July 5, 1854, died March 28, 1907, at Walla Walla, Wash. Descent: Daughter of Lucretia Kuykendall Ping (6), daughter of Henry Kuykendall (5) 1785, John (4) 1741, Johannes (3) 1714, Jacob (2) 1683, Luur (1), baptized 1650.

Bessie Cartwright (8), born March 28, 1883.

Eda (8), born June 1, 1885.

Maude (8), born December 19, 1886.

Chester (8), born December 26, 1887.

Edward (8), born September 17, 1889.

Gladys (8), born May 30, 1891.

Eloise (8), born June 21, 1895.

John (8), born (???).

Children of GEORGE HENRY KUYKENDALL (7), born May 16, 1852, and Jane Clark Gilkeson. Descent: Son of James (6), son of Nathaniel (5), son of Isaac (4), son of Nathaniel (3), son of Jacob (2), son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

Mary Rebecca (8), born July 20, 1876, died May 10, 1915; married James Henry Hannan. They had one son, James Henry Hannan Jr. (9), born July 13, 1913.

James Bell (8), born August 19, 1878; married Miss Mary Miller Wells; they have four children: James Bell Kuykendall, Jr., (9), born June 4, 1906; Harry Miller Kuykendall (9), born November 15, 1907; Calvin Wells Kuykendall (9), born March 20, 1909; George Henry Kuykendall (9), born August 24, 1914.

Ellen Gibson Kuykendall (8), born June 21, 1880; single; at home.

Nathaniel White Kuykendall (8), born August 30, 1882; married Miss Lucie Lee McCraw. Children: Lucie Lee Kuykendall

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(9), born April 19, 1910; Nathaniel White Kuykendall, Jr., (9), born November, 1912; Cary McCraw Kuykendall (9), born November 8, 1917.

George William Kuykendall (8), born August 27, 1884.

Clark Gilkeson Kuykendall (8), born November 20, 1886.

Nannie Hopkins Kuykendall (8), born December 20, 1889, died November 20, 1904.

Children of JAMES WILLIAM KUYKENDALL (7), born February 15, 1855, and Anne Kate Sherrard. Descent: Son of James (6), son of Nathaniel (5), son of Isaac (4), son of Nathaniel (3), son of Jacob (2), son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

They had one child only:

Robert Sherrard (8), born October 22, 1882; married Mary Hale McNeil, born April 13, 1884. They have three children: Amanda McPherson Kuykendall (9), born August 29, 1909; Mary Sherrard Kuykendall (9), born July 19, 1911; Robert Sherrard, Jr., (9), born February 7, 1914.

Children of JOHN GIBSON KUYKENDALL (7), born September 22, 1860, and Floride Bowcock. Descent: Son of James (6), son of Nathaniel (5), son of Isaac (4), son of Nathaniel (3), son of Jacob (2), son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

James Edwin (8), born August 30, 1893. Now (1918) in training at Camp Pike, Little Rock, Ark., for U. S. Expeditionary Force in France.

William Bowcock (8), born December 23, 1900: at home in Charleston, W. Va., in high school.

Sallie Catherin Kuykendall (7), born August 9, 1858, died March 31, 1910. No further history at hand.

Children of EDWIN HANSON KUYKENDALL (7) born March 24, 1864, and Maude E.

Grimm. Descent: Son of James Kuykendall (6), son of Nathaniel (5), son of Isaac (4), son of Nathaniel (3), son of Jacob (2), son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

Molelle Edwina (8), born January 18, 1892. Is a nurse at Johns Hopkins Hospital, expecting to do Red Cross work summer of 1918.

Children of JAMES SLOANE KUYKENDALL (7), born December 9, 1878, and Bertha Ray Williams, born November 10, 1883. Descent: Son of William (6), born 1852, son of James (5), born 1818, son of Isaac (4), born 1766, son of Nathaniel (3), baptized 1728, son of Jacob (2), baptized 1683, son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

Alma Elizabeth (8), born January 4, 1906.

James Sloane (8), born December 11, 1906.

Mary Ray (6), born January 5, 1908.

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Children of MICHAEL BLUE KUYKENDALL (7), born March 22, 1881, and Edith Casey Pancake, born November 28, 1882. Descent: William (6), James (5), Isaac (4), Nathaniel (3), Jacob (2), Luur (1), baptized 1650.

Edith Donaldson (8), born May 1, 1909, died May 11, 1911.

William (8), born August 21, 1911.

Susan Parsons (8), born July 30, 1913.

Mary Wright (8), born June 13, 1916.

Children of RICHARD SLOANE KUYKENDALL (7), born October 2, 1882, and Virginia Lee Pancake, born May 1, 1886. Descent: Son of William (6), son of James (5), son of Isaac (4), son of Nathaniel (3), son of Jacob (2), son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

Joseph Pancake Kuykendall (8), born November 8, 1910.

Richard Sloane Kuykendall (8), born December 12, 1912.

Mary Parsons Kuykendall (8), born March 31, 1915.

Children of JAMES STEWART KUYKENDALL (7), born September 8, 1871, and Ruth Wharton, born (???). Descent: Son of Isaac (6), born 1839, son of William (5), born 1811, son of Isaac (4), born 1766, son of Nathaniel (3), baptized 1728, son of Jacob (2), baptized 1683, son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

This family lives at Winston-Salem, N. C., names of children not known to writer.

Children of EDGAR DAVIS KUYKENDALL (7), born August 13, 1873, and May Lehman.

Descent: Isaac (6), William (5), Isaac (4), Nathaniel (3), Jacob (2), Luur (1), baptized 1650.

Edgar Davis Kuykendall, Jr., (8), born March (???), 1910.

Children of FRANCES LAWSON KUYKENDALL (7), born October 26, 1885, and Charles Blue. Descent: Daughter of Isaac (6), son of William (5), son of Isaac (4), son of Nathaniel (3), son of Jacob (2), son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

Family record not obtained.

Children of SAMUEL McCOOL KUYKENDALL, born September 18, 1877, and Anne De Berry. Descent: Isaac, William, Isaac, Nathaniel, Jacob, Luur, baptized 1650.

Family record not obtained.

Children of ALEXANDER SCOTT KUYKENDALL (7), born August 20, 1866, and Minnie Racksberger. Descent: Son 1820, son of Nathaniel (5), born 1796, son of Isaac (4), born son of Nathaniel (3), son of Jacob (2), son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

Charles Scott Kuykendall (8), born August 24, 1906.

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Joseph E. (8), born August 17, 1808.

This family lives near Champaign, Ill.

Children of HUGH SEYMOUR KUYKENDALL (7), born May 17, 1868, and (???).

Descent: Hugh Seymour and Charles Scott Kuykendall are brothers, sons of Joseph W., Luke, Isaac, Nathaniel, Jacob, Luur.

This family lives at Davis, W. Va. Complete record not obtained.

Children of GABRIEL KUYKENDALL (7), born March 30, 1869, and Mary Lamiman.

Descent: Son of Isaac (6), born 1820, son of Nathaniel (5), born 1796, son of Isaac (4), born 1766, son of Nathaniel (3), baptized 1728, son of Jacob (2), baptized 1683, son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

Alberta Irene Kuykendall (8), born October 15, 1896.

Clara Adale (8), born May 14, 1898.

Muriel May (8), born October 21, 1903.

George Fox (8), born May 28, 1905.

Raymond Lee (8), born June 22, 1911.

The old homestead of this family is at Newcastle, Cal.

Children of ROBERT LEE KUYKENDALL (7), born May 3, 1871, and Hetty Alexander, Descent: Isaac (6), Nathaniel (5), Isaac (4), Nathaniel (3) 1728, Jacob (2) 1683, Luur (1) 1650.

Thelma Eldora Kuykendall (8), born May 6, 1903.

Ava Eloise (8), born December 14, 1904.

Loretta Belle (8), born August 30, 1909.

Children of ELY BELL KUYKENDALL (7), born April 19, 1874, and Eva Munger.

Descent: Son of Isaac (6), son of Nathaniel (5), son of Isaac (4), son of Nathaniel (3), son of Jacob (2), son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

Charles Edwin Kuykendall (8), born October 13, 1909.

Children of CARRIE ALBERTA KUYKENDALL (7), born April 2, 1879, and John B.

Adams. Line of descent: Carrie Alberta, daughter of Isaac (6), son of Nathaniel (5), son of Isaac (4), son of Nathaniel (3), son of Jacob (2), son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

Vivian Fay Adams (8), born March 16, 1907.

Gertrude Bethel Adams (8), born June 22, 1909.

Esther Alberta Adams (8), born March 23, 1913.

Children of JULIA ANN COYKENDALL (7), and Marcus Bartlett. Line of descent: Daughter of Henry (5), born 1789, son of Moses, baptized 1766, son of Henry (4), baptized 1742, son of Henry (3), baptized 1720, son of Pieter (2), baptized 1698, son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

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Mary (8), born (???); married Stephen Shepardson.

Levi (8), born (???).

Children of JOSHUA COYKENDALL (7), and Ann Lewis. Line of descent: Son of Henry (6), son of Moses (5), son of Henry (4), son of Henry (3), son of Pieter (2), son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

Ella (8), married H. M. Kellogg; they had two children, Leigh and Helen Kellogg.

Emma (8).

Frederick (8), married Delvina Fagnant; one child, Lillian (9).

Frank (8), married Leah Wilson; they have two children, James and Anna.

Children of JOEL COYKENDALL (7), and Prussia Davis Andrews. Descent: Son of Henry (6), born 1798, son of Moses (5), born 1766, son of Henry (4), born 1742, son of Henry (3), born 1720, son of Pieter (2), baptized 1698, son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

Ella (8), born (???).

Alice (8), born (???).

Belle (8), born (???).

Sadie (8), born (???); married A. H. Corbett.

Julia (8), born (???).

Marion Arthur (8), born May 2, 1871.

Of this family, Sadie married Mr. Corbett and they have two children, Earl and Bessie, ninth generation. Marion Arthur married Ula Sanders. More is said of this family in another chapter.

Children of MADISON COYKENDALL (7), and Eliza Powers. Line of descent: Henry (6), Moses (5), Henry (4), Henry (3), Pieter (2), Luur (1).

There were two children: Lottie (8), and Arthur (8).

Children of SARAH COYKENDALL (7), and John Westfall. Line of descent: Daughter of Jonathan (6), born October 12, 1802, son of Moses (5), son of Henry (4), son of Henry (3), son of Pieter (2), son of Luur (1).

Jane Westfall (8), married John Cherry.

Maxia (8), married James Newberry; they have five children.

Margaret (8), married Frank Rankin; three children.

Elijah (8), married Jemima Graham; they have four children.

Sarah (8), married Walker Pollard; four children.

John (8), married Celia Wood; no further history at hand.

Children of HARRISON COYKENDALL (7), born 1827, and Jennie Beach. Descent: Son of Elijah (6), son of Moses

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(5), son of Henry (4), son of Henry (3), son of Pieter (2), son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

Edward (8), born October 19, 1856.

Samuel D. (8), born May 21, 1866.

James B. (8), born August 6, 1869.

For further history of this family see Chapter XVI.

Children of HANNAH COYKENDALL (7), born May 30, 1830, and Franklin Caskey.

Descent: Daughter of Elijah (6), son of Moses (5), son of Henry (4), son of Henry (3), son of Pieter (2), son of Luur (1).

Olive Caskey (8), born February 24, 1853; married Amos Van Etten, an attorney at law, residing at Kingston, N. Y.

Jennie (8), born July 19, 1857; single; lives in Port Jervis, N. Y.

Margaret Coykendall (7), daughter of Elijah Coykendall and Melinda Shepard Coykendall, was born February 16, 1835. She remained single all her life and died in Port Jervis, N. Y., a few years ago.

Children of SAMUEL DECKER COYKENDALL (7), born May 18, 1837, and Mary Augusta Cornell. Line of descent: Elijah (6), Moses (5), Henry (4), Henry (3), Pieter (2), Luur (1), baptized 1650.

Thomas Cornell (8), born 1866.

Harry Sheppard (8), born (???); married Louisa Brega; died October 9, 1914.

Edward (8), born (???); married (???).

Kathryn (8), married Ed. Herzog.

Frank (8), born (???).

Robert (8), born (???), 1878, died 1913.

For further history of this family see Chapter XVI.

Children of JOHN COYKENDALL (7), born May 19, 1843, and Luella Rand. Descent: Elijah (6), Moses (5), Henry (4), Henry (3), Pieter (2), Luur (1).

They had one daughter, Katie. The family were all drowned in Lake Minnetonka, Minn., June 12, 1885. See account elsewhere in this volume.

Children of JOHN FRANKLIN COYKENDALL (7), and Elizabeth Edmiston. Line of descent: Son of Cyrus (6), son of Joseph (5), son of William (4), son of Henry (3), son of Pieter (2), son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

Charles Edmiston (8), born August 3, 1889; married Mabel Squire; they have three children, Evelyn May (9), John Franklin, Jr., (9), born (???); Charles Edmiston, Jr., (9), born (???).

For further account of Mr. J. F. Coykendall see Chapter XXV.

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Children of HORATIO GREEN COYKENDALL (7), born December 1, 1840. Line of descent: Son of Joseph Beadle and Rhoda Roberts, son of Joseph, baptized 1766, son of William (4), baptized 1744, son of Henry (3), baptized 1720, son of Pieter (2), baptized 1698, son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

Gustave Albert (8).

Horatio Green (8).

Bessie (8), born (???); married (???) Stevenson.

Children of LUCIEN C. KUYKENDALL (7), born June 2, 1853, and Amelia S. Lyons.

Descent: Son of Josiah (6) 1821, son of Jacob (5) 1788, son of Wilhelmus (4) 1762, son of Peter (3) 1732, son of Pieter (2) 1698, son of Luur (1) 1650.

Charles Edmond (8), born March 6, 1884.

Lucien Josiah (8), born July 24, 1885.

Adeline Elizabeth (8), born September 10, 1890.

Raymond Ellsworth (8), born January 14, 1899.

Children of CHARLES FREMONT (7), born 1857, and Caroline Writer, son of Josiah (6) 1821, son of Jacob (5) 1788, helmus (4) born 1762, son of Peter (3), born 1732, son of Pieter (2) 1698, son of Luur (1) 1650.

Harriet (8), born December 30, 1890.

Charles Fremont (8), born June 13, 1892.

George S. (8), born December 24, 1894.

Esther (8), born December 2, 1897.

Children of MARY DEBORAH KUYKENDALL and Daniel Lent. Daughter of Thomas (6) and Ann Connel, son of Peter (5) 1794, son of Wilhelmus (4) 1762, son of Peter (3) 1732, son of Pieter (2) 1698, son of Luur (1) 1650.

Julia (8), born (???).

Oscar (8), born (???).

Thomas (8), born (???).

Ida (8), born (???).

Stella (8), born (???).

Theodore (8), born (???).

Harriet (8), born (???).

Leola (8), born (???).

Children of ELIZA KUYKENDALL and (???) Billings.

Susan A. (8), born November 30, 1866. Married in 1888 to Nathan L. Teeple.

Residence, 532 La Fayette Avenue, Brooklyn, N. Y.

Children of WILLIAM HENRY KUYKENDALL (7), born 1839, and Mary Eliza Lorimer.

Descent: Son of Thomas (6) and Ann Cornell, son of Peter (5), born 1794, son of Wilhelmus (4), born 1762, son of Peter (3), born 1732, son of Pieter (2), baptized 1698, son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

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Ella Hortense (8), born September 21, 1863; married John W. McArdle.

William Henry (8), born September 28, 1865; married Mary Laura Bold.

Annie Eliza (8), born April 29, 1869; married Mr. Muir: lives at Sheepshead Bay, N. Y.

Sarah Frances (8), born October 14, 1871; married James F. Borst.

Laura Lent (8), born July 30, 1863; married Richard Holmes.

Edna Louise (8), born June 25, 1885; married Edward Cornelius Poole, one son, Arthur Edward, born 1913. Cornelius Poole.

Nellie and John W. W. McArdle have two children: Edna Louise (9), born March 21, 1891; Ruth (9), born December 9, 1894.

William (8) has one child, Harold Evan Kuykendall (9), born August 31, 1894.

Laura (8), who married Richard Holmes, has one daughter, Mildred Lent, born August 26, 1899; one son, Richard Irving, born June 9, 1903.

Children of NAOMI KUYKENDALL (7) and William J. Reynolds. Descent: Daughter of Hiram (6), born 1818, son of Peter (5), born 1794, son of Wilhelmus (4), born 1762, son of Peter (3), born 1732, son of Pieter (2), baptized 1698, son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

Harriet Reynolds (8), born August 19, 1868, at Summitville, N. Y.; married Hector Humphries Frisbie, son of Huldah Kuykendall Frisbie and George Chauncey Frisbie. Residence, Roscoe, N. Y.; no children.

Ella Reynolds (8), born (???), died in early infancy.

Children of ADEE VAN DUZER KUYKENDALL (7) and Katherine H. Daly. Descent: Son of Hiram (6), born 1818, son of Peter (5) 1794, son of Wilhelmus (4) 1762, son of Peter (3) 1732, son of Pieter (2) 1698, son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

Mollie Kuykendall (8), born April 3, 1882; married Walter Scott Thompson. They reside at Clifton Park, N. Y.

Children of SARAH DEBORAH KUYKENDALL (7), born July 2, 1853, and Moses Jordan.

Descent: Daughter of Hiram (6), son of Peter (5), son of Wilhelmus (4), son of Peter (3), son of Pieter (2), son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

Margaret (8), born September 1, 1873; married Howard E. Whipple, who died leaving no children.

Alvin (8), born and lived at Summitville, N. Y.

Children of HULDAH JANE KUYKENDALL (7) and George W. Boyce. Descent: Daughter of Hiram (6) 1818, son

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of Peter (5) 1794, son of Wilhelmus (4) 1762, son of Peter (3) 1732, son of Pieter (2) 1698, son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

John Kuykendall Boyce (8), born December 24, 1873.

Benjamin A. (8), born August 19, 1876.

Roy H. (8), born October, 1880.

Emma (8), born March 10, 1884.

Harriet (8), born November 20, 1886; married Hobary S. Holley, 1908.

This family resides at Summitville, N. Y.

Children of ALVIN THOMAS KUYKENDALL (7), born December 15, 1856, and Catherine J. Anderson, born December 21, 1862. Son of Hiram (6) 1818, Peter (5) 1794, Wilhelmus 1762, son of Peter (3) 1732, son of Pieter (2) 1698, son of Luur (1) 1650.

Sylvia (8), born (???).

Hazel (8), born (???), died young.

This family resides at Summitville, Sullivan county, N. Y.

Children of HENRY OLIN KUYKENDALL (7) and Rachel Terwilliger, first wife. Son of Hiram (6) 1818, son of Peter (5) 1794, son of Wilhelmus (4) 1762, son of Peter (3) 1732, son of Pieter (2) 1698, son of Luur (1) 1650.

The date of birth of none of these children was obtained.

Ida (8), born (???).

Hiram (8), born (???).

Jane (8), born (???).

Lettie (8), born (???).

Helen (8), born (???).

Frank (8), born (???).

Henry (8), born (???); was by second wife, (???).

Children of MINNIE KUYKENDALL (7), born February 28, 1861, and Charles Irwin, born March 13, 1855. Daughter of Hiram (6) 1818, son of Peter (5) 1794, son of Wilhelmus (4) 1762, son of Peter (3) 1732, son of Pieter (2) 1698, son of Luur (1) 1650.

Emilie (8), born July 22, 1878, died November 15, 1893.

Roscoe (8), born April 21, 1880; married Marion H. Vigness.

Elizabeth (8), born January 11, 1882; married Julius J. Palley.

Charles Wendell (8), born February 1, 1886.

Charles Irwin was a prominent lawyer, admitted to the bar in Sullivan county, N. Y. Later he was corporation counsel of City of Kingston, appointed 1910, served up to time of his death.

Roscoe, son of Charles Irwin, was admitted to the bar at the age of 21; was County Judge at Kingston, N. Y., and served as Mayor of Kingston two or three terms.

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Children of EMMA KUYKENDALL (7) and Daniel B. Adams. Daughter of Hiram (6) 1818, son of Peter (5) 1794, son of Wilhelmus (4) 1762, son of Peter (3) 1732, son of Pieter (2) 1698, son of Luur (1) 1650.

Samuel K. Adams (8), born (???).

Ward W. Adams (8), born (???).

This family lives at or near Summitville, N. Y.

Children of ANNIE KUYKENDALL (7), born March 26, 1856, and John H. Dean, born January 26, 1853. Daughter of Benjamin (6), son of Peter (5) 1794, son of Wilhelmus (4) 1762, son of Peter (3), born 1732, son of Pieter (2), born 1698, son of Luur (1) 1650.

Mary Katherine Dean (8), born July 24, 1882; married H. Wesley McCraney.

Annie Pamelia (8), born February 9, 1891; married John L. Meredith.

Both these families resided at Towanda, Pa.

Children of DEBORAH CATHERINE KUYKENDALL (7), born January 6, 1861, and George A. Dayton, born May 10, 1849. Daughter of Benjamin (6), born (???), and Pamelia Ann Gardner. Descent: Benjamin, son of Peter (5), Wilhelmus (4), Peter (3), Pieter (2), Luur (1), baptized 1650.

Walter E. Dayton (8), born December 23, 1880.

Paul Kuykendall Dayton (8), born November 2, 1882; married Anna Cornelia Griggs, December 30, 1908; one son.

George Van Duzer (8), born November 22, 1885.

Seth Hill (8), born November 11, 1887.

All born at Towanda, Pa.

Children of BENJAMIN KUYKENDALL Jr. (7), born September 7, 1865, and Louise Porter, born (???). Son of Benjamin (6) and Pamelia Gardner, son of Peter (5) 1794, son of Wilhelmus (4) 1762, son of Peter (3) 1732, son of Pieter (2) 1698, son of Luur Jacobsen Van Kuykendaal (1) 1650.

Porter (8), born May 10, 1896.

Louise (8), born July 10, 1899.

Benjamin (8), born April 19, 1901.

All born at Towanda, Pa.

Children of FRANCES ELIZABETH KUYKENDALL (7), born January 28, 1871, and Benson Landon, born (???). Daughter of Benjamin (6), son of Peter (5) 1794, son of Wilhelmus (4) 1762, son of Peter (3) 1732, son of Pieter (2) 1698, son of Luur (1) 1650.

Benson Landon Jr. (8), born November 29, 1891, at Chicago, Ill.

Catherine (8), born January 27, 1894, at Towanda, Pa.

George (8), born June 10, 1896, at Chicago, Ill.

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Children of SAMUEL H. KUYKENDALL (7), born July 5, 1855, and Arietta Rogers.

Descent: Son of William (6) 1827, and Helen Knee, son of Peter (5) 1794, son of Wilhelmus (4) 1762, son of Peter (3) 1732, son of Pieter (2) 1698, son of Luur (1) 1650.

Louis (8), born September 26, 1879; married Lena Wheaton.

George (8), born November 20, 1881; married Clara Ellsworth.

Eva (8), born November 1, 1883; married David Goodenough.

Katherine (8), born February 6, 1886; married Howard Taylor.

Henry (8), born August 5, 1888.

Lillie (8), born April 18, 1892.

Minnie (8), born November 7, 1894.

Children of PORTER KUYKENDALL (7), born November 23, 1857, and Sarah E.

McLaury. Son of William (6), son of Peter (5) 1794, son of Wilhelmus (4) 1762, son of Peter (3), son of Pieter (2) 1698, son of Luur (1) 1650.

Nellie A. (8), born May 20, 1881; married.

William (8), born May 12, 1884; married Susan Young, 1908.

Mabel Leora (8), born March 28, 1886; married Leslie Cleon Tyrrell, August 4, 1909.

Children of THEODORE P. KUYKENDALL (7), born June 7, 1860, and Julia Dawes.

Descent: Son of William (6), born 1827, son of Peter (5), born 1794, son of Wilhelmus (4), born 1762, son of Peter (3), born 1732, son of Pieter (2), baptized 1698, son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

Clayton (8), born July 28, 1880; married Susie Eva Cook.

Joseph W. (8), born August 3, 1881; resides in Binghamton, N. Y.

Evart P. (8), born Deecember 31, 1882; resides also in Binghamton, N. Y.

Bertrand W. (8), born October 14, 1884; lives at Kingman, Kansas.

Helen E. (8), born June 20, 1887; married Leon Catlin, 1911.

Minnie N. (8), born June 20, 1887, died May 18, 1888.

Mary P. (8), born November 16, 1889; lives at Candor, N. Y.

Jennie J. (8), born January 6, 1894.

Huldah J. (8), born February 27, 1903.

Theodore Jr. (8), born February 27, 1903.

The last two are twins. All the last four at home in Candor (1912).

Of the above children, Clayton H. (8) has six children: Lloyd (9), Rolland (9), Royal (9), Thelma (9), Milton (9) and Wright (9).

Helen E (8) has one child, Dorothy E. Catlin (9).

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Children of KATHERINE KUYKENDALL (7), born December 16, 1864, and Dee Wickham.

Descent: Daughter of William (6), born 1827, son of Peter (5), born 1794, son of Wilhelmus (4), born 1762, son of Peter (3), born 1732, son of Pieter (2), baptized 1698, son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

Lorena Wickham (8), born June 22, 1883; married Ray Richards.

Eliza Wickham (8), born February 22, 1896.

Children of GEORGE McCLELLAN FRISBIE (7), born August 10, 1861, and Ella A.

Dark. Descent: Son of Huldah Kuykendall (6), daughter of Peter (5), born 1794, son of Wilhelmus (4) 1762, son of Peter (3), son of Pieter (2), baptized 1698, son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

William Chauncey Frisbie (8), born November 3, 1886; married Mary E. Kistler.

Nellie Virginia (8), born July 27, 1888.

James Hanson Frisbie (8), born February 14, 1891, died in infancy.

Coral Blanche Frisbie (8), born September 17, 1874.

Glenn Wesley Frisbie (8), born October 16, 1896.

Frank Charles Frisbie (8), born February 20, 1899.

Ralph Albert Frisbie (8), born May 22, 1901.

George Dark Frisbie (8), born January 11, 1905.

The home of this family is in Kingman, Kan.

Children of FRANK COLEMAN FRISBIE (7), born March 17, 1863, and Elizabeth Ferris, born December 19, 1864. Descent: Son of Huldah Kuykendall and George Chauncey Frisbie. Huldah was daughter of Peter Kuykendall (5), born 1794, son of Wilhelmus (4) 1762, son of Peter (3) 1732, son of Pieter (2) 1698, son of Luur (1), baptized 1650.

Eleanor Frisbie (8), born August 6, 1889, in Chicago, Ill.

Virginia Ferris Frisbie (8), born July 22, 1893, at Chicago, Illinois.

This family at last account were at Sheepshead Bay, N. Y.

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In the handmill here shown, the millstones are fastened into the top of a section of a hollow log. The square opening was used for passing in a receptacle to catch the ground meal as it fell. The handmills varied considerably in form and size, according to the material available and the skill of the parties who made them. In some of them the spindle or rod used by the operator to turn the upper stone, ran up to the joist or beam above, and was large enough for two persons to operate. For further description see page 470.

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Note: The papers of George Benson Kuykendall are in the Manuscript Collection of Washington State University Library in Pullman (8,000 items).


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